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Article #447 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
Subject: ST Report: 25-Mar-94 #1013
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa789 - Bruce D. Nelson)
Date: Wed Mar 30 13:05:24 1994



                            SILICON TIMES REPORT
                            ====================
                        INTERNATIONAL ONLINE MAGAZINE
                        =============================
                                                        
                                    from
                       STR Electronic Publishing Inc.
                                     
                                     
    March 25, 1994                                               No. 1013
   ======================================================================
                                       
                            Silicon Times Report
                        International Online Magazine
                            Post Office Box 6672
                      Jacksonville, Florida  32221-6155
                                                         
                                R.F. Mariano
                              Publisher-Editor
                  -----------------------------------------
                     Voice: 1-904-783-3319  10am-4pm EST
                                                        
                  STR Publishing Support BBS Network System
                             * THE BOUNTY BBS *
            ITCNet 85:881/253 JAX HUB ~ FNET 350 ~ Nest 90:21/350
                    904-786-4176 MULTI-NODE 24hrs-7 days
              2400-57.6 bps V.32-42 bis 16.8 USR Dual Standard
                       FAX: 904-783-3319 12am-6am EST
                  -----------------------------------------
       Fido 1:374/147.3 The Bounty STR Support Central 1-904-786-4176
           FNET. 620 : Leif's World ................1-904-573-0734
           FNET. 690 : PASTE BBS....................1-206-284-8493
           FNET. 489 : Steal Your Face BBS..........1-908-920-7981
           MNET - Toad Hall BBS.....................1-617-567-8642
   ______________________________________________________________________

 > 03/25/94 STR 1013  "The Original * Independent * Online Magazine!"
   """""""""""""""""
 - CPU INDUSTRY REPORT    - Harmony GUILTY    - WP 6.0a Update
 - Unix in Danger?        - People Talking    - Kid Desk
 - Apple WhitePaper       - Radius Cuts $$$   - The Old Fishin' Hole

                     -* NOVELL BUYS OUT WORDPERFECT! *-
                          -* WINDOWS 3.11 Q & A *-
                        -* NINTENDO LOSES APPEAL! *-

   ======================================================================
                   STReport International Online Magazine
                The Original * Independent * Online Magazine
                           -* FEATURING WEEKLY *-
                 "Accurate UP-TO-DATE News and Information"
      Current Events, Original Articles, Tips, Rumors, and Information
              Hardware - Software - Corporate - R & D - Imports
   ======================================================================
 STReport's  BBS  -  The Bounty BBS, invites all BBS systems, worldwide, to
 participate  in  the  ITC/PROWL/USENET/NEST/F-Net/Fido Mail Networks.  You
 may  also  call  The Bounty BBS direct @ 1-904-786-4176.  Enjoy the wonder
 and  excitement  of exchanging all types of useful information relative to
 c o m puters,  worldwide,  through  the  use  of  excellent  International
 Networking  Systems.  SysOps,  worldwide, are welcome to join the STReport
 International  Conferences.    ITC  Node  is  85:881/250, The Fido Node is
 1:374/147.3,  Crossnet  Code  is #34813, and the "Lead Node" is #620.  All
 computer platforms BBS systems are welcome and invited to participate.
   ======================================================================
        CIS ~ AOL ~ DELPHI ~ BIX ~ PROWL ~ ITC ~ NEST ~ EURONET ~ CIX
      USENET ~ USPOLNET ~ CLEVELAND FREE-NET ~ INTERNET ~ FNET ~ GENIE
   ======================================================================

      COMPUSERVE WILL PRESENT $15.00 WORTH OF COMPLIMENTARY ONLINE TIME
                             to the Readers of;
                                       
                   STREPORT INTERNATIONAL ONLINE MAGAZINE
                   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
                   "The Original 16/32bit Online Magazine"

                          NEW USERS; SIGN UP TODAY!

                CALL: 1-800-848-8199 .. Ask for operator 198

                  You will receive your complimentary time
                                    and 
                        be online in no time at all!

     "Enjoy CompuServe's forums; where information is at its very best!

  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""


 > From the Editor's Desk             "Saying it like it is!"
   """"""""""""""""""""""


      I refuse to mention the weather this week as its simply been
 beautiful.  Computing... yeah! that's the ticket!  New goodies are already
 beginning to appear!  For example, Access Software, creators of the world
 famous Links series of Golf simulations has released yet another top notch
 Championship course; The Castle Pines Golf Club, of Castle Rock Colorado. 
 If you like Golf you will simply love this super realistic simulation.

      In the application and productivity departments, keep an eye on the
 contents each and every week from now on as the new goodies are beginning
 to flow.  Desktop Publishing in all its glory will become the "sweetheart"
 of the PC community.  The beauty of it all is the supreme file
 compatibility between the MAC and the PC platforms and the cross program
 file compatibility within each.  This makes for a very easy way the user
 may alter, modify enhance or redo his files for direct to press printer
 ready results.  Its all terrific.
    
      WordPerfect aficionados got a real surprise this week when they were
 told Novell now owns WordPerfect Corp.  Move over Mr. Gates...    This
 week's issue is chock full of news and other tidbits.  Thanks for reading
 us and do enjoy.

                                                    Ralph.... 



   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""



  STReport's Staff                      DEDICATED TO SERVING YOU!
  """"""""""""""""

                             Publisher -Editor
                             """"""""""""""""""
                              Ralph F. Mariano

                  Lloyd E. Pulley, Editor, Current Affairs


 Section Editors
 """""""""""""""
      PC SECTION     AMIGA SECTION       MAC SECTION    ATARI SECTION
      ----------     -------------       -----------    -------------
      R.D. Stevens     R. Niles           R. Noak       D. P. Jacobson
      

 STReport Staff Editors:
 """""""""""""""""""""""

           Dana P. Jacobson         Michael Arthur      John Deegan
           Lucien Oppler            Brad Martin         Judith Hamner
           John Szczepanik          Dan Stidham         Joseph Mirando
           Doyle Helms              Frank Sereno        John Duckworth
           Jeff Coe                 Steve Keipe         Guillaume Brasseur
           Melanie Bell             Jay Levy            John Donohue
           Jeff Kovach              Marty Mankins       Carl Prehn
                                    Paul Charchian
 Contributing Correspondents:
 """"""""""""""""""""""""""""
           Tim Holt            Norman Boucher           Harry Steele
           Clemens Chin        Neil Bradley             Eric Jerue
           Ron Deal            Robert Dean              Ed Westhusing
           Glenwood Drake      Vernon W. Smith          Bruno Puglia
           Paul Haris          Kevin Miller             Craig Harris
           Allen Chang                                  Dominick Fontana

                              IMPORTANT NOTICE
                              """"""""""""""""
       Please, submit letters to the editor, articles, reviews, etc...
                               via E-Mail to:

                  Compuserve................... 70007,4454
                  America Online..................STReport
                  Delphi......................... RMARIANO
                  BIX............................ RMARIANO
                  FIDONET..................... 1:347/147.3
                  FNET........................... NODE 350
                  ITC NET...................... 85:881/253
                  NEST........................ 90:21/350.0
                  GEnie......................... ST-REPORT
                  Internet.............RMARIANO@DELPHI.COM

   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""



 > CPU STATUS REPORT                 LATE BREAKING INDUSTRY-WIDE NEWS 
   """""""""""""""""



                         IBM/POWER-PC/PC SECTION (I)
                         ===========================


  
                   Computer Products Update - CPU Report
                   ------------------------   ----------
                  Weekly Happenings in the Computer World
   
                                Issue #13
   
                         By: Lloyd E. Pulley, Sr.



                  ******* General Computer News *******


                          ** Unix in Danger? **

    Unix partisans, on guard: Microsoft Corp.'s Windows NT technology is
 threatening to quickly become the world's dominant computing system.

    That was the warning Intel Corp. President/CEO Andrew S. Grove sounded
 this week in San Francisco to some of Unix's staunchest allies at the
 opening session of UniForum, the annual gathering of the open systems
 industry.

    "Unix has gone from being the attacker to being the defender, without
 having won in the process," Grove told the 3,000 people attending his
 address, which also was beamed by satellite to a concurrent UniForum
 Association gathering in the United Kingdom.


                    ** Nintendo Loses Appeal Motion **

    In California, a federal appeals court has let stand a $15 million
 damage award to Lewis Galoob Toys Inc. in its case against video game
 maker Nintendo Co. Ltd.'s U.S. subsidiary.

    Lewis Galoob originally was awarded the sum by a federal court in July
 1992 after it claimed it had been prevented from selling the enhancer,
 Game Genie.


                  ** Sega Channel Gets New Affiliate **

    Sega Channel says it has signed Post-Newsweek Cable as a "launch
 partner" for its new interactive video game channel.

    Post-Newsweek has about 500,000 subscribers in 15 states.  It will
 launch Sega Channel this fall, following a three-month summer trial.

    Sega Channel will provide Sega Genesis video games on-demand, 24 hours
 a day. Sega Channel subscribers will choose from a selection of games,
 special versions of soon-to-be- released titles, game-play tips, news,
 contests and promotions. The programming will be updated monthly.  Sega
 Channel will be priced in the range of most premium subscription services.


                    ** Novell Buys Out WordPerfect **

    For about $1.4 billion in stock, network maker Novell Inc. has agreed
 to buy privately held WordPerfect Corp., a move that will create one of
 the world's largest software publishers.  WordPerfect is to become a
 wholly owned subsidiary of Novell.

    Sources say the agreement, which is yet to be approved by federal
 regulators, calls for all WordPerfect stock to be exchanged for about 59
 million shares in Novell.

    WordPerfect has undergone management shakeups in recent years and,
 despite record sales in 1993, laid off more than 1,000 workers. Last year,
 co-founder Alan Ashton announced he was retiring.

    Also this week, Novell announced it will purchase Borland International
 Inc.'s "Quattro Pro" spreadsheet business for about $145 million.

    The joined companies are likely to become the software industry's third
 biggest, behind Microsoft and Oracle.


                     ** ComputerLand Changes Name **

    ComputerLand Corp. is taking on a new name and a new plan.  Starting 
 this week, the firm becomes Vanstar Inc. and it will sell computers and 
 services solely to businesses.


                    ** Apple, IBM Roll Out Taligent **

    The new Taligent operating system software from Apple Computer Inc. and
 IBM has made its formal debut before about 500 people at the PC Forum
 trade show in Phoenix.

    Taligent, designed to run on previously incompatible computers, is
 expected to become generally available next year. The system "uses a new
 technology called object orientation, which condenses the amount of
 machine language needed to give the basic commands to computer."

    Also backed by Hewlett-Packard Co., Taligent is expected to begin
 distributing tools later this year to developers to help them start
 writing programs based on the system.
  
  
                  ** North American Software Sales Up **

    Sales of personal computer applications software reached a record $6.81
 billion in North America in 1993, according to figures released today by
 the Software Publishers Association.

    North American software revenues grew 18.5% last year from $5.75
 billion in 1992. North American unit sales were up 33% for the year, while
 international units were up 67%.

    The industry continued to be fueled by Windows applications with some
 $3.47 billion in sales in 1993, an 80% increase over 1992's sales of
 similar programs. Meanwhile, DOS applications continued to decline in
 North America, falling 25% to $1.93 billion.

    Sales of Macintosh applications were $1.08 billion in 1993, the first
 time that annual sales of Macintosh applications were over $1 billion.
 Macintosh applications sales were up 9% from $990 million in 1992.

    The largest application category in 1993 was word processing with sales
 of $1.02 billion, a 23% increase from $829 million in 1992.


                ** Japan's Market Growth Disappointing **

    Foreign chipmakers share of the Japanese market grew in the fourth
 quarter of last year. The new figures show the foreign share of the
 Japanese chip market rose to 20.7% in the quarter, up 2% from the third
 quarter level.


                   ** Gray Market' Software Illegal **


    The U.S. District Court in the Eastern District of New York has ruled
 it is illegal for resellers and original equipment manufacturers to obtain
 software through unauthorized distribution or the "gray market."

    The landmark ruling is a result of the case Microsoft Corp. vs. Harmony
 Computers & Electronics Inc. in which Microsoft alleged that Brooklyn,
 N.Y. based Harmony Computers was distributing unauthorized copies of
 Microsoft OEM products in violation of the OEM's license agreement.

    Judge Raymond Dearie declared, "To the extent that (Harmony) bought
 their Microsoft products from authorized Microsoft licensees, they were
 subject to the same licensing restrictions under which those licensees
 operate."

