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Article #117 (730 is last):
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: Z*Net: 19-Jan-91  #9103
Posted-By: xx004 (aa399 - Len Stys)
Edited-By: xx004 (aa399 - Len Stys)
Date: Wed Jan 23 12:57:04 1991



        ==(((((((((( ==   Z*NET INTERNATIONAL ATARI ONLINE MAGAZINE
        =========(( ===   -----------------------------------------
        =======(( =====        January 19, 1991     Issue #91-03
        =====(( =======   -----------------------------------------
        ==(((((((((( ==   Copyright (c)1991, Rovac Industries, Inc.

        -----------------------------------------------------------
                    USA - NEW ZEALAND - CANADA - GERMANY - UK
        -----------------------------------------------------------

                       PUBLISHER/EDITOR: Ron Kovacs
            CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Jon Clarke, Terry Schrieber


                                CONTENTS
                                --------

   PACIFIC RIM COMPUTER AND COMMUNICATIONS SHOW........Terry Schreiber
   Z*NET NEWSWIRE.....................................................
   Z*NET NEW ZEALAND........................................Jon Clarke
   PUBLIC DOMAIN UPDATE..................................Keith Macnutt
   ST'S VERSUS OTHERS.....................................Carlis Darby
   ST QUESTIONS ANSWERED........................................Usenet
   WORLDWIDE PUBLIC DATA CARRIERS...........................Jon Clarke






 PACIFIC RIM COMPUTER AND COMMUNICATIONS SHOW
 ============================================      Vancouver B.C. Canada
 by Terry Schreiber


 Day 1

 With so much to report it's very hard to find a starting place but I
 think the reason most of you people read these reports is for the Atari
 information, since that is where I spent most of my day here's what's
 hot.

 New model Un-veiled

 Atari Canada today announced the new Mega 1 STE. "Yes, ok a cut down
 version of the big brother" some might say - read on.  This model,
 although only one meg is fully upgradable to it's big brother.  It also
 does not contain the fifty meg harddrive.  Now the kicker - with all
 this removed you can expect the price to drop considerably but would you
 believe including monochrome monitor the suggested list is $1295.00 CDN?
 The Mega 4 STE is at a suggested list of $2495.00, when you subtract the
 cost of a monitor ($200.00) that is a $1400.00 saving.  I am sure that
 somewhere around someone will find four megs of Simm chips and a fifty
 meg harddrive for a lot less.  You better bet this unit has the Classic
 buyers reeling and quite a few of the Big Blue users gave it more than a
 second glance.

 One Man Band

 Tim Breck - The One Man Band demonstrated the Atari's MIDI capabilities
 on stage to the delight of show attendees.  Tim plays a combination of
 guitar and keyboards with drums, bass and other effects being supplied
 by the Atari computer.

 The Booth

 The Atari booth is a story in it's self.  Although not the biggest at
 the show I believe it is the highest and best designed for it's purpose.
 The Atari booth is a modular system that can be assembled in many
 configurations.  Last year in Toronto it was in a 40X60 FT configuration
 at this show it is in a 40X50 FT.  When fully used it can extend to a
 40X80 and can actually be configured down to a single section of 4X10
 counter.  The system was designed by Canex and is an amazing piece of
 design of Plexiglass, plastics and aluminum.  The Tower section sports a
 huge illuminated Atari sign, stage and counter with drawer space for
 storage of flyers, extra cables and parts.  I hope to get this on video
 to convert and upload at a later time.

 The Equipment

 On display in the booth are two TT's one on color and one on monochrome.
 The main interest shown on these machines are Calamus (this is the area
 where Nathan spends most of his time) and Dynacadd.

 There are a total of six Portfolios on display.  Four being demonstrated
 by themselves and two being used with PC's - one with the card reader
 and one with the parallel interface.  I did happen to notice that this
 area was never lacking for attendance.

 Mega STE's are next on the agenda with two Mega 4 units and one of the
 new one megabyte systems.  These units were continuously running demos
 being changed to what the customer was showing an interest in.

 Two Mega 4 computers were set in another area demonstrating the
 networking capabilities of the Atari.

 Stacy's were abundant eveywhere.  I believe six in total were connected
 to MIDI equipment or a Spectre GCR and even running by it's self.  One
 of the units contained PC-Speed, this also proved to be a big draw to
 DOS users.

 DOS users also checked out the Atari PC4's running Windows and DynaCadd
 PC.  Some people I talked to were even surprised that Atari had anything
 DOS compatible.

 Last to mention are the 1040 STE's that were scattered through-out the
 booth running MIDI, Degas, LDW Power, virtually anything that was
 available to show.

 You may notice the absence of the Lynx and any game related software.
 This was a business show and a very impressive showing by Atari.  On
 Sunday during setup before the carpeting had gone down I chanced to
 glance at the floor to see the chalked layout lines of the booth.  Along
 the line was the word Atari followed by a drawing of Pac-Man.  I hope
 this showing has changed this persons mind as well.

 Day 2

 Interiew with Nathan Potechin of ISD
 ------------------------------------

 TS> With so many developers leaving the Atari platform - Does ISD have
     any plans of going into other machines?

 NP> Yes, We currently have a DOS and Amiga version of Dynacadd available
     and we do plan on versions of our products for other platforms.
     This is not to say we will be forgetting the Atari - far from it.
     It is a great machine.  I'll give you a for instance.  I was
     demonstrating Calamus earlier to a person who was using Pagemaker on
     a DOS machine.  He said he had five minutes to spare, twenty minutes
     later he walked away with brochures that he picked up and a
     retailers business card.  That customers next machine will be an
     Atari.


 TS> How do you feel Atari is doing as a business machine?

 NP> Atari is trying very hard to get into the business market - just
     look at this booth.  The costs for attending this type of show are
     mind-boggling.  You have the cost of the booth, space rental,
     transportation, accommodation and lots of other expenses as well.  I
     think Atari is doing extremely well here by the amount of people
     attending the booth.  There are twelve people working in the booth
     and at times twenty-four wouldn't be enough to handle the crowd.
     Atari is doing a lot more in business sales than it did a year ago.
     It takes time to take a piece of the market that was primarily held
     by Mac and DOS but with products like Calamus, DynaCadd, Wordflair,
     Pagestream and the like, Atari is becoming recognized in the
     business field.

