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Article #571 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
Subject: ST Report: 23-Feb-96 #1208
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa778 - Fred Horvat)
Date: Wed Feb 28 07:47:59 1996



                                     
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  February 23, 1996                                                No. 1208

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Florida Lotto - LottoMan v1.35
Results: 2/17/96: 2 of 6 numbers with 1 match in 1 play


>From the Editor's Desk...

     Its Friday again. (TGIF)  All this week.. the weather has been simply
grand.  Warm, sunny and balmy.  It gets quite difficult to spend a full day
at the keyboard.  Oh well, just a little rub for all the frostbitten
snowbirds out there.  Chin up folks, Spring is right around the corner.  Ask
anyone preparing for Spring Comdex '96.  The big shtick this season is going
to be telecommunications.   ISDN, ultra high speed connections T1s, WANs and
LANs all wanting to talk to each other at the speed of light.  Then comes the
Video Conferencing.  Imagine, the Video Phone shown a decade ago is not only
a reality, it can be done for a fraction of the cost often spoken about.
Your computer is capable of so much these days its mind boggling.  Spring
Comdex is going herald the beginning of the Computer Communications
Revolution.  Most all the rules you are familiar with relative to
telecommunications are, or have already changed.

     This couldn't be a better time to make the migration from a stagnant
disappointing platform to the vibrant, very much alive, platform all this is
happening in.  The PC.  For anyone wanting advice, about the hardware,
software etc., drop us a line in email.  We'll be glad to help in any way we
can.  Don't miss this opportunity, the next decade of computing is going to
be, to say the least, thrilling.  Stay tuned as we begin the presentation of
things to come.  March will begin the highlights of what to expect at Spring
Comdex.

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                      LATE BREAKING INDUSTRY-WIDE NEWS

                   Weekly Happenings in the Computer World

                        Compiled by: Dana P. Jacobson

                         Ruling May Affect Cyberporn

A federal appeals court has ruled that every individual community can judge
for itself the obscenity of material downloaded from computer bulletin board
systems -- no matter where that board is based.  "That opinion, unless
overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court, could have far-reaching effects on
computer bulletin boards with sexually explicit pictures and words," reports
Associated Press writer Woody Baird this morning.

"Suddenly, bulletin board material which might have been at the far edge of
acceptable in California or New York could be judged by the perhaps more
conservative standards if downloaded in Tennessee or Iowa," says Baird.
Officials with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a public interest group
for computer users, are concerned. Says EFF spokesman Mike Godwin, "What
happens is, the most conservative jurisdictions in the country can now
dictate standards for the rest of the country."

The issue centers on the case of Robert and Carleen Thomas, who were
convicted in Memphis in 1994 because of explicit images of bestiality,
sadomasochism and other fetishes on their Amateur Action Bulletin Board
Service of Milpitas, California. In a ruling in Cincinnati, the 6th Circuit
judges upheld the convictions.  Notes Baird, "The couple was tried in Memphis
because that's where an undercover postal inspector downloaded the explicit
material."

The 1973 Supreme Court ruling called Miller vs. California allowed for the
regulation of obscenity based on the notion of "community standards," but,
Baird observes, "until the Memphis trial, that rule had not been applied
specifically to material on a computer bulletin board in the city it was
received, rather than where it originated."  The Thomases have argued
unsuccessfully that computer technology has wiped out traditional ideas of
"community," that a community of computer users should decide what is
acceptable in cyberspace.

Defense attorney Thomas Nolan told the wire service he will ask the U.S.
Supreme Court to review the Memphis case and reconsider its community
standards rule, adding that in a world where millions of people communicate
via computer networks, that rule gives local prosecutors too much power over
what everyone else can look at or read.

Says Nolan, "It may well be that they bring these cases because the community
wants them to or it could be they bring these cases because they have a
personal belief in the impropriety of these materials."

                       U.S. Judge Blocks Cyberporn Law

A temporary restraining order issued by a federal judge in Philadelphia
effectively has put on ice that controversial new law prohibiting
transmission of "indecent" material to minors over the Internet and other
computer networks.  U.S. District Judge Ronald L. Buckwalter has restricted
the government from enforcing that portion of the nation's newest
telecommunications law until the court has heard arguments on a lawsuit filed
last week by the American Civil Liberties Union and 19 other groups to block
the new law.

Writing in The Wall Street Journal this morning, reporters John J. Keller and
Jared Sandberg said the government, empowered by the new Communications
Decency Act, "was poised to begin taking action against alleged violators"
when Buckwalter's order came down late yesterday.   After President Clinton
signed the new telecommunications bill into law Feb. 8, the Justice
Department said it would wait a week before prosecuting violators of the new
decency act, "but," say Keller and Sandberg, "the agency seemed to be ready
to begin gathering evidence."

As reported, the Justice Department had just filed its written response to
the civil liberties suit, saying criminal  prosecutions are needed to stop a
huge increase in the availability of pornography.  The Journal notes the new
law defines indecency as "any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image
or other communication that, in context, depicts or describes in terms
patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards, sexual or
excretory activities or organs."

In his ruling yesterday, Buckwalter:

    Struck down one provision relating to minors that made it illegal to
  make "indecent" material available to minors over computer networks.
  (Conviction carried a fine of as much as $250,000 for individuals and
  $500,000 for corporations and a prison term of as long as two years.)

    Let stand the second provision, which bars the transmission of "patently
  offensive" material to minors. The judge wrote in his opinion, "The undefined
  word `indecent' standing alone would leave reasonable people perplexed in
  evaluating what is or is not prohibited by the statute."

On the significance of this, Associated Press writer Wayne Woolley commented
this morning, "The federal government must explain what material it considers
indecent before it can enforce (the) new law." He adds that Judge Buckwalter
ruled the definition of "indecency" is so vague that people wouldn't know
they were breaking the law until they were arrested.

However, says Woolley, "the judge left the government free to prosecute those
who make available to minors any  online communication that 'in context,
depicts or describes in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary
community standards, sexual or excretory activities or organs.'"  AP quotes
the judge as saying, "While I do not believe the patently offensive provision
quoted above is  unconstitutionally vague, I do not see how that applies to
the undefined use of the word `indecent.'"

Woolley says that lawyers for both sides seemed confused by the court's
action. David Sobel, a lawyer for Electronic Privacy Information Center, one
of the plaintiffs, told the wire service, "The decision is very difficult to
get a handle on. There is probably going to be a lot of disagreement about
what this means in practical terms."  In the Journal, Keller and Sandberg say
that despite the court's unusual step of issuing a temporary restraining
order against a congressional statute, civil libertarians were cautious in
claiming victory.

Ann Beeson, a co-counsel for the ACLU, told the paper, "It's a partial
victory because the judge clearly respected and protected the First Amendment
rights of online users by declaring the indecency provisions
unconstitutional. However, he didn't go far enough." There are still
restrictions, for example, on the online dissemination of abortion
information, she said.  Meanwhile, in Washington a group of lawmakers and
business leaders have denounced the Net smut law.

Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vermont, told United Press International, "Americans
should be taking the high ground to protect the future of our home-grown
Internet, and to fight these censorship efforts that are springing up around
the globe. We all want to protect our children from offensive or indecent
online materials, but we must be careful that the means we use to protect our
children does not do more harm than good."

As noted previously, Leahy and others are backing legislation that would
strip the indecency clauses from the telecommunications bill.  And industry
leaders said already existing software is the best alternative to government
regulations.  Marketing director Susan Getgood of Microsystems Software notes
her company's Cyber Patrol software has been licensed by CompuServe. The
software, similar to parental controls implemented by other services such as
America Online, allows parents to block out certain materials with preference
controls.

Says Getgood, "We developed Cyber Patrol on the belief that responsibility
for content lies with the individual user, and that parents need to be
actively involved in shaping the online experience for their children."
Parental control programs block access to certain Web sites, either by
descriptive content or by title. Parents have the option, for example, of
blocking access to a web site run by an adult magazine.

And Director Robert L. Smith of the Interactive Services Association in
Silver Spring, Maryland, told the wire service the online industry prefers
applying a standard of what is "harmful to children" when determining what
material should be prohibited, as opposed to a vague "indecent" definition.

Says Smith, "We certainly would support repealing the law, to substitute the
standard of indecency to a standard of harmful to minors," adding the
"indecency" standard is likely to be found unconstitutional.  The government
should be able to go after individuals who break the law by posting items
such as child pornography, he said. "The laws need to punish those who are
directly responsible for the objectionable content."

                       Justice Dept. Answers ACLU Suit

In its written response to a civil liberties lawsuit seeking to block the new
computer "indecency" law, the U.S. Justice Department says criminal
prosecutions are needed to stop a huge increase in the availability of
pornography.

Justice Department officials urge U.S. District Judge Ronald Buckwalter not
to grant the request from the American Civil Liberties Union and 19 other
groups for a temporary restraining order against provisions that would make
it a crime to send "indecent" and sexually explicit material to minors over
the Internet and other computer networks.

The brief is quoted by the Associated Press as saying, "Individuals
undoubtedly have an important interest in being free of purposeful and direct
intrusions on First Amendment freedoms, but the governmental interests at
stake here in controlling access by minors in indecent sexually explicit
materials is compelling."

As reported earlier, the ACLU and others sought the temporary ban Feb. 8, the
same day President Clinton signed into law the Telecommunications Act of 1996
that contains the controversial Communications Decency Act of 1996. Judge
Buckwalter said then that he wanted to see a written response from
prosecutors before issuing a ruling.

Says AP, "A temporary restraining order should only be granted in
extraordinary circumstances and if there are no other legal remedies
available to plaintiffs. Meanwhile, the situation is dire, the government
said."  The government brief comments, "In the end, plaintiffs cannot dispute
that a large and growing amount of pornography is presently available online
and easily accessible to children in the home, far exceeding anything
available prior to the advent of online computer services."

                      ACLU Reaches Tentative Porn Pact

Civil liberties attorneys have reached a tentative deal with government
lawyers that could give online computerists at least a temporary reprieve
from a new clampdown on racy Net transmissions mandated through the new
federal telecommunications law.  Attorney Stefan Presser of the American
Civil Liberties Union told Associated Press writer Christopher McDougall that
if the deal is approved by top U.S. Justice Department officials, no one
would be prosecuted under terms of the new Communications Decency Act before
the ACLU's challenge of the law goes to trial.

