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Article #141 (730 is last):
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: Z*Net: 12-Apr-91 #9115
Posted-By: xx004 (aa399 - Len Stys)
Reply-To: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Edited-By: xx004 (aa399 - Len Stys)
Date: Tue Apr 16 22:35:54 1991

Also thanks to: Todd C. Miller.


Please note: #9114 was skipped.


        ==(((((((((( ==   Z*NET INTERNATIONAL ATARI ONLINE MAGAZINE
        =========(( ===   -----------------------------------------
        =======(( =====        April 12, 1991       Issue #91-15
        =====(( =======   -----------------------------------------
        ==(((((((((( ==     (c)1989-1991, Rovac Industries, Inc.


                             EDITORIAL STAFF
          Ron Kovacs...........................Publisher/Editor
          John Nagy...............................Senior Editor
          Terry Schreiber...................Z*Net Canada Editor
          Jon Clarke.........Z*Net New Zealand/Australia Editor
          Michael Schuetz..................Z*Net Germany Editor
          Ron Berinstein....................Contributing Editor
          Dr. Paul Keith..............Special Assignment Editor
          Keith Macnutt...............................Columnist
          Mike Mezaros.........................Assistant Editor
          Mike Brown..........................ZNS Correspondent


                                 CONTENTS

       EDITORS DESK.....................................Ron Kovacs
       Z*NET CANADA................................Terry Schreiber
       EYEWITNESS CEPS REPORT - PART ONE................Mike Brown
       Z*NET NEWSWIRE.............................................
       CEPS PRESS RELEASE - PART TWO.................Press Release
       Z*NET PUBLIC ACCESS REPORT.................................
       CALAMUS TUTORIAL - PART VIII..................Geoff LaCasse
       Z*NET NEW ZEALAND................................Jon Clarke
       Z*NET SOFTWARE SHELF.........................Ron Berinstein
       KEYSKINS......................................Press Release
       PUBLIC DOMAIN UPDATE..........................Keith Macnutt



 =======================================================================
                               EDITORS DESK
                               ------------
                         by Ron Kovacs, Publisher
 =======================================================================


 Thanks for downloading another GREAT issue of Z*Net Online.  We are
 pleased to include an eyewitness report from the CEPS show courtesy of
 Mike Brown, a longtime friend and supporter.  Thanks Mike!!!!

 New Jersey readers and BBS callers take note that our area code has
 changed and takes full effect on June 1, 1991.  Central New Jersey will
 change from 201 to 908.  The way it works now, 201 will be specific to
 Northern New Jersey, 908 to Central New Jersey and 609 to all Southern
 points of the state.  Call your local phone company if you are not sure
 of the area changed.  We were given a map by NJBell detailing the
 changes, hmmmm, perhaps a VIDI pic is in order??  You can still use the
 201 area code until June 1.

 AtariUser Magazine is NOW shipping to over 30,000 readers today!  Some
 of you will be seeing it this weekend and during the week ahead.  Stay
 tuned for the latest information on this new Atari SPECIFIC publication
 right here in Z*NET!!

 You may have noticed this is issue #91-15??  Any release from Z*NET
 will now be in sequence order.  Last week we released INDX9114.TXT which
 is an index of issues available on GEnie in Library #25.  GEnie is the
 only online service containing ALL of the "Z" releases.

 Thanks are also being sent to the staff of this publication for the
 continued support and great articles.  I appreciate the assistance and
 look forward to continued success!




 =======================================================================
                               Z*NET CANADA
                               ------------
                   by Terry Schreiber, Assistant Editor
 =======================================================================


 Atari Canada announced the Mega 1 STE a cut-down version of the Mega 4
 STE.  The Mega 1 was said to be the exact same as its big brother minus
 the harddrive, host adapter, math chip and 3 megs of ram.  It was
 presented as this by most dealers and advertised as such but something
 new has developed.  The Mega 1 STE has a new harddrive cover that is
 louvered as to inhibit the install of a harddrive.  The cover was
 completely re-designed in comparison with the Mega 4 STE with no
 mounting holes and louvers that will have to be cut or dremeled out to
 allow a harddrive to even fit.

 This does not take into account a way of mounting it as the mounting
 holes that were on the Mega 4 STE are missing on the Mega 1 STE.
 Reasoning behind this manoeuvre totally escapes me as Atari stated that
 the ICD Mega host adapter could be purchased and a harddrive added in.
 This cover couldn't have been designed for re-enforcement could it?  If
 it was surely the better idea people at Atari could have included 2
 plastic cross-members that would have accomplished the same in the
 original design, after all the monitor doesn't sit on the harddrive
 cover.  Could an optional cover be offered for people at a later date?

 Upon further contact with Atari there will be an upgrade offered from
 them with either a 40 or 80 megabyte drive, host adapter, mounting rails
 and of course the new (old) cover.  No cost comparisions were available
 at press time but Z-Net will post the prices as soon as they are
 announced.




 =======================================================================
                           Z*NET SPECIAL REPORT
                           --------------------
                        EYEWITNESS CEPS '91 REPORT
                    by Mike Brown, Z*Net Correspondent
 =======================================================================


 Atari's Professional Systems Group show their stuff.

 This past week (April 8-11th) Chicago's massive McCormick Place
 exhibition center played host to the best and brightest that Computer-
 based publishing has to offer in the annual Corporate Electronic
 Publishing Systems (CEPS) trade show.

 Atari chose this exhibition to introduce "Direct To Press", a complete
 and comprehensive array of pre-press publishing solutions.  Direct To
 Press is more than a hastily assembled "bundle" of an Atari computer
 system with a popular page layout program, it includes tools for every
 phase of pre-press work from document processing and design, to photo
 retouching and imagesetter film output.

 Although my time at CEPS was limited (I have bills to pay too), I will
 try to cover the items showcased at CEPS that make the Direct To Press
 system such an attractive package for demanding vertical market
 segments.

 To be sure, the "engine" that drives this sophisticated system is the
 Atari TT030/8 consisting of 8mb of RAM, an 80mb HD, and a TTM194 19"
 1280 by 960 monochrome monitor.  This powerful computing platform
 performs at the high level shown at CEPS in concert with an array of
 very innovative software and hardware developed by Atari's international
 and domestic business partners.

 The Direct to Press solutions offered by Professional Systems Group
 generally follow one of three complementary approaches: Soft-Logik's
 PostScript based PageStream 2, Calamus SL with tms Cranach Studio family
 of high-end publishing applications (including proprietary SoftRIPs for
 specific models of typesetters and imagesetters) and the Retouche/Didiot
 family of digital lithography, line art, and page layout tools (using
 proprietary software technology to create raster images of pages within
 the host software, eliminating the need for a raster image processor,
 and uses specialized hardware to greatly enhance output speed and
 quality).

 In addition to showing the current versions of Calamus, and Calamus
 Outline Art, ISD Marketing were showing Calamus SL (albeit, with German
 menus and help text).  I was impressed by the color handling capability
 of SL, especially when shown on the PTC1426 14" color monitor.  Users
 can specify colors either by simple RGB mixing or an external module
 such as pantone.  Calamus SL will create the necessary four films per
 page for color separations.

 Calamus SL's programmers seem to have paid attention to the critics that
 have said that the Calamus learning curve is too steep.  I found SL more
 intuitive, and generally easier to use, although old Calamus hands will
 slip it on like a comfortable shoe.  One of Calamus' strong suits has
 been the manipulation of text around irregular objects, and SL continues
 this tradition by allowing text and graphics to be rotated through a
 full 360 degrees.

 Although the Linotronic equipment had not arrived the day I visited
 CEPS, Klaus Garms assured me that a special version of Calamus SL
 incorporates "SoftRIPs" to allow connection directly from the TT030 to a
 Linotronic or AGFA Compugraphic 9000 series imagesetter.  The AGFA booth
 was nearby, and I'm here to tell you that the ProSet 9800 by AGFA is
 capable of generating some very eye-popping 200-line screen color images
 (at very high speeds).  The downside of this is that imagesetters are
 very definitely professional level machines, and have proportionally
 professional prices.