 TS> When will we see the new version of Calamus?

 NP> Soon, that is all I can say at this time.  It is being put together
     by a group of programmers in different areas - each sends in his
     code and then it is added in.  This takes time to check and compile
     and then re-edit.  All I can say is that it is coming and to be
     patient.

 TS> Is ISD working on something new for the Atari at this time?

 NP> ISD is always kicking around ideas, we have made a commitment to the
     Atari market and its users.  Our support, I have been told, is
     second to none in the Atari World.  We will continue to support the
     Atari market and have no intentions of leaving it.  Atari buyers are
     a different breed of computer user.  I personally enjoy getting into
     a one on one discussion about our products or the machines.  I have
     attended many trade shows, visited dealers and user groups and there
     is nothing like talking face to face with an end user or potential
     customer; particularly when they have the typical pre-conceived idea
     of the Atari platform.

 TS> One last question before we get back to the booth.  Do you feel 1991
     will be the year of the Atari?

 NP> That is somewhat of a loaded question.  I feel every year is the
     year of Atari . Every year there is new product released - Every
     year there is more and more software available.  I keep hearing
     about this "Year of Atari" the year of Atari is now.  Atari is now.
     If everyone is sitting back and is waiting for something to happen
     perhaps they had better take a second look at what is already here.
     Atari has the TT products, Mega STE's, 1040 STE's, Stacy, Portfolio,
     DOS boxes, Harddrives, CD Rom, 44 Meg Syquest drives, and for gamers
     the Lynx.  Software wise you have word-processors, spreadsheets,
     databases, accounting packages, point of sale packages, CAD
     software, games of all types and of course Calamus for desktop
     publishing.  I think anyone who is sitting on the fence about buying
     a machine is missing the boat.  The machines are now and the
     software is now.

 TS> Thank you for your time and points of view and we will look forward
     to talking to you about the new version of Calamus when it is
     released.


 Nathan Potechin is head of the IAAD (The Independent Association of
 Atari Developers) and dedicates a lot of his time to this organization.
 He is a dedicated Atari user himself and from a public relations point
 of view a great asset to the Atari community. -TS


 Marketing - An interview with Rob McGowan (Atari Canada)
 --------------------------------------------------------

 TS> Well Rob, lets start out with the question that everyone wants an
     answer to, Where is Atari's advertising?

 RM> Atari has done numerous ads over the last year.  We now have two
     advertising agencies in Canada one for English and one for French.
     We are currently attending this show and have attended at least
     three others in the past year.  We ran Lynx television ads, full
     page ST newspaper ads, and lots of magazine ads.  We ran a promo
     last year with Neilsen's candy bars giving away Lynx machines.  We
     also have a dealer advertising co-op plan in place for dealers to
     run individual ads.  I think we've done well in the advertising
     market.

 TS> I think most people are wondering why the TT and ST's are not shown
     on television.  Perhaps you might care to comment.

 RM> Atari Canada is currently under-going some changes in marketing and
     perhaps in a short while this might change.  We had a certain amount
     of money to spend on advertising last year and we placed it into
     print ads where we thought we could get the most for the dollar.
     Dealers are free to use their co-op dollars on any form of
     advertising so I really can't speak for them.

 TS> What sort of marketing changes can we look forward to this year?

 RM> There is some complete re-structuring going on in Marketing and
     sales right now.  I really can say too much until next week.  Geoff
     Earle has just returned from the CES show and a stop at Sunnyvale
     and we have been here, in Vancouver, this past week.  I imagine a
     meeting will be set up for the beginning of next week.

 TS> Will the recent decision last week to let go all the Atari US Reps
     have any effect on Canada?

 RM> That, I don't know at this time.  I imagine that issue will be
     discussed at the meeting as well.

 TS> Looks like next week would have been a better time to get in touch
     with you.  Here's one I think you might be able to answer.  How will
     the new Mega 1 STE be marketed?

 RM> I would like to say it doesn't have to be - it sells itself at the
     price but it will be marketed as what it is " A Classic Killer".
     The features and price by far out do the competition.

 TS> Thanks Rob for your time and we will talk again next week when
     hopefully some issues are a little clearer.

 RM> Just one more thing to let everyone know, the changes taking place
     are positive changes.  We don't want any un-found rumours getting
     started.  We are adopting a completely new structure right down to
     our dealer network.  We have made some very positive changes in the
     past year such as our service area in which we spent more than one
     hundred thousand dollars updating and remodeling.  We also
     instituted a BBS system for our dealers to keep them advised of
     pricing and service bulletins.  This is just the beginning.

 Six months ago I stated in Z-Net that Atari had to come full circle in
 North America and get back to basics.  In my eyes, Atari is doing just
 that.  A positive move to go back to what has worked for them in the
 past.  Good service, great support and a very good marketing plan not to
 mention that the machines are great as well.  This time around it is not
 strictly 400/800 machines but a full line of computer and game products.
 It is not just the consumer they are focusing on but the business market
 as well.  With such a great product line how can Atari possibly fail at
 claiming a large portion of the computer market.  Only time will tell.

 Day 3

 The last day was actually the best day.  Attendance at the Atari Booth
 was excellent.  Sales Reps were all but done in from the three day event
 and were glad but still somewhat sad that this was the last day.  Atari
 had accomplished what they set out to do - awaken the business community
 to its products.

 The Portfolio section was about the busiest overall during the event
 with four machines on display stands followed closely by the Desktop
 Publishing and CAD on the TT machines.

 Murray Brown, Atari Canada's Western Sales Rep, was extemely pleased by
 the number of Dealer and VAR enquiries during the show.  "Portfolio was
 the biggest hit with the resellers but the whole product line did
 extremely well" he said.

 It's now 6:00 p.m. and the show is closed.  Dealers scramble to start
 packing down.  Just a short note to thank those individuals and dealers
 that staffed the booth over the past three days.  Thank you!

 One final note to Atari Canada to thank their staff, Murray Brown, Rob
 McGowan, Denise Carrol and Geoff Earle (General Manager) for the effort
 and expense that went into this show.  We are looking forward to next
 year.

 Oh yes, did I fail to mention this?  Commodore did not attend the show.