As reported, the law signed by President Clinton Feb. 8 bans the transmission
of "indecent" and sexually explicit material to minors over computer
networks, such as the Internet. The ACLU and 19 other groups have challenged
the law, contending it violates privacy rights and strangles free speech.
The ACLU suit contends the cyberporn portions of the new telecommunications
law authorize the government to prosecute people even for the private
messages they send about AIDS, abortion, politics and science -- any subject
involving sex.

At issue is the act's defining indecency as "any comment, request,
suggestion, proposal, image or other communication that ... describes, in
terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards,
sexual or excretory activities or organs." As reported, a last-minute
addition by Repinois Henry Hyde, R-Ill., also prohibits providing information
over the computer about how to obtain an abortion.   Last week, U.S. District
Judge Ronald Buckwalter in Philadelphia temporarily blocked the law's
definition of "indecency," but left open the possibility of prosecution under
its "patently offensive" category.

Now, says AP, Justice Department lawyers have agreed to forgo prosecutions
until the suit is settled in exchange for the ACLU's agreement to postpone a
trial on the lawsuit until April.  Says Presser, "As it stands now, if
someone decides what you wrote is patently offensive, you go to jail. This
agreement would halt those proceedings until the court has decided this
suit."  Justice Department attorneys haven't commented, but department
spokesman Carl Stern noted the agency still is collecting indecency
complaints.

                      Most Newsgroup Access Reinstated

CompuServe Inc. today reinstated access to all but five Internet newsgroups
that were suspended six weeks ago under an investigation of online
pornography by German authorities.  The company also said it will offer a
parental control program to all subscribers at home and abroad to restrict
access to questionable newsgroups.

As reported earlier, access was cut in December to 200 of the some 15,000 Net
newsgroups after state prosecutors in Bavaria, Germany, notified CompuServe
they were investigating distributors of sexually explicit material on the
Internet.  CompuServe said that since it did not have the technology to block
access in a specific geographic location, access was suspended for all 4.7
million users worldwide.

Of the new developments today, CompuServe President/CEO Bob Massey said in a
statement, "Combining parental controls with lifting the newsgroup suspension
reaffirms our commitment to online safety for families and our position that
responsibility for Internet content lies with those who create it or put it
on the Internet, not with the access provider."

CompuServe spokesman Jeff Shafer told the Associated Press the five
newsgroups that will remain inaccessible contain explicit child pornography
material, adding he did not know how long the suspension would remain in
effect.  Noting the German government has been notified of CompuServe's
decision, Shafer said, "We let them know what our position was going to be
and we believe it will be received favorably by the prosecutor's office. In
our discussions with them, they were very enthusiastic about the offer we
were making."

Meanwhile, Gerhard Zierl, spokesman for the Bavarian Justice Ministry in
Munich, told the wire service the investigation is still open and prosecutors
are waiting for a report from the state police before deciding whether to
file charges.  Shafer said the new Parental Controls Center, to be available
without charge to all CompuServe members, is part of an alliance with
Microsystems Software Inc., a content review company that developed the Cyber
Patrol Internet filtering software.

The center will allow users to restrict access to Internet services
accessible through CompuServe, whose subscribers will have access to a
frequently updated list of questionable Internet sites identified by Cyber
Patrol, Shafer said.

                      Germans Seek More Net Regulations

Saying they are eager to rid the Internet of child pornography, German
legislators are seeking clear international rules on regulators' powers to
check what computer users do online.  In Bonn, President Rita Suessmuth of
the lower house of parliament, the Bundestag, told the Express newspaper,
"The information superhighway must not be allowed to become a forum for those
who defile children. Freedom of expression reaches its limit when human
dignity is violated and violence is promoted."

According to the Reuter News Service, Suessmuth welcomed a catalog of
proposals put forward by a Bundestag commission on Monday calling for
international curbs on information now available on the global network that
was considered harmful to children.  She added, "The main thing is the need
to develop international criminal norms. It seems just as important to me
that online providers commit themselves to voluntary controls."

Johannes Singhammer, head of the Bundestag's commission on children, said
free speech could not be taken to extremes, noting that users can call up
discussion groups and sites on the World Wide Web that has photographs such
as people having sex with animals and children.

Reuters comments, "Defenders of free speech in cyberspace note that other
discussion groups offer a place on the Internet for gays and lesbians to talk
privately for discussion of medical issues such as AIDS."  And Andy Mueller-
Maghun of Germany's Chaos Computer Club told German TV it is a waste of time
to try to control the flow of information on the Internet, likening this to
trying to control telephone conversations.

Reuters says German parliamentarians are proposing "harmonizing national
laws" on fighting child pornography "so that pornography peddlers could not
operate from states with lenient legislation."  "They also want online
providers to give regulators and law enforcement agencies free access to the
network to aid surveillance of activity considered illegal in Germany," the
wire service says.

Reuters says the panel proposed forming clear legal guidelines for what
authorities are allowed to do and spelling out whether companies that link
users with the Internet should be required to store records of how their
customers interact with the system.

This is the second time in a month that a European government has called for
international laws on Net data. Late last month, Francois Fillon, France's
minister for information technology, said his country is set to urge its
European partners to start drafting international rules for global computer
networks, saying that online data goes across borders in a legal vacuum.

The French initiative is prompted in part by last month's Net posting of "Le
Grand Secret" (The Big Secret), a banned book about Francois Mitterrand's
battle with cancer, written by Claude Gubler, the late president's personal
doctor.

                       Novell Sues 17, Alleging Piracy

Network software publisher Novell Inc. today filed federal suits against 17
California-based companies, alleging they were fraudulently obtaining Novell
upgrades and/or counterfeiting NetWare boxes to give the appearance of new
product.

A statement from the company's Orem, Utah, headquarters says the complaints
name Softcom Computers,  Software Distribution Center, Patio Computer Sales,
Allnet Computers, Advanced Digital Corp., Advanced  Interlink Corp., Grand
Software Corp., SAB Engineering, Digital Soft, Digital Soft Technologies
Inc., Digidrive,  Digidrive Inc., Softsel, Vandy Micro Corp., Accord Systems
Inc., Jaco Electronics Inc., all of the Los  Angeles/Orange County area, as
well as Micro Supply Inc. in the Silicon Valley.

Novell's statement says the suits followed the firm's "discovery that the
altered upgrade product was being sold worldwide," adding, "Novell
investigators have obtained the product from several different areas
including Indonesia, the United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, as well as the
United States."

Manager Ed Morin of Novell's anti-piracy program said in the statement,
"Novell maintains a sophisticated product tracking system which has allowed
us to trace this product and prove that the defendants have defrauded Novell
intentionally."

                       Intruders Crack Los Alamos Lab

Los Alamos National Laboratory is upgrading its security today following news
that digital intruders, armed with free "robot" software downloaded from the
Internet, cracked the lab's computer system last week. In The Wall Street
Journal this morning, reporter Joan E. Rigdon writes the invaders didn't
steal or destroy any sensitive documents, which are kept on a stand-alone
network, but they "did breeze past the lab's 'firewall' software," designed
to keep online intruders out.

The Journal notes companies doing business on the Internet rely in similar
firewall software to protect information such as customer lists, billing and
payroll records.  Lab physicist Brosl Hasslacher told the paper the invaders
"walked through our firewalls like they weren't there," adding Los Alamos
still is trying to figure out how they did it.

Once over the firewall, the invaders stole a password that gave them access
to several computers at the New Mexico lab, best known for helping develop
the atomic bomb. The Journal says that since the attack, the lab has changed
its system to use constantly changing passwords and encryption to stave off
similar attacks in the future.

But the invaders "were able to use the Los Alamos system as a launching pad
to attack the San Diego Supercomputer Center, where they destroyed some
electronic mail and other unessential files," the Journal says. "They also
tried unsuccessfully to break into the computer of security expert Tsutomu
Shimomura."

The intruders identified themselves as "The Kevin Mitnick Liberation Front,"
indicating they want to free the famed computerist convicted last year of
stealing 20,000 credit card numbers over the Internet. (Shimomura was a key
figure in tracking down Mitnick, and Hasslacher was quoted in Shimomura's
book on the case.)

In an Internet report on the break-in, Shimomura wrote off the invaders as
unskilled "ankle-biters," but that they were armed with a sophisticated
"robot" program that is available for free on the Net.  Says Hasslacher, "The
sophistication of the stuff out there is truly awesome."

Rigdon writes that among other things, the intruders' robot exploited a known
security hole in a UNIX e-mail program. "Most people program their firewalls
to accept e-mail from the outside, which would allow such an attack. One way
to prevent that is to set up another firewall that screens mail sent from the
server computer to individuals' desktops."

She says companies also can use encryption, or scrambling of sensitive
information, to protect themselves, "but companies say that the government
has tied their hands in this area, because it restricts the use of super-
powerful encryption technologies, fearing that spies or others will use the
technology to plot crimes."

                        Sears Bailing Out of Prodigy

Confirming long-standing rumors of a coming split, retail giant Sears,
Roebuck and Co. says it will sell its 50 percent stake in Prodigy, the online
service it launched in the mid-1980s with IBM.  During a New York meeting
yesterday with analysts, Sears Chairman Arthur Martinez confirmed the company
has decided to divest its stake in order to focus on retailing and expansion,
plowing proceeds of the sale into building market share through acquisitions
and store openings.

Reporter Melissa George of the Reuter News Service quotes Martinez as saying,
"We have concluded this investment does not represent an asset that should be
part of our portfolio long term." However, Martinez says the company will
keep Advantis, a networking technology company it also owns jointly with IBM.

George says industry sources believe Sears has offered its stake in Prodigy
to IBM, but the computer company apparently turned the offer down. Sears
declined to comment on potential bidders, saying only that IBM still could be
a buyer.  Says Martinez, "A sale of our interest certainly is possible either
to our partner or third parties. And there are other ways to generate value."

Reuters says IBM officials "are mulling options for their half of Prodigy,"
adding, "Analysts have said IBM could be considering a sale, but company
spokeswoman Tara Sexton said IBM's ownership position has not changed."
Analyst Peter Krasilovsky of Arlen Communications told the wire service, "I
think (Sears) has approached everyone conceivable who might be interested in
a share of Prodigy" but failed to get a deal.