 Stealing CEPS attendees from the Xerox (Ventura Publisher) folks in the
 adjoining booth were Soft-Logik, with a preliminary version of
 PageStream 2.  I was assured that PageStream 2 will be out "real soon
 now" for all of you devoted fans that are chomping at the bit.

 PageStream 2 includes new support for Adobe Type I, AFGA Compugraphic
 Intellifont industry standards, as well as the PageStream fonts that you
 are familiar with.  PageStream 2 now includes 18 free outline fonts (10
 of which are Compugraphic hinted fonts) as well as the ability to use
 any Adobe PostScript font.

 Additional flexibility has been added to PageStream 2 with the support
 for additional graphics formats such as IBM, Mac and EPSF EPS.  The
 internal drawing tools have been improved dramatically as well, but are
 still no substitute for a good drawing program.  Those of you who have
 complained in the past about available page sizes can take comfort in
 PageStream 2's new 1200 foot by 1200 foot page size "limitation".

 Although it was hard to get at the booth- a very enthusiastic group of
 young Europeans representing 3K-ComputerBild drew crowds all day to see
 Retouche Professional; a full featured photo retouching program.  The
 interesting thing about Retouche, is that the "tools" used are purposely
 designed to be familiar to those in the lithography trade: Pen, brush,
 charcoal, stamp, copy pen, randomizer, sharpener, finger, water, eraser,
 scraper and an undo function called the "restorator".  Retouche uses
 screen resolutions of up to 394 lines versus the 133 line limitation in
 PostScript.

 An impressive feature of Retouche is the ability to distort, project, or
 transform halftone pictures on 3-dimensional Bezier surfaces.  A
 sophisticated "mask" tool used to select areas of the image combines
 with professional level overlay techniques, such as addition,
 subtraction, mean value, and evaluation, to produce virtually any type
 of picture combination.

 Virtual memory management enables Retouche Professional to
 simultaneously handle up to ten pictures of up to 4096 by 4096 pixels
 (16mb RAM required).

 Retouche CD adds the dimension of color.  It enables all of the features
 and functions to allow processing of full color as well as halftone
 images.  Retouche CD can work with 256 colors from a palette of 16.7
 million colors and includes facilities for color selection, correction,
 and color separation for output to an imagesetter.

 3K also showed a prototype of their "Image Speeder" which will be a re-
 packaging of the TT030 specifically designed to connect to an
 imagesetter.  It uses the TT VMEbus to synchronize to the video port of
 the imagesetter.  It also contains some special hardware to assist the
 software RIP in the Didiot, Retouche Professional, and Calamus line of
 products.

 The Image Speeder is packaged in a tower case to accommodate a larger
 power supply and other peripherals such as a large capacity hard disk,
 as well as the laser printer controller.  Special raster image processor
 hardware includes an Intel 82786 graphics coprocessor capable of
 throughput of 50mb/second.  The 82786 is equipped with 4mb of RAM and
 has subunits for for a display processor for 1 to 8 bit pixels which
 display up to 256 colors from a palette of 16.7 million.  Monochrome
 operations can run as fast as 30 million pixels per second; halftones or
 256 colors can run at 4 million pixels per second.  The graphics
 processor provides hardware pan and zoom support.

 Sherlook Professional is a high speed and highly accurate program for
 optical character recognition that can process up to 12,00 characters
 per minute.  The program automatically recognizes different languages,
 recognizes multiple fonts and point sizes on a single page, can be
 "taught" to recognize special characters, and has a built-in spelling
 checker.

 Local CRAG usergroup member Randy Noak spent quite a bit of time showing
 me SciGraph by SciLab.  It is a high performance integrated graphing and
 full featured vector drawing program that can display and manipulate up
 to 256 on screen colors or greyscale levels and create a wide variety of
 chart and graph types that can easily be converted into desktop
 publishing documents.

 I found SciGraph's 3-D graphics manipulation functions to be
 particularly innovative.  You have full control over the casting of
 shadows, and their intensity, the perspective of the graph in relation
 to the viewer, and other bits that can be played with almost infinitely.
 Randy and I spent the better part of an hour making hundreds of
 variations on just one set of 3-D data points.

 Goldleaf Publishing was proudly showing Wordflair II; the integrated
 document processor.  I had my doubts about a program that claims to
 combine word processing, calculations, graphics, page layout and a
 simple database on a representation of a printed page.  After a little
 "cockpit time" I can safely say that if you need to produce short
 documents in a limited amount of time, Wordflair II deserves more than a
 casual look.

 Wordflair's on-screen help was particularly impressive, as I snuck on
 the package while Lauren Flanegan-Sellers and her crew were away from
 their station!  The on-screen help made operating the program a breeze,
 even for a hardcore goof-up such as myself.

 One of the more fascinating offerings was presented by TradeiT of
 Germany.  There was a little miscommunication sometimes with Thomas
 Klatt and Michael Wagner manning the TradeiT area (mostly because I'm
 not a graphic artist), but their fine Repro Studio Pro and Avant Vektor
 products spoke for themselves.  Repro Studio allows the hand scanner
 owner functions that were previously reserved for those well-heeled
 folks owning flatbed scanners.

 Attendees were initially attracted to their "subject matter" (a stunning
 Blonde), but the oohs and ahs were definitely for the functionality of
 the product.

 If you don't already have a hand-scanner, TradeiT offers several models
 based on Logitech engines compatible with the ST/TT.

 Overall, it was a pleasure to see Atari making a firm commitment to
 their Professional Systems Group.  The caption on the cover of the
 handouts was: "Complete Publishing Solutions.  No compromises", it is my
 opinion that Atari put everyone else attending CEPS on notice that they
 intend to be a player in the DTP market, and that they intend to do it
 through innovation, not "me-too-ism".

 The Atari personnel were most kind to take time out to answer my
 questions and allow us to produce the VIDI pictures of CEPS that will be
 available on GEnie shortly.  I hate singling out people, but special
 thanks to Greg Pratt, Bob Brodie, Mel Stevens and Bill and Joan Rehbock
 for their attention, and patience with an insufferable pest (right Bob?)
 such as myself.

 If you have the slightest amount of interest in DTP and allied computer
 imaging technologies, you owe it to yourself to make plans to attend
 CEPS 1992.  It is truly a showcase event that is meaty with ideas and
 information, and lean on "fluff".




 =======================================================================
                              Z*NET NEWSWIRE
                              --------------
                    Compiled by the Z*Net News Service
 =======================================================================



 BRODIE TO ATTEND MEETING  (Press Release)
 On Saturday, April 27, 1991, Bob Brodie, Manager of User Group Services
 for ATARI will be visiting Southern California.  Bob is a very dynamic
 speaker.  Before Bob came to ATARI, he was a User Group President.  He
 knows what it is like in the trenches.  This visit is being sponsored by
 the User Group, H.A.C.K.S., but attendance is open to all ATARI Clubs
 and ATARI owners.  H.A.C.K.S. has rented a 325 seat theatre for the
 occasion.  This meeting will be held at the Glendale Public Library's
 Main Branch Theatre, upstairs.  The meeting will start promptly at
 10:30 AM and is expected to last three hours.  The Library's address is
 222 East Harvard Street, Glendale, CA.  Take I-5 to the Colorado exit,
 go East a mile to Louise Street, turn North, go one block.  An
 alternative route is to take the 134 FWY to the Central exit, go South
 a mile to Harvard street, turn East, go two blocks.  For more specific
 directions refer to the L.A. County Thomas Bros. Guide, Page 25-E5.
 Best of all, admission is FREE, but it is on a first come, first serve
 basis only.  As an added bonus The Computer Network, a local ATARI
 Computer Store, will be having an Open House in honor of Bob Brodie's
 visit.  The store plans to have many developers, including, but not
 limited to, CodeHead Software, Gadget's by Small and WuzTEK, displaying
 their products.  Store manager, Mark Krynsky, says to, "...expect
 special prices and deals galore."  The Computer Network is located at
 1605 West Glenoaks Boulevard, Glendale, CA.  The Open House will be from
 2:00 PM to 7:00 PM, after Bob Brodie's lecture is over.  If you have
 specific questions about the Open House you may call Mark at 818-500-
 3900.  Remember, Bob Brodie's meeting will start promptly at 10:30 AM,
 at the Library and the Open House will start at 2:00 PM, at the computer
 store.  Directions from the Library to the Store will be available at
 the Library.