 Pac-Rim Computer & Communications Show
 --------------------------------------

 In the Z*Break reports released, I concentrated mostly on the Atari.  In
 this section I will endeavour to bring you the items I found most
 interesting from the rest of the exhibitors.

 Card Express
 ------------
 Card Express is a vending machine that produces business cards.  With
 touch screen technology you can chose your card size, typeface, and logo
 to create business cards, invitations, thank you's and notices in
 English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.  Contact Interpro Lab Inc.
 Montreal for further info.

 100" HDTV
 ---------
 Sharp Electronics was displaying their front or rear projection unit
 that will display a picture up to 100" in size.  This unit is a must for
 the avid couch potato.

 Also from Sharp was the a liquid crystal display screen that is used
 with and overhead projector.  The unit on display was monochrome only
 with a color unit planned for production later this year.  This unit
 connects to a computer and is great for those computer tutorial sessions
 as well as training and sales seminars.

 Next is Now!
 ------------
 Next Computers was demonstrating their jet black beauty with a lot of
 activity in and around the booth area.  I actually didn't get close
 enough at the time for hands on but did notice they were about ten times
 busier than the Apple Display area.  Reports from people who did have
 hands on experience state that if you are using an Atari now you will be
 greatly disapointed in the Next mouse control.

 Color Printing
 --------------
 QMS was showing their color postscript laser printer while NorthWest
 Digital was demonstrating the HP Paintjet.  Color was at the show and
 the Rep from Beamscope even dropped by with pricing for a new Star 24
 pin color printer for around $400.00.

 Cellular Technology
 -------------------
 How's about a Cellular phone that uses your existing lines in your home
 or office and uses toll lines out in the field?  This would save many
 people a bundle in on air time.  This unit was demonstrated at B.C.
 Cellular's Booth.  The phone itself is remarkably small and light-weight
 in a fliptop configuration and will fit into a shirt pocket with ease.




 Z*NET NEWSWIRE
 ==============


 REGENT OUT OF BUSINESS
 In a letter received by the Puget Sound Atari News and reprinted in the
 December/January 1991 issue, Frank Cohen, President of Regent, stated
 that they are out of business and will hopefully return if and when
 things change in the Atari community.


 APPLE EARNS $150 MILLION
 Apple announced this week that net revenues rose 12 percent for its
 first fiscal quarter ended Dec. 28, 1990 compared to the same quarter of
 a year ago.  Earnings per share increased 33 percent.  Net revenues for
 the quarter were $1.676 billion, compared to $1.493 billion in the year
 previous period.  International revenues accounted for 45 percent of
 total revenues during the quarter, compared to 36 percent in the first
 quarter of fiscal 1990.  Net income in the first quarter of fiscal 1990
 included $33.7 million ($20.5 million after tax, $.16 per share) for
 expenses related to cost-reduction programs and damages resulting from
 the October 1989 earthquake in the Bay Area.


 IBM EARNS $2.5 BILLION
 IBM announced this week preliminary worldwide financial results for
 1990.  Worldwide revenue for the year ended Dec. 31, 1990, was $69.0
 billion, up 10.1 percent from the prior year's $62.7 billion.  Worldwide
 net earnings for the year were $6.0 billion compared with $3.8 billion
 in 1989.  The after-tax margin was 8.7 percent in 1990 compared with 6.0
 percent in 1989.  Earnings per share were $10.51 in 1990 compared with
 $6.47 per share in 1989.  Included in the 1989 results is a one-time
 charge taken in the fourth quarter against earnings for restructuring
 initiatives, investment revaluations and other actions.  Average shares
 outstanding were 572.6 million in 1990 and 581.1 million in 1989.  For
 the quarter ended Dec. 31, 1990, worldwide revenue was $23.1 billion, up
 12.7 percent from the prior year's $20.5 billion.


 ASHTON-TATE TO APPEAL
 Ashton-Tate stated this this that it will immediately appeal to the
 Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco, to reverse an order by
 Judge Terry J. Hatter Jr. regarding Ashton-Tate's copyright infringement
 lawsuit against Fox Software Inc.


 SPINNAKER PURCHASES PFS
 Software Publishing announced this week that Spinnaker Software has
 purchased its PFS: product line.  The agreement transfers software code,
 technology, inventory, installed base and the PFS: name to Spinnaker
 Software.  The products included are, PFS:First Publisher and PFS:First
 Publisher accessories, PFS:First Choice, PFS:Preface, and PFS:Easy
 Start.  Spinnaker is also readying a line of Windows 3.0 applications
 that will be marketed under the PFS: brand which will be introduced
 shortly.


 TANDON BUYING CORVUS
 Tandon has acquired most of all of the assets of Corvus Systems which
 makes local area networking systems, PCs and related software and
 peripheral equipment.


 NINTENDO INCREASES PRODUCTION
 Nintendo announced early this week that it will increase monthly output
 of its Super Famicom video game computers to 500,000 units starting in
 April and to 800,000 units monthly beginning in August.  The Super
 Famicon uses a one-megabit dynamic random access memory microchip and
 can handle more complex game software than Nintendo's Famicom.  There
 are only nine different kinds of game software available for the new
 machine, but Nintendo says they will expand to about 30 to 40 types by
 the end of the summer.


 EPSON'S NEW LASER PRINTERS
 Epson announced two new laser printersthis week, the $1,399 EPL-7000
 personal printer and the EPL-7500, a high-performance PostScript printer
 for $3,299.




 Z*NET NEW ZEALAND
 =================
 by Jon Clarke, Contributing Editor


                     +------+----------------+
                     |_\|/_ |                |
                     | /|\  |        *       |
 We are not alone    +------+     *      *   |
 ----------------    |                       |
                     |               *       |
                     +-----------------------+


 For months now we have been talking about the global village where it
 relates to Atari and other computers.  Now here we are in a time of
 conflict over half a world away from those of you in the United States
 and a quarter of a world away from us down here in New Zealand.

 To those of you with friends or family in the middle east "Gods speed"

 Most people down this part of the world have been watching it like
 yourselves live on the satellite feeds to our local TV and full CNN
 feeds via "SKY TV" here in New Zealand.

 As your president Mr Bush made his announcement this week re the
 liberation of Kuwait, most of New Zealands citizens were watching this
 live.  This for me brings home the how small our little planet is
 becoming.