Meanwhile, business writer Evan Ramstad of the Associated Press notes this
morning that Prodigy adapted to the Internet faster than competitors. For
instance, a year ago this month, it became the first to provide subscribers
with Web "browsing" software. It later changed its main connection software
to work just like the Web does. Nonetheless, says Maureen Fleming, president
of Digital Information Group, "Despite the success with their browser and
innovations, they haven't gotten a bump in subscribers. Prodigy is stuck with
a non-glamorous reputation going into a tight market."

                     Product Merges Real, Virtual Worlds

Corel Corp. is joining forces with a new media company to launch a hybrid
World Wide Web/CD-ROM product that aims to blend reality and virtual reality.
Club Mode, which Corel is developing with Animatics Multimedia Corp., marries
a physical meeting place in the Ottawa-based Globe Bistro and Wine Bar with a
virtual meeting place in cyberspace.

The interactive social drama will feature a Web site offering users the
opportunity to participate in soap-opera-like adventures with up to ten
characters per week, download audio files, chat with stars, purchase Club
Mode paraphernalia and enter contests. Corel will deliver Club Mode from its
own server and Animatics will provide the interactive content.

"This dual product launch represents a totally new form of consumer
recreation," says Michael Cowpland, Corel's president and CEO. "Club Mode
will bring the interactive drama form on the Internet from infancy to
adolescence."  "The impetus for Club Mode came from our realization that
Internet users were looking for new, interactive experiences on the Web,"
adds Alfredo Coppola, president of Animatics.  Club Mode is set to make its
debut in May.  Corel and Animatics are both based in Ottawa.

                      Compaq Readies 120MB Floppy Drive

Word from Texas is Compaq Computer Corp. is set next month to roll out the
new 120MB 3.5-inch floppy disk drive it commissioned last year.  PC Week
reports Compaq will add 150MHz and 166MHz Pentium-based
ProLinea and Deskpro systems with the new floppy disk unit, and also a
keyboard with a built-in scanner and an erasable optical drive that also
reads CD-ROM disks.

Computergram International reports this morning the drive is expected to cost
$200. Compaq commissioned 3M Co. to do the disks and Quantum Corp.'s
manufacturing partner Matsushita-Kotobuki Electronics Industries Ltd. to do
drives, which read current 1.44MB disks.  CI adds, "The erasable phase-dual
compact disk drive takes both standard CD-ROMs and 650MB erasable optical
platters for archiving, using the same heads to read both types of disk. It
is expected to go for $600 as an add-on."

                        IDG Launching Java 'Webzine'

Magazine publisher International Data Group says it will launch JavaWorld
Magazine on the World Wide Web on February 15.  The "webzine" will be linked
from the Java home page (http://java.sun.com) and will also be accessible
directly at http://www.javaworld.com.

Java is an object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems
Inc., with features especially suitable for cross-platform, distributed
computing via the World Wide Web. Java is widely considered one of the
hottest new products in the exploding Web development market. Microsoft,
among others, have licensed Java as part of its emerging Internet strategy.

Boston-based IDG says JavaWorld will feature hands-on tutorials for both
novice and advanced Java programmers, profiles of businesses that use Java
for key applications, and coverage of Java-related news and events. JavaWorld
also will focus on the business-related information needs of the Java
community.

"Since we're a Web-based magazine, we'll be able to include in JavaWorld
plenty of code samples and demo applets to clearly illustrate programming
tips and techniques," says Editor Michael O'Connell. "For example, in our
first issue, noted Java guru Arthur van Hoff will demonstrate how to do
animation with Java, using live Java code that allows the reader to see, in
real time, how changes in code affect the movement of the animated
characters."  This is IDG's second Web-only periodical: SunWorld Online was
launched last July.

                        GM Launches Huge New Web Site

General Motors Corp., the world's largest auto maker, is launching a huge new
site on the Internet's World Wide Web, with more than 16,000 pages and 98,000
links that take browsers from one place to another.  The Wall Street Journal
reported this morning GM's goal "is to become the automotive leader in
reaching customers online, in part by challenging them technologically ... to
take advantage of the audio, video and 'virtual reality' features."

The home page (which can be reached at Web address http://www.gm.com) links
to pages of GM divisions that are developing different features that
eventually will be in place for all of them.  "Buick's site allows customers
to configure and price a new car," says the Journal.

"Cadillac's links to the sites of local dealers. Chevrolet's Web site is the
pilot point for calculating loan and lease
payments with General Motors Acceptance Corp., GM's finance company. Saturn's
Internet site soon will allow shoppers to electronically browse the used-car
inventory at local dealerships."

                           Grolier Changing Names

Multimedia content developer Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc. says it is
changing its name to Grolier Interactive Inc.  The Danbury, Connecticut,
company says the move is designed to reflect an increased global presence
through its merger with European sister company, Matra Hachette Multimedia.
"With this name change, Grolier formally acknowledges its expansion from
solely publishing reference material to publishing high-quality game and
entertainment titles on CD- ROM," says David Arganbright, president of
Grolier Interactive.

"Grolier has been a publisher of CD-ROM reference products for over ten years
and will continue to develop innovative and comprehensive reference titles
across a broad spectrum of topics."   Arganbright notes that the name change,
and a corresponding new logo, also updates the company's image to reflect
Grolier Interactive's offerings online. Available online since 1982, The
Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia offers a gateway with more than 12,000 direct
links between Grolier and CompuServe.

                        Sysop Makes 3,500-Mile Rescue

A minister from Scotland says sysop Dick Eastman and others in CompuServe's
Genealogy Forum may have saved his life this week, effecting a rescue from
3,500 miles away.  It all started when the "Roots" forum regulars were
settling into their weekly real-time conference Tuesday night and Eastman
noticed one of the chatters, the Rev. Kenneth J. Walker of Arbroath,
Scotland, was having trouble typing.  "He said he wasn't feeling well,"
Eastman later told Associated Press writer Jose Martinez, "and that he
thought he was having a stroke."

One member turned out to be a nurse from New York who asked the suddenly
incoherent Walker through the computer if he was losing feeling in his hands,
or if he could see out both eyes. Walker didn't type a response.  Someone
else online mentioned that Walker -- known only as "Ken" to the group --
lived alone and had been sick lately.  Eastman asked Walker for his telephone
number.  "It took a while, but he typed it out," Eastman says. "I have two
phone lines so I called him. The phone was busy, which made sense since he
was online."

The sysop then contacted an overseas operator, who gave him Walker's address
in the seaside town of Arbroath, between Aberdeen and Dundee on the North
Sea. She also connected Eastman to the town's police. "The police and an
ambulance were in his house about two minutes later," Eastman says.    The 38-
year-old Walker spent several hours in the hospital before being released.

Doctors weren't sure what happened, but the minister told Martinez he
occasionally has "episodes" that can be life threatening. "All I remember,"
says Walker, "is I thought my keyboard was melting.  I thought I was going to
die."  AP says Walker apparently did not have a stroke, but he may have had
an epileptic seizure.  The minister, who is on leave from his Church of
Scotland parish, says he does not even remember going online, just how the
computer became his lifeline.

"I thought as long I just stayed on the system ... I was OK," he told the
wire service. He sent Eastman e-mail when he got home from the hospital,
thanking him and others in the forum. He called Eastman a hero.  Says Walker,
"The communication highway gets a lot of bad press, but this is one case that
proves the people online are a community -- a cyber community."

The Genealogy Forum (GO ROOTS) hosts real-time conferences every Tuesday
night at 10 p.m. Eastern Time, hosted by Eastman, who manages the forum from
his Billerica, Massachusetts, home north of Boston.

                     Secure Credit Card Standard Offered

MasterCard International and Visa International have joined together to
announce a technical standard for safeguarding credit card purchases made
over the Internet. Previously, Visa and MasterCard were pursuing separate
specifications.  The new specification, called Secure Electronic Transactions
(SET), is designed to allow consumers and merchants to conduct credit card
transactions in cyberspace as securely and easily as they do in retail stores
today.

MasterCard and Visa expect to publish SET on their World Wide Web sites in
mid-February. Following a comment period, the joint specification is
scheduled to be ready for testing this spring. Visa and MasterCard expect
that banks will be able to offer secure credit card services via the Internet
to their cardholders by the end of the year.

"This is the first step in making cyberspace an attractive venture for banks
and merchants. A single standard limits unnecessary costs and builds the
business case for doing business on the Internet," says Edmund Jensen,
president and CEO of Visa International.

"MasterCard has viewed one standard for secure card purchases on the Internet
as a critical catalyst for electronic commerce because it bolsters consumer
confidence in the security of the electronic marketplace," adds H. Eugene
Lockhart, MasterCard's CEO. "A single standard has always been our objective
because it is in the best interests of not only consumers, but also merchants
and financial institutions worldwide."

                      Online Newspapers Triple in 1995

The number of newspapers available online tripled last year, reports the
Newspaper Association of America, which predicts that the current number will
double by the end of 1996.  According to the Reston, Virginia-based trade
group, approximately 175 daily newspapers in North America are currently
available on the World Wide Web, via commercial online services or through
local bulletin board services. Worldwide, the number of print publications
with online services is about 775.

"Newspapers' move into cyberspace eclipses that of other mainstream media and
is dramatic evidence that the industry recognizes the need to provide news,
information and advertising to readers in a new form," says John F. Sturm,
president and CEO of the Newspaper Association of America. "The result is
that newspapers have carved a unique electronic niche that allows them to
supplement their core, print product and better serve their readers and
advertisers."

Online newspapers include national journals such as The New York Times, USA
Today and The Wall Street Journal; and smaller market papers such the Winona
(Minnesota) Daily News and the Los Alamos (New Mexico) Monitor.  Readers may
also access NAA's Web page at http://www.infi.net/naa to hyperlink to the
majority of all electronic U.S. newspapers on the Web, as well as
international newspapers and media organizations.

                      H&R Block to Spin Off CompuServe

H&R Block Inc.'s board of directors has unanimously approved a plan that will
spin off CompuServe Inc. into an independent, publicly-traded company.  The
plan entails an initial public offering this April of less than 20 percent of
CompuServe. H&R Block intends to complete the separation of the companies
through a tax-free spin-off or split-off within approximately 12 months.