 GRAPHTEC UNVEILS FIRST THERMAL PLOTTER
 Graphtec Precision Image extended its line of thermal plotters by
 introducing the TM1010 at the National Design Engineering Show earlier
 this week.  The TM1010 is an E-size thermal plotter with a 400 dpi
 resolution and produces direct thermal and clear film output with black
 and grey line imaging.  For more information, contact Ronda Turner,
 (415) 366-8900.


 ASHTON-TATE SHIPS DBASE IV
 Ashton-Tate announced this week that it has begau shipping dBASE IV
 RunTime PLUS, a product that runs most dBASE IV version 1.1 applications
 without modification on Apple Macintosh personal computers.  Priced at
 $195, dBASE IV RunTime PLUS gives Macintosh users access to thousands
 of dBASE applications that were created in dBASE IV for DOS, UNIX or
 VMS.  More than simply a means of running an application, RunTime PLUS
 gives developers the additional capability to create, modify or debug
 dBASE code on the Macintosh.  Registered users of Ashton-Tate's original
 dBASE Mac product can buy dBASE IV RunTime PLUS for $75 plus shipping by
 calling Ashton-Tate customer service at 800-2ASHTON.


 POQET COMPUTER OFFERS LOTUS 1-2-3
 Poqet Computer announced this week that purchasers of The Poqet PC will
 receive a free copy of Lotus 1-2-3 (release 2.2) for The Poqet PC.  The
 software bundle applies to all merchandise purchased through Poqet
 dealers from April 15 to June 30.  The Poqet PC is a one-pound, portable
 personal computer powered by two AA-size alkaline batteries and has a
 suggested retail price of $1,450.  For more information, contact Poget
 at (800) 624-8999, ext. 1590.  For dealer information, call (800) 624-
 8999, ext. 1591.


 UNIX OFFERS SYSTEM V RELEASE 4
 UNIX System announced this week the availability of the UNIX System V
 Release 4 Applications Binary Interface (ABI) for the MIPS RISC computer
 architecture.  AT&T Computer Systems, NEC Corp., Olivetti Systems &
 Networks, Prime Computer, Pyramid Technology Corporation, Siemens
 Nixdorf Information Systems, Sony Microsystems Company, and Tandem
 Computers Incorporated, all have committed to offering MIPS-based
 computer systems compliant with the UNIX System V Release 4 (SVR4) MIPS
 ABI.


 NINTENDO AGREES IN PRICE-FIXING CASE
 Nintendo has agreed to give up to $25 million in coupons to customers
 and pay $5 million to settle charges that it fixed its prices.  Nintendo
 did not admit to the charges, but agreed to partially refund people who
 bought its 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System video game consoles for
 $99.95 from June 1988 to December 1990.  Nintendo has agreed to issue
 redemption certificates worth $25 million and guaranteed the redemption
 of at least $5 million in certificates.  Every purchaser of an NES
 console during the 30-month period is entitled to a $5 coupon, good on
 the purchase of a Nintendo game cartridge.  Under the proposed consent
 agreement, Nintendo has agreed to refrain from: Fixing the price at
 which any dealer advertises or sells Nintendo products to consumers,
 Reducing the supply of Nintendo products to dealers because of failure
 to adhere to minimum suggested prices, Asking dealers to report other
 dealers who offer Nintendo products below resale prices suggested by
 Nintendo.


 AT&T TO OFFERS FREE CALLS
 AT&T will be offering the military three-minute long-distance telephone
 calls at no charge to anywhere in the world on April 12-14.  Military
 personnel wanting to call a friend in Japan or Germany, for example, or
 just check in with relatives back home can visit the AT&T exhibit at
 Whidbey Island Exchange.  At the exhibit, AT&T will allow military
 families to make three-minute long-distance calls at no charge to any
 location in the United States and to more than 270 countries and areas
 worldwide.


 IBM REPORTS FIRST LOSS
 IBM, suffering from sagging business, unfavorable exchange rates and a
 new accounting charge, announced this week a first-quarter net loss of
 $1.73 billion, the first-ever quarterly shortfall for the world's
 largest computer maker.  The loss was due to a $2.26 billion accounting
 charge against earnings to cover a new accounting standard that requires
 employers to cover non-pension, post-retirement benefits - such as
 health insurance - for current employees.  Without the charge, net
 income was $532 million, or 93 cents a share.  In the first quarter of
 1990, IBM earned $1.037 billion, or $1.81 a share.  IBM last month
 announced plans to cut its work force of about 373,000 by 14,000 this
 year.  IBM was founded in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co.
 The company changed its name to IBM in 1924.






 =======================================================================
                      CEPS PRESS RELEASE - PART TWO
                      -----------------------------
                              Press Release
 =======================================================================


 This week we conclude reprinting of the Atari press release related to
 CEPS.  Last week we published Part One.


 CEPS BACKGROUNDER CONTINUED

 Retouche/Didot

 The following group of Publishing tools has been developed by 3K-
 ComputerBild and is published in North America by Goldleaf Publishing,
 Inc.  The products share a focus on providing tools to meet the
 requirements of the most demanding lithography or typography
 professional, and most of the products use a proprietary technique of
 rasterizing the image within the application software, thereby removing
 the need for a separate raster image processor (RIP).

 Retouche Professional

 Retouche Professional (TM) is a professional lithographer's dream come
 true.  A full featured grayscale photo retouching program, Retouche
 Professional is a modular system of digital lithography tools for
 creating, retouching and reproducing halftone pictures.

 This sophisticated software features extremely high quality output that
 results primarily from a unique method of screening that uses a library
 of hand made (rather than mathematically generated) screens, can
 manipulate Pixel shapes and patterns and uses screen resolutions of up
 to 394 lines, as compared to the l33 line limitation in PostScript.
 Retouche Professional's hand-generated screens resemble the screens used
 with camera reproduction and are optimized for specific output devices.

 Retouche Professional also features very fast throughput, again
 resulting from the program's proprietary system of preparing and
 transferring pictures for the imagesetter without requiring a raster
 image processor.

 Retouche Professional uses instruments that will be familiar to a
 lithographer: pen, brush, charcoal, stamp, copy pen, randomizer,
 sharpener, finger, wateraser, scraper, and a "restorator" that supplies
 a local "undo" function with weighted overlay.  Retouche Professional
 provides ten different types of grayscale gradations to enable the user
 to randomize away "steps" or "stripes."

 An especially impressive feature is the ability to distort, project, or
 transform halftone pictures on 3-dimensional Bezier surfaces.  A
 sophisticated "matool used to select areas of the image combines with
 professional level overlay techniques, such as addition, subtraction,
 mean value, and evaluation, to produce virtually any type of picture
 combination.

 Using vector paths as a graphics "macro" is a new conceptual approach to
 picture processing.  AlI of Retouche Professional's manual tools can
 repeatedly fw vector Paths or different tools can be used along exactly
 the same path.  Vector paths can be easily constructed from straight
 lines and Bezier curves or imported from a line art program such as
 Didot Line Art.  Alternatively, the font accessory enables outline fonts
 to be used as vector paths.

 Retouche Professional can convert color pictures that were scanned in
 with a flatbed or camera scanner to good-looking black and white
 pictures.  It can alodify halftone pictures to improve their appearance
 in print, including automatic gradations changes to compensate for the
 inevitable loss of quality in the printing process.

 Virtual memory management enables Retouche Professional to
 simultaneously handle up to ten pictures of up to 4096 by 4096 pixels
 (16 MB).  Job-oriented management of scanned images, masks, type, and
 art keeps files and work organized.  Suggested retail price: $999.95.

 Retouche CD

 Retouche CD (TM) adds the dimension of color.  It is a superset of
 Retouche Professional and enables all of the features and functions of
 that picture to work on full color as well as on halftone images.
 Retouche CD can work with 256 colors from a palette of 16.7 million
 colors and includes facilities for color selection, correction, and
 color separation for output to an imagesetter.