 This also illustrates how small the world computer community has become.
 In the fido area we get mail from the middle east, via the Public Data
 Networks we can pop into these countries and "window shop" in their
 networks.  Via the Usenet feeds we can email each other daily and see
 what is happening.  Via the "Clary Network" we can get near live news
 feeds.  For those of you with a "Reuters" terminal/PC link you can see
 live what is happening world-wide.  More on all this in a later article.

 From Z*NET New Zealand "PEACE ON EARTH"

           Atari ST Public Domain software houses across the 'pond'.
           =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                             This week letters P-Z

 If you are looking for some public domain software, below is a list of
 some companies you may like to contact and see what they have available.

  Name             Address                         POST CODE   Country
  PD Essentials   6 Westfield Way,Sanderstead,Surrey   CR2 9ET  ENGLAND
  PD Libary       68 Delancey Street,         London   NW1 7RY  ENGLAND
  Pdom PD Atari   30a School Rd.,Tilehurst,    Berks   RG3 5AN  ENGLAND
  PDQ             Dept.6 Po Box 38, Eastleigh, Hants   SO5 5HB  ENGLAND
  PD Rebels       12 Cornfield Rd.,Jump Farm,Devizes            ENGLAND
  Riverdene -     63 Wintringham Way, Purley -  on -
  PDL             Thames,                       Berks RG8 8BH  ENGLAND
  Round Table PD  7 St Andrews Road ,      Warminster BA12 8EP  ENGLAND
  Senlac          14 Oakies Close,     Old Roar Road,
          -       ST Leonards on Sea ,    East Sussex TN37 7HB  ENGLAND
  Softville PD    Unit 5,Strafield Park,Waterlooville  PO7 7XN  ENGLAND
  S.W Software Lib.  Po Box 563, Wimbourne,    Dorset BH21 2YD  ENGLAND
  Sphinx Software Erw Fynydd, Carmel,        Lianelli SA14 7SG  WALES
  ST Club         9 Sutton Place,          Nottingham  NG1 1LX  ENGLAND  *
  The Other PDL   108 Kenmare Rd.,Wavertree,Liverpool  L15 3HQ  ENGLAND
  W.A.C.E PDL     PO Box 2777, Wellington,New Zealand    - -    NZ       *
  Wizard PD       178 Waverley Rd., Reading,    Berks  RG3 2PZ  ENGLAND
  WooleySoft      Humbleknowe Cottage,       Ramoyle,
                  Dunblane,                Perthshire FK15 OBA  SCOTLAND

  * = known to be suppliers international mail order PD.  The turn around
      time via airmail is very quick, 10 days from NZ to UK to NZ.
      Please note : All these software houses will supply P.D software
      internationally.  Remember to ask for a PD catalogue and prices.




 PUBLIC DOMAIN UPDATE
 ====================
 by Keith MacNutt


 TAKE NOTE CALCULATOR V1.1
   J.L. JACOBI
   TAKE NOTE SOFTWARE
   285 DIVISADERO #3
   SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94117
   (415)431-9495


 Logging on to any BBS or PAY service will convince most people that
 calculators are not one of the things the ST is short on.  They come in
 every size and description, in both acc or prg and even a few in tos
 formats, printing or non printing, memory misers or hogs and some that
 are included as features in 8 in 1 style programs.  Now since I love
 utilities, I've possibly tried half to three quarters of all the
 calculator programs out there, looking for one that I could say did
 everything I needed.  For the moment my search has ended, and though
 bigger or better, smaller or faster ones may come along, I think this
 one fits the bill for what I think I'll need in the future.

 This calculator has some very nice features such as the ability to
 rename the extender to acc or prg, print after each entry or as a group
 of entries, and one that I really love is the ability to reposition the
 calculator window anywhere on the screen.  Even though it takes up 100k,
 most people will find that this is not a real problem if they have the
 extender named as a program instead of an accessory.

 TAPE BOX

 On the right hand side of the calculator there is a small window which
 is the tape box.  Inside that window you can see 18 of the last
 operations with a limit of 999 before the window starts to over write
 itself.  Under the window you will also find buttons to:

     1) tape off - turn tape box off
     2) dec- decimal (base 10)
     3) print- print entire tape
     4) clear- clear the tape
     5) space- insert blank line between operations

 NUMBER FORMATS

 Six possible formats can be displayed.

     1) dec- decimal or base 10
     2) $  - decimal with values in dollars and cents
     3) hex -hexadecimal or base 16
     4) oct -octal or base 8
     5) bin -binary or base 2
     6) rt  -running total

 OPERATORS/FUNCTIONS

 Programmers will find these helpful

     AND- logical AND
     NOT- LOGICAL AND + NOT
     OR - LOGICAL OR
     XOR- LOGICAL XOR
     SHR- SHIFT RIGHT
     SHL- SHIFT LEFT
     ROR- ROLL BITS RIGHT
     ROL- ROLL BITS LEFT
     LONG- controls the numbers of bits used by the shift and roll
           functions.
     BSET- set a bit on
     BCLR- set a bit off
     SIN- sin of a number
     COS- cosine of a number
     TAN- tangent of a number
     ATAN- the arc tangent of a number
     ASIN- the arc sine of a number
     ACOS- the arc cosine of a number
     DEG- convert radians to degrees
     RAD- convert degrees to radians
     SQR- the square root of a number
     LOG- the logarithm of x base e
     EXP- the xth power to the base number
     TRUN- return only the whole portion of a number
     FRAC- return only the fraction of a number
     ROUN- round the number off
     MOD- returns only the remainder or modulus of an integer of division

 SEND

 On the left of the calculator is a button called send.  If this is
 selected and you were to exit the program, the contents in the top
 display box would be sent to any program monitoring the keyborad (such
 as word processors).

 PRINTER

 Normally all printing is done on the right side of the printing page,
 but if you click on left justify you will now have all calculations at
 the left, which is nice if you are using narrow calculator paper that
 comes in rolls.