The distribution will be subject to receiving a favorable ruling from the
Internal Revenue Service or an opinion of counsel regarding the tax-free
nature of the transaction, certain other conditions and the absence of any
change in market conditions or circumstances that causes the board to
conclude that the distribution is not in the best interest of H&R Block
shareholders.

"This decision reflects our commitment to maximize shareholder value," says
Richard H. Brown, president and CEO of H&R Block. "The separation of
CompuServe will unlock the value we have created through both of these strong
franchises and will better position each entity to aggressively pursue the
significant growth opportunities in their respective markets."  A
registration statement for the initial public offering has been filed with
the Securities and Exchange Commission. Goldman, Sachs & Co. has been
selected to lead the offering, with Merrill Lynch & Co. and George K. Baum &
Company acting as co-managers.

"This is a bold step for H&R Block and the result of extensive study by the
Board of Directors and the management team," notes Brown. "We are convinced
this move will foster better market appreciation of the value of each
business and will contribute to the continued long-term success of both
companies."

Brown adds, "CompuServe will benefit from enhanced access to equity capital
to support its rapid growth and increased opportunities for forging strategic
alliances, and will be better able to provide incentives to attract and
retain critical management talent. H&R Block will benefit from greater
management focus and additional resources to capitalize upon its
extraordinary tax franchise and growing financial services business unit."

                       Telecom Bill Could Spark Ad War

The recently passed telecommunications bill will not only open the floodgates
to new services, but to a deluge of advertising as well, claims an industry
newsletter.  Companies such as AT&T, MCI, Sprint and the seven regional Bell
operating companies could increase their advertising budgets in response to
the new legislation, says Telecom Advertising Report.

"Heightened competition among local telephone service providers, long
distance carriers and cable TV companies could provoke advertising battles to
rival the national wars of established long distance giants AT&T, MCI and
Sprint," notes the publication.  "The frenzy surrounding the passage of the
bill has already sparked full-page ads from AT&T and MCI in major daily
newspapers," says senior managing editor Linda Kopp.

"Every one of the seven Baby Bells has announced plans to enter the long
distance market, and those moves will be undoubtedly followed by massive
promotional campaigns."  Advertising and promotion spending by telecom
companies is forecast to increase roughly 12 percent to $5.35 billion in
1996, notes the publication.  "Ad spending grew more than 60 percent from
1991 to 1995, and the largest increases are yet to come," adds Telecom
Advertising Report Editor Peter Breen. "Creating a national brand awareness
will be among the top priorities of most large telecom companies now that the
market's been opened up to competition."

                                      
Micrografx Newsline STR Infofile
                                      
              Micrografx and American Greetings Sign Agreement
                to Deliver Interactive Greeting Card Products
                                      
 Leading Graphics Technology Publisher and Innovative Greeting Card Company
              Advance Social Expression In the Information Age


Richardson, Texas (February 13, 1996) - MicrografxO, Inc. (NASDAQ:  MGXI), a
leading graphics software developer, today announced it has signed a long-
term agreement with American GreetingsO Corp. (NASDAQ:  AGREA), the renowned
greeting-card company recognized for its technology innovation, to develop
social expression products and services utilizing PC and Internet
technologies.

Under the terms of the agreement, the companies will leverage their
distinctive strengths to develop and market a full range of social expression
products for the information age, including home print software and
electronic greetings.  Aimed primarily for personal use, the products will
offer new ways to create and send sentiments electronically.

"We're extremely pleased to be working with American Greetings, the pioneer
of electronic greeting cards who recognized the importance of technology in
the greeting card industry," said J. Paul Grayson, Micrografx chairman and
CEO.  "As partners, Micrografx and American Greetings are ideally suited.
American Greetings brings extensive creative content and enthusiasm for new
mediums, a perfect complement to Micrografx's innovative technology and keen
understanding of people who use home PCs and the Internet."

"The synergy we found with Micrografx is uncommon and exciting," said Morry
Weiss, American Greetings chairman and CEO.  "We first recognized technology
as an exciting enabler for human expression with our CreataCard kiosks and
online products.  We expect to grow and expand this new interactive
expression method working with Micrografx. The technical expertise Micrografx
brings to the table is only surpassed by their understanding and commitment
to empowering creative expression with desktop and online innovations."

The companies plan to unveil their first jointly developed products and
services in the second half of 1996.  American Greetings, who operates
thousands of CreataCard kiosks that let customers create their own
personalized greeting cards, understands the dynamics of electronic
publishing.  The company's wealth of original electronic content will be
leveraged during product development with Micrografx.  Micrografx, which
began developing home creativity software in the early '90s, publishes the
No. 1 greeting card software with more than one million copies sold.

Both companies are retail distribution experts.  American Greetings is the
greeting card leader in mass retail chain distribution, and Micrografx
recently announced a record-setting 6,000 outlets - from Media Play to
CompUSA - carry its software.  The combined retail expertise of American
Greetings and Micrografx ensures wide distribution of its products.

Founded in 1906, American Greetings is the world's largest publicly owned
creator, manufacturer and distributor of greeting cards and social expression
products, with operations and subsidiaries in more than 75 countries.

Micrografx is the global leader in developing and marketing graphics software
which enhances visual communication and empowers creative expression.
Founded in 1982, Micrografx has become a leading software publisher by
responding quickly to customer and worldwide market needs.  The company's
U.S. operations are based in Richardson, Texas with a development office
located in San Francisco.  International subsidiaries are located in Canada,
the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Australia and
Japan.



UltraEdit/UltraEdit32 STR InfoFile   "It Doesn't get any Better than this!"
                                    STReport Editor's Choice!



                             UltraEdit-32 v3.10


The editor for all your editing needs.

(Designed for Windows NT and Windows 95.  Do not use with Windows 3.1 /Win
32s - Use UltraEdit).

UltraEdit-32 is an excellent replacement for NOTEPAD and a lot more, with
support for unlimited file sizes, 100,000 word spelling checker, full HEX
editing capabilities, configurable syntax highlighting for programmers,
column editing.   UltraEdit has all the features you will need.  UltraEdit
handles multiple files at once, even if they are multi-megabyte  files.  It
is Disk based and only requires a small amount of memory, even for very large
files.  UltraEdit also available for Windows .3x with no additional fee.

Standard Features:
    - Disk based text editing
    - No limit on file size, minimum RAM used even for multi-megabyte files
    - Multiple files open and displayed at the same time
    - Column mode editing!!!, Insert columns/ delete/ cut/ add sequential
       numbers
    - 100,000 word spell checker
    - Syntax highlighting - configurable, pre configured for C/C++ and VB
    - Automatic word wrap at specified column with hard return
    - Insert file into an existing document at cursor position
    - Drag and Drop support from the file manager
    - Insert and overstrike modes for editing
    - Multi-level undo and redo
    - UltraEdit-32 is Windows 3.x CUA compliant
    - Find and Replace - Also allows selection of text between caret and
       find target when shift key is pressed
    - Goto Line Number/Page Break
    - Font Selection for display and printer. (Supports all fonts installed
       including TRUE-TYPE fonts)
    - Print support with headers, footers, margins and page breaks.
    - Automatic Line Indentation
    - Tab Settings
    - Word Wrap Support
    - Hexadecimal Editor - Allows editing of any binary file - HEX Cut, copy
       and paste support
    - HEX Insert and Delete of characters
    - HEX Find, Replace and Replace All
    - Bookmarks - Unlimited number of Bookmarks
    - Multiple Windows of the same file
    - Comprehensive macro support, including saving and loading
    - Context Sensitive Help
    - Automatic backup file generated with (.BAK) extension in the directory
       of the original file
    - UltraEdit-32 retains its screen position each time it is used
    - Line & column number display (line number display may be disabled)
    - Pop-up menus with right mouse button.
    - Text conversion to lower or upper case and capitalization.
    - Unix/Mac to DOS Conversion
    - DOS to Unix conversion
    - Auto detect UNIX/Mac files
    - Convert Word Wrap to CR/LF's allowing word wrap to be written to file
       with hard returns
    - Convert CR/LF's to Word Wrap (removes CR/LF's from file)
    - Template Support
    - More ...

 Also: - UltraEdit accepts a command line input and so can be used to replace
NOTEPAD or other editors that are called  up from a file manager by clicking
on a file.


Registration

You are limited to 45 Days of use for an unregistered version.

UltraEdit-32 is a shareware program. If you find it useful and continue to
use it you are obligated to register it with the  author by sending $30.00
(Ohio Residents add $1.65 Sales Tax) to:

        Ian D. Mead
        8209 Chestnut Hill Ct.
        West Chester, OH 45069
        USA

VISA/MASTERCARD Accepted

For VISA/MasterCard orders, include:

1)   Name of card holder
2)   Address of card holder
3)   Name and address of user if different from card holder
4)   Expiration date of card
5)   Card #.

Credit card orders may be faxed or telephoned to (513) 779 8549, or sent to
my E-Mail address (see below).

Compuserve Registration

UltraEdit-32 may also be registered online on CompuServe by typing GO SWREG
and following instructions for registering using ID 4017.

This will entitle you to an authorization code, the latest registered
version, and technical support.  For CompuServe registrations, a newer
version is not sent out if the latest version is available on CompuServe.


E-Mail Address

Internet:       IDM@iglou.com
CompuServe:     71613,2654

Return Policy

No refunds are issued after an authorization code has been issued.  Exchanges
are allowed if appropriate.

This program may be freely distributed provided it is unmodified, no charge
is made for the software, and all of the following files are included:

1) UEDIT32I.EXE or UEDIT32.ZIP - Self extracting file

Latest Version

The latest version of UltraEdit/UltraEdit-32 may be found in several places:


In the WINUSER Forum on CompuServe, an official distribution and support
online resource for future updates.  Search for ULTRAEDIT.ZIP, and
UEDIT32.ZIP.

The Windows Users Group Network (WUGNET), operators of the oldest and largest
independent support resource forum (WINUSER) for Windows Users on CIS with
nearly 1,000,000 active members is recognized in the press, user groups,
developers, and Microsoft as the foremost resource for shareware publishers
on CompuServe and the Internet.

On the Internet on several sites, including CICA and other sites.