 The Retouche Professional method sends an entire rasterized page or
 image to the imagesetter in a smooth flow, unlike the constant start and
 stop created by a PostScript RIP.  In stop and go mode, the mechanical
 stress on the imagesetter film transport results in fine cuts in the
 screening.  Those cuts can create moire pattern problems.  The smooth
 flow means that Retouche Professional can produce results on an
 affordable flatbed imagesetter that rival the much more expensive drum
 imagesetters.  Drum imagesetters use vacuum pressure for precision film
 handling as the drum starts and stops.  This quality advantage is
 especially apparent in color work.  Suggested retail price: To be
 announced

 Didot Line Art

 Didot Line Art is a comprehensive vector graphics editor that can create
 logos, headlines, and other art work. It can generate PostScript files
 for any typesetter or complete page files for the Image Speeder, or CVG
 files that can be imported into Calamus SL.

 Didot Line Art can produce halftone pictures with 256 grayscale values
 in TIFF or the proprietary ISH format.  Thus, users can combine natural
 looking material such as scanned photos with vector graphics, or
 texturize vector objects with natural surfaces such as wood.  Didot Line
 Art can produce vector paths that can be exported and used with Retouche
 Professional.

 Part of Didot Line Art is an outline font editor with which users can
 not only design their own fonts, but also change Calamus fonts and load
 and use PostScript Type 1 fonts.  (Type 1 fonts can even be converted
 for use with Calamus.)

 The vector graphics concept of Didot Line Art is closely related to the
 PostScript methodology.  All vector graphics are constructed of paths,
 which consist of lines and Bezier curves.  Line widths, fine styles, and
 "colors" (one of 256 gray values) can be defined for each path.  Paths
 can describe surfaces as well as lines; a path can be filled with any of
 256 gray values.

 With these paths, users construct outline fonts (in the font creator)
 and graphic primitives that can be grouped together to form complex
 objects.  Primitives and complex objects can be resized and reshaped, or
 turned and distorted.

 Text functions can also create complex objects: line text, path text,
 and circular text.  The program's help lines and grids are more
 sophisticated than most.  Magnetic snapping functions enable the user to
 snap on a grid, a specific help line, a circle, or a Bezier point.
 Horizontal and vertical snapping are available, as is the ability to
 define a snap angle or a snapping radius.  Suggested price: To be
 announced

 Didot Professional

 A superset of Didot Line Art, Didot Professional (TM) is a complete page
 layout and publishing package.  It builds complete pages including piped
 text across many columns and pages, as well as halftone or color
 pictures of any size and bit-mapped images and vector graphics.  Color
 support covers the same 16.7 million colors and uses the same method,
 including color separation, as Retouche CD.

 Didot Professional is a page-oriented and object-oriented publishing
 program.  The program is focussed on giving the user extremely precise
 control over page layout and works with objects, such as strips of text,
 photos, or drawings.  This differs from the typical method of working
 with frames that represent the objects, and then importing the objects
 into the frames.

 All style and format information is specified and stored using macros.
 Thus, if the user has tagged all subtitles, a change to the "subtitle"
 definition of font and size will affect all of the tagged subtitles.
 Suggested retail price: To be announced

 3K Image Speeder

 The 3K Image Speeder (TM) is a customized re-packaging of the Atari
 TT030 that is specifically designed to connect to an imagesetter.  It
 contains a high speed scanner interface as well as an interface that
 synchronizes the computer's VME bus with the video port of the
 imagesetter.  It also contains some special hardware to assist the
 software RIP in the Didot, Retouche Professional, and Calamus line of
 products.  The Image Speeder is packaged in a tower case to accommodate
 a lager power supply and other peripherals such as a large capacity hard
 disk, or a Syquest removable storage media drive, as well as the laser
 printer controller.

 The special RIP support hardware includes an Intel 82786 graphics
 coprocessor that is capable of a throughput of 50 MB/second.  The 82786
 is equipped with 4MB of RAM and has subunits for a display processor for
 1 to 8 bit pixels which display up to 256 colors from a palette of 16.7
 million, and for a true graphics processor for fast drawing and blitting
 operations.  Monochrome operations can run as fast as 30 million pixels
 per second; halftones or 256 colors can run at 4 million pixels per
 second.  The graphics processor provides hardware pan and zoom support.

 An essential part of the image Speeder is the special screening
 processor developed by 3K-ComputerBild.  Its function is to enable the
 screening of halftone images with no delay at output.  Several different
 kinds of screening methods are supported.  The screening processor can
 apply an external gradation in real time.  Suggested retail price: To be
 announced.

 Sherlook Professional

 Sherlook Professional (TM) is a high-speed and highly accurate program
 for optical character recognition that can process up to 12,000
 characters per minute.  The program automatically recognizes different
 languages, recognizes multiple fonts and point sizes on a single page,
 can be taught to recognize special characters, and has a built-in
 spelling checker.  Suggested retail price: $899.95

 SciGraph

 Developed by Sci-Lab, SciGraph (TM) is a high performance integrated
 graphing and full-featured vector drawing program that can display and
 manipulate up to 256 onscreen colors or grayscale levels and create a
 wide variety of chart and graph types that can easily be imported into
 desktop publishing documents.

 For high quality presentation graphics, SciGraph can import data from
 DIF and ASCII (CSV and TXT), and export table data to TXT, CSV, and
 LaTex format.  Vector graphics can be exported to GEM, EPS, PS, and CVG.
 Once imported, the data can be converted to bar, line, area, and pie
 chars of all types including 3-dimensional graphs.  Suggested retail
 price: To be announced

 Wordflair II

 Developed by Goldleaf Publishing, Wordflair II (TM) is an integrated
 document processor, a single program that creates short, presentation-
 quality, compound documents by combining word processing, calculations,
 graphics, page layout, and a simple database on a screen representation
 of a printed page.  Wordflair II's integration enables the user to
 easily manipulate text, data, and graphics without cutting and pasting
 from separate applications.

 It features fast text handling, a full built-in spelling checker and
 thesaurus, layouts using up to 9 columns, and advanced on-screen help.
 Table creation is easy in Wordflair II as is its sophisticated mail
 merge function.

 Page layout features include a graphics conversion utility that imports
 many file formats, a snap-to-grid function, and an editable reduced
 view.  Suggest retail price: $149.95

 For more information about Retouche Professional, Retouche CD, Didot
 Line Art, Didot Professional, Sherlook Professional, SciGraph, Wordflair
 II, or the 3K Image Speeder, contact:

 John Fox
 Goldleaf Publishing, Inc.
 700 Larkspur Landing Circle, Suite 199
 Larkspur, CA 94939
 415-461-4552





 =======================================================================
                        Z*NET PUBLIC ACCESS REPORT
                        --------------------------
             Copyright(c)1990, US Government Printing Office
 =======================================================================


 (EDITORS NOTE:  The information is presented as a special feature which
  will appear from time to time.  These announcements are pooled from the
  online areas of CompuServe and GEnie and in the weeks ahead, we will
  focus attention to these areas and the topics and files available.)


               Prevention and Treatment of Alcohol Problems


 Alcohol use is involved in nearly 100, 000 deaths annually and plays a
 major role in numerous medical and social problems.  The National
 Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) asked the Institute of
 Medicine (IOM) to assess the state of knowledge about alcohol-related
 problems and to identify the most important and promising avenues for
 research into their prevention and treatment.

 Alcohol use is associated with physical and social problems ranging from
 disease, violence, homelessness, and unemployment, to marital problems.
 Alcohol is involved in many injuries and deaths in the United States,
 whether resulting from motor vehicle crashes, falls, drownings, or
 fires.  Yet it is difficult to prove that alcohol is a cause of
 traumatic envents or to determine the magnitude of the relationship.
 Although there is widespread belief that child abuse and neglect are
 associated with alcohol abuse, this association is unproven and should
 be investigated further.  Studies also are needed on the influence of
 alcohol on sexually transmitted diseases and sexual activity, including
 early sexual activity and adolescent pregnancy.

 There are many possible approaches to prevention research from the
 vantage point of the individual alone.  A fruitful area for further
 research is that of the individual in the context of the environment --
 both specific drinking milieu and the environment in which a person
 grows, develops, and matures.