    Microsoft officials said they have taken a number of positive steps to
 address this problem directly, in an effort to make it easier for
 resellers and OEMs to obtain legitimate copies of the MS-DOS and Windows
 operating systems.

    Microsoft licenses MS-DOS and Windows to computer manufacturers to
 distribute with the PCs they sell. Microsoft's OEM license agreements
 prohibit the distribution of Microsoft products by themselves without an
 accompanying licensed PC, or as "standalone" products.

    The products Harmony had offered for sale included both MS-DOS and
 Windows that Harmony had purchased from an OEM licensee without a computer
 system, or standalone, in alleged violation of the computer manufacturer's
 original license agreement.

    "This is an enormous step forward in our efforts to combat this form of
 software piracy," said David Curtis, associate general counsel at
 Microsoft. "This ruling addresses a common belief in the PC industry that
 the problem lies only with an OEM violating its license agreement.  Here,
 it is clearly stated that any reseller or OEM who sells unauthorized
 standalone product is also committing copyright infringement and is
 therefore liable for both criminal penalties and money damages."

    In 1992, Congress amended the Copyright Act, increasing criminal
 penalties for copyright infringement of software. Those penalties include
 imprisonment of up to five years, fines of up to $250,000, or both. As a
 result, copyright infringement of computer software is now considered to
 be a felony. Microsoft's complaint against Harmony Computers seeks civil
 damages and injunctive relief.


                     ** Radius Cuts Monitor Prices **

    Radius Inc. has lowered by as much as 28% the prices on its 20-inch
 general-purpose color monitors.  Effective immediately, the price of:

    -:- The IntelliColor Display/20 has been cut 28%, or $900, to $2,299.

    -:- The PrecisionColor Display/20v has been cut by $200, or 9%, to 
        $1,999.


                    ** Germans Crack Cracker Group **

    German officials have thwarted what they say was a nationwide ring of
 computer crackers who found a way to phone around the world without being
 billed.

    Officials with the regional criminal office in Munich are quoted as
 saying U.S. phone companies alone lost millions of dollars in revenue
 because of the ring.

    "In a coordinated search, police raided the homes of about 60 suspected
 hackers all over Germany. Two arrests were made and hundreds of computer
 disks, hard-disks and calling-card codes were confiscated."



                     ******* General PC News *******

                    ** Compaq to Bundle Stacker 4.0 **

    Stac Electronics Inc. says Compaq Computer Corp. has licensed the DOS
 and Windows versions of Stacker 4.0 to ship with its desktop and portable
 computers.

    Terms of the agreement were not disclosed.

    "Compaq customers have become accustomed to getting the additional disk
 capacity that compression provides and with Stacker 4.0 pre-installed we
 are able to provide our customers with an industry-leading compression
 product," says Lorie Strong, Compaq's vice president of portable and
 software marketing.

    Stac's agreement with Compaq comes less than a month after Stac won a
 patent-infringement lawsuit against Microsoft Corp. and Microsoft's
 removal of the DoubleSpace compression technology from DOS 6.2.


                  ** Advanced Logic Gets Chip Patent **

    Advanced Logic Research Inc. has received a patent for a chip upgrading
 technology.

    ALR Chairman/CEO Gene Lue said the patent covers a technology that
 provides a processing unit upgrade path to i486 and Pentium technology for
 Advanced Logic clients.


                     ******* General Mac News *******


                   ** Apple Ships New QuickTime Kit **

    Apple Computer Inc. has released the Apple QuickTime Starter Kit 1.1.

    The package is designed to give users the tools they need to get
 started with multimedia software. With QuickTime, users can work with
 video, sound, and music as easily as they work with text and graphics.

    New to the QuickTime Starter Kit 1.1 is PixelPlay 2.0 from Silicon
 Sports, which allows users to save QuickTime movies as screen savers. In
 addition, users can now access QuickTime to digitize sound from an audio
 CD, as well as incorporate Photo CD images.

    The QuickTime Starter Kit 1.1 costs $99. It requires a Macintosh
 computer with a 68020, 68030, 68040 or PowerPC microprocessor; at least
 4MB of RAM; an Apple SuperDrive floppy disk drive; and a hard disk. Also
 needed is System 6.0.7 or later or System 7.0 or later and a CD-ROM drive
 for accessing the contents of the supplied CD-ROM.

  
                ____________________________________________



 > Windows 3.11 Q&A STR Spotlight
   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""




                              Windows 3.11 Q&A
                              ================

 1. WHAT IS WINDOWS 3.11?  HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM WINDOWS 3.1?

 Microsoft Windows 3.11 is a "refresh" release that implements packaging
 changes designed to reduce counterfeiting. The release also includes some
 updated device drivers and a few bug fixes to address issues such as
 diskless workstation support.

 2. WHY WERE THESE CHANGES MADE?

 It's been nearly two years since Windows 3.1 was introduced to the market.
 These new drivers and bug fixes will improve the experience of a customer
 buying Windows for the first time.  Also, these changes had already been
 incorporated in our Windows for Workgroups 3.11 release.

 3. WHO SHOULD UPDATE TO WINDOWS 3.11?

 There is no new functionality in the 3.11 release of Windows and all of
 the drivers being added or refreshed have been available on the Windows
 Driver Library up on CompuServe and Microsoft's Download Service. So
 unless a customer is having a problem related to one of the areas covered
 by the fixes detailed below, there should be no need for them to update to
 this release. If a customer does need to update they should call Microsoft
 at (800) 871-3270 for more information.

 4. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WINDOWS 3.11 AND WFW 3.11.

 Windows 3.11: Windows 3.11 is simply Windows 3.1 plus the additional
 video and printer drivers and the five bug fixes described below.
 As mentioned above, there is no new functionality or performance
 improvements, features, etc.  Windows for Workgroups 3.11: WFW 3.11 offers
 a number of enhancements to our Windows 3.1 product. WFW 3.11 includes
 enhanced performance, from 50-150% faster disk I/O and up to 100% faster
 network access. It also includes integrated networking, Microsoft Mail,
 Microsoft Schedule+, Microsoft At Work Fax, and Microsoft's Remote Access
 Services, and a number of other enhancements for both standalone and
 networked Windows PCs.

 5. DOES WIN 3.11 WORK WITH OS/2 FOR WINDOWS?

 No it does not. From what we have been able to learn without the
 benefit of source code, which IBM refused to provide Microsoft, OS/2
 for Windows patches Windows in memory at fixed address locations. Such
 a design makes OS/2 for Windows extremely fragile because it depends on
 Windows code being frozen over time.

 Microsoft encourages developers to write well-behaved Windows apps using
 documented API's and good programming practices. By establishing these
 ground rules we can move the platform forward and maintain support for
 these applications. Windows 3.11 did not break any well-behaved
 applications that we are aware of.

 Though we regret the inconvenience to customers, IBM has to be responsible
 for writing well-behaved applications -- they have taken shortcuts with
 OS/2 for Windows that have put their customers in a bad position. We
 presume that one or more of the bug fixes incorporated in Windows 3.11
 (which were included in Windows for Workgroups 3.11 released November 6,
 1993) changed the fixed address locations that are patched by OS/2 for
 Windows. As a result, OS/2 for Windows no longer runs correctly.

 6. DID MICROSOFT DO THIS TO THWART IBM?

 No we did not. We have been talking publicly about this release since
 August of last year -- well before IBM even announced their OS/2 for
 Windows product. Negotiations with Novell and a desire not to interrupt
 the Christmas selling season caused us to delay, but Windows has been on
 the market for nearly two years now and we felt that customers would
 benefit from a refresh of the product.

 7. WHAT SHOULD CUSTOMERS DO THAT HAVE PURCHASED OS/2 FOR WINDOWS AND WANT
    TO UPDATE TO WINDOWS 3.11?

 IBM has the means at its disposal to permit purchasers of OS/2 for Windows
 to use it with Windows 3.11. First IBM can release a new version of OS/2
 for Windows that patches Windows 3.11 at the appropriate address locations
 in memory. Second, IBM can provide customers with the KERNEL, USER, and
 GDI modules from Windows 3.1 that do not contain the bug fixes which
 apparently are the source of the problem. Alternatively customers can
 purchase the full OS/2 2.1 product from IBM.

 8. WHAT ABOUT CUSTOMERS THAT BUY WINDOWS 3.11 AND THEN WANT TO RUN OS/2
    FOR WINDOWS?

 We think IBM bears the responsibility for designing OS/2 for Windows in
 such a way that virtually guaranteed it would break if Microsoft made
 any changes in Windows. Nonetheless, in an effort to assist our mutual
 customers, Microsoft will provide purchasers of Windows 3.11 who
 experience difficulty running the product with OS/2 for Windows with
 the unimproved Windows 3.1 files which we modified in Windows 3.11 to
 fix various bugs.  Our Product Support Services will distribute these as
 soon as a diskette can be made available.

 9. WHAT EXACTLY ARE THE CODE CHANGES MADE TO WIN 3.11 AND WHAT DO THEY DO?

 First the following drivers have been added or refreshed in the Windows
 3.11 release:

  - HPLJIV driver
  - 256 Color generic SVGA video driver - which will support TSENG ET4000
    chipsets and V7, but not ATI Ultra or S3 chipsets.

  - As well as the following drivers:

                PSCRIPT.DRV             UNIDRV.DLL
                PSCRIPT.HLP             UNIDRV.HLP
                HPPCL5MS.DRV            HPDSKJET.DRV
                HPPCL5E.DRV             HPPCL.DRV
                HPPCL5E.HLP             PAINTJET.DRV
                HPPCL5E1.DLL            L100_425.WPD
                HPPCL5E2.DLL            L300_471.WPD
                HPPCL5E3.DLL            L300_493.WPD
                HPPCL5E4.DLL            L500_493.WPD
                HPPCL5EO.DLL            L200230&.WPD
                FINSTALL.DLL            L330_52&.WPD
                FINSTALL.HLP            L630_52&.WPD
                EPSON24.DRV             EPSON9.DRV
                V7VDD.386               V7VGA.DRV

 In addition, the following 5 files were changed:

 1) krnl386.exe: Minimal kernel changes to more gracefully shut down the
 Windows system after installing products which call the ExitWindows API to
 shut Windows down before returning focus to program manager.

 2) gdi.exe: Changes which assist ISVs currently writing graphics
 applications, especially those that call the 'draw rectangle function'. 
 This will minimize the number of API calls the programmer needs to write
 and maximize the system resources available on the system when using
 graphics intensive applications.

 3) commdlg.dll: Changes which allow Windows apps on diskless workstations
 to use common dialog boxes. (Formerly available as a PSS application note) 

 4) pscript.drv & unidrv.dll:  Updated to eliminate a font enumeration
 conflict that occurs with many word processors when 60 or more fonts are
 used in a single document. (Formerly available as a PSS application note)

 5) vtda.386: The updated vtda.386 solves a very small percentage of timer
 related problems that occur when starting an MS-DOS based application
 under Windows on large Novell Netware networks. (Formerly available as a
 PSS application note)


                 __________________________________________


 > KidDesk STR Review
   """"""""""""""""""


                           KID'S COMPUTING CORNER
                                   KIDDESK


 by Frank Sereno

      This week's article will not be a review of an educational software
 program.  Instead I will examine a graphical menuing shell, KidDesk from
 Edmark Corporation.  KidDesk allows users to launch DOS and some Windows
 programs from icons on the KidDesktop.  It can be used to protect your
 system files and applications from your children while allowing them the
 freedom to explore their own programs.  KidDesk is available for IBM
 compatible computers and needs 550k of free memory and a Microsoft
 compatible mouse.  KidDesk is also available for the Macintosh. 
 Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price is $39.95 but it can be found at
 many locations for under $30.

      KidDesk offers protection to the system as it can be installed to
 autorun in the autoexec.bat file and can be set up so the program cannot
 be exited to DOS unless the user knows a password that you input.  If
 KidDesk is set up in this manner, the user will only have access to the
 desktop accessories and the icon buttons for the programs that you
 designate for him to use.  This program has two main sections, the Kid
 Section that will be the interface the children will use to launch
 programs and the Adult Section that parents or teachers will install
 applications and customize the program.  Let's examine the Kid Section
 first.