Additionally, on the WWW on the following page:
        http://members.aol.com:/idmcompsrv/index.htm

(This WWW page may be replaced.  If you do not find it, send E-Mail to
idm@iglou.com and you will be provided with a new WWW page address).

History

// History - Purged changes prior to v2.00

v2.00
    - Add Column editing!!  Enhance selection features in HEX mode, add
  "^s", "^c" syntax for macro find/replace of selected text and clipboard
  contents.  Switch to/from hex mode and cursor position is maintained.  Macros
  now support next/previous window.  Other minor enhancements and fixes.

v2.01
    - Added column insert/delete/cut.  Added sequentail number insertion for
  each row. Added multi-level undo.

v2.01a
    - Fixed word wrap problem where a single space between words may appear
  on the beginning of the line after the wrap.

v2.01b
    - Added "Tool Tips" for the toolbar.

v2.10
    - Added "Find In Files", Select Line, Select All, Configurable file
  types, other configurable options, and bug fixes.

v2.11
    - Added Goto page break, DOS to UNIX conversion, (UNIX/MAC to DOS
  already existed as "Fixup CR/LF" but is renamed). Fixes for right mouse
  button menu.  Added option to reload an already open file.  Now,
  authorization codes for 32-Bit and 16-Bit are compatible.  Improved handling
  of "wide" files.

v3.00
    - Added - Configurable Syntax Highlighting, pre-configured for C/C++ and
       VB (see option menu)
    - 100,000 Word Spelling checker
    - Automatic word wrap at column number, with hard returns (see option
       menu)
    - Window updates with vertical scroll bar
    - Other minor enhancements

v3.01
    - Added - Template support
    - Enhancements for column wrap
    - Reformat Paragraph
    - File Editing without temp file option
    - Macro load/execute command line support
    - Minor fixes

v3.10
    - Enhanced macro support for file loading, saving closing, HEX editing
       and mode switching
    - see help for full set of features.
    - Allow multiple macros, with configurable HOT KEYs
    - Allow nested macros
    - Added support for upto 6 languages for syntax highlighting
    - Allow configurable block comments with syntax highlighting
    - Spawn a DOS command and capture output - run a compiler
    - Start a Windows Program
    - Auto detect UNIX or Binary/Hex files when loaded
    - Added regular expression support
    - Added literal character insertion to insert control codes - CTRL+I
    - Added find matching brace
    - Other minor changes and fixes

         Windows is a registered Trademark of Microsoft Corporation.


Win95 Update STR Focus



                         WIN95 SERVICE PACK No. One



CHANGES


OLE32 Update
The Windows 95 OLE 32 update addresses file-management behavior in Microsoft
Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPointr for Windows 95. Because of
the way these applications use OLE for file storage, files created by these
applications might contain extraneous data from previously deleted files.
This data is not visible while you use the  applications. However, when such
a document file is viewed by using Windows Notepad (for example), it might be
possible to see pieces of information from the previously deleted files. This
could pose information security or privacy  concerns if you distribute
electronic versions of files created using these applications.

The OLE 32 update addresses this problem. Although the problem is known to
occur only in Microsoft Excel, Word, and  PowerPoint for Windows 95, the OLE
32 update is designed to prevent any application from potentially causing the
same problem.

Notes
1.   If you use Microsoft Office with Windows NTT, this problem does not
  affect you, because the operating system  initializes (clears) any disk space
  used by deleted files.

2.   If you use Microsoft Word 6.0, Microsoft Excel 5.0, or Microsoft
  PowerPoint 4.0 with Windows version 3.1 or on an  Appler Macintoshr computer,
  contact Microsoft Customer Services to obtain the "C" maintenance releases of
  these  products. Early releases of these versions are known to have a similar
  extraneous-data problem, which is fixed in the "C"  releases. If you use
  Microsoft Word 6.0, Microsoft Excel 5.0, or Microsoft PowerPoint 4.0 with
  Windows 95, you should also obtain the "C" releases of these products.


2.Microsoft Windows 95 Shell Update
This update to Shell32.dll makes it possible to browse NetWarer Directory
Service printers from the Add Printer wizard.  The Add Printer Wizard is
found in the Printers folder. This change is applicable to you if you have
installed Service for NetWare Directory Services.

This update to the Windows 95 Shell32.dll file also fixes a problem in which
files copied onto themselves can be  truncated to a zero-byte file size. This
occurs only in the following circumstances:

    When you copy a file onto itself using two different views of the same
  network resource (these can be different mapped drive letters or UNC
  connections to a network resource).

    When you copy a file onto itself using a drive that was created by the
  SUBST command.


3.Windows 95 Common Dialog Update for Windows 3.1 Legacy Printer Drivers
In Windows 95, when 32-bit applications print using Windows 3.1 monolithic
drivers or the Windows 3.1 Pscript.drv /  Unidrv.dll driver, the applications
sometimes fail. This update addresses that problem.

4.Vserver Update: File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
This update is for a problem with File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft
Networks and a certain UNIXr network client  (Samba's SMBCLIENT). The update
corrects a problem with share-level security documented in the Microsoft
Knowledge Base on October 9, 1995. The update also includes a correction for
a similar problem with user-level security  that Microsoft recently
discovered as part of its internal testing of the new driver.

Note
The phrase "Microsoft Networks" refers to Microsoft's networking software,
not MSNT (The Microsoft Network online service).


Windows 95 enables users of the Samba SMBCLIENT to gain unauthorized access
to the drive on which sharing is  enabled by accepting certain specific
networking commands. The Samba client is the only known SMB client that sends
such networking commands. SMBCLIENT users do not automatically have access to
the Windows 95 drive, and must know the exact steps to send these commands.

The updated driver prevents Windows 95 from accepting these commands,
preventing SMBCLIENT users from accessing  the drive on which sharing is
enabled. With the updated driver, an SMBCLIENT user will have access only to
those  shared folders that a Windows 95 user has designated.

5.NWServer Update: File and Printer Sharing for NetWare Networks
This update is for a problem with File and Printer Sharing for NetWare
Networks which might affect data security for  corporate users. If your
computer is configured for file and printer sharing and Remote Administration
is enabled, another user on the network might gain read-only access to your
computer after the administrator has logged off the  computer and before you
have restarted your computer. To correct this problem, Microsoft has issued
an updated driver for File and Printer Sharing for NetWare Networks. The
updated driver ensures that only valid administrators have access to the
computer's drive.

6.Vredir Update
The Vredir Update fixes a problem that affects only Windows 95 users who use
Samba UNIX servers. The problem  arises from the basic Windows 95 and UNIX
filename formats. UNIX allows filenames that include the backslash (\) and
asterisk (*) characters, but in Windows 95, these are wildcard characters.
Suppose that a Samba server contains a file  named \\server\share\*.*, a
legal UNIX filename. If a Windows 95 user connects to that server and tries
to delete the *.*  file by using Windows Explorer, all the files on
\\server\share are deleted instead. This updated version of Vredir  prevents
this from happening by rejecting filenames that contain the \ or *
characters.

7.Windows 95 Password List Update
The Windows 95 Password List Update protects your password file against
potential security violations. When you  connect to a password-protected
resource, such as a network drive, you can choose to save that password.
Windows then  stores the password in an encrypted file on your hard disk. An
algorithm was posted on the Internet for decrypting this  file. If someone
has access to your password file and knows the decryption algorithm, they may
be able to decrypt it and  the passwords it contains-and then gain access to
the password-protected resources. The Password List Update provides  vastly
improved encryption that is 2^96 (2 to the 96th power) harder to decrypt than
the previous encryption method.

8.Microsoft Plus! Update (System Agent Update)
The Microsoft Plus! Update provides an updated version of Sage.dll to fix a
minor problem with System Agent: When version 1.0 System Agent is running,
programs that perform floating-point calculations might be slightly off in
precision. This problem does not occur if System Agent is turned off.

Note
If you do not have Microsoft Plus! installed on your computer, this update
will have no effect on your system. If you  install Microsoft Plus! at a
later date (after the Microsoft Plus! Update has been installed), Microsoft
Plus! Setup will leave the updated version of Sage.dll file on your system.


9.Printer Port (Lpt.vxd) Update
This Lpt.vxd Update adds support for ECP (Enhanced Communication Parallel)
port bi-directional communications used  with certain printers (such as the
Hewlett-Packardr LaserJet Series 4 and 5 printers, some Lexmark
LaserPrinters,  and  possibly others). It may prevent timeout errors when
printing.

Note
The Lpt.vxd Update was also included in the Drivers\Printer\LPT folder on the
Windows 95 CD-ROM; however, it was not installed by default during setup.


ISDN Series STR Focus  "Fully Understanding ISDN"

Article Two



Base Graphic by 102714,3461
ctsy CompuServe's Computer Graphics Forum



by R. F. Mariano

     ISDN, is the coming thing.. This week we carry the second preliminary
article about ISDN.  You can be certain that this magazine was uploaded to
the Internet at 128000 bps and CompuServe at 64000 bps V 1.20 via ISDN.  It
is fast.  In fact, the average around the world is 128000 bps.  ISDN has been
"in the wings" so to speak, for quite some time.

     AT&T, the Baby Bells and the FCC have been so busy having a good "go at
each other" that this mode of telecommunications was virtually lost in the
shuffle.  Even at this time, the confusion and bad information coming from
the Baby Bells themselves is unbelievable.  Hopefully, over the next few
months, we shall be able to clear things up a great deal and at the same
time, make your decision to move to ISDN in your Home/Business an easy
decision to make.

     There are quite a few hardware configurations available to you.  We will
look at them all.  And.. explain them in everyday language.  Most of the
"gurus" have a tendency to talk to you in the language of techno-noise and
acronyms.  What with SPIDS, NT1s, 5ESS and on and on ad infinatum, one can
only stop them cold and have them talk in clear, concise language we all grew
up understanding.  Unless of course, they don't want us to really
understand??  Nah. that would never be the case.

     Keep the faith. by the time this series is done, you'll be quite able to
keep up with the best of them when "speaking acronyms" or, ISDN lingo.  Last
week and this week, we presented an average picture of what to expect when
first wanting to know "about" ISDN.  Please read last weeks article and this
week's then. if you have any questions. send them to me via Email to
rmariano@streport.com or, the US Snail.  All our addresses are in every
issue.