 The single best predictor of alcohol depedence today is family history,
 although not all children of alcoholics are at equal risk.  The basis of
 the differential risk is not yet understood.  Research should continue
 to locate the specific genes that predispose an individual to alcohol
 dependence and to search for physiological indicators of susceptibility.
 At this time, however, research has not progressed far enough to allow
 health care providers to base their prevention efforts on this genetic
 investigation.

 Researchers should investigate the relation between alcohol
 availability, retail price, and hours of sale and consumption.  In
 addition, studies are needed to assess the effect of changes in speed
 limits on the number of alcohol-related crashes; the impact of server
 liability statutes; and the relation between the workplace environment
 and alcohol consumption.

 Focusing on the environment influences that shape drinking behavior
 leads naturally to the possibility of community-wide programs to reduce
 alcohol problems.  The growing evidence of the success of programs
 involving mass media campaigns and education to alter community-wide
 risk factors for cardiovascular disease, cancer, smoking, and adolescent
 pregnancies indicates that such programs could be successful in altering
 community risk factors for alcohol abuse.  Programs need to be planned
 carefully to involve formative evaluation, pilot testing, behavioral
 analysis, and the critical review of research

 Recent research on couples and family therapy suggests tht interventions
 to improve the functioning of couples and families may enhance the
 success of alcoholism treatment.  However, only therapy involving
 couples has been evaluated systematically; the effectiveness of therapy
 with the whole family is unknown.

 Since 1980, the focus on identifying and treating individuals early in
 their development of alcohol problems has intensified.  Effective,
 inexpensive, early interventions still are in the early stages of
 development.  Whereas promising results have been reported from a few
 programs, little rigorous evaluation and few studies have been conducted
 on the behavioral processes that may underlie the effectiveness of such
 strategies.

 Alcohol abuse has diverse deleterious effects on health, including those
 resulting from intoxication, the withdrawal syndrome, and many types of
 organ damage.  Multisite studies of treatments for alcohol-related
 health consequences are essential because the low frequency of illness
 results in insufficient numbers of study subjects.  Alcoholic
 hallucinosis, pancreatitis, and cardiomyopathy are examples of disorders
 whose understanding might require multisite research efforts.
 Controlled treatment trials of detoxification or research on ways of
 limiting or reversing cognitive impairment could be carried out at
 either single or multiple sites.

 For a comprehensive discussion of this topic and other subjects, we
 refer readers to the full report, available for $30, prepaid, from the
 National Academy Press, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution
 Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418.




 =======================================================================
                       CALAMUS TUTORIAL - PART VIII
                       ----------------------------
                    Copyright(c)1991, by Geoff LaCasse
 =======================================================================

 GXR Systems, Vancouver, B.C.


 This Calamus tutorial series concludes with a three-part multi-page,
 multi-column document.  Topics include header/footer frames, page
 numbering, flow-around graphics, and double-sided page layout.  The
 double-sided format, in particular, is poorly explained in the manual,
 and needs to have a number of points clarified if you are to exploit its
 potential for newsletters and other styles.

 Discard your document from the last session.  Your new document (go to
 PAGE LAYOUT under the PAGE menu) should be letter size, portrait, and
 DOUBLE-PAGES.  Double-pages creates left and right master pages which
 govern the layout for following pages.  Each can then have its own
 format which need not be the same.  Books, for example, may have mirror
 image pages with the page numbers in the bottom left and right corners
 and a larger text margin (or gutter) to allow for the binding where the
 pages touch.  We will create something similar.  Set the margins for the
 left and right pages.  Select LEFT PAGES, and change default 0.00 values
 in Inner, Outer, Top, and Bottom to 1.25, 0.75, 2.00, and 1.25 (inches
 of course).  Click on RIGHT PAGES (default will again be 0.00 for the
 four margins), and then on MIRROR MARGINS.  Right Page values will
 change to those for the Left Page.  Go to the PAGE menu, and ADD three
 pages to the document.  Use the default values in this menu.

 You can move through a document several ways.  At the top-middle of the
 screen--to the left of the X/Y COORDINATE box--are a number of icons
 including left and right arrow keys, a number, and two small page
 symbols.  The number indicates the page presently on screen.  This is
 Calamus's numbering system (in essence, the first page of a document is
 page one).  Your numbering system may (and can) differ substantially.
 Highlight the number, type in the number of the page you would like to
 move to (up to four), and press RETURN.  Alternately, click on the left
 and right arrow keys to move backwards or forwards one page at a time.
 If you have a Double-sided document, the page icons will change from L
 to R and back to L as you move from page to page.  When you move through
 the four page document the page layout format (the guide lines set
 above) changes position depending whether you bring up a left or right
 page.  Move to page four and back again to page one.

 Create three columns for the document.  Click on HELP LINES, then
 AUXILIARY LINES FOR COLUMNS and set up one row and three columns.
 Margins will be 2.00 top and 1.25 bottom, 0.25 between columns, 1.25
 left margin, and 0.75 right margin.  These match our values for Left and
 Right pages--which need not be set when Auxiliary Lines for Columns is
 used.  Here, Left and Right Pages is useful to compliment the layout (as
 we will see).  When you now move through the document, the columns do
 not match its Double-sided layout.  Instead, the columns are properly
 aligned on pages 1 and 3, but not on pages 2 and 4.  I will look at some
 solutions next session.  For the moment, go back to page one.  Click on
 GENERAL FRAME FUNCTIONS.

 Calamus handles complex documents poorly (time, effort, and
 understanding is needed).  In our example here, if our Left and Right
 pages had an identical column layout, document page format would be a
 simple process.  With dissimilar layout, however, we need to employ a
 certain amount of ingenuity.  Next session we will deal with this point.

 Header/footer frames are useful when creating common page elements, page
 numbering, and the like.  Click off SNAP TO AUXILIARY LINES.  From the
 LINES icon pad, create a 100% Raster, 10.0 point line across the page
 approximately 0.25 inches above the top of our columns.  The line should
 reach between the two vertical guide lines.  Above this, create a Text
 frame (make it Centered, Swiss 50, 36 point) which should also stretch
 between the guides.  This frame will hold a common text element on each
 page (call it Geoff's Newsletter or some such title).  Make sure the
 text frame is at least 0.5 inches from the top of the page (there should
 be lots of room).  Most printers (particularly Lasers and Ink-Jets)
 can't print right to the edges of a sheet.  Change the text value to 6
 point, and text colour to white.  Text colour is found at the bottom of
 the FONT MENU icon pad.  Click on 0 (white), rather than 1 (black).  The
 selected colour is boxed.  Create another Text frame the length of the
 line and place it on top of the line frame.  The text frame should say:
 Calamus for Everybody.  The white text will show up against the black
 background.

 Create another line--2.0 points with a 50% Raster--below the bottom of
 the column guides.  Add a text frame (Right Justified, Swiss 50, 9
 points, colour back to 1) just below this line, adjacent to the far
 right column guide.  This frame should be large enough to hold our page
 numbering.  Go to the PAGE menu, and select PAGE NUMBERING.  Notice the
 numbering options.  Leave numbering at default, but change Start Number
 to 3.  Select the text frame, place a cursor inside, and click on INSERT
 ACTUAL PAGE NUMBER--the upper left icon in GENERAL FRAME FUNCTIONS.  The
 number 3 will appear in the frame.  Note that only the word [PAGE] (and
 Style/Text ruler) if you open up the Text Editor.  Calamus automatically
 numbers the first page according to your scheme and start number.  To
 number pages 2 through 4, we need to create the header/footer frame.

 A Header/footer frame may consist of as few as one frame, or as many as
 memory allows.  Go back to the FRAMES icon pad and bring up select
 cursor (the hand shape).  Holding down the SHIFT key, select each frame
 --in turn--on the document page.  The handles on each should be visible.
 Click on HEADER/FOOTER FRAME (third row from top, middle icon).  This
 process is similar to Grouping, discussed previously.  Once a header/
 footer is created, no component frame can be modified until the Header/
 footer is UN-GROUPED (again like Grouped frames).  If we move through
 our document, only odd-numbered pages (as Calamus counts) have the
 header/footer frame.  With Double-sided documents, we need to create a
 separate frame for even-numbered pages.  Next session.




 =======================================================================
                            Z*NET NEW ZEALAND
                            -----------------
                    by Jon Clarke, Contributing Editor
 =======================================================================


 Password Security.  My Password and I would like to say:
 --------------------------------------------------------

 Ever since the dawn of modern man a password has been a means of
 securing information.  Weither on the battle front, for entry to a room,
 in a faternity or just plain fun as children we have at some stage in
 our life used one form or another of passwords.  Now that more and more
 people have access to on-line services (bbs's, System networks, Major
 Online Services like GEnie etc) the password word as a means of
 protection has become more important.  Your password in most cases stops
 other users from accessing your files or information you use on a
 paticular service.

 Passwords do not care what machine (read computer) you use or who is
 using them.  Password protection transends all machines and is only
 looking for the _correct_ match.  So to those of you who are reading
 this issue of Z*Net International no matter what computer you use an
 Atari, I.B.M , Clone, Unix Box, AS400 , or if you are reading this on
 your local BBS, on a major on-line service or even in your User Group
 News-letter this applies to YOU!

 Have you stopped laterly and thought how many passwords you may use in
 an average day?  One, two, five or maybe more?  Where do you use these
 passwords?  On a BBS, On-line service, at work, on your Hole in the Wall
 Card, on the telephone?  The list is endless and an average person can
 have at leaste five passwords without even trying.

 Have you thought laterly how many times you have either changed your
 password or how many of them are all identical?

 Well read on ....  Below is a capture of several messages from STaTus
 BBS where the subject arouse over the last few weeks.  This is a sample
 of some of the Questions and Answers given.

        */ REPRINTED with the Authors and STaTus BBS permission /*
        */ NB: Spelling  and  grammer  have  not been corrected /*
        */ Permission to reprint  Murray  Moffatts  article are /*
        */ provided  MURRAY_MOFFATT@PR1MEA.Prime.COM  is intact /*

 Message : 9359 [Open]  3-31-91  9:40am
 From    : Murray Moffatt
 To      : Jon Clarke (x)
 Subject : #9344 hi
 Sig(s)  : 1 (General)

 Speaking of passwords, I think it's probably a good idea that someone
 should advise our new (and not so new) users on the art of picking
 passwords.  Anybody volunteer?  Speak now or forever hold your peace?
 No?  Ok, I'll take it on myself to do this.

 Your password is the only thing that stands between you and some nasty
 haker-type person.  Your username is common knowledge to everybody that
 uses the system, so you must keep your password secret.  This means not
 telling people, or lending it to people, or writing it down and sticking
 it to your screen, or anything like that.

 It also means that you must choose your password carefully.  Recent
 experiements have shown that 25% of people choose passwords that can
 easily be hacked.  The method that is most often used to hack a password
 is called the 'dictionary hack'.  The hacker gets a dictionary and goes
 through it trying each word as the password.  Of course he doesn't do
 this by hand, he writes a little prog to do it, and the dictionary is a
 file of words.  So, if you use a word that is found in the dictionary,
 you'll be found out.  Just stop for a second and think if any of your
 passwords are words that are found in the dictionary?

 So, how do you combat this?  Simple, don't choose words from the
 dictionary!  But at the same time it's not a good idea to use dates,
 number plates, phone numbers, etc.  The best ways are to make us words.
 Simply string two or more words together to form a new word.  For
 example, BLADE and RUNNER may be in the dictionary, but I'll bet that
 BLADERUNNER or BLADE-RUNNER or BLADE.RUNNER isn't!  You can also use
 the initial letters from words of a phrase.  For example, Three Blind
 Mice Ran Up The Clock would translate to a password of TBMRUTC.  Looks
 like a nonsense word, doesn't it?  But it means something to you, you
 just have to remember the phrase.

 Also, remember not to use the same password on different systems.  I
 know that this is a hard thing not to do, but try to have different
 passwords on each board you use.  And change the passwords regularly.
 Where I work all the passwords expire after 30 days, and you're forced
 to enter a new one.  Some systems, like IBM systems, remember the last 5
 or so passwords that you've used, and won't let you re-use them.  They
 also force you to have at least one digit in the password and other
 things as well.

 Oh, and one last thing.  There are a whole lot of commonly used
 passwords.  These passwords are used so often by people, that the hacker
 will always try these first.

 Heres a list that I grabbed of Usenet that someone posted of the most
 commonly used passwords:

 alt/security/ 369
 From: jsax@cdp.UUCP
 Subject: Re: OVERUSED PASSWORDS
 Date: 9 Jan 91 05:08:00 GMT
 Nf-ID: #R:cdp:1159900002:cdp:1159900003:000:6649
 Nf-From: cdp.UUCP!jsax    Jan  8 21:08:00 1991

 Cc: hfrederick
 Subject: OVERUSED PASSWORDS

                               Taken from
              'A Novice's Guide to Hacking- 1989 Edition'
                                   by
                            The Mentor LOD/H

                              Password List
                              =============

      aaa                daniel             jester             rascal
      academia           danny              johnny             really
      ada                dave               joseph             rebecca
      adrian             deb                joshua             remote
      aerobics           debbie             judith             rick
      airplane           deborah            juggle             reagan
      albany             december           julia              robot
      albatross          desperate          kathleen           robotics
      albert             develop            kermit             rolex
      alex               diet               kernel             ronald
      alexander          digital            knight             rosebud
      algebra            discovery          lambda             rosemary
      alias              disney             larry              roses
      alpha              dog                lazarus            ruben
      alphabet           drought            lee                rules
      ama                duncan             leroy              ruth
      amy                easy               lewis              sal
      analog             eatme              light              saxon
      anchor             edges              lisa               scheme
      andy               edwin              louis              scott
      andrea             egghead            lynne              scotty
      animal             eileen             mac                secret
      answer             einstein           macintosh          sensor
      anything           elephant           mack               serenity
      arrow              elizabeth          maggot             sex
      arthur             ellen              magic              shark
      asshole            emerald            malcolm            sharon
      athena             engine             mark               shit
      atmosphere         engineer           markus             shiva
      bacchus            enterprise         marty              shuttle
      badass             enzyme             marvin             simon
      bailey             euclid             master             simple
      banana             evelyn             maurice            singer
      bandit             extension          merlin             single
      banks              fairway            mets               smile
      bass               felicia            michael            smiles
      batman             fender             michelle           smooch
      beauty             fermat             mike               smother
      beaver             finite             minimum            snatch
      beethoven          flower             minsky             snoopy
      beloved            foolproof          mogul              soap
      benz               football           moose              socrates
      beowulf            format             mozart             spit
      berkeley           forsythe           nancy              spring
      berlin             fourier            napoleon           subway
      beta               fred               network            success
      beverly            friend             newton             summer
      bob                frighten           next               super
      brenda             fun                olivia             support
      brian              gabriel            oracle             surfer
      bridget            garfield           orca               suzanne
      broadway           gauss              orwell             tangerine
      bumbling           george             osiris             tape
      cardinal           gertrude           outlaw             target
      carmen             gibson             oxford             taylor
      carolina           ginger             pacific            telephone
      caroline           gnu                painless           temptation
      castle             golf               pam                tiger
      cat                golfer             paper              toggle
      celtics            gorgeous           password           tomato
      change             graham             pat                toyota
      charles            gryphon            patricia           trivial
      charming           guest              penguin            unhappy
      charon             guitar             pete               unicorn
      chester            hacker             peter              unknown
      cigar              harmony            philip             urchin
      classic            harold             phoenix            utility
      coffee             harvey             pierre             vicky
      coke               heinlein           pizza              virginia
      collins            hello              plover             warren
      comrade            help               polynomial         water
      computer           herbert            praise             weenie
      condo              honey              prelude            whatnot
      condom             horse              prince             whitney
      cookie             imperial           protect            will
      cooper             include            pumpkin            william
      create             ingres             puppet             willie
      creation           innocuous          rabbit             winston
      creator            irishman           rachmaninoff       wizard
      cretin             isis               rainbow            wombat
      daemon             japan              raindrop           yosemite
      dancer             jessica            random             zap

 ----snip-----snip-----------

 The Internet Worm used a lot of the above passwords in it's first
 password pass.  After that it just used the dictionary, etc.