 KEYSTROKES

 All numeric and regular keys are the same as the on-screen equivalents
 with the exception of these:

       F1 -cycle through the main display box format numbers
       F2 -cycle though the translation display formats
       F3 -cycle through the tape box formats
     UNDO -CE clear entry
 CLR/HOME -CA clear all
        ) - on the numeric keypad is equivalent to "^"
        / - on the numeric keypad is divide (ascii 246)

 The latest version has also included the ability to save all operations
 in the calculator box to disk.  If you save one or more files to disk it
 will first look for tape####.asc and if it finds say a file called
 tape1.asc your calculations are then saved as tape2.asc.  So as you can
 see there are more than enough features to satisfy most peoples needs in
 a calculator.

 Z-Net wishes to take a minute to wish those taking part in Operation
 Desert Storm a speedy and safe journey home.




 ST'S VERSUS OTHERS
 ==================
 by Carlis Darby


 I have seen several articles in some of the online ST magazines
 regarding STs vs PCs, about Windows v3.0 vs. the ST's GEM interface etc.
 I must say that I am surprised at some of the statements.

 Before I get started, let me state that I am a Systems Engineer for a
 national chain of computer stores and use high end PC Compatibles on a
 daily basis.  While I would not consider myself an expert in all
 operating systems, I am at least familiar with many different operating
 systems on the PC's.  I have worked with DOS (and Windows 3.0), Xenix/
 Unix, Novell's Netware, 3Com, Corvus and several others.

 Many of you know me as the Sysop of HyperSpace I BBS (Fnet Node #391) or
 as the person who took over the programming for Space Empire Elite (a
 not for the IBM program) Online InterBBS Strategy game.

 It has been exciting watching the computer industry evolve over the past
 years.  So many changes happen so quickly that it becomes almost an
 impossible task to keep up with them.  Seems that every week there has
 been a new breakthrough in one field or another.

 When I purchased my first ST back in February of '86 (520ST w/512k,
 single sided drive and monochrome monitor), I was in hog heaven.  Having
 used an old Atari 400 for a while, then purchasing a Commodore 64, I was
 in the market for a new computer about the time the ST come out.  I was
 seriously looking at a Commodore 128 when I started comparing "power and
 price".  After seeing I could get an ST with monitor and drive for about
 the same price as a C-128 and disk drive, I knew I had found my next
 machine.

 In '86, the PC's were just coming around to a widespread standard and a
 typical system would have 256k or 384k of memory.  Back then 640k was as
 much as you needed for just about anything.  The 1040ST was a computer
 ahead of its time, coming standard with 1 meg of usable memory and a
 720k 3.5" DS DD and running at 8mhz.  The ST is a HOME computer and a
 lot of business machines were not even 8mhz at the time.

 You are probably wondering what the point of this "history lesson" is.
 My point is simply this.  It has taken the PC industry about 4 years to
 get up to the standard that the ST is now.  Only recently have PC's come
 out that are as powerful AS WELL as being as affordable to the average
 home user.

 I now see a lot of people "jumping ship" to the PC world in the fear
 that the ST is doomed.  You here things about "no support from Atari",
 "Atari owes us" and "no software support".

 First of all, why are so many people surprised that Atari doesn't
 support the ST any better.  Did they support the 8bit?  What does Atari
 owe you?  Did you get your 90 day warranty with your machine?  If you
 did and your 90 days are up, then Atari owes you NOTHING.  That's right,
 a big fat ZERO.  I don't see anywhere in the documentation where it
 promises me anything.  Sure, I would like to see Atari come out with
 national advertising, better customer support, and better dealer
 support.  But get real, these are things that Atari has NEVER had so why
 get worked up about it?

 As far as software support is concerned, the amount of software that is
 available for the ST is minute compared to what is available in the PC
 world.  But there are few pieces of end user software available for the
 PC that I cannot find for the ST that is comparable or actually
 superior.  Again, let's keep in mind that the ST is a HOME computer and
 not a business machine so to compare business end software to what is
 available to the ST is not a true comparison.

 As for Window's 3.0.  It looks nice, it comes with lots of really nice
 programs, it allows you to use over the 640k barrier, it allows you to
 have more than one application open at once.  It does all those things,
 but as far as I am concerned, it is slow...that's right slow.  I brought
 some of my ST friends to work one day to show it to them.  They had
 heard me say how slow I thought it was, but had heard how great the PC
 world said it was, so they wanted to see it for theirselves.  They
 played with it for a few minutes and turned to me wanting to know why I
 thought it was slow.  They commented that it was about the same speed as
 GEM.  With that I had to agree, however, I pointed out to them that they
 were using it on a 25mhz 80386 with a 40mb 19ms SCSI Hard Drive and 2
 megs of RAM and it was "just as fast" as an 8mhz ST.  And how many home
 users have a 25mhz 80386 sitting at their house?  Yeah, Windows does a
 lot more but GEM still suits my needs as far as home usage is concerned.

 I do enjoy my job, but the last thing I want to do at the end of the day
 is come home to the same machines I work with day in and day out.  Those
 to me are business machines, and I for one want to leave work at work.

 How much life is left in the ST?  Who knows.  The ST has already been
 around for over 5 years through which the PC's have gone through many
 changes.  I think it has at several more good years left in it.  I know
 that my ST does everything I want it to and then some.

 So to those of you who have PC's or are getting one, more power to you.
 Don't bother trying to "convert" this user who is still in love with his
 machine.  I am sure that one of these days, I too will have to trade in
 my ST for something a bit more powerful.  It could just as easily be
 another Atari product or maybe something else altogether.  For now, I
 enjoy coming home to my ST.  I have no intentions of "jumping ship" in
 the near future.  I am still having too much FUN!

 Carlis Darby
 Sysop, HyperSpace I BBS
 Fnet Node 391  FidoNet 1:376/62




 ST QUESTIONS ANSWERED
 =====================
 Compiled from USENET


 ERR - What does TOS ERROR nn mean?  What do the bombs on my screen mean?
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 The information below was written, in part, by Darryl May, and posted on
 GEnie in January (of ????) by John Townsend.  The original also appeared
 in the June 1988 issue of _Current Notes_ (122 N. Johnson Rd., Sterling,
 VA 22170).  It has since found its way to me, and is being posted to
 comp.sys.atari.st as a service to readers.

 Alan Pratt wrote to tell me that the basic information may be correct,
 but that it cannot be dubbed "official" unless it originates, on paper,
 from Atari.  This makes sense, as electronic communications are easily
 modified, even accidentally.