     Beginning next week, we shall begin "looking" at the various hardware
options available to the consumer from the casual home user all the way to
the corporate giant.  Once we are done "looking" then the fun begins.  By the
way, we will be happy to act a "go between" for you if you find yourself
between a rock and a hard place with your local ISDN Bell Group.  Some are
called Special Services other are called .. Well, you get the picture.

     Many old, familiar names are getting involved in the hardware end.
Don't be surprised if you recognize a number of brand names.




                   BELL ATLANTIC CONNECTS SMALL BUSINESSES
                             TO INFORMATION AGE
                      WITH NEW ISDN WORLD WIDE WEB PAGE



Arlington, VA -- Bell Atlantic has unveiled a new World Wide Web page to help
small businesses "connect to the information age" with ISDN -- Integrated
Services Digital Network.  The Bell Atlantic Small Business ISDN Home Page
provides useful information about a service that will help small businesses
become more efficient.  It can be accessed at
http://www.bell-atl.com/isdn/sbs.

ISDN is a high-speed, all digital network that combines voice, data and video
signals on a single standard phone line.   The network supports applications,
such as high-speed Internet access, teleworking, desktop video conferencing,
collaborative computing and remote local area network (LAN) access and
interconnection.

"There's no more appropriate place to let small businesses know how ISDN can
help them than on the World Wide Web," said Mark Kutner, president of Bell
Atlantic Small Business Services.  "ISDN brings the power of the Internet and
high-speed communications within the reach of any small or home-based
business.  We want to help small businesses take  advantage of this power to
become more productive and more competitive."

Bell Atlantic's Small Business ISDN Home Page is dedicated to small business
concerns, applications and case studies  that explain how many small
businesses are using the technology today.  It also provides a technological
overview and  includes detailed pricing and deployment information so users
can determine whether or not ISDN is available to them  and at what cost.

The main benefit of ISDN is speed.  ISDN transmits voice, data and video
signals at speeds up to 128 kilobits per second  (kbps) or as high as 500
kbps with compression techniques available in some ISDN-capable equipment
that allows  computers to receive and transmit data at higher speeds than
with currently available analog modems.

"ISDN leaves today's analog modems in the dust," said Diane Brown,  ISDN
product manager for Bell Atlantic Small  Business Services.  "When compared
to a standard modem at 14.4 kilobits per second, the increase in speed can be
almost ten fold with ISDN Basic Rate Interface (BRI)."

As a special feature, the ISDN Home Page gives small business customers the
opportunity to download an interactive  multimedia presentation which
demonstrates how ISDN can increase productivity for small businesses.

The interactive presentation provides an example of  ISDN's speed and ease of
use.  With a standard 14.4 kilobits per  second modem,  downloading the
presentation would take approximately 13 minutes.   With ISDN-BRI at 128
kilobits per second, the download takes 93 seconds -- almost 10 times faster.

"The speed and capacity of ISDN can help small businesses increase
productivity and reduce costs by cutting the time it  takes to send or
receive information over the telephone line," added Brown.  "It provides
small businesses with the same  speed and ease of transmission that large
businesses have benefited from for years, and does so at affordable rates."

The Bell Atlantic ISDN Home Page provides links to other ISDN resources and
information where Bell Atlantic will be  showcasing ISDN technology in the
coming months.  Small businesses also may send a formal inquiry over the
Internet to get a price quote for the service.

Bell Atlantic is the largest supplier of local ISDN access lines in the US
with about 145,000 installed ISDN lines in its  operating region, and it is
adding about 6,000 ISDN lines per month. The Bell Atlantic ISDN Sales and
Technology Center provides small businesses with one-stop shopping for ISDN
from the initial service order through installation.

Customers who order ISDN service will need ISDN-capable equipment that allows
their computers to receive data at  higher speeds. Bell Atlantic
TeleProducts, a fully owned subsidiary of Bell Atlantic Corp., provides ISDN
equipment  from today's leading manufacturers.  ISDN terminal adapters,
bridges, routers, telephones and NT1's are examples of  ISDN equipment that
can be purchased at competitive prices from Teleproducts.  Customers can call
Bell Atlantic  TeleProducts at 1-800-221-0845 Monday through Friday from 8:00
a.m. to 5:30 p.m.  In addition, Bell Atlantic can  install certain types of
ISDN equipment in parts of the Bell Atlantic service area.

To get more information about Bell Atlantic's business ISDN service or to
place an order, customers can call the Bell  Atlantic ISDN Sales and
Technology Center at 1-800-570-ISDN (4736) Monday through Friday from 9 a.m.
to 6 p.m.   Customers also can send an e-mail message to business.isdn@bell-
atl.com.

Bell Atlantic Corporation (NYSE: BEL) is at the forefront of the new
communications, entertainment and information industry.  In the mid-Atlantic
region, the company is the premier provider of local telecommunications and
advanced  services.  Globally, it is one of the largest investors in the high-
growth wireless communication marketplace.  Bell Atlantic also owns a
substantial interest in Telecom Corporation of New Zealand and is actively
developing high-growth  national and international business opportunities in
all phases of the industry.


                    BELL ATLANTIC AND DSC COMMUNICATIONS
                        CHARGE AT&T WITH MONOPOLIZING
                     TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT MARKET

         Nation's Largest Telecommunications Equipment Manufacturer
                     Defendant in Federal Antitrust Suit


Texarkana, TX --  Charging that AT&T designs its telecommunications switches
specifically to prevent the interconnection of other manufacturer's
equipment, Bell Atlantic and DSC Communications filed a lawsuit to recover
nearly $3.5 billion in damages from the telecommunications giant.  AT&T has
monopolized the market for both equipment and software, as well as the market
for Caller ID services, according to an antitrust suit filed yesterday by the
two companies.

"AT&T has Bell Atlantic over a barrel.  Though we own a lot of AT&T
equipment, we cannot use it in the way that lets  us provide the best
services to our customers.  We just don't have a true choice," said James R.
Young, Bell Atlantic vice president and general counsel.

"DSC Communications provides aftermarket equipment and software with superior
features and functionality.  If our  customers use AT&T central office
equipment, they are unable to take full advantage of our equipment's
capabilities  because of AT&T's monopolistic practices," said George Brunt,
DSC Communications' vice president and general counsel.

According to papers filed in federal court in the Eastern District of Texas,
"AT&T is purposely delaying and preventing  the utilization of
interconnecting plugs needed by vendors like DSC." This practice by AT&T is
the continuation of a  "long history of resisting other vendors' attempts to
plug their equipment into AT&T's," the suit says.

The suit gives specific instances of AT&T keeping others out of the market in
this way.  For example, in 1986, the telecommunications industry agreed on an
interface standard to connect other manufacturers' equipment to telephone
switches.  Though the standard was adopted by other switch makers, AT&T
delayed and sabotaged the idea for years and  still today has not fully
incorporated this standard.

The lack of this standard has delayed services like ISDN (Integrated Services
Digital Network) which could have been  provided more cost-effectively had
AT&T embraced this standard in 1986.

The lawsuit also charges AT&T has crippled  the "Caller ID" service that
shows subscribers the number -- or name -- of  the person who is calling.
Because AT&T sells a competing service, the suit claims, AT&T intentionally
blocked Caller  ID information on most long distance calls for years.

The Federal Communications Commission last year reviewed this issue and
ordered AT&T to stop blocking Caller ID  information.  The lawsuit seeks to
recover damages for the period when AT&T was engaged in this illegal
practice.

Under the provisions of the antitrust laws, AT&T is liable for damages and
injunctive relief to compensate Bell Atlantic  and DSC Communications for
lost profits and increased operating costs.

DSC Communications Corporation is a leading designer, developer, manufacturer
and marketer of digital switching,  transmission, access and private network
system products for the worldwide telecommunications marketplace.

Bell Atlantic Corporation (NYSE: BEL) is at the forefront of the new
communications, entertainment and information  industry.  In the mid-Atlantic
region, the company is the premier provider of local telecommunications and
advanced  services.  Globally, it is one of the largest investors in the high-
growth wireless communication marketplace.  Bell  Atlantic also owns a
substantial interest in Telecom Corporation of New Zealand and is actively
developing high-growth  national and international business opportunities in
all phases of the industry.



              ISDN Individual Line Residential Service Pricing



BellSouth Tariff Summary For ISDN Capability Packages



The following ISDN pricing information is illustrative and provided for
planning purposes only.

To order ISDN Individual Line Service please call one of the following phone
numbers:



1-(800)-858-9413

Introduction
The National ISDN Users Forum (NIUF), to simplify ISDN ordering and
provisioning, has established a set of capability packages for ISDN
individual line service. A brief outline of the NIUF packages and pricing for
each package is included below.

For each Capability Package the NIUF specified:


The number of Directory Numbers (DNs) assigned
The number of terminal-controlled DN appearances assigned
The number of switch-controlled Call Appearances (for CACH EKTS) assigned
The number of Terminal Endpoint Identifiers assigned
The feature identifier values assigned to the features in the Capability
Package



Capability Package

    Capability Package N (2B+D)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-
  switched data on one B-channel, circuit-switched data on the other B-channel
  and basic D-channel packet. This package provides non-EKTS voice features,
  including Flexible Calling, Additional Call Offering and Calling Number
  Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package O (2B+D)-----is equivalent to Capability Package N
  with the change that CACH-EKTS service is used for the voice service. Please
  note that Additional Call Offering functionality is incorporated in the EKTS
  service. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package P (2B+D)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-
  switched data on two B-channels and basic D-channel packet. This package
  provides non-EKTS voice features including Flexible Calling, Additional Call
  Offering and Calling Number Identification. Data capabiliites include Calling
  Number Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package Q (2B+D)-----is equivalent to Capability Package P
  with the change that CACH-EKTS service is used for the voice service. Please
  note that Additional Call Offering functionality is incorporated in the EKTS
  service. ISDN Rates for all states

NOTES:

    In BellSouth, ALL ISDN Individual Line Residence Service is provided
  fully configured as 2B + D, therefore only Capability Packages N, O, P and Q
  are shown as packages. Other Capability Packages, features and options may
  actually be ordered (turned on) even though service is based on a 2B + D
  configuration.

    Charges shown are flat rate for B-channel Circuit Switched Voice (CSV)
  and/or Circuit Switched Data (CSD) and also flat rate D-channel Packet
  Switched Data (PSD).

    Charges shown below include ALL features, End User Common Line Charge
  (EUCL), Subscriber Line Charge (SLC), and ALL service order, line connection
  and other associated installation charges except where a special jack/wiring
  installation is requested. Before firm rates for specific service can be
  quoted, a loop qualification must be processed to ensure that service to a
  specific site can be provided without additional charges.

ISDN Individual Line Rates for Capability Package N

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 221.75                       $ 72.35
Florida                  $ 211.00                       $ 60.65
Georgia                  $ 202.50                       $ 66.90
Kentucky                 $ 254.10                       $ 64.55
Louisiana                $ 267.10                       $ 75.00
Mississippi              $ 238.75                       $ 70.01
N Carolina               $ 241.75                       $ 79.51
S. Carolina              $ 230.50                       $ 66.90
Tennessee                $  24.40                       $ 33.00


ISDN Individual Line Rates for Capability Package O

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 223.75                       $  74.10
Florida                  $ 213.00                       $  62.40
Georgia                  $ 204.50                       $  68.65
Kentucky                 $ 256.10                       $  66.30
Louisiana                $ 269.11                       $  76.75
Mississippi              $ 240.75                       $  71.76
N Carolina               $ 243.75                       $  81.26
S. Carolina              $ 232.50                       $  68.65
Tennessee                $  26.40                       $  34.75


ISDN Individual Line Rates for Capability Package P

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 224.75                       $  75.85
Florida                  $ 214.00                       $  64.15
Georgia                  $ 205.50                       $  70.40
Kentucky                 $ 257.10                       $  68.05
Louisiana                $ 270.11                       $  78.50
Mississippi              $ 241.75                       $  73.51
N Carolina               $ 244.75                       $  83.01
S. Carolina              $ 233.50                       $  70.40
Tennessee                $  27.40                       $  36.50


ISDN Individual Line Rates for Capability Package Q

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama        $ 228.75                       $  79.35
Florida                  $ 218.00                       $  67.65
Georgia                  $ 209.50                       $  73.90
Kentucky                 $ 261.10                       $  71.55
Louisiana                $ 274.11                       $  82.00
Mississippi              $ 245.75                       $  77.01
N Carolina               $ 248.75                       $  86.51
S. Carolina              $ 237.50                       $  73.90
Tennessee                $  31.40                       $  40.00




                ISDN Individual Line Business Service Pricing


BellSouth Tariff Summary For ISDN Capability Packages



The following ISDN pricing information is illustrative and provided for
planning purposes only.

To order ISDN Individual Line Service please call one of the following phone
numbers:



1-(800)-858-9413

Introduction
The National ISDN Users Forum (NIUF), to simplify ISDN ordering and
provisioning, has established a set of capability packages for ISDN
individual line service. A brief outline of the NIUF packages and pricing for
each package is included below.

For each Capability Package the NIUF specified:

The number of Directory Numbers (DNs) assigned
The number of terminal-controlled DN appearances assigned
The number of switch-controlled Call Appearances (for CACH EKTS) assigned
The number of Terminal Endpoint Identifiers assigned
The feature identifier values assigned to the features in the Capability
Package



Capability Packages


    Capability Package A (0B+D)-----includes basic D-channel packet. No
  voice capabilities are provided. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package B (1B)-----includes circuit switched data on one B-
  channel. Data capabilities include Calling Number Identification. No voice
  capabilities are provided. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package C (1B)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-swicthed
  data on one B-channel. Data and voice capabilities include Calling Number
  Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package D (1B+D)-----Includes voice on one B-channel and
  basic D-channel packet. Only basic voice capabilities are provided, with no
  features. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package E (1B+D)-----Includes voice on one B-channel and
  basic D-channel. This package provides non-electronic key telephone set
  (EKTS) voice features, including Flexible Calling, Additional Call Offering,
  and Calling Number identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package F (1B+D)-----is equivalent to Capability Package E
  with the change that Call Appearance Handling (CACH) EKTS is used for the
  voice service. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package G (2B)-----includes voice on one B-channel and
  circuit-switched data on the other B-channel. This packgae provides non-EKTS
  voice features including Flexible Calling, Additional Call Offering, and
  Calling Number Identification. Data capabilities include Calling Number
  Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package H (2B)----is equivalent to Capability Package G, with
  the change that CACH EKTS is used for the voice services. Please note that
  Additional Call Offering is included in EKTS service. ISDN Rates for all
  states

    Capability Package I (2B)-----includes circuit-switched data on two B-
  channels. Data capabilities include Calling Number Identification. No voice
  capabilities are provided. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package J (2B)----includes alternate voice/circuit-switched
  data on one B-channel and circuit switched data on the other B-channel. Only
  basic voice capabilities are provided, with no features except Calling Number
  Identification. Data capabilities include Calling Number Identification. ISDN
  Rates for all states

    Capability Package K (2B)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-switched
  data on one B-channel and circuit switched data on the other B-channel. This
  package also provides non-EKTS voice features including Flexible Calling,
  Additional Call Offering, and Calling Number Identification. Data
  capabilities include Calling Number Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package L (2B)-----is equivalent to Capability Package K,
  with the change that CACH EKTS service is used for the voice service. Please
  note that Additional Call Offering functionality is incorporated in the EKTS
  service. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package M (2B)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-switched
  data on two B-channels. Data and voice capabilities include Calling Number
  Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package N (2B+D)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-
  switched data on one B-channel, circuit-switched data on the other B-channel
  and basic D-channel packet. This package provides non-EKTS voice features,
  including Flexible Calling, Additional Call Offering and Calling Number
  Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package O (2B+D)-----is equivalent to Capability Package N
  with the change that CACH-EKTS service is used for the voice service. Please
  note that Additional Call Offering functionality is incorporated in the EKTS
  service. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package P (2B+D)-----includes alternate voice/circuit-
  switched data on two B-channels and basic D-channel packet. This package
  provides non-EKTS voice features including Flexible Calling, Additional Call
  Offering and Calling Number Identification. Data capabilities include Calling
  Number Identification. ISDN Rates for all states

    Capability Package Q (2B+D)-----is equivalent to Capability Package P
  with the change that CACH-EKTS service is used for the voice service. Please
  note that Additional Call Offering functionality is incorporated in the EKTS
  service. ISDN Rates for all states


NOTES:

    Charges shown are flat rate for B-channel Circuit Switched Voice (CSV)
  and/or Circuit Switched Data (CWD) and flat rate for D-channel Switched
  Packet Data (PSD)

    Charges shown in the following sections include ALL feature, End User
  Common Line Charges (EUCL), Subscriber Line Charges(SLC) and ALL service
  order, line connection and other associated installation charges except where
  special jack/wiring installation is requested. (This assumes only one
  business line per premises.)

    Charges DO NOT INCLUDE the customer provided ISDN terminal equipment.

    Calling Line Identification (CLID) is provided at no additional charge
  on ALL ISDN individual Line Business lines in BellSouth.



ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package A

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 214.00                       $ 73.50
Florida                  $ 201.00                       $ 68.50
Georgia                  $ 203.25                       $ 68.50
Kentucky                 $ 218.00                       $ 68.50
Louisiana                $ 230.00                       $ 68.50
Mississippi              $ 212.00                       $ 68.50
N Carolina               $ 207.50                       $ 67.50
S. Carolina              $ 227.50                       $ 68.50
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 68.50


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package B

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 209.00                       $ 77.25
Florida                  $ 196.00                       $ 74.75
Georgia                  $ 198.25                       $ 74.75
Kentucky                 $ 213.00                       $ 74.75
Louisiana                $ 225.00                       $ 75.75
Mississippi              $ 207.00                       $ 75.75
N Carolina               $ 202.50                       $ 74.75
S. Carolina              $ 222.50                       $ 74.75
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 74.75


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package C

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 209.00                       $ 77.25
Florida                  $ 196.00                       $ 74.75
Georgia                  $ 198.25                       $ 74.75
Kentucky                 $ 213.00                       $ 74.75
Louisiana                $ 225.00                       $ 75.75
Mississippi              $ 207.00                       $ 75.75
N Carolina               $ 202.50                       $ 74.75
S. Carolina              $ 222.50                       $ 74.75
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 74.75


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package D

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 224.00                       $ 90.75
Florida                  $ 211.00                       $ 88.25
Georgia                  $ 213.25                       $ 88.25
Kentucky                 $ 228.00                       $ 88.25
Louisiana                $ 240.00                       $ 89.25
Mississippi              $ 222.00                       $ 89.25
N Carolina               $ 217.50                       $ 86.75
S. Carolina              $ 237.50                       $ 88.25
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 88.25


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package E

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 230.00                       $ 97.75
Florida                  $ 217.00                       $ 95.25
Georgia                  $ 219.25                       $ 95.25
Kentucky                 $ 234.00                       $ 95.25
Louisiana                $ 246.00                       $ 96.25
Mississippi              $ 228.00                       $ 96.25
N Carolina               $ 223.50                       $ 93.75
S. Carolina              $ 243.50                       $ 95.25
Tennessee                $  64.50                       $ 95.25


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package F

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 234.00                       $ 101.25
Florida                  $ 221.00                       $  98.75
Georgia                  $ 223.25                       $  98.75
Kentucky                 $ 238.00                       $  98.75
Louisiana                $ 250.00                       $  99.75
Mississippi              $ 232.00                       $  99.75
N Carolina               $ 227.50                       $  97.25
S. Carolina              $ 247.50                       $  98.75
Tennessee                $  68.50                       $  98.75


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package G

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 223.00                       $ 95.00
Florida                  $ 210.00                       $ 95.00
Georgia                  $ 212.25                       $ 95.00
Kentucky                 $ 227.00                       $ 95.00
Louisiana                $ 239.00                       $ 96.00
Mississippi              $ 221.00                       $ 96.00
N Carolina               $ 216.50                       $ 95.00
S. Carolina              $ 236.50                       $ 95.00
Tennessee                $  62.50                       $ 95.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package H

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 227.00                       $ 98.50
Florida                  $ 214.00                       $ 98.50
Georgia                  $ 216.25                       $ 98.50
Kentucky                 $ 231.00                       $ 98.50
Louisiana                $ 243.00                       $ 99.50
Mississippi              $ 225.00                       $ 99.50
N Carolina               $ 220.50                       $ 98.50
S. Carolina              $ 240.50                       $ 98.50
Tennessee                $  66.50                       $ 98.50


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package I

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 219.00                       $ 91.00
Florida                  $ 206.00                       $ 91.00
Georgia                  $ 208.25                       $ 91.00
Kentucky                 $ 223.00                       $ 91.00
Louisiana                $ 235.00                       $ 92.00
Mississippi              $ 217.00                       $ 92.00
N Carolina               $ 212.50                       $ 91.00
S. Carolina              $ 232.50                       $ 91.00
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 91.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package J

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 219.00                       $ 91.00
Florida                  $ 206.00                       $ 91.00
Georgia                  $ 208.25                       $ 91.00
Kentucky                 $ 223.00                       $ 91.00
Louisiana                $ 235.00                       $ 92.00
Mississippi              $ 217.00                       $ 92.00
N Carolina               $ 212.50                       $ 91.00
S. Carolina              $ 232.50                       $ 91.00
Tennessee                $  58.50        !              $ 91.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package K

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 225.00                       $ 98.00
Florida                  $ 212.00                       $ 98.00
Georgia                  $ 214.25                       $ 98.00
Kentucky                 $ 229.00                       $ 98.00
Louisiana                $ 241.00                       $ 99.00
Mississippi              $ 223.00                       $ 99.00
N Carolina               $ 218.50                       $ 98.00
S. Carolina              $ 238.50                       $ 98.00
Tennessee                $  64.50                       $ 98.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package L

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 231.00                       $ 104.50
Florida                  $ 218.00                       $ 104.50
Georgia                  $ 220.25                       $ 104.50
Kentucky                 $ 235.00                       $ 104.50
Louisiana                $ 247.00                       $ 105.50
Mississippi              $ 229.00                       $ 105.50
N Carolina               $ 224.50                       $ 104.50
S. Carolina              $ 244.50                       $ 104.50
Tennessee                $  70.50                       $ 104.50


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package M

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 219.00                       $ 91.00
Florida                  $ 206.00                       $ 91.00
Georgia                  $ 208.25                       $ 91.00
Kentucky                 $ 223.00                       $ 91.00
Louisiana                $ 235.00                       $ 92.00
Mississippi              $ 217.00                       $ 92.00
N Carolina               $ 212.50                       $ 91.00
S. Carolina              $ 232.50                       $ 91.00
Tennessee                $  58.50                       $ 91.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package N

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 240.00                       $ 111.50
Florida                  $ 227.00                       $ 111.50
Georgia                  $ 229.25                       $ 111.50
Kentucky                 $ 244.00                       $ 111.50
Louisiana                $ 256.00                       $ 112.50
Mississippi              $ 238.00                       $ 112.50
N Carolina               $ 233.50                       $ 110.00
S. Carolina              $ 253.50                       $ 111.50
Tennessee                $  64.50                       $ 111.50


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package O

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 244.00                       $ 115.00
Florida                  $ 231.00                       $ 115.00
Georgia                  $ 233.25                       $ 115.00
Kentucky                 $ 248.00                       $ 115.00
Louisiana                $ 260.00                       $ 116.00
Mississippi              $ 242.00                       $ 116.00
N Carolina               $ 237.50                       $ 113.50
S. Carolina              $ 257.50                       $ 115.00
Tennessee                $  68.50                       $ 115.00


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package P

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 246.00                       $ 118.50
Florida                  $ 233.00                       $ 118.50
Georgia                  $ 235.25                       $ 118.50
Kentucky                 $ 250.00                       $ 118.50
Louisiana                $ 262.00                       $ 119.50
Mississippi              $ 244.00                       $ 119.50
N Carolina               $ 239.50                       $ 117.00
S. Carolina              $ 259.50                       $ 118.50
Tennessee                $  70.50                       $ 118.50


ISDN Individual Business Line Rates for Capability Package Q

STATE               Installation Charge       Recurring Monthly Charge

Alabama                  $ 254.00                       $ 125.50
Florida                  $ 241.00                       $ 125.50
Georgia                  $ 243.25                       $ 125.50
Kentucky                 $ 258.00                       $ 125.50
Louisiana                $ 270.00                       $ 126.50
Mississippi              $ 252.00                       $ 126.50
N Carolina               $ 247.50                       $ 124.00
S. Carolina              $ 267.50                       $ 125.50
Tennessee                $  78.50                       $ 125.50


            A T T E N T I O N-A T T E N T I O N-A T T E N T I O N

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Folks, the FARGO Primera Pro has GOT to be the best yet.  Its far superior to
the newest of Color Laser Printers selling for more than three times as much.
Its  said  that ONE Picture is worth a thousand words.  Send for this  sample
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Server Benchmarks STR InfoFile

                                      
                        H A Y N E S  &  C O M P A N Y
                                      
                                      
                              SHILOH CONSULTING
                                      
                                      
      Performance Benchmark Tests of Microsoft and NetScape Web Servers
     Responding to HTML, API, and CGI Requests and Running on Windows NT
                                February 1996
                                 Version 1.0

This document summarizes tests conducted by Shiloh Consulting and Haynes &
Company to measure the throughput, connections per second, response time, and
error rate of two Web servers processing client requests for HTML,
proprietary APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) and standard CGI
(Common Gateway Interface). The tests were run at Shiloh Consulting between
January 24 and February 5, 1996

Executive Summary
This testing demonstrates that the Microsoft Internet Information Server
(IIS) overwhelmingly outperforms the Windows NT version of the NetScape
NetSite server when both are running straight HTML. The Internet Information
Server substantially outperforms the NetScape server when each server is
running its respective proprietary API. (See Figures 1 and 2 below for
comparisons of throughput and connections per second.) The Microsoft
performance advantage increases consistently as the number of clients making
requests increases.

As should be expected, server performance is virtually equal when 100% of
requests are for standard CGI. In the case of 100% CGI, both servers are
spending the majority of their time running the identical CGI code. The
Internet Information Server proprietary API (ISAPI) is roughly five times as
fast as CGI while the NetSite API (NSAPI) is roughly twice as fast as CGI.

                                  Figure 1


                                  Figure 2

Even when the Internet Information Server is handling many more requests than
NetSite, the Average Response Time for IIS to handle each request is
approximately one quarter that of NetSite for straight HTML and one third as
great for 100% API requests.


                                  Figure 3

The error rates for both servers were zero in all straight HTML and
proprietary API tests. NetScape had errors in some CGI tests while Microsoft
had no errors.

The network did not constrain performance in any of the tests. The tests were
run over a 100 megabit network and the NT Performance Monitor reported that
network utilization never exceeded 16%.

Where Web site managers running Windows NT wish to minimize hardware costs,
allow a comfortable margin for peak loads, and provide the maximum room for
growth, they will find the Microsoft Internet Information Server superior to
the NetScape NetSite server in achieving these goals.

Test Philosophy and Methodology

The benchmark tests used the WebStone release version 1.1 server benchmark to
measure the differences in Web server software performance across workloads
that exercised HTML, CGI, and API scripts on the servers. The tests used
WebStone to measure throughput, connections per second, error rate, and
response time (also referred to as latency). CPU utilization and network
utilization were simultaneously measured for the same test runs using the
Windows NT Performance Monitor.

WebStone is widely recognized to be the current industry standard for
measuring Web server performance. It runs exclusively on clients, makes all
measurements from the point of view of the clients, and is independent of the
server software. Thus WebStone is suitable for testing the performance of any
and all Web servers, regardless of architecture, and for testing all
combinations of Web server, operating system, network operating system, and
hardware. It was developed by Silicon Graphics and is freely available to
anyone on the SGI Web server.

The WebStone software, controlled by a program called WebMASTER, runs on one
of the client workstations but uses no test network or server resources while
the test is running and places only a minimal burden on each client.

Each WebStone client is able to launch a number of children (called
"Webchildren"), depending on how the system load is configured. Each of the
Webchildren simulates a Web client and requests information from the server
based on a configured file load. The tests conducted for this report used
four workstations to run the client software. Each workstation simulated the
same number of clients with an identical set of requests coming from each
workstation.

The tests for straight HTML performance were all run using the same request
load (100% identical requests for a small HTML file) and using eight
different client loads (16, 32, 48, 64, 80, 96, 112, and 128 clients). The
requests were generated from the filelist.ss file which is incorporated
within WebStone.

The API and CGI tests were run at three request loads (light, medium, and
heavy) for each of the eight client configurations. The load points mixed the
proportion of client requests between dynamic HTML requests (requiring a call
to a CGI or API routine) and static requests for a HTML document as shown in
the table that is shown below:

                Proportion of Client Requests                    
                    HTML                 CGI or NSAPI
Light               75%                    25%
Medium              58%                    42%
Heavy                 0%                 100%

The files which generate these proportions of static and dynamic requests are
incorporated into the WebStone release 1.1 software under the following
names:

filelist.dynamic-light
filelist dynamic-medium
filelist.dynamic-heavy

In some cases it was necessary to make minor modifications to the files to
accommodate the proprietary nature of the APIs but the contents of the files
(the requests themselves) were the same for all servers.

WebStone was set up to run all tests for a given server at a given load point
back-to-back, without human intervention. WebStone stepped the number of
clients through the eight pre-set levels, running the test at each level for
five minutes and reporting the results of each test to a file at the end of
the test run. Selected tests run with heavy request loads and 128 clients
were run three times to assure the reproducibility of the results. Results of
these repeated tests varied by no more than a few percent.

Log files were cleared and the Web server that was under test at that time
was restarted after each test as each request load level was completed.

Test Configuration

The Web servers tested were the Microsoft Internet Information Server Version
3.51 release candidate and the NetScape NetSite Communications Server 1.12.

All Web servers tested were run on the same identically configured:

Hewlett-Packard NetServer LS servers:
    Intel Pentium CPU running at 133 MHz
    1 megabyte L2 Cache
    32 megabytes of RAM
    Two 1 gigabyte Hard disk drives
    Digital Tulip 100 megabit Ethernet Card
    Windows NT Server, version 3.51, with Service Pack 3 installed

At Microsoft's