      Running KidDesk will first bring up the title screen, followed by a
 screen featuring kid icons.  Clicking on one of the icons will bring up
 the individualized kiddesk.  There are six different styles of desks
 featuring nine accessories.  The accessories are the Name Plate, Picture
 Frame, Lamp, Pen and Pencils, Clock, Calculator, Recorder, Phone and
 Calendar.   

      The Name Plate will show the name of the child.  Clicking on the Name
 Plate will alternate it between showing only the child's first name and
 showing both the first and last names.  The Picture Frame displays an icon
 for your child.  Graphics can be imported from other programs.  If you
 have a SoundBlaster or compatible sound card, a sound file can be recorded
 or imported to be played when the Picture Frame is clicked upon.  A Lamp
 on the desk can be clicked on to darken and brighten the screen.  Pencils
 and Pens allows the child to choose a style of desktop of his own
 preference.  An analog Clock shows the time of your computer's internal
 clock and clicking on it will cause the time to be pronounced aloud.  The
 Recorder allows the recording of messages.  The Phone is used to hear the
 recorded messages.  If none are recorded, a busy signal will be heard.  If
 recording is turned off in the Adult section, a variety of greetings will
 be heard.

      The most impressive accessory is the Calendar.  A day calendar is
 displayed on the desk.  Just like the clock, it is based on the computer's
 internal clock.  Clicking on the calendar will bring up a monthly calendar
 that the child may place daily notes and place icons for important dates. 
 The child can cycle through thirteen months.  Each monthly calendar can be
 printed.

      The remainder of the Kid Section is the application-launching icons. 
 All the DOS programs that I ran from KidDesk worked flawlessly.  I did
 have some problems running some Windows applications, one being Alphabet
 Blocks.  I haven't contacted Edmark yet about this problem so there may be
 a remedy.  You must have Windows to run Windows programs.  KidDesk merely
 starts Windows and then immediately launches the chosen application.

      The Adult Section allows the parent or teacher to install kids,
 applications, sound clips and graphics.  Access is gained by the key
 combination of alternate-control-a.  After the initial setup, a password
 can be added as further security.  There are four headers on a menu bar
 (File, Kid, Application and Options) and two folders (Kids and
 Applications).  Click on a header to open a new menu of options.

      Under File you will find Return to Kid Section,  Return to Windows
 and Return to Dos.  These are the three ways that the Adult Section can be
 exited.  Under Kid you will find Add Kid, Kid Settings, Remove Kid and
 Limit Applications.  The excellent documentation fully explains how to use
 these functions. Limit Applications will permit you to pick and choose
 from your applications for each child.  You may want to set up your three-
 old's desktop so it doesn't include some your older children's more
 complicated programs.  Under Application are Add Application, Application
 Settings, Remove Applications.  For adding applications there is an auto
 search feature.  Windows programs will use their regular icons for
 launching in KidDesk.  There are a variety of icons that can be chosen for
 DOS programs or new ones can be created with the included icon maker. 
 Under the Options header are Adult Password, Screen Saver, Kid's Exit
 Options, Time Reminder and KidDesk Accessories.  The Adult Password option
 allows the parent to choose a password that must be used to enter the
 Adult Section.  The Screen Saver can be set to kick in after a chosen
 period of inactivity to prevent screen burn-in.  Kid's Exit Options can be
 set to allow exiting or not to DOS from the Kid Section.  Time Reminder
 can be used to limit the child's time at the computer.  KidDesk
 Accessories allows the turning on or off of the nine desktop accessories.

      Edmark has recently come out with an improved product, KidDesk Family
 Edition.  Family Edition runs only from Windows.  Edmark claims that it
 can run DOS programs without the many sound and memory conflicts usually
 encountered running those programs from Windows alone.  New features
 include electronic mail, an address cardfile, a note pad and voice mail. 
 Family Edition can be used as a family communications center.  MSRP is
 $59.95.  Since I purchased KidDesk only 2 weeks ago, I do not know if
 there is an upgrade path from KidDesk to KidDesk Family Edition.  If you
 feel you need these extra features, purchase Family Edition.

      KidDesk is a very good program.  It allows younger children to use
 the computer by themselves while allowing parents and teachers peace of
 mind knowing that their own programs are safe from harm.  With the use of
 icons, the children do not need to know how to read.  The accessories are
 great.  The manual is excellent and even includes several pages of hints
 on using KidDesk as an educational tool.  Edmark customer service can be
 reached at 206-556-8484 from 8am to 5pm Pacific Time.  Thank you for
 reading!


            _____________________________________________________
  

 > WordPerfect 6.0a STR FOCUS!
   """""""""""""""""""""""""""



                        WordPerfect 6.0a for Windows
                         Interim Release Information


 Executive Summary
 -----------------
 Note: The information contained in this document is subject to change
 prior to the release of WPWin 6.0a.

 WordPerfect Corporation has always had a policy of responding to customer
 needs between major product upgrades with interim releases.  In keeping
 with this customer-oriented focus, WordPerfect will ship an interim
 release of WordPerfect 6.0a Windows (WPWin 6.0a) in April 1994. The four
 major objectives for WPWin 6.0a are reliability, speed, ease of use, and
 transition tools.  

 All registered users of WPWin 6.0 will receive the interim release free of
 charge upon request.  If users have not registered their software,
 WordPerfect representatives can register them when they call (800)
 321-4566. 

 The interim release ships on a reduced span set containing only the
 necessary files needed to update WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows.  When
 installing the files from the reduced span set, make sure that the current
 version of WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows (release date of 10/01/93) is
 installed on the computer.

 The interim release updates only those files you installed from the
 initial release of WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows. For example, if you chose
 the Custom installation option when you originally installed WordPerfect
 6.0 for Windows, the interim will update only those files.

 In addition, if you originally chose the Custom or Minimum installation
 option for WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows, but now prefer a Standard
 installation with the interim disks, you need to reinstall the 10/01/93
 version using the Standard install option, before installing the interim
 release. The interim disks will then update the Standard installation
 files.

 Enhancements:
 -------------

 Speed:
      Speed improvements have been made in the following areas: 
 basic formatting, scrolling, printing, graphics handling, table
 manipulation and editing, importing WordPerfect 5.x documents, generate,
 document compare, outline, launching WP Draw, automation of ExpressDocs
 Templates and opening large documents.  

 Reliability:
      Many changes have been made to improve the overall reliability of the
 product. Every effort was made to address reliability issues raised by our
 customers.  

 Printing:
      With the Windows or WPWin 6.0a (*.PRS) printer drivers, the printing
 of tables, borders, and bitmap graphics is much faster. In addition, with
 WordPerfect-supplied Postscript and Hewlett Packard printer drivers, WPWin
 6.0 printed ATM and TrueType fonts as graphics, which caused large output
 file sizes and long total print times. WPWin 6.0a now downloads ATM and
 TrueType fonts to these printers, improving overall printing speed. 

 Integration:
      WPWin 6.0a now works better under Windows NT and IBM OS/2 2.1,
 including seamless integration with the OS/2 Advanced Workplace Shell. The
 OS/2 Integration Tools Disk is available separately by calling (800)
 321-4566.

 Conversion of Fonts:
      In WPWin 6.0, converting WordPerfect 5.x documents to the WordPerfect
 6.0 format would sometimes result in fonts not converting correctly. Fonts
 will now convert correctly if the same printer is selected in WordPerfect
 5.x and WPWin 6.0a. In addition, round-trip compatibility from WPWin 6.0a
 to WPWin 5.2 and back to a WPWin 6.0a format will result in accurate font
 matching.

 Fonts:
      The last four fonts used are now displayed at the top of the font
 list, accessed by clicking the font button on the Power Bar. This is
 similar to the existing capability to display the names of the four most
 recently used files on the Files pull-down menu.

 Graphics:
      You can now easily save a graphic as a file from within WPWin 6.0a by
 selecting the graphic and choosing Save As from the File menu.  

 Full WYSIWYG:
      Display Character widths are now displayed more accurately on screen,
 resulting in a truer graphical representation of fonts.

 WP Draw:
      With some scanners, the error message  Scan Operation Failed... 
 would appear and prevent an image from scanning directly into WP Draw.
 This has now been corrected.

 256 Color Driver:
      If a problem is detected with a 256 color driver, WPWin 6.0a will
 advise you to add a /fl startup switch (for example, c:\wpwin60\wpwin.exe
 /fl) to the command line under Properties for the WPWin 6.0a icon. This
 will eliminate known problems with certain video drivers.

 DDEML.DLL:
      We are aware of conflicts with a Windows file, DDEML.DLL, dated
 4/22/92. The correct version of this file should be found in the System
 directory (c:\window\system). If the version of this file (DDEML.DLL,
 4/22/92) is found in the Windows directory, and the correct version is
 found in the Windows System directory, the file will be automatically
 deleted from the Windows directory. 

 Additions:
      QuickCorrect This feature automatically replaces errors in mistyped
 or misspelled words. For instance, if you accidentally type  adn,  it is
 automatically replaced with  and  as soon as you press the space bar or
 another word delimiter (comma, period, semi-colon, etc.). QuickCorrect can
 automatically fix hundreds of commonly mistyped or misspelled words as you
 type. QuickCorrect can also automatically expand abbreviations on the fly. 
 For example, you could type  wpc  and have  WordPerfect Corporation appear
 as you press the space bar. QuickCorrect will also fix two initial caps
 such as  COrporation. 

      QuickSelect WPWin 6.0a understands that you need the ability to
 select complete words, sentences, and paragraphs as well as individual
 letters. QuickSelect gives you the flexibility to select precisely the
 text you need. Click twice, holding the mouse down the second time, then
 drag to select word by word.  Click three times and drag to select
 sentence by sentence, and click four times and drag to select paragraph by
 paragraph. In addition, WPWin 6.0a has always let you click in the left
 margin to select a sentence, and double click to select a paragraph, or
 use the right mouse button in the left margin for more QuickSelect
 options.

      QuickStart Coach When you first launch WPWin 6.0a an interactive
 QuickStart Coach appears to give you an overview of the product.  This
 will assist WordPerfect for DOS users, as well as users of other word
 processors such as Microsoft Word and Lotus Ami Pro as they make the
 transition to WPWin 6.0a.

      Transition Advisor Accessed from the Help menu, the Transition
 Advisor helps WordPerfect for DOS users make a smooth transition to
 Windows. The Transition Advisor displays keystrokes and commands from
 WordPerfect 5.1 for DOS and then shows how to perform the equivalent tasks
 in WPWin 6.0a. Also available is a WordPerfect 5.1 for DOS keyboard that
 retains familiar keystrokes as you work.

      ExpressDocs templates WPWin 6.0a will ship with a WPLite template
 which provides a scaled-down menu and feature list. WPWin 6.0a will
 include several other templates: WPAmiPro, business card creation,
 workgroup, term paper, and an additional form letter template. In
 addition, to answer requests from the legal community, a pleading macro
 (PLEADING.WCM) and a pleading template (PLEADING.WPT) will ship with WPWin
 6.0a. This automated template guides you through creating a pleading
 document. 

      Save A "fail safe" save option will now verify that the document
 saved on disk is identical to the current document in WPWin 6.0a. 

      Uninstall The Setup Program includes an Uninstall facility which
 allows for a standard or custom uninstall of WPWin 6.0a. Improvements have
 also been made to the installation routine.

      Paragraph Numbers Paragraph numbering is now equivalent to the
 functionality found  in WPWin 5.2 and is part of the Bullet and Numbers
 feature.

      Tables You can now save table data to the clipboard with tabs that
 allow you to read data into a spreadsheet or save it as an ASCII (DOS)
 Text file. In addition, you can save table data to a Borland Quattro Pro
 format.

      Import/Export A conversion for Professional Write files has been
 added, as well as ODBC support, which provides direct support for
 Microsoft Access and Microsoft Excel 5.0. In addition, WPWin 6.0a will now
 import Lotus 123 version 4.0 format.

      New Button Bars Three new Button Bars have been added to WPWin 6.0a:
 Legal, Design Tools, and Utilities.

      Network Users WPWin 6.0a includes Universal Naming Convention (UNC)
 support as well as shareable paper size forms for Windows drivers.

      Encryption Password protection has been improved, with support for
 both the old and new formats for compatibility with existing WPWin users
 and documents, as well as  case-sensitive  password protection.




   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

                     :HOW TO GET YOUR OWN GENIE ACCOUNT:
                      _________________________________

       Set your communications software to Half Duplex (or Local Echo)
                      Call: (with modem) 800-638-8369.
                Upon connection type HHH (RETURN after that).
                          Wait for the U#= prompt.