 Roland Waldi provided information regarding the difference between TOS
 and GEM return codes which appears to be correct.  The tables have been
 modified to reflect his information.

 The following is an unofficial list of the errors that can appear while
 you are operating your ST computer.

          Error description         return code      alert box #
          ======================================================
             OK (no error)....................0
             Fundamental error...............-1
             Drive not ready.................-2
             Unknown command.................-3
             CRC error.......................-4
             Bad request.....................-5
             Seek error......................-6
             Unknown media...................-7
             Sector not found................-8
             No paper........................-9
             Write fault....................-10
             Read fault.....................-11
             General error..................-12
             Write protect..................-13
             Media change...................-14
             Unknown device.................-15
             Bad sectors on format..........-16
             Insert other disk..............-17
             Invalid function number........-32............1
             File not found.................-33............2
             Path not found.................-34............3
             No handles left................-35............4
             Access denied..................-36............5
             Invalid handle.................-37............6
             Insufficient memory............-39............8
             Invalid memory block address...-40............9
             Invalid drive specified........-46...........15
             No more files..................-49...........18
             Range error....................-64...........33
             Internal error.................-65...........34
             Invalid program load format....-66...........35

 The last code is the infamous "TOS error 35"!

 Also, some unofficial information via Alan Pratt:

 Notably, you should add -48: ENSAME (not the same drive, occurs when you
 call Frename and the two names you give aren't on the same drive), and
 -67: EGSBF: you can't use Mshrink to GROW a block of memory.

 Those bombs that appear on your screen are error messages from the 68000
 micro-processor.

                                           Number
          Description                     of bombs
          ===========================================
             Reset: Initial PC2...............1
             Bus Error........................2
             Address Error....................3
             Illegal Instruction..............4
             Zero Divide......................5
             CHK Instruction..................6
             TRAPV Instruction................7
             Privilege Violation..............8
             Trace............................9
             Line 1010 Emulator..............10
             Line 1111 Emulator..............11
             [unassigned, reserved]..........12
             [unassigned, reserved]..........13
             Format Error....................14
             Uninitialized Interrupt Vector..15
             [unassigned, reserved].......16-23
             Spurious Interrupt..............24
             Level 1 Interrupt Autovector....25
             Level 2 Interrupt Autovector....26
             Level 3 Interrupt Autovector....27
             Level 4 Interrupt Autovector....28
             Level 5 Interrupt Autovector....29
             Level 6 Interrupt Autovector....30
             Level 7 Interrupt Autovector....31
             Trap Instruction Vectors.....32-47
             [unassigned, reserved].......48-63
             User Interrupt Vectors......64-255


 GDOS - What is GDOS, and where can I get it?
 --------------------------------------------

 GDOS stands for Graphic Device Output System (at least that's what my
 copy of STart, volume 1 number 1 said...)

 You can get a copy of "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About GDOS
 (and more)" by Douglas N. Wheeler from the atari.archive server.  The
 file is /atari/programming/gdos.arc.

 There is a German version of GDOS available from the atari.archive
 server.  The file is /atari/utilities/amcgdos.arc.

 Currently, there are no truly public domain sources for the GDOS system
 files or font files (at least those supplied by Atari).  You can get
 these files with many commercial programs, such as Degas Elite, WordUp!,
 etc.  You might also want to check your local user group to see if they
 received a copy of the WordFlair demo program (also available on GEnie).
 The demo program appears to have the GDOS system and font files.


 DEV - How do I become a developer for the Atari ST?
 ---------------------------------------------------

 Contact Gail Johnson, Atari Rep Person, (408)745-2568

 Gail can explain the program to you, and send an information packet if
 you so desire.  Basically, for a $250 registration fee, you gain a 10
 pound box filled with over 1500 pages of documentation, software --
 including a compiler (Alcyon C) and a demonstration builder, a
 newsletter, and technical support.  There is currently no
 differentiation between commercial and non-commercial developers,
 although it would appear that Atari is considering changing that some
 time in the future.

 [Note: there is an Independent Atari Developers Association, which
 -does- require you be a commercial developer to join, but it is
 -independent- of Atari...]


 BOOKS - What books are available for the Atari ST?
 --------------------------------------------------

 ~> Compute! Publications,Inc.
    PO Box 5406,Greensboro NC, 27403
    (919-275-9809)

 Computes Technical Refence Guide Volume One. VDI
 by Sheldon Leeman - ISBN 0-87455-093-9

 Computes Technical Refence Guide Volume Two. AES
 by Sheldon Leeman - ISBN 0-87455-114-5

 Computes Technical Refence Guide Volume Three. TOS
 by Sheldon Leeman - ISBN 0-87455-149-8

 Learning C. Programming Graphics on the Amiga and Atari ST.
 Marc B. Sugiyama and Christopher D. Metcalf - ISBN 0-87455-064-5

 Compute's ST Applications Guide. Programming in C
 Simon Feild, Kathleen Mandis and Dave Myers - ISBN 0-87455-078-5

 ~> Scott,Foresman and Company.
    Professional Publishing Group
    1900 East Lake Avenue
    Glenville, IL 600025

  Learning C on the Atari ST
  Joseph Boyle Wikert - ISBN 0-673-18738-1

 ~> Sybex Inc.
    2344 Sixth St.
    Berkely, CA 94710

  Programmers Guide To GEM
  Phillip Balma and William Fitler - ISBN 0-553-34397-1

 ~> Taylor Ridge Books
    PO Box 48
    Manchester, Connecticut
    (203)643-9673

  C-manship Complete, $19.95
  Calyton Walnum - No ISBN

 " a decent book on programming your st gem/aes/vdi plus other stuff that
   is based on the 31 articles that Clayton Walnum wrote for Analog.  It
   was written on a mega 4 with Calamus."

 ~> Addison-Wesley Pub.