 It'd really be worth it to check this list when people change passwords.
 That plus 1-2 month password expire is good security.

 It's amazing how many people use SECRET or MODEM for their password.
 Not to mention using their first name..

 Jon                                       "God hates me."
         vector0!jon@sactoh0.SAC.CA.US     "Hate 'im back, works for me."
   ...ames!pacbell!sactoh0!vector0!jon


 alt/security/ 372
 From: shipley@remarque.berkeley.edu (Pete Shipley)
 Subject: Re: OVERUSED PASSWORDS
 Date: 10 Jan 91 01:58:06 GMT
 Organization: Processed People for a Processed America

 In article <1159900002@cdp> jsax@cdp.UUCP writes:
 >
 >I received this from a respondent to my article on alt.security
 >recently.  Is your password on the list?  (Tell me! Tell me!)
 >
 >   These are passwords that were used by the Internet worm, and
 >are included in COPS.
 >
 >
 >aaa

 I person would be crazy to admit there password is on that list, because
 you will be able to crack that persons account in less then two minutes
 using telnet.

 Note that list is used my everyone, it is effective on non-educated
 users but since every password checker written in the last five years
 has this list (or the list the internet worm was built from) it is not
 as useful as it once was for password cracking.  I suggest aquiring a
 list of female names, I have had the most sucess with those lists.

 My 8mm tape collection used a list of common last names, female names,
 male names, the worm list, /usr/dict/words (from SunOS 4.1) and the
 word list from Webster's 7th Collegiate Dictionary, plus a list I put
 together (contains default password some OS's come with).

              -Pete

 Pete Shipley:

  -- Quip V1.3 (C) Murray Moffatt 1990/91
 ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 :   ___      ____      :  Murray Moffatt                           :
 :  /   \    /    \     :  Senior Programmer                        :
 : |  O /   | O  O |    :  Eagle Technology Group Ltd               :
 : |    \   |  ==  |    :  Auckland, NEW ZEALAND                    :
 :  \___/   |/\/\/\|    :  MURRAY_MOFFATT@PR1MEA.Prime.COM          :
 ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

 Message : 9438 [Open]  4-04-91  5:20am
 From    : Deigh Davies
 To      : Murray Moffat
 Subject : Hackers
 Sig(s)  : 1 (General)

 Thanks for all that info Murray, now will you explain to a greenhorn
 why it is so important that no-one knows my code?  If I were paying for
 phone calls etc I could understand the secrecy but the only thing that
 comes to mind is graffiti where someone could get me a bad name.  There
 must be more important reasons than that!

 Message : 9439 [Open]  4-04-91  7:46am
 From    : Murray Moffatt
 To      : Deigh Davies (x)
 Subject : #9438 Hackers
 Sig(s)  : 1 (General)

 If we were using a real system instead of this little BBS, then anyone
 having your password would be able to log in as you and delete all your
 files!  And if you're reasonably powerful and have access to lots of
 files (especially system files) then they could destroy your entire
 machine (imagine someone deleting all your disks!)

 As for BBS's, well, about the worst they can do is send lots of rude
 messages under your name, and use up all your time.  Then you'll come
 along and say 'It wasn't me!' and most people won't believe you cos all
 those nasty messages had YOUR name on them, so you will get a really bad
 rep and people will call you a snivling little good for nothing toad.
 How'd you like that?

 Somebody resently hacked Graffitti Wall (guessing the sysop's password)
 and deleted a lot of his files (including message bases!).  Obviously
 Craig didn't have tight enough security!

 Message : 9443 [Open]  4-04-91 10:24am
 From    : Jon Clarke
 To      : Deigh Davies (x)
 Subject : #9438 Hackers
 Sig(s)  : 1 (General)

 I guess it goes alot deeper than that Diegh.  While a hacker may find
 your password and access an online service and remove your good name he
 may also do the following.

 Where do we have password?  PIN number on your master card, visa, ATM
 (Hole in the wall card) card.  If you use the same one and the person
 knows your codes you may be less a few dollars if they get your cards.
 Or if you are in a job where you need passwords (we have about 30 odd to
 remember (and they are all different)) a person who does not change his
 passwords tends to be a VICTIM awaiting an accident.

 Remember in certain areas your password is the same as your signature
 (Well in my game it is in the Bank), so Password protection is a prime
 thought Deigh.
 ---
    [SIG :  Practise safe computing. Change your passwords today ]
 ---




 =======================================================================
                           Z*NET SOFTWARE SHELF
                           --------------------
                  by Ron Berinstein, Contributing Editor
 =======================================================================


 Ok, I checked with the Federal Government and the nice people at the 240
 E. Washington Street address confirmed that there is in fact an extra
 exemption that Atari Software users can take.  Taking same could save
 you a lot of money depending on how much you use your Atari, maybe even
 a thousand dollars.  Of course they noted that there are some exemption
 criteria that you must meet in order to take advantage of the newly
 written tax code.  First, you must have an island address.  Second, your
 primary computer must be a Univac.  Third, you must be fully qualified
 as an elephant trainer.  No doubt many Atari users will want to inquire
 about this new way to save money on your tax forms this season!

 Well, maybe we as Atari users can't save money on our tax forms JUST
 because we are Atari users, but, if you use your Atari for business
 purposes many expenses may well be tax deductible.  And, with regard to
 the software in this column you'll save money right up front because of
 the either freely offered files, or the very low cost shareware ones.
 Not to mention how much money you might save because Atari Computer
 programmers have written plenty of fine programs that help us all daily
 with our regular routines, keeping us organized and on time, and
 allowing us to do for ourselves many functions that otherwise we might
 have had to depend on costly others to perform.

 LZH11318.LZH has been been uploaded this past week and replaces last
 month's LZH11316.LZH, an optimized LHARC.  For those of you who have not
 heard about this file do yourselves a favor and download it.  It may
 well be the fastest "compressor" today.  Very fast at extracting as
 well..

 HYPERCD.ULT "Hyper Screen" a 219K file that is a hyper test
 implementation for the ST.  You must use ULTRA.LZH to unpack it.

 ULTRA.LZH A vintage 1989 packer/unpacker formatter etc. has been
 uploaded again should it be needed.

 Under the Heading:  "What is the name of a file that combines three
                      totally unrelated functions?"

 FAT_RATQ.LZH combines the ability to reverse your current screen colors
 with the abitity to configure a mouse accelerator, and a way to boot up
 your computer from DRIVE B!  So, there you have it!

 Under the Heading:  "What Shell We Do Now?"

 SHELL34.LZH (Shareware) replaces earlier versions of XYZSHELL.  This is
 version 3.4 of the shell that was designed to work well with Alex
 Hamilton's XYZ 2.0.

 HACMN115.ARC  contains the new popular game HACMAN2! This version, 1.15
 corrects 1.14's bugs, namely this version will work with single sided
 drives.  Other bugs, including some that caused crashes were also
 eliminated.

 CAPFUN.ARC (shareware $20) CAPITAL FUN! a program featured by Enque
 Software was designed to teach second to sixth graders fundamental
 capitalization.  Designed according to Bloom's "Taxonomy of Higher Order
 Thinking Skills" and Madeline Hunter's, "Steps of the Teaching Process."
 Classroom tested.  Unlike the previous version this one will run with
 all TOS versions.

 GEO_DEMO.ARC (Prg. cost $39.95)  GEOGRAPHY TUTOR the only electronic
 atlas for the ST!  This is a demo of of the newest version.  Same will
 allow you to zoom in on any map, show the earth sphere in motion, print
 to a file or a printer, and more.  Personally speaking, I still prefer
 the geography tutor that I had when I was in High School.. wow, did I
 zoom in on her in motion!  Of course, she may be retired now...

 SUNNY.PRG  a new demo for the STE was posted this past week.  Uses
 hardware scrolling for multiple layers.  You might need a 60hz to 50 hz
 video shifter program though.. CPANEL2.ARC will do for same.