                  Type: XTX99587,CPUREPT then, hit RETURN.

          GEnie Information copyright (C) 1991 by General Electric
            Information Services/GEnie, reprinted by permission

                                                                          
  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
                                 
        ___   ___    _____     _______
       /___| /___|  /_____|  /_______/           The Macintosh RoundTable
      /____|/____| /__/|__| /__/                 ________________________
     /_____|_____|/__/_|__|/__/
    /__/|____/|__|________|__/
   /__/ |___/ |__|_/   |__|_/____                  Managed by SyndiComm
  /__/  |__/  |__|/    |__|______/

          An Official Forum of the International Computer Users Group
    
                    *** STReport available in MAC RT ***
                                 ASCII TEXT
                            for ALL GEnie users!



                           MAC/APPLE SECTION (II)
                           ======================
                             Randy Noak, Editor


      Oh! Am I sick!  All of us here at Mac Report HQ have come down with
 a nasty case of intestinal flu. I'll tell you, I'm getting sick of
 looking at porcelain! 

      Mac Report Monthly is out and the first issue is a success,
 garnering large amounts of downloads on the three services where it is
 available (AOL, CIS and GEnie). One side benefit is that STReport
 downloads are also up as Mac Report Monthly readers check out STR to find
 out what they've been missing. Look for the April issue of MRM around
 April 1, 1994.

      I had a big editorial planned for this issue, but. due to the flu,
 it will have to wait until next week when my health returns. For this
 week, here is some interesting Apple info.


            ___________________________________________________



 > Inside Track! STR FOCUS!
   """"""""""""""""""""""""



 APPLE SYSTEM SOFTWARE COMPETITIVE WHITE PAPER
 =============================================


 Introduction
 ------------
      This paper examines some crucial issues confronting the personal
 computer  industry today. Fundamental shifts in technology are driving
 major changes in the realm of operating system software changes that will
 have a tremendous  impact on the personal computing market. In
 particular, this paper addresses  four important trends: the emergence of
 mainstream RISC computers, the move to  object technologies, the new
 emphasis on collaboration and communication, and the leap from today's
 passive, graphical user interface to interfaces that are  both active and
 "intelligent."

      The Macintosh operating system, System 7, meets fundamental
 requirements in these  areas, providing customers with the capabilities
 they need, as well as offering  a foundation for providing the advances
 they will be looking for in the future.  Already, the Macintosh operating
 system is recognized as providing leadership technology in areas such as
 ease of use, graphics and imaging, and multimedia.  This paper explains
 how Apple intends to build on its current strong position,  comparing and
 contrasting its approach with that of other vendors.

 RISC Goes Mainstream
 --------------------
      RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) microprocessor
 architectures have been  commercially successful in the workstation
 market since the 1980s. In 1991,  Apple, IBM, and Motorola joined forces
 to bring the benefits of this technology  to the mainstream personal
 computing arena. These three companies combined  efforts to create a
 powerful, scalable, and cost-effective RISC-based  microprocessor
 architecture. The result, known as the PowerPC microprocessor, will power
 that next generation of computers from both Apple and IBM. 

      The three companies in the PowerPC alliance believe that the
 inherent advantages of RISC microprocessor technology over
 microprocessors based on older, 1980s  CISC (Complex Instruction Set
 Computing) technology will allow the PowerPC chip  to offer significant
 and increasing performance and price/performance leadership over the
 competing Intel architecture based on CISC technology. The PowerPC chip
 derives its price/performance advantage over the Intel CISC architecture
 through less complex chip design, which translates to a smaller die size
 and more  cost-effective manufacturing. Intel's Pentium chip, the PowerPC
 chip's  competitor, demonstrates the cost and manufacturing burden of
 having to maintain exact compatibility with the large CISC instruction
 set.

      PowerPC growth path. In addition to the initial PowerPC 601 chip,
 the Apple,  IBM, and Motorola alliance has announced a series of follow-
 on PowerPC chips, under concurrent development. These include the low-
 power, low-cost PowerPC 603  (designed for use in PowerBook and low-end
 Macintosh computers), the  high-performance PowerPC 604 (which will
 eventually replace the PowerPC 601 in  desktop and midrange systems), and
 the superior-performance, full 64-bit  implementation PowerPC 620
 (designed for use in high-end workstations and  servers). As a result,
 the PowerPC architecture offers a well-understood,  compelling growth
 path for years to come.

      The Intel response. Intel, alone in investing in Pentium, is
 responding to
 the PowerPC threat by preannouncing the details of a Pentium follow-on
 chip P6.  According to Intel, P6 will be a very complex chip, with more
 than 6 million  transistors (twice as many as in the Pentium chip), offer
 two to three times the performance of Pentium, and ship in volume at the
 end of 1995. 

 Operating Systems for RISC Microprocessors
 ------------------------------------------
      Microprocessors and operating systems have a strong
 interrelationship. DOS grew  up as the operating system for the Intel
 80x86 architecture, and now Microsoft  Windows is succeeding to that
 position. Although these operating systems have had a commanding role in
 the CISC microprocessor world, Microsoft has no  announced plans to port
 Windows or MS-DOS (the Microsoft version of DOS) to a RISC platform the
 effort would be tremendous. (It's important to understand that DOS and
 Windows applications will run, through software emulation, on Macintosh 
 computers with PowerPC processors.) Because of this basic
 incompatibility, the  PowerPC chip's dramatic, high-volume entrance into
 the personal computer arena  will profoundly affect the operating system
 market, as new contenders seek to establish the standard. 

      As RISC achieves mainstream status in 1994, the crucial question is
 which  operating system will dominate the PowerPC platform. Several
 operating systems  are jockeying for this leadership position. The
 operating system vendors Apple,  Microsoft, IBM, and so on all have
 different approaches to providing operating  system software for RISC-
 based personal computers. Some vendors require users to adopt a new
 operating system altogether, while others take an evolutionary  approach.
 To become the new standard in the personal computing market of the near
 future, an operating system must meet the following criteria:

      Availability for RISC. This may be the most important factor to even
 be in the competition, the operating system must be able to run on
 PowerPC. Operating  systems vary in the ease in which they can be moved
 from platform to platform.  For example, both UNIX and Windows NT were
 designed for easy portability. Other operating systems, notably Windows,
 are intrinsically tied to a certain microprocessor architecture and
 cannot easily be adapted to another.

      Volume. Platform shipment volumes drive developers' decisions on
 whether to develop software applications for the platform. High-volume
 platforms will  attract developer attention, while low-volume platforms
 will suffer a lack of programs. Customers demand a broad selection of
 applications.

      Availability and compatibility of current programs. Customers moving
 up from current-generation computers (both DOS and Windows software based
 computers and  Macintosh computers) will insist on support for their
 existing applications and  data. The level of compatibility offered will
 be an important factor in their choice of an operating system.

      Native applications. Because the transition to RISC centers around
 high performance and the new capabilities enabled by that high
 performance customers will also judge operating systems by the breadth of
 selection of native applications (applications that offer full RISC
 performance) available.  Software developers must choose a specific
 operating system for their PowerPC products,  because, for example, an
 application ported to System 7 for PowerPC will not operate on Windows NT
 for PowerPC. 

      Ease of setup, use, and administration. Easy-to-use system software
 has become a defacto requirement of personal computer users. Customers
 want systems that they can set up in a straightforward manner, easily
 configure with add-on devices, manage by themselves without requiring an
 administrator, and so on.  Traditionally, RISC systems have used UNIX a
 complex operating system  appropriate for the highly technical market
 occupied by high-end engineering and graphic workstations, but difficult
 for mainstream customers to work with.  Operating systems designed for
 personal computer users must appeal to a broader, more numerous market.

      Hardware efficiency. Operating systems differ in their appetite for
 hardware  resources such as memory and hard disk space. Workstation and
 server operating  systems typically require 20 megabytes or more of RAM
 and at least a  250-megabyte hard disk drive. In contrast, RISC-based
 personal computer operating systems must operate comfortably with 8 to 12
 megabytes of RAM and 80-megabyte hard disk drives.

      Scalability. PowerPC processor based personal computers will come in
 a range of designs, including desktop and notebook models. An operating
 system must be able to meet the varying requirements of these different
 computers. 

      Advanced features. To build the next generation of applications,
 system software extensions, and user interfaces, designers require
 robustness, performance, and additional services beyond those provided by
 today's personal computer operating systems. High-capacity, high-
 performance file systems are necessary to  accommodate the larger amounts
 of data generated by new technologies such as multimedia. The full 32-bit
 operation enabled by RISC performance speeds access  to and processing of
 data and instructions. Preemptive, multithreaded execution  will allow
 the construction of more sophisticated programs. And memory  protection
 will isolate the effects of errant programs. 

 The Macintosh Operating System System 7 for PowerPC
 ---------------------------------------------------
      Apple's Macintosh operating system (System 7) the industry benchmark
 for  easy-to-use system software maps well against all of these criteria,
 positioning it to assume operating system leadership on RISC. 

      During the past two years, the Macintosh system software has been
 enhanced to run on the PowerPC microprocessor. With a 68040 software
 emulator as a standard  component, System 7 for PowerPC offers
 exceptional compatibility with all  existing programs for Macintosh. A
 mixed-mode architecture also supports new  native applications that run
 at full PowerPC speeds. And Apple has been working  closely with the
 third-party development community to ensure a broad range of native
 application software for the PowerPC processor based Macintosh computers.
 To date, more than 60 companies including all leading software vendors
 have  publicly announced commitments to bringing out versions of their
 applications for PowerPC processor based Macintosh computers. It is
 expected that hundreds of off-the-shelf applications will be available in
 1994 for these new Macintosh  systems. 

      Apple also offers migration paths for customers who want to move up
 from  existing IBM PC environments to the PowerPC environment. Already,
 hardware-based solutions for PC compatibility are available in the
 Macintosh Quadra line. The  PowerPC chip brings a new level of
 performance to software-based compatibility  solutions, rendering them
 highly practical. Through a partnership with Insignia  Solutions, a
 leading vendor of emulation technology, Apple can provide  software-based
 emulation of both DOS and Windows programs.

      Apple has announced that it forecasts shipping 1 million PowerPC
 processor based Macintosh computers within the year following their
 introduction. Because System 7 for PowerPC will be the standard operating
 system installed on these  computers, Apple expects it to quickly become
 the operating system volume leader for not only PowerPC processor based
 computers, but for all RISC systems, far surpassing other contenders.

      Looking down the road, Apple is rapidly enhancing Macintosh system
 software to  provide a solid foundation for the future. Although few of
 the differences in System 7 for PowerPC will be perceptible to users,
 significant changes have  occurred within the core. A new runtime
 architecture, adapted from  workstation-class operating environments,
 makes application development more  straightforward. And subsequent
 versions of Macintosh system software will add  true multitasking
 capability, memory protection, and enhanced file-system  capabilities.

 The Approach Taken by Other Vendors 
 -----------------------------------
      In contrast to Apple's moves with the Macintosh operating system,
 the strategies of the other major operating system vendors for their
 transition to PowerPC have serious shortcomings. The following sections
 describe these approaches and their implications for customers.

      Microsoft. Microsoft's message to customers about RISC is clear:
 Customers who  want RISC must adopt a new operating system Windows NT.
 But because Windows NT  was designed as a server operating system, it
 requires significant storage  capacity and includes operating
 complexities (for example, in the area of  security) that make it an
 inappropriate choice for mainstream users. Windows NT  also lacks
 mainstream applications, and even programs available on the 80x86 version
 of Windows NT must be ported to run on a RISC microprocessor such as the
 PowerPC chip. 

      Microsoft's mainstream operating system Windows 3.1 is simply not
 available for PowerPC or any other RISC microprocessor. This is because
 Windows 3.1 (like its eventual successor, Chicago) is built around the
 Intel architecture, contains significant amounts of 80x86 assembly-
 language code and, according to Microsoft  officials, is not easily
 ported to other computer architectures. Windows customers who want RISC
 performance must migrate to a different operating  system.

      IBM. IBM's strategy for the PowerPC chip is to offer a number of
 high-end,  workstation operating systems and leave the choice to the
 customer. Operating system choices to be offered by IBM include AIX,
 Workplace OS, Solaris,  Taligent, and OS/2 (on Workplace OS). 