 68000 Assembly Language
 Donal Kantz & James Stanley - ISBN 0-201-11659-6

 "An interesting book on 68000 for the Atari (and amiga too, but both in
  the abstract)"

 THE FOLLOWING BOOKS ARE CURRENTLY OUT OF PRINT

 ~> Abacus Software,Inc.
    5370 52nd Street,S.E.
    Grand Rapids, MI 49508

  Atari ST Internals
  K Gerits,L. Englisch and R. Bruckmann - ISBN 0-916439-46-1

  Atari ST GEM Programmers Reference
  Norbert Szczepanowski and Bernt Gunther - ISBN 0-916439-52-6

  Atari ST 3d Graphics Programming
  Uwe Braun - ISBN 0-916439-69-0

  Atari ST Disk Drives Inside and Out
  Uwe Brawn,Stephan Dittrich and Axel Schramm - ISBN 0-916439-84

  Atari ST Machine Language
  B.Grohmann,P.eidler and H.Slibar - ISBN 0-916439-48-8

  Atari ST Introduction to MIDI Programming
  Len Dorfman and Dennis Young - ISBN 0-916439-77-1


 ~> Bantam Books,Inc.
    666 5th Avenue
    New York, New York 10103

  Atari ST Application Programming
  Lawrence J. Pollack and Eric J.T.Weber - ISBN 0-553-34397-1


 TIPS - TIPS AND HINTS from other users
 --------------------------------------

 Any 'multisync' monitor which handles 70 video fields a second can be
 used with the ST; the custom cable involves no tricks, or commercial
 ones are available.  The original NEC multisync does NOT handle 70
 fields a sec.

 More than 3 bombs often means more than 1 error, so interpretations are
 tricky.

 An ST-formatted disk which is not readable by a PC can be made readable
 by putting the 3 bytes EB 34 90 (those were 3 bytes of hex) at the
 beginning of the boot sector (sector 1 of track 0, I believe).  This can
 be done with either an ST or PC absolute sector editor.

 Some (older) PC-3.5"-drives cannot deal with the short track-header
 produced by ST formatters.  On those drives, ST-formatted disks are not
 readable, independent of their boot sector contents.  The other way,
 however, does always work: format on the PC.

 When using disks formatted on a PC in an ST, make sure to insert and
 access a disk with a different serial number in between disk changes.

 For those with the 'inaccessible' mouse and joystick ports, a joystick
 extender cable will make life easier.  The Y-cable joystick extenders
 make it extremely easy to keep mouse and joystick connected to port 0,
 and a joystick extender cable in port 1 makes for easy hookup after
 you've moved the machine.

 I would appreciate feedback, comments, suggestions for more TIPS AND
 HINTS, etc.  E-mail can reach me at the following:

 davidli@simvax.labmed.umn.edu           Internet
 davidli@simvax                          BITnet




 WORLDWIDE PUBLIC DATA CARRIERS
 ==============================
 by Jon Clarke, Z*Net Online Contributing Editor


 Last updated : 14/01/91
 This list is complied from PDN carriers worldwide.
 49 Countries listed

  ____________________________________________________________________
  THIS FILE MAYBE FREELY COPIED PROVIDED CREDIT IS GIVEN TO THE AUTHOR
  --------------------------------------------------------------------

 KEY:

 DNIC: is the country/carriers address.  Please note most carriers will
 require a leading prefix on the DNIC of either a '0' or a '1', so the
 DNIC from Argentina might be 07220 or 17220.

 V.A.N: Value Added Network.

 PDN: Public Data Network, make a local call and connect to systems world
 wide.  This list is of countries available in all countries who have PDN
 available for PUBLIC useage.

 List by country order
 ---------------------

 Host Name            Carrier           VAN/Gateway       DNIC
 ______________________________________________________________
 Argentina
 ENTEL                 Yes                  n/k            7220

 Austria
 RADIO AUSTRIA         Yes                  Yes            2322
 DATEX-P               Yes                  Yes            2329

 Austraila (AUS)
 AUSTPAC               Yes                  Yes            5052
 TELETEX               Yes                  n/k            5054

 Bahrain
 IDAS-BAHNET           Yes                  Yes            4243

 Belgium
 DCS                   Yes                  Yes       2062/2063

 Bermuda
 IDAS                  Yes                  Yes            3503

 Brazil
 INTERDATA-RENPAC      Yes                  Yes       7240/724

 Canada
 DATAPAC               Yes                  Yes            3020
 INFOGRAM              Yes                  Yes            3024
 INFOSWITCH            Yes                  Yes            3029
 TELEGLOBE             Yes                  Yes            3025

 Chile
 ENTEL CHILE            Yes                 Yes            7302
 TRANSRADIO             Yes                 Yes            7305
 CHILEPAC               Yes                 Yes            7303

 Cuba
 * Incomming Service Only

 Denmark
 DATAPAK                Yes                 Yes            2402

 Finland
 DATAPAK                Yes                 Yes            2442
 DIGIPAK                Yes                 Yes            2443
 TELETEX                Yes                 Yes            2445

 France
 TRANSPAC / NTI         Yes                 Yes       2080/2081

 French Caribbean
 DOMPAC                 Yes                 Yes            3400

 French Guyana
 DATASERVE              Yes                 Yes            7420

 French Polynesia
 TOMPAC                 Yes                 Yes            5470

 Gabon
 GABONPAC               Yes                 Yes            6282

 Germany (F.R /West)
 DATEX-PG               Yes                 Yes            2624
 TELETEX                Yes                 Yes            2627

 Hong Kong
 INTELPAK               Yes                 Yes            4542
 IOAS                   Yes                 Yes            4544
 DATAPAK                Yes                 Yes            4545

 Hungary
 NEDIX                  Yes                 Yes       2160/2161

 Iceland
 ICEPAK                 Yes                 Yes            2740

 Ile De La
 REUNION                Yes                 Yes            6470

 Indonesia
 SKOP                   Yes                 Yes            5101

 Ireland
 EIRPAC                 Yes                 Yes            2724

 Israel
 ISRANET                Yes                 Yes            4251

 Italy
 DARDO                  Yes                 Yes            2227
 ITAPAC                 Yes                 Yes            2222

 Japan
 DDX-P                  Yes                 Yes            4401
 VENUS-P                Yes                 Yes            4408