 GPRINTDMO.ARC  a 75k file with the latest demo of GPRINT version 1.03.
 GPRINT is one of my friend NORMW's favorite programs!  Finally he can
 print out Word Writer, First Word, First Word Plus, ST Writer, or just
 plain ASCII files in fancy GDOS fonts.  Plus it provides lots of
 formatting options (Landscape print for spreadsheets, multiple columns,
 true right justification, title pages, multiple proportionally spaced
 fonts and more).  Must have GDOS or G+PLUS, a printer driver, and fonts
 to use this though..  This program so excited Norm that he was
 contemplating leaving his computer desk for a moment or two so that he
 could jog around the block!  If you don't have GDOS or G+PLUS and don't
 care to print your results, download GPRNT_OX.ARC.. neither is required
 for this version of GPRINT which will let you try the program's features
 and see a snapshot of your work.

 Under the Heading:  "IT's HERE, IT's HERE!"

 MAXI30DEM.LZH  The Demo version of MAXIFILE 3.0, "THE SUPERTOOL!"  It
 takes the concept of file management several steps beyond ANY previous
 ST program!  MaxiFile sports an "awesome" text viewer, a graphic/numeric
 display of disk space, an unparalleled file/folder search function, DUAL
 DIRECTORY display, and much more!

 MAX30_2.TXT describing further enhancements and MF_OFFER.TXT are both
 associated files with the MaxiFile Demo.

 This past week was filled to the brim with uploads that will interest
 programmers and Serious ST fans.

 MINT07B.LZH   is a PD Multi-tasking program for use with TOS programs,
 and it can work interactively with GEM as well.  A new feature in this
 version is that you can access/launch TOS programs while executing a GEM
 program.  For those of you who are downloading MINT for the first time,
 you will need MINTUTIL.LZH as well.  Same includes various utility
 programs for MINT.

 KSH_V04A.LZH  is KornShell a shell modified expressly for MINT.

 KSH_UTIL.LZH  provides some utility programs for KornShell.

 Anyone using the Laser C version 2.1 compiler should download the
 following program.  And all Laser C users may well be interested in the
 additional three files that follow the first.

 LCFIX.LZH.  Same fixes a bug in the compiler that mistreats the |= and
 &= operators when the destination operand is a register variable.
 Source code has been included.

 STRRCHR.C  supplies the strrchr( ) in C source code form that is missing
 from some compilers like LASER C.  Also.. same is easily modified to the
 function strchr( ) by reversing the direction of the search.

 STFLEX.ARC is a lexical analyser with LASER C source code.  Ported from
 MS-DOS by James Patchel, and has the complete development log and
 documentation on the porting code from an MS-DOS machine to an Atari ST
 as well!

 STGRAMMR.ARC  provides the grammar for use with ST BISON (YACC Clone)
 and ST FLEX (Lex Clone).

 Note:  Last week's software shelf reported that BISON.ARC had been
 posted.. it had, but, shortly after press time the uploader requested
 that it's name be changed to: STBISON.ARC.  I hope that same hasn't
 caused calamity.

 The June/July issue of START featured PD UNIX-style text editors for the
 ST.  The five posted this week and include: MGEMACS.LZH, ELVISED.LZH,
 MICRO EMACS, STEVIE, and  GNOME.LZH.

 Everything you wanted to know about YMODEM and ZMODEM is contained in
 the following two posts:  YMODEM.LZH and ZMODEMC.LZH (which also has
 information on getting hardware independent C code)

 3D22DX.PRG  features a GFA 3.0 version of a 3D2 to DXF converter.  Same
 converts CYBER shapes to AUTOCAD DXF version 9 or 10.

 CYBRUT.LZH  will load PI1 pictures into CYBER CAD-3D backgrounds while
 in record mode.

 This Week's "FAVORITE PROGRAM of the WEEK" is one that might well save
 countless hours of typing for folks that use database programming.

 DELIMITR.ARC  (shareware $5) will convert data in a listed ASCII format
 (such as a BBS's file listings) into a delimited data file that can be
 read into many database programs (INFORMER II etc.).  So, if your
 database program like many others can read delimited format files (those
 separated with commas), but can't read SDF files, this program will
 convert the SDF (Standard Data Format - i.e. just a text listing) files
 into delimited ones avoiding the terror of retyping, and providing
 easily a lot of information in database form, that just otherwise might
 not be available.

 The above files were compiled by Ron Berinstein co-sysop CodeHead
 Quarters BBS (213) 461-2095 from files that were either directly
 uploaded to CodeHead Quarters BBS, or downloaded from GEnie, Compuserve,
 and Delphi online services.




 =======================================================================
                     KEYSKINS FOR ALL ATARI COMPUTERS
                     --------------------------------
                              Press Release
 =======================================================================


              PROTECTION FROM KEYBOARD DAMAGE 24 HOURS A DAY

 KeySkins are CUSTOM made clear keyboard protective covers that stay
 attached to the keyboard while you type.  Made of SOFT ultra-clear
 plastic, these type on protectors will keep dust, hair and even LIQUID
 SPILLS from DAMAGING your keyboard.

 You attach the KeySkin by removing the strategically placed double stick
 clear tape sections and then attach it to the keyboard.  What you get is
 a CUSTOM fitting clear type on protective cover you type on.  KeySkins
 WILL NOT reduce or interfear with your typing speed.

 Atari Computers such as the 520/1040 ST/STe, Mega ST2/4,and Portfolio
 can now be protected... so just let us know what Brand/Type/Model you
 have and we'll get your protection needs covered!

 We fully GUARANTEE a perfect fit!

 The retail price is $25.95 but we have been selling KeySkins to Atari
 owners for $19.95 plus $2.00 S/H through ST publications.

 FOR READERS OF THIS MESSAGE:

 If you send us a note telling us you read about KeySkins here we'll send
 you a KeySkin for ONLY $19.95 (WE'LL PAY THE SHIPPING/HANDLING !)

 SEND $19.95 ($ US) Check or Money Order to:
         Computer Supply House
         BBS Ad
         1112 Second Street
         Kenai  AK  99611-7210      Phone: 907-283-5837

 Quantity discounts for Atari User Groups are available!  Please write
 for price list.




 =======================================================================
                           PUBLIC DOMAIN UPDATE
                           --------------------
                             by Keith MacNutt
 =======================================================================


 LHarc 1.1318 -  by Haruyasu Yoshizaki

 LHarc is one of the most efficient file compression methods available to
 the home user today.  Up until 1988 the ST used mostly ARC and some PAK
 format compression programs for the reduction of files for the purpose
 of storage and transmission on phone lines.  As time has passed there
 have been improvements to one method or another to try and get not only
 speed in compression but in how small a file they could produce.  In the
 late 1980's a new program arrived called LZH, and though it produced a
 smaller file, it was definitely slower than the previous methods.  Today
 LZH still produces a smaller file, but it now is comparable to the best
 methods available.

 One of the biggest advantages to this new version of LZH is the ability
 to do all the extraction and compression in memory.  Not only does this
 save wear and tear on hard drives but adds speed by not reading and
 writing to the source and destination drives.  What follows is a test I
 conducted on two LHZ programs using a very,very large text file.  Over
 time I've found that text files take the most time to compress and
 result in some of the smaller reductions.

        File size = 1,279,998 bytes

                   COMPRESSION
       LHA121        441,156    21 minutes 15 seconds

                   EXTRACTION    3 minutes  3 seconds


     LHarc11318    COMPRESSION
                     438,239    15 minutes 20 seconds

                   EXTRACTION    2 minutes 39 seconds

 As you can see, not all programs are created equal.  Now, not everyone
 will be dealing with files this large, but I used this as an example to
 try and illustrate just how big the difference was between these two
 fine programs.

 When the program first came out, I tried to use it with CODEHEADS
 ARCSHELL, but found that not all the features would work properly with
 the present version.  Well, CODEHEAD Software came to the rescue, and
 included a feature in their latest release (version 2.4) that will work
 with the new version and all the previous LZH type programs.  It will be
 interesting to see what all the other authors of LZH type programs will
 do now that this new version has shown that the race is not over yet,
 and that there still may be ways to fine tune the method further for
 even faster and smaller output files.

     AUTHORS  LHarc v1.1318     Haruyasu Yoshizaki
               LHA   v1.21       Roger Burrows


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