      Each of these operating systems alone is a weak contender and the
 combination of them does nothing to strengthen the proposition. Workplace
 OS, a new operating  system under development at IBM, promises to host
 multiple operating system  "personalities," such as OS/2 and Taligent.
 However, these choices fall short on several of the criteria for a
 successful operating system (native applications,  efficient operation,
 and ease of use). And AIX and Solaris, the two UNIX  operating system
 based choices, are burdened with the administrative complexity  and
 massive appetite for computing resources associated with UNIX.

      The abundance of operating system options confuses the situation for
 both  developers and users. Developers will be uncertain where to focus
 their limited  development resources, resulting in an extremely limited
 selection of native  applications for each operating system. And users
 will simply be unsure which operating system to choose.

 Conclusion
 ----------
      The Macintosh operating system should become the leading operating
 system for next-generation personal computers based on PowerPC RISC
 microprocessors.  Because Apple took a fundamentally different approach
 to moving to RISC than did other companies, Apple can provide what
 customers want: a mature, easy-to-use operating system with a broad
 selection of native programs from leading  developers and excellent
 compatibility with existing programs. Driven by the  volumes of Apple's
 hardware business, the Macintosh operating system will offer  developers
 a far stronger proposition than its competitors.

 The Move to Object Technologies
 -------------------------------
      Apple is not alone in recognizing some of the problems with
 computing today and  the benefits to be realized from moving to an
 object-based applications  framework. Two major problems can be addressed
 through the use of object-based  technologies: the difficulty today of
 creating documents with varying media and  the increasing complexity of
 applications.

      Compound documents. Ten years ago, most of what people did with
 computers  centered around text and numbers. The graphical nature of the
 Macintosh computer brought a new emphasis to working with graphics on the
 computer, because the  graphics-based user interface allowed easy
 manipulation, editing, and  integration of words and images.

      Today, however, many computer users engage in the creation of
 compound documents with parts containing various media, such as text,
 tables,  movies, sound, and graphics in a variety of file formats.
 Currently, each medium requires users to work in different ways, and
 often in separate applications or  editors, demanding a labor-intensive
 series of actions to move data from each creator application to the final
 document. This lengthy and cumbersome process  tends to be error-prone
 and frustrating and, consequently, time-consuming.

      Application complexity. In recent years, developers have found that
 the demands  of the marketplace encourage an ever-increasing complexity
 in successive  releases of applications; they are under constant
 competitive pressure to add more features to their products. The result
 is paradoxical: As applications  become more powerful in terms of
 features, they also become more difficult to learn and use and hence less
 useful to people. In addition, they require more time and effort to
 develop, enhance, and maintain.

 Compound Document Architectures
 -------------------------------
      Compound document architectures have emerged as the answer to these
 issues, by  reducing the complexity and increasing the flexibility of
 software for both end  users and developers. They offer an evolutionary
 approach to restructuring  software into independent modules, or "parts,"
 which can be flexibly combined in a variety of ways. The result is an
 entirely different way of both using and  writing personal computer
 software one that  offers a number of significant  benefits. 

  For users, compound document architectures offer the following:

  => Easy creation of compound documents
  => Editing "in place" 
  => Powerful document management capabilities
  => Cross-platform support
  => Consistency of operation
  => Uniformity of interface
  => Scalability
  => "Plug-and-play" solutions

  For developers, compound document architectures enable:

  => Faster, more efficient development
  => Reduction of application complexity
  => Diminished cost and risk of software development. 

      The OpenDoc architecture. OpenDoc is a compound document
 architecture championed by Apple and other leading industry vendors.
 Specifically, Apple is combining its expertise in user-interface
 technology with WordPerfect's competence in  document centric computing
 and Novell's skills in collaborative systems to  define and implement the
 OpenDoc technology. In addition, a number of other  system and software
 vendors have helped shape the OpenDoc specifications, and many are
 expected to support OpenDoc in their products and to assist in 
 implementing OpenDoc on their platforms. 

      The OpenDoc coalition is working closely with recognized industry
 associations  such as the Object Management Group (OMG), the Open
 Software Foundation (OSF),  and the X Consortium. Apple's stated intent
 is to make OpenDoc technology not only cross platform but also truly open
 with both systems vendors and  independent software vendors able to
 obtain the source code easily.  OpenDoc advantages include a superior
 user interface, a simple development  model, multiplatform support, and
 network readiness.

      The competition. In contrast to OpenDoc, the other major effort
 along these  lines Microsoft's OLE 2.0 takes a closed and proprietary
 approach, with the OLE  2.0 source code being held by Microsoft and
 provided only under Microsoft  license. However, a goal of the OpenDoc
 effort will be interoperability with OLE 2.0, which will allow developers
 to take advantage of its broader feature set,  additional support
 platforms, and truly open nature without sacrificing OLE  support. 

 Enhancing Collaboration and Communication
 -----------------------------------------
      Just as the personal computer initially boosted individual
 productivity, today  the technology is being applied to increase the
 productivity of groups working  together. In the current competitive and
 fast-paced business environment,  effective communications and, more
 specifically, effective teamwork can provide  organizations with the
 competitive edge that can spell the difference between success and
 failure. 

      Too often in the past, however, users have been hindered rather than
 helped by  the technology daunted by multiple formats, competing
 communications services,  and the sheer bulk of information they receive.
 Increasingly, it's becoming  obvious that merely having information at
 our fingertips isn't enough. What we  need are technologies that help us
 to manage information not just get more of it.
   
      Already, Apple has demonstrated industry-leading directions in these
 kinds of useful collaborative technologies. New developments will
 continue to help  customers navigate vast stores of information and
 collaborate with others  without concern for the platforms or protocols
 involved.

      To provide advanced collaborative solutions, strong, consistent
 networking  capabilities must be built directly into the operating
 system. Customers should  be able to deploy systems, applications, and
 services and have them  transparently take advantage of the appropriate
 network protocol. 

      Toward that end, Apple is delivering the Open Transport Architecture
 an architecture that allows all networking protocols (AppleTalk, IPX, IP,
 DECnet,  and more) to function at a high level in the Macintosh
 networking world. In  contrast, networking in the Windows world is
 complex, with multiple, competing  implementations of the same protocol
 and no unifying architecture for developers or users.

      For users to get the full advantages of computer-based collaboration
 and communications, electronic-mail services should be integrated
 directly into the  operating system not a separate utility and mail
 should be gathered from  different sources into a single desktop mailbox.
 The architecture should have an open back end to facilitate the
 integration of gateways providing access to a variety of mail
 environments, such the Internet and QuickMail. The messaging  system
 should scale from peer-to-peer offerings for small workgroups up to 
 server-based systems for large groups and organizations. And the mail
 service should go beyond simple text to support media-rich data,
 including graphics,  animation, sound, and video.

      True workflow in groups and organizations becomes possible when
 electronic-mail  services are augmented with authentication, digital
 signature, and privacy  services, so that organizations can build systems
 that are trustworthy and  secure. Systemwide scripting is also critical,
 to allow people to take  off-the-shelf programs and weave them together
 into custom workflow solutions. 

      Apple products for collaboration. PowerTalk system software,
 delivered in the System 7 Pro product, is the first comprehensive
 collaboration product for the  individual user. Its built-in electronic
 messaging, catalog, security, and  digital signature capabilities make it
 easy for individuals to communicate and  work with other individuals or
 groups on a network.

      PowerShare Collaboration Servers are the focal point of Apple's
 team-oriented collaboration platform. PowerShare Collaboration Server
 software is designed to  provide a powerful platform for team-oriented
 collaboration solutions: reducing  management overhead and costs through
 the consolidation of system  administration, improving network security,
 and facilitating the creation of  systems with large numbers of PowerTalk
 users on an AppleTalk network. It  provides server-based mail, catalog,
 and privacy services for PowerTalk users.

      Apple recognizes that today's computing environments are seldom
 homogeneous.  Inter-operation and coexistence with products and services
 from other vendors is  a core component of Apple's strategy. We believe
 that users must have the  flexibility to mix and match desktop machines
 and departmental servers from  several vendors. To address this
 requirement, Apple has forged an agreement with Microsoft that allows
 users to deploy a variety of computers and servers with the confidence
 that they will all work together no matter what combination of equipment
 is selected.

      In addition, departmental systems must integrate well with other
 mail systems and the enterprise's centrally managed messaging and
 directory backbones. To  address this need, Apple is working with third-
 party vendors to deliver both  personal and server gateways to allow
 individuals and teams to interoperate with mail and collaboration systems
 other than Macintosh system based services, as well as enterprise
 backbones.

      The competitive approach. The approach taken by Apple with its
 System 7 Pro  software, as well as with the next version of Macintosh
 operating system  software, is in stark contrast to that of Microsoft and
 its collaborative  solution Windows for Workgroups as shown in the
 following figure:

  Feature Macintosh System 7 Pro Windows for Workgroups
  -----------------------------------------------------  
  E-mail  
   Desktop mail [x] 
   Peer-to-peer LAN mail [x] Limited
   Point-to-point dialup [x] 
   Server independent (open back-end extensibility) [x] 
   Single log-in (key chain) [x] 
   Simple directory services [x] [x]
   Server based  [x] [x]
   Rich data content [x] 

  Workflow services  
   Digital signatures [x] 
   Bidirectional authentication [x] 
   Scriptable With the next version of Macintosh system software

   Extensible catalog [x] 
   Privacy [x] 
   Collaboration integrated in O/S [x] 
   Third-party support [x]
   Limited Available for PowerPC [x] 


 Moving from Passive to Active User Interfaces
 ---------------------------------------------
      In the 1980s, Apple pioneered the concept of the personal computer
 graphical  user interface, incorporating features such as windows, menus,
 icons, and  copy-and-paste functionality to simplify the process of
 working with computers.  Apple made the interface even richer with the
 addition of built-in collaboration via PowerTalk, and with speech
 recognition via PlainTalk software on the  Macintosh computers that
 support Apple AV Technologies. As a result, the power  of computing
 technology is now accessible to more people than ever before. The 
 popularity of the Macintosh system software and of Microsoft Windows has 
 demonstrated the relative superiority of the graphical user interface
 over  older, command-line interfaces.

      But after 10 years of experience, Apple is able to recognize
 potential limitations in the current and relatively passive graphical
 user interface (GUI) model. Based on this experience, Apple is poised to
 evolve the user interface from a passive GUI to one of active assistance
 that accomplishes specific tasks  with minimal direction, and even
 anticipates user preferences and needs.  Computers in the future will
 incorporate intelligence that will understand what  the user is
 attempting to do and guide him or her through the task. A logical next
 step is allowing people to "delegate" complete tasks to the computer, 
 freeing them to focus on other activities. When this technology is in
 place, the user interface will be transformed from a passive player to an
 active,  "intelligent" assistant. Users will benefit from an intelligent
 interface that  adapts to their way of working.

      The technology necessary to implement an active interface is wide-
 ranging.  First, active interfaces will require tremendous power.
 Advanced natural-interface technologies such as speech-recognition and
 text-to-speech  software are necessary to improve communication with the
 user. Second, the  system software must also have high-level control over
 portions of itself, as well as over applications. 

      Apple is actively working toward the creation of such an interface,
 harnessing  the power of RISC and OpenDoc technology to deliver the next
 generation of  system software based functionality. Already delivered are
 key technologies such as PlainTalk speech-recognition and text-to-speech
 software, Apple Events and AppleScript scripting technologies, and
 QuickTime multimedia software. And the  next release of Macintosh system
 software will include Apple Guide technology,  which provides step-by-
 step context-sensitive assistance even to the extent of  showing users
 precisely how to complete a task using scripting.

 Apple s System Software Strategy
 --------------------------------
      In the computer industry, it s been conventional wisdom for the last
 decade that Apple's Macintosh computer platform has the most advanced,
 sophisticated, and easy-to-use operating system available. People who use
 it are more productive. Competitors try to imitate it. And it s set the
 standard for how a computer should work.

      But there s always been a few caveats. First, people thought the
 initial  Macintosh systems in the 1980s were underpowered. Over the past
 decade, however, Apple has brought to market a series of increasingly
 powerful computers. And with the imminent introduction of Macintosh
 systems based on the PowerPC microprocessor, Macintosh will become the
 most powerful personal computer available from any manufacturer.

      Second, people thought Macintosh systems were too expensive. No
 more. Over the past four years, Apple has steadily reduced prices on its
 Macintosh models.  As a result, Macintosh systems are now priced
 competitively with leading personal computers based on Intel
 microprocessors. In many categories, Apple has the most competitively
 priced models available.

      Finally, people thought that Macintosh system software didn t fit
 in. It didn't support other standard operating systems such as MS-DOS or
 Windows. It didn't interoperate well enough in mixed computing
 environments. And it didn't make the job easy for developers who wanted
 to write applications for more than one platform. With its new system
 software strategy, however, Apple expects to drop that final caveat into
 the dustbin of history. That's because Apple is implementing an
 aggressive, competitive, and comprehensive software development and
 marketing effort aimed at one goal: making Apple and Macintosh technology
 relevant and available to mainstream personal computer users around the
 world. And that includes users of MS-DOS and Windows software based
 personal computers in addition to users of Macintosh personal computers. 
 This strategy has two parts: fitting in and standing out.

      Fitting In  For many years, Apple has offered ways for users of
 other types of computers to exchange information with Macintosh users,
 and vice versa. But these initial efforts left barriers between the
 platforms for many people. Those barriers, however, are coming down as
 Apple aims to greatly expand and improve interoperability between
 Macintosh and other platforms.

 Here's how Apple will increase Macintosh interoperability:
 ---------------------------------------------------------
  => Apple will make it easier for people to run Macintosh, MS-DOS, and
 Windows applications on the same system. Apple has announced a dual-
 processor configuration of its popular Macintosh Quadra 610 computer (it
 includes both a Motorola microprocessor and an Intel 80486 SX
 microprocessor) so people will be able to run Macintosh and MS-DOS or
 Windows applications in tandem and even cut and paste information between
 the two environments. In addition, Apple s upcoming PowerPC processor
 based Macintosh systems will be able to run MS-DOS and Windows
 applications, via SoftWindows software from Insignia Solutions, at speeds
 up to those of an 80486 SX processor based computer.

  => Apple aims to make it easier for users of Macintosh and Windows
  software based computers to work together.  Many people work in mixed
 computing environments, or work on one type of computer at the office and
 another at home. And they want to exchange data files between these
 systems. Apple currently offers Macintosh PC Exchange and Macintosh Easy
 Open software, which let people open and edit MS-DOS, Windows, and OS/2
 files from within Macintosh applications. Apple intends to include these
 utilities in the next reference release of the Macintosh operating
 system.

  => Apple plans to improve compatibility with major networking and
 enterprise systems.  Apple currently builds Ethernet and Token Ring
 connectivity into most of its Macintosh systems. And it also supports a
 range of options for network support of other mainstream protocols. But
 Apple aims to go further in the future, making it even easier for people
 on mainstream networks to work with the Macintosh. The next reference
 release of the Macintosh operating system is scheduled to include
 software that supports TCP/IP, a popular protocol for business and
 education networks. In January 1994, Apple signed an agreement with
 Microsoft Corporation that ensures interoperation between Apple's
 messaging services and Microsoft s messaging services. Apple is also
 working with other vendors to ensure similar interoperability with their
 mail and messaging systems. This means that Macintosh users can easily
 collaborate with their colleagues, any time, anywhere. In addition, Apple
 is refining a software architecture that lets developers write a single
 application that automatically supports all major networking protocols.
 Called the Open Transport communications architecture, this software
 simplifies development and more fully integrates Macintosh into mixed
 environment networks.

  => Apple plans to make it easy for users of computers based on the UNIX
 operating system to run Macintosh applications.  For several years, Apple
 has offered A/UX, an industry-standard UNIX implementation on the
 Macintosh platform, giving people the advantages of UNIX (such as
 multitasking) and the ease of use of Macintosh. Soon, Apple aims to
 license a set of Macintosh operating system services to UNIX hardware
 vendors. By doing so, people who use UNIX operating system based
 computers will have an even broader choice of hardware platforms from
 which they can enjoy the benefits of Macintosh.

  => Apple intends to make it easy for developers to write programs, or
 application  parts, for many different platforms.  Apple is developing
 the OpenDoc component software architecture, which is next-generation
 system software. OpenDoc takes today s monolithic applications and allows
 developers to break them into smaller, easily customized programs called 
 parts.  People will then be able to conveniently combine their favorite
 components from different vendors just as they might combine the
 components in a stereo system to create a unified, customized workspace
 that contains many different functions.

      Apple has designed OpenDoc so that the components developers create
 will interoperate not only with Macintosh applications, but also with
 programs that support Microsoft s Object Linking and Embedding (OLE 2.0)
 protocol. All of which means that developers who write for OpenDoc will
 essentially be writing for all major personal computing platforms.

  => Apple will be guided by the principle of open innovation in the
 development of technology.  Apple will continue its legacy of developing
 the industry s most innovative technologies; however, the company will do
 so in partnership with other vendors. Following on the success of its
 alliance with IBM and Motorola in bringing the PowerPC chip to market,
 Apple is working with another group of vendors WordPerfect, Novell, IBM,
 Sun, and Xerox to provide OpenDoc component software on all personal
 computer platforms. Although Apple developed the OpenDoc technology, it
 is contributing OpenDoc to an industry wide consortium that can ensure
 that the technology is maintained as an open standard. Other examples of
 Apple s work with industry partners to establish innovative standards
 include the Taligent and Kaleida joint ventures, as well as industry
 consortia such as the Newton Industry Association and Worldwide
 Publishing Consortium. Standing Out Apple is committed to remaining the
 industry s technology leader creating interfaces, solutions, and ways of
 computing that distinguish themselves by their thoughtful concern for how
 people like to do their work.  In the coming years, Apple intends to
 extend that leadership by delivering new technologies that go far beyond
 making products easy to use technologies that actively assist people in
 completing their work.

 Apple s new technologies will be focused on these areas:
 -------------------------------------------------------
  => Building on the power of RISC.  With the introduction of PowerPC
 processor based Macintosh computers in spring 1994, Apple will be the
 first company in the world to offer computers that combine the power of
 RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) microprocessors with a
 mainstream personal computer operating system. This integration of
 affordable power with ease of use represents a watershed for personal
 computer users, and a turning point for the computer industry. Wholly new
 ways of using computers will become possible, as the power of these
 microprocessors enable new software advances.

      Computation-intensive software is no longer relegated only to high-
 end workstations it can be applied to new applications and new interface
 design. PowerPC technology helps break the barriers to next-generation
 computing.

      Areas in which Apple plans to stake a leadership position include 
 intelligent agents (software that actually anticipates what people want
 to do), animation, three-dimensional design, high-resolution video,
 integrated voice communication, speech recognition, and text-to-speech
 capability.

  => Putting people in control of their workspace, not the other way
 around.  There s widespread recognition that application software has
 become too complex. Feature-rich software often means feature-laden
 software. And people have to change the way they work to match the way
 applications work. Apple aims to change all that with its OpenDoc
 technology. OpenDoc will allow people to mix and match parts of
 traditional application programs, so they can do their work in any way
 they want.

     OpenDoc is as its name implies an open technology, which supports not
 only Macintosh applications, but also applications and parts developed
 for OLE 2.0, Microsoft's component software architecture.

  => Making it easy for people to work effectively with others.  Apple has
 a history of delivering industry-leading technologies that help people
 connect to, work with, and share information with other people. Apple was
 the first personal computer vendor to offer built-in networking, with the
 AppleTalk protocol. The Macintosh platform supports all major networking
 protocols, making Macintosh the most networked brand of personal
 computer. And with the recently delivered Apple Open Collaboration
 Environment (also known as AOCE), Apple has created a system software
 level foundation for collaborative applications and services. These
 include mail, messaging, digital signature, and security services that
 let people send mail and share information with others making
 collaboration an integral part of every program.

      Moving forward, Apple intends to extend its leadership in
 collaboration solutions by building on its OpenDoc and Open Transport
 architectures. With OpenDoc, Apple will enable interoperation between
 parts for use across networks, which means people will be able to develop
 a single solution that can be used by everyone in their workgroup even if
 they use different hardware platforms. With Open Transport, developers
 will be able to write a single application that automatically supports
 all major networking protocols. People will be able to select the
 applications or parts they want without worrying about network protocols,
 and network administrators will be able to choose the networking
 protocols that make the most sense for them.

  => Moving from ease of use to ease of doing.  The graphical user
 interface that Apple designed for the Macintosh personal computer went a
 long way toward making computers easy to use. It was a dramatic reversal
 from the previous, text-based systems that were difficult to learn and
 use. Since then, Apple has continued to build on its human-like
 interface. The Macintosh user interface of the future aims to be as
 invisible as possible, so people can focus on their work, not on using a
 device. It will incorporate intelligent agents that can provide
 customized assistance for both learning and automating tasks. In
 addition, the power of RISC technology will provide the basis for a more
 natural means of communication with the computer, such as through speech
 recognition and text-to-speech capability.

 A Strategy Aligned with Industry Trends
 ---------------------------------------
 Apple believes that this strategy will be effective in the industry's
 competitive landscape, because it is aligned with the major trends that
 are reshaping the information industry.

  => CISC to RISC.  The industry s transition from CISC (Complex
 Instruction Set Computing) to RISC technology seems inevitable. And Apple
 believes that as the first vendor to bring to market a personal computer
 that combines a mainstream operating system with a RISC microprocessor it
 stands to gain the consideration of large numbers of Intel customers who
 are still relying on CISC technology.

  => Monolithic to component applications.  The days of increasingly
 complex, memory-intensive applications are limited. Instead, people will
 look for applications that allow them to create a workspace they can
 customize to fit their work needs. Apple believes that OpenDoc technology
 will be the clear leader in this area, since it will interoperate across
 major platforms, including Windows and Macintosh.

  => Stand-alone to collaborative systems.  Personal computers are
 increasingly becoming the collaborative tool on which workgroups depend,
 even if the people in the group are time zones away from one another. As
 a result, platforms that are designed to enhance collaboration such as
 the Macintosh operating system, with its built-in mail, messaging, and
 networking capabilities will have a competitive advantage.

  => Passive to active interfaces.  As personal computers become more a
 part of everyday life, those companies with the expertise at making
 computers more than just easy to use so they re designed around the way
 people work will have a fundamental advantage. This expertise has always
 been Apple s greatest strength. And Apple s adoption of a RISC
 microprocessor as the basis for its flagship personal computers allows
 the company to tap the incredible power of RISC technology, so that
 computers can eventually assist users with their tasks.

 Summary
 -------
      This system software strategy represents a major and fundamental
 shift for Apple's business. By fitting in and standing out, Apple aims to
 make its technology relevant to a much broader group of customers. And by
 aligning its development efforts with the major trends reshaping the
 computing industry, Apple believes that it can provide people with the
 smoothest, most productive, and ultimately most promising path to the
 next generation of computing.

 That's it for this week.  Hopefully, next week I'll be healthy again! As
 always, please feel free to send  your comments or questions to me at:

                         America ONLINE: STReportRN
                           CompuServe: 70323,1031
                               GEnie: R.NOAK


   **********************************************************************
                             IMPORTANT NOTICE!
                             =================

          STReport  International  Online Magazine is available every week
 for  your  reading pleasure on DELPHI.  STReport's readers are invited to
 join  DELPHI  and  become  a part of a friendly community of enthusiastic
 computer users there.

                           SIGNING UP WITH DELPHI
                           ======================

       Using a personal computer and modem, members worldwide access
                   DELPHI services via a local phone call

                               JOIN --DELPHI
                               --------------

                Via modem, dial up DELPHI at 1-800-695-4002
                                  then...
                 When connected, press RETURN once or twice
                                   and...
                At Password: type STREPORT and press RETURN.

          DELPHI's  Basic  Plan offers access for only $6.00 per hour, for
 any  baud  rate.   The $5.95 monthly fee includes your first hour online.
 For  more  information,  call:  DELPHI  Member Services at 1-800-544-4005
 DELPHI is a service of General Videotex Corporation of Cambridge, MA.

                         Try DELPHI for $1 an hour!

          For a limited time, you can become a trial member of DELPHI, and
 receive  5 hours of evening and weekend access during this month for only
 $5.    If you're not satisfied, simply cancel your account before the end
 of  the  calendar  month  with  no  further obligation.  If you keep your
 account active, you will automatically be enrolled in DELPHI's 10/4 Basic
 Plan,  where  you can use up to 4 weekend and evening hours a month for a
 minimum  $10  monthly  charge,  with additional hours available at $3.96.
 But  hurry, this special trial offer will expire soon!  To take advantage
 of  this  limited  offer,  use  your modem to dial 1-800-365-4636.  Press
   once  or  twice.  When you get the Password: prompt, type IP26 and
 press    again.  Then, just answer the questions and within a day or
 two, you'll officially be a member of DELPHI!  

        DELPHI-It's the BEST Value and getting better all the time!

   **********************************************************************



                          ATARI/JAG SECTION (III)
                          =======================
                           Dana Jacobson, Editor

 > From the Atari Editor's Desk              "Saying it like it is!"
   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""


      Here it is, another week.  I'm going to try one last time to
 say that we haven't had a snowstorm this week, and hope that it doesn't
 backfire on me again!  It actually reached 70 degrees here today, so
 maybe Spring is really here, finally.

      It's been relatively quiet on the home front.  Except for the
 continuing "debate" regarding GemView with regard to Lexicor; and now
 the beginnings of a debate regarding Current Notes author David
 Barkin's review of Lexicor's Nova card, including his "pre-review"
 letter to Lexicor - things are relatively quiet.  <>  It's truly
 a sad state of affairs to see this type of activity still going on.
 Where it all ends up is really anyone's guess at this time.  It's not
 surprising to see it still happening, but you'd think that eventually,
 it would finally grow tiresome.  The reporter side of me says that the
 information should be covered as fairly as possible; and that will
 happen if a number of questions to various people are answered.
 Otherwise, I'll let it ride and hope that answers are provided by other
 means.  Personally, I wish that the two or three parties directly
 involved would just sit down and hash out any differences that each
 has.

      Regarding our upcoming expanded Jaguar coverage, things are moving
 along well.  Our new staffers have a lot of great ideas and I expect
 the response from our Jaguar-owning readers to be very positive.  I'm
 very pleased at the response, so far, that we've all been getting these
 past few weeks; the results will be informative to us all.  Now, if my
 Jaguar would just show up at the door, I could get even more enthusiastic
 and really have a reason to be more involved in all of the fun!!
 Seriously though, the staff is really excited and material is being
 finalized as I write.  There are still a few details to be worked out,
 but that's normal.  Anyway, I expect that we'll be on schedule and
 you'll see the additional coverage a week from today.

      For a change, I'm going to keep this real short this week (ahhhh,
 I hear those cheers!).  We've got some interesting stuff for you, so
 let's get to it.

      Until next time...


                        Delphi's Atari Advantage
                       TOP TEN DOWNLOADS (3/23/94)                       
                                                                           
  
 (1) DATABASE CHANGES             *(6) ST TOOLS 1.93                      
 (2) Z*NET #94-02                  (7) ST-ZIP 2.4 FIX                     
 (3) WHATIS 6.6                    (8) MOUSE-KA-MANIA II VERSION 2.1  
 (4) AU! USER GROUP DIRECTORY     *(9) STIS                           
 (5) CLEVELAND FREENET NEWSLETTER *(10) FRONTIER - ELITE II DEMO      
                                                                         
                              * = New on list                              
  
                              HONORARY TOP 10                              
                                                                           
      The following on-line magazines are always top downloads, frequently 
      out-performing every other file in the databases.                    
                                                                           
                   STREPORT (Current issue: STREPORT #10.12)               
         ATARI EXPLORER ONLINE (Current issue: AEO - VOLUME 3, ISSUE 5)    
           Look for the above files in the RECENT ARRIVALS database.       
  
    


  > Delphi PR STR InfoFile     Delphi's Mail/Data Storage Charges Gone!
    """"""""""""""""""""""


 Effective April 1, 1994, all DELPHI storage charges will be eliminated.
 Using DELPHI and the Internet will now be easier and
 more economical for all members.  There will be no explicit limits
 placed on the number of e-mail messages and data files that may be left
 online, and there will be no individual message size limit.

 While this new policy is as liberal as possible, DELPHI still reserves
 the right to enforce mail and/or storage restrictions if any single
 member's files become so large that it adversely impacts system
 performance for other members.
 Also, your personal Workspace and E-mail message storage will be managed
 automatically by limiting the amount of time that messages and files
 may remain online.  Messages and files that have passed the specified
 time limit (see below) will be subject to deletion, beginning April 15,
 1994.  E-mail messages and Workspace files will be deleted according
 to the following rules:


    E-mail:

         Unread mail messages are subject to deletion after 30 days have
         passed from the date the message was sent.

         Messages that have been read are subject to deletion 7 days from
         the date the message was sent.

    Workspace:

         Workspace is your personal temporary file storage area on DELPHI.
         You can store files in your Workspace for up to 48 hours, giving
         you ample time to transfer the files to your own computer.  All
         Workspace files will be subject to deletion after 48 hours have
         passed since transfer, creation, or last modification, whichever
         is most recent.

 The time limits outlined above are minimums, as deletion of files and
 messages will be scheduled and exercised at the discretion of DELPHI
 management.  As a result, files and messages may occasionally remain
 online longer than the time periods specified above.

 Some files are exempted from automatic deletion, and can be left online
 in your workspace indefinitely.  Exempted files include:

         FAVORITES.SAV -- This is the file that stores your "Personal
                          Favorites" from Gopher and Usenet, if you
                          have any saved, and will not be deleted.
         E-mail distribution lists (*.DIS) -- Distribution lists of
                          reasonable length can be stored in workspace
                          and will not be deleted.

         DELPHI game data files (*.DAT) -- Data files which store your
                          player data for DELPHI games like Stellar
                          Conquest will not be deleted.

 Once a file or E-mail message has been deleted, it cannot be recovered. 
 You are responsible for transferring files and messages to your home
 computer within the specified time periods if you wish to save them.  If
 you'd like some tips on saving E-mail messages on your home computer, see
 the next article in this area, "Saving Your E-mail Messages".

               ______________________________________________




 > Atari User Groups "Flea Market" STR InfoFile
   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""


    ACT Groups' 2nd Annual "Connecticut Computer Shop & Swap" Event!

  FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
  RE SATURDAY APRIL 9 EVENT
  For more information call
  (203) 637-1034 or 327-7250


                      ATARI COMPUTER CLUBS TO STAGE 'FLEA MARKET'
      STAMFORD, Conn. - Kiss your outmoded computer equipment goodbye and
  collect quick cash for that long-awaited system upgrade. Make your own
  deals with computer users who've run out of room and have to sell their
  wares at deep discounts. Discover lost caches of out-of-print software
  and sample demonstrations the latest that the Atari market has to
  offer.

      That's the agenda for the 2nd annual "Connecticut Computer
  Shop & Swap," a high-tech "flea market" slated for Saturday, April 9 at
  St. Benedict's Church Social Hall in Stamford. The show will run from
  10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

       The second-year event being staged by ACT Atari Group, a network of
  seven non-profit user groups throughout Connecticut and Western
  Massachusetts. The "Shop & Swap" is aimed at computer owners looking for
  new products and services with which to upgrade their systems, or those
  seeking buyers for old gear they've outgrown.

       Some leading East Coast Atari developers are expected to attend,
  offering attractive discounts on their hardware and software products.
  They and regional user groups are expected to provide exciting
  demonstrations featuring the Atari Falcon030 computer and the 64-bit
  Jaguar game system. The exhibitor line-up is not finalized, but some of
  last year's vendors included Gribnif Software, BaggettaWare Software,
  Derric Electronics and Atari user groups from Fairfield County, New
  Haven, Danbury, Bristol, Greater Hartford and Western Massachusetts.

      Admission for the show is $4 for adults, $2 for children under 12.
  Any individual may bring computer equipment to sell, regardless of the
  brand or model, for an exhibitor's fee of $15; recognized Atari user
  groups will be charged $25 per booth. Space is limited, tables will be
  sold on a first-come, first-served basis, so make your reservations
  now.
      For more information about exhibiting or attending, contact
  Vincent Veich, 1 St. Benedict Circle, Stamford, CT 06902 [Phone (203)
  327-7250; E-Mail EAGLES (GEnie)]; or Doug Finch, 46 Park Avenue, Old
  Greenwich, CT 06870 [Phone (203) 637-1034; E-Mail D.FINCH7 (GEnie),
  76337,1067 (CompuServe)]. Look for travel directions and other show
  news in upcoming bulletins in this forum.


                ____________________________________________

  

 > JAGUAR UPDATE! STR FOCUS      Tempest 2000 & S-Video Cables
   """"""""""""""""""""""""     We received word late in the week that the
 Atari S-Video cables
 for the Jaguar are now in stock.  Atari will be initially filling the
 200+ pre-orders.  Also, Tempest 2000 should be in stock within a day or
 so, so those orders will also be going out.

            ___________________________________________________



 > THE OLD FISHIN' HOLE STR Feature
   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""



                             THE OLD FISHIN' HOLE
                             ====================


 -A Guide to the Online PD/Shareware Waters.

 by John R. Duckworth


     Looking for that certain file on your hard drive...you know the
 one...it has the word _VIEW_ somewhere in it's filename, and has
 either a .PRG or .TTP extender. Maybe you've found the file (after a
 lengthy search) and you'd like to find out just how much processor
 time it consumes. Perhaps you'd like a break from the hard work
 you've been doing...how about looking at a few 3-D pictures? This week
 I'll take a look at three small programs that will allow us to do those
 very specific tasks.

     "Searcher 2.01" by Alex Nicholls is a small shareware utility
 which will search a users drive (floppy, RAM, and hard drives are
 supported) for a specific file or group of files. Once loaded, the
 program presents the user with a GEM dialog box with several
 configurable selections. The user may choose which drives he/she
 wishes to search and the name of the file(s) to find (wildcards may
 be used). Once "GO" is selected, the program will simply output the
 list of files selected, allowing the user to see exactly where on
 their drive they reside or one of two other actions may be taken. The
 program may be instructed to delete the named file(s) or change one
 of their flags. An output configuration button is also present which
 lets the user choose where he/she wants the output sent (i.e. screen,
 printer, or file), and what the output list is to consist of...such
 as showing the full or partial path of the file(s), the files'
 attributes, the sizes of the files, and their datestamp. "Searcher"
 works well, although it is not the fastest file finder I've ever
 seen. Still, it gets the job done, and is very useful for finding
 lost programs or making lists (of say .GIF pictures) of files which
 friends may be interested. "Searcher" will work on any Atari TOS
 computer, although memory may be a factor if you have a large hard
 drive partition with hundreds of folders.

     Another small utility I received this week was "Speedom" by Erin
 Matthew Monaco. When run, the program displays (in a very small
 window) how much CPU time is being used by other tasks concurrently
 running. For this program to be used for any useful purpose, MultiTOS
 or Geneva should be installed. The utility automatically calibrates
 itself when run for the first time, therefore different system speeds
 and set-up configurations shouldn't cause it any problem. For those
 who like collecting gadgets with only limited utility, "Speedom" may
 be worth as look.

     The last program is a fun (for some) application called "STIS"
 (Which stands for Stereoscopic Image System) by Phillip W. O'Neal.
 This program will create a 3-D stereo type image, from a normal degas
 picture, like those made popular by "Games Magazine" and now found at
 virtually any, and every mall in the country. If you've never seen on
 of these stereo images, they simply look like a bunch of dots
 resembling TV static. When looked at by focusing your eyes a bit
 beyond the plane of the image, a 3-D object seems to pop out of the
 background. At least I'm told that's what happens...personally, I've
 never been able to see one yet. Other members of my family see the images
 very easily, perhaps I just need more practice. At any rate, the
 program will run in any ST resolution, and is GEM based for ease of use.
 Simply load in a degas picture (not a too complicated one) and select
 the create stereo image option. After a minute or so, the new stereo
 picture appears in it's own window. The new image may then be saved or
 printed. If you are a fan of the 3-D stereo pictures, I suggest you
 download "STIS" and give it a try. For those who haven't been able to
 see them, only get this program if you want some more practice .

     Join me again next week for another fabulous issue of STReport.
 I hear great things are in the works, and if I'm lucky...I'll get a
 great new application program to review which will knock everyone's
 socks off! Until next time...keep the earth clean. Remember e-mail: 
 JDUCKWORTH@delphi.com.

  +----------------------------------------------------------------+
  |   Old Fishin Hole Tackle Box     *                             |
  +----------------------------------------------------------------+
  |  Searcher 2.01                                                 |
  |     Delphi: Atari Advantage Area - READ SEARCHER               |
  |  Speedom                                                       |
  |     GEnie: Atari RT - #32318                                   |
  |  STIS                                                          |
  |     Delphi: Atari Advantage Area - READ STIS                   |
  +----------------------------------------------------------------+
  * The Tackle Box is meant to provide assistance in finding files
  mentioned in the column. It should not be considered a COMPLETE
  listing and is provided for convenience only. Delphi Atari Advantage
  files should be found in the Recent Arrivals section of the database
  until moved to their appropriate sections.


                  ________________________________________



 > ONLINE WEEKLY STReport OnLine          The wires are a hummin'!
   """""""""""""""""""""""""""""
         
          
              
                            PEOPLE... ARE TALKING
                            =====================
             
              
 On CompuServe
 -------------
 compiled by
 Joe Mirando




 Hidi ho friends and neighbors.  It looks like spring has sprung... at
 least for the time being.  Boy, whoever it was that told me to "have a
 spring wedding" is going to get a smack in the head.  It's coming up
 quick and things are getting hectic.

 Well, at any rate, no matter how busy I get, I can always find the time
 to check out the goings-on along that much-touted electronic highway.
 With "on ramps" as close as your telephone line, its easy to go cruisin'
 to check out the scenery.  And its a lot safer because you don't have to
 worry about accidents.

 So, now that I've included my usual inane reference to the electronic
 highway, let's take a look at the info, hints, and tips to be found on
 my favorite pit stop along the electronic highway, CompuServe (see that?
 there's one of those lame references  again).  Well... let's get to it...


 From the Atari Productivity Forum
 =================================

 Every once in a while someone from the DOS world (isn't that the
 universe that Bizarro Superman came from?) asks about viewing Atari
 format pictures on their machine.  This is one of those times.  Marlene
 Apel asks:

   "Is there a program that will allow me to view SPC formatted images on
   my IBM.  I have a 486 with a Super VGA, windows, Dos and most other
   things.  I really want to view some SPC formatted images, but I can't
   view them.  Is there a way to convert these images to any other format,
   like GIF.  I saw a program to convert GIFs to SPC's, but I haven't sen
   one to convert SPC's to GIF's.  Help me if you can!"

 Sysop Bob Retelle tells Marlene:

   "You're in luck..!   Forum member Merrick Stemem has just uploaded an
   entire series of viewers designed to allow viewing Atari format
   pictures on IBM compatible systems..!
   
   For now they're in the ATARIARTs software libraries, in the "viewers"
   library.
   
   There are individual viewers for SPC, SPU, Degas, TNY and NeoChrome
   picture files.
   
   The only "converter" program I've ever seen that works very well to
   actually change Spectrum files into GIF files is a commercial program
   called DIGISPEC.
   
   Probably the easiest thing to do though, would be to use one of
   Merrick's viewers on your PC, then use a PC "screen snapshot" program
   to convert the displayed image into a GIF file right on your PC.
   
   Let us know how it works..!"

 Marlene asks Bob:

   "Thanks, I'll download those viewers, but what is a PC "screen
   snapshot" program?  Sorry, I'm new at this!  Thanks a ton!"

 Bob tells Marlene:

   "A "snapshot" program will save the current screen as a GIF file onto
   your disk...    you can use them to make a copy of, say a spreadsheet
   display for use as "clipart" to import into a desktop publishing
   document, or to make "slides" for a presentation...  or in our case, to
   make GIF files from the pictures you display with the Atari picture
   viewers.
   
   Usually the way they work is you first load the "snapshot" program and
   it will stay resident in your PC's memory.  Then when you load and run
   the viewer program, you can save the screen display to disk by pressing
   a "Hot Key" combination... something like CTRL S to save the screen.
   
   These programs usually name the GIF files something like  SNAP001.GIF,
   SNAP002.GIF, and so on, so you'll have to rename the files when you're
   done, but it usually works quite well..
   
   Ones I've used in the past, and which you can find in the IBM and
   Graphics Forum libraries here on CompuServe, are  VGACAP  and Screen
   Thief...

   Let me know if you have any questions about using them.."

 Meanwhile, Joseph Zecchin asks:

   "Can I use my STE to connect to INTERNET? I use Stalker for
   communications.  If I can where can I get information on how to do it?"

 Yat Siu of Lexicor Software tells Joseph:

   "Yes you can use any telecomm program to connect via the Internet
   providing it has VT XXX emulation or whatever you Internet site has.
   
   What you need is the direct dial number of an Internet site in your
   area, unless you work for an institution or university or whatever
   there are also commercial Internet sites such as netcom.com"

 Paul Peeraerts asks Yat:

   "Is there some "telephone book" with direct dial Internet numbers? I
   would like to find the numbers for Belgium, but I didn't succeed so
   far."

 Yat tells Paul:

   "The best way to date I found out it to join one of the Usenet groups
   labelled something like alt.online-access.internet or something like
   that. However...not having Internet access makes it awfully hard to
   read those newsgroups *g*
   
   Anyway, here's what I have for you:
   
   14,400 Connection Mortsel 32-3-4552073 the S-team in Belgium has
   Internet and Fidonet access."

 Sysop Bob Retelle jumps in and says:

   "In addition to the info Yat gave you, we also have a software package
   in our libraries here called  KA9Q  which lets your ST essentially
   become a node on the Internet, so you don't have to have an account on
   a host system...  IF...  you can find a local dial-in number that will
   let you have Internet access.
   
   There is also a lot of info in the UNIXFORUM here on CompuServe,
   including lists of local dialup numbers and services for Internet
   access."

 Sysop Jim Ness adds a plug for CIS:

   "Don't forget the new Internet Forum, as an info source.  GO INETFOR."

 Sysop Bob Retelle tells Jim:

   "Ah yes..!   I've been meaning to drop over there  to INETFORUM and
   check it out..    I just wish thee was some kind of LZH utility that
   worked to compress more than 24 hours into one day..!"

 Yat Siu of Lexicor Software tells Bob Retelle:

   "Yes..that is true...but KA9Q requires the use of SLIP or PPP or
   similar Internet Protocols. The problem is that only institutions such
   as large Universities offer this as an additional option where you can
   get your own Internet site/address etc. for the duration of your modem
   log-on.
   
   Problem? Most of the time you need to be an affiliate of whatever
   institution and if you want to start your very own Internet Site with
   all the extra's complete ftp etc. UUNET then that would be very costly
   (like XXXX U$D) per year and an additional cost for a T1 Connection and
   a line-modem. Incidentally I wouldn't be using an ST to drive it then
   *grin* *smile* for more info about THAT specifically one can email
   info@uunet.com. I understand that they make it available to create you
   own commercial service via all the CIS dial in numbers as well...but
   for quite a price.
   
   Joseph, I have two Internet Site numbers (rimenet) for your area code
   you gave me which are 732 5290 and 848 9925
   
   There are also 1-800 lines....but they tend to be a little more
   expensive, and often only provide mailbox service or have very small
   diskspace (like 2 Meg's or so). 1-800-877-5045 (cris.com) but they ARE
   expensive.
   
   and BTW Stalker will do just fine :)"

 Horst Droege tells us:

   "This is my first posting in the Atari forum.  A coworker asked me
   yesterday, if there is an application available for the PC, which can
   emulate an Atari. He likes to use some of his old applications. If this
   isn't possible, is there a way to transfer the data, that he can use
   the old spreadsheets and text files on his PC ?"

 Master Sysop Ron Luks tells Horst:

   "There is a HW/SW combination called GEMULATOR that lets you emulate
   an Atari ST on a 386 or 486 based PC."

 Just in case Horst reads STReport, I'd also like to mention that
 straight (ASCII) text files can be read by a DOS machine if they are
 written to a 720k disk that has been formatted on the DOS machine.  And
 most spreadsheet programs for the ST came with some sort of conversion
 utility to change their own file formats to the more common WKS format.
 In short, there is very little that can't be converted from ST to PC.

 Brian Amundsen asks about compression formats:

   "Say, I've noticed a lot of the newer files are using .ZIP extensions.
   I've been using .ARC and .LHC files successfully on my ST.  However, I
   now would like to get a .ZIP file and try it, but don't have an unZIP
   program.  Brings to mind a couple of questions....a) is the unZIP
   utility in the forums? and b) what shell could I use the utility with?
   I don't suppose the folks at LGF have a nice little shell for us
   again?"

 Mike Mortilla tells Brian:

   "There is a PD prog called ST ZIP. You don't need a shell to run it.
   It's easy to use but can be a little cryptic at times. Basically, I
   think the only problem I've heard about it is some incompatibility with
   using a RAM disk, but that may have been de-bugged by now."

 Gilles DesChenes jumps in and adds:

   "I have used ST ZIP successfully with a ramdisk. At least I believe
   it's the same. :) 2.4 I think, or 2.04, and it was the only one with a
   version higher than 2. with inflate, at the time. My only problem with
   it is it doesn't seem to let you add any comments to ZIP files. I use
   it with the GEM mode / interface only."

 George Smyth asks:

   "Does anyone know if it is possible to get a PD terminal emulator for
   by ST any longer  If so I would greatly appreciate it if you could
   email me the info, the cost, and where to send for it."

 Bill Troy tells George:

   "If you are interested, there is a fast but limited VT102 emulator
   called BAT100. It only works in 80 column mode (640 pixels doesn't
   really allow for more). For the most part its bug free and will run as
   an .ACC. I should know, I wrote it. I have used it for 4 months and it
   works fast enough for 9600 baud. I have an XMODEM receive version
   hanging about somewhere."

 Federico Hernandez tells us:

   "I am new to CIS, but a long user of ATARI.
   Nevertheless I couldn't anything on how to connect a IBM-compatible
   Mouse (serial interface) to an ATARI ST Computer.
   Does anyone know how to do it?"

 Sysop Bob Retelle tells Federico:

   "We have a number of text files in our library that give information on
   how to convert an IBM compatible  _bus_ mouse to use on an Atari ST.
   
   Unfortunately, converting a _serial_ mouse is a more complicated.. if
   you can't find an economical bus mouse, the best bet would be a driver,
   as was already mentioned..."

 Tim O'Connor posts:

   "I have a Syquest 44 MB SCSI hard drive that I use for a digital
   sampling keyboard.  Can my Atari ST interface with a SCSI drive?  Do I
   need an adapter?  Since it is a removable media I would like to be able
   to use the drive with both computer and keyboard."

 Sysop Bob Retelle tells Tim:

   "Your Syquest drive is definitely usable on your Atari ST..!
   
   What you need is a "host adapter card" to go between the DMA output of
   your ST and the SCSI input of the Syquest.  ICD, Inc. makes several
   types of these, depending on your needs and the physical setup of your
   drive...
   
   You can get in touch with them in the Atari Vendors Forum (GO
   ATARIVEN) if you have any questions about their products."

 Robert Aries adds:

   "ICD's "Link" will do the job for you; it's a small device that
   attaches to the ST's DMA port and converts it to SCSI.  About $80."

 Henry Rapoport asks:

   "Does anybody know about or have a copy of ST basic 2 from Atari. I
   know that there was some talk about trying to improve ST Basic but I
   don't know if they gave up. I already have GFA basic, but I need it for
   a specific program (if it's somewhat compatible with ST Basic)."

 Carl Barron tells Henry:

   "Hisoft [Oregon research distributor] has a basic that will compile
   Microsoft Q basic, ST basic 1, and its structured basic. Nice package
   to handle basic, and get out spaghetti habit easily.
   
   ST basic 2 exists but who uses it?  It was not much of an improvement.
   Still buggy....
   
   GO ATARIVEN as Oregon Research is online there...."

 Kris Gasteiler tells us:

   "I've not been hanging out on CIS recently due to the purchase of a
   Falcon. Nice Machine! Since there isn't a lot of info on these beasts,
   I was wondering if Falcon owners might be interested in having a
   discussion "group" here in the Atari forum? Maybe call ourselves FOG
   or FUG or some such, and talk up our uses, configuration, program
   compatibility, etc.

   I really like my falcon, and would love to see a growing user base...
   
   Right now, I'm still in the act of figuring out how to configure it,
   and which of my ST programs won't break on it. As I try different
   things, I'll post stuff here in hopes of sparing others some of my
   trials..."

 Sysop Ron Luks tells Kris:

   "GO ATARIGAMING forum to access the very busy Jaguar message sections."


          Well folks, I realize that this week's column is short, but with
 my wedding coming up, I've got lots to do!  I'll see you next week.  Tune
 in again next week, same time, same station, and be prepared to sit back
 and listen to what they are saying when...


                             PEOPLE ARE TALKING



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