 Korea
 DACOM-NET              Yes                 Yes            4501

 Luxemburg
 LUXPAK                 Yes                 Yes       2704/2709

 Malaysia
 MAYPAC                 Yes                 Yes            5021

 Netherlands
 DATANET                Yes                 Yes  2041/2044/2049

 New Caledonia
 TOMPAC                 Yes                 Yes            5460

 New Zealand
 PACNET                 Yes                 Yes            5301

 Norway
 DATAPAK                Yes                 Yes       2421/2422

 Phillipines
 GMCR                   Yes                 Yes            5154
 EASTNET                Yes                 Yes            5156
 CAPWIRE                Yes                 Yes            5151
 PHILCOM-WORLDNET       Yes                 Yes            5152
 P.N.G
 PNGPAC                 Yes                 Yes            N/K

 Portugal
 TELEPAC-P              Yes                 Yes            2680
 CYPRMNET               Yes                 Yes            2682

 Singapore
 TELEPAC                Yes                 Yes            5252

 South Africa
 SAPONET                Yes                 Yes            6550

 Spain
 IBERPAC                Yes                 Yes            2145

 Sweden
 DATAPAK                Yes                 Yes            2402

 Switzerland
 TELEPAC                Yes                 Yes            2289
 DATALINK               Yes                 Yes            2284

 Taiwan
 PACNET                 Yes                 Yes            4872
 UOAS                   Yes                 Yes            4877

 Thailand
 IDAR     * Incomming Service only

 United Arab Emerants
 EMDAH                  Yes                 Yes             4243

 United Kingdom
 HULL TEL. CO.          Yes                 Yes             2345
 TELETEX                Yes                 Yes             2342
 B.T                    Yes                 Yes        2352/2349

 United States of America (USA)
 AT&T                   Yes                 Yes             3134
 FTCC                   Yes                 Yes             3124
 NETEXPRESS             Yes                 Yes             3139
 R.C.A                  Yes                 Yes             3113
 SPRINTNET              Yes                 Yes        3110/3127
 TRT                    Yes                 Yes             3119
 TYMNET                 Yes                 Yes             3106
 WESTERN UNION INT.     Yes                 Yes             3104
 WORLDCOM /WU/ITT       Yes                 Yes        3103/3107

 Vanuatu
 VIAPAC                 Yes                 Yes             5410

 Zimbabwe
 ZIMNET                 Yes                 Yes             6482


                             ----\OoO/----


 SUB SYSTEMS OFF USA BASED CARRIERS
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 Host Carrier         VAN          Sub-Service             DNIC
 _________________________________________________________________

 [USA]

 AT&T                 YES             ACCUNET              3134
 FTCC                 YES             SPRINTNET            3124
                                                           TYMNET
                                      COMPUSERVE
                                      AUTONET
                                      MARKNET
                                      ALASKACOM (NET)
 NETEXPRESS           YES                                  3139
 RCA                  YES             ALASKANET            3119
                                      AUTONET
                                      UNINET
                                      SPRINTNET
                                      COMPUSERVE
                                      MARKNET
                                      GLOBENET
                                      NYNEX
 SPRINTNET            YES             TYMNET           3110/3127
 TRT                  YES                          SPRINTNET             3119
                                      TYMNET
                                      MARKNET
                                      AUTONET
                                      GLOBENET
                                      WANGPAC
 TYMNET               YES             TYMNET                3106
 WESTERN UNION INT.   YES             SPRINTNET             3104
                                      TYMNET
                                      DATA TRANSPORT
 WORLDCOM WU/ITT      YES             AUTONET                3101/3127
                                      MARKNET
                                      SPRINTNET
                                      TYMNET
                                      SNET
                                      ALASKANET
                                      AMERITECH
                                      BELL ALANTIC
                                      BELL SOUTH
                                      NYNEX
                                      PACIFIC BELL
                                      SOUTH WEST BELL
                                      U.S BELL

                              ---\OoO/---


 CONTACT NAMES AND ADDRESSES
 ---------------------------

 AustPac
 (AUSTRALIA)
 DNIC : 5052

 NSW : Sales and Administration
       Commercial Department, 18th floor, Telecom House
       233 Castlereagh Street,
       Sydney
       Phone (+622) 267-6767

 VIC : Business Sales
       10th Floor 35 Collins Street
       Melbourne,
       Phone (+623) 657-3400

 QLD : Telegrahs and Data Branch
       5th Floor Societe Generate House
       Cnr. Creek ans Elizabeth Streets
       Brisbane
       Phone (+627) 835-6400

 SA  : Telegraph and Data Branch
       5th Floor BP House, 30 Flinders Street
       Adelaide
       Phone (+628) 225-7435

 WA  : Telegraph and Data Branch
       4th Floor Telecome Centre, 80 Stirling Street
       Perth
       Phone (+629) 420-7200

 ACT : Telegraph and Data Branch
       2nd Floor MCL Building
       London Circuit
       Canberra City
       Phone (+6262) 45-5555

 PacNet
 (New Zealand)
 DNIC: 5301

     : Telecom International and Data Ltd.
       FAX  : (+644) 496-6125
       Phone: (+644) 738-444

 SprintNet
 (USA)
 DNIC   : 3110 / 3127

 Address  : Cindy Cook
            Interconnect Services  Asia/Pacific
            FAX  : (+1) 703-689-5788
            TELEX: USA 7401802

 WU
 (Western Union)
 Worldnet   (USA)
 DNIC : 3103 / 3107

 Address  : Peter Calistri
            Western Union Corp.
            Marketing/International
            1 Lake Street
            Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
            PHONE: (+1) 201-818-5356
            FAX  : (+1) 201-818-6534
            TELEX: USA 446194

 NB: Would Carriers and Telecomunication companies please supply updates
     to this information and or any changes that may take place from time
     to time.  Would users of services not mentioned please email/mail me
     with an update please.

 ***  This file is for your information only. ***

   =================================================================
   Every effort has been made to see this is correct.  If it is not
   please email me on the following services and I will add/correct
   any of the entries. This file is (c)1991 Jon Clarke Auckland NZ.
   =================================================================
     THE NETS   :     Jon_Clarke@kcbbs.gen.nz    STT@kcbbs.gen.nz
     Compuserve :     72000,3555  or 72000.3555@compuserve.com.us
     GEnie      :     J.Clarke6
     MAIL ADDRESS: Jon Clarke, RD#2 Drury,  Auckland, New Zealand.
   =================================================================

 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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 and related computer community.   Material contained in this edition may
 be  reprinted  without  permission  except  where  noted,  unedited  and
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 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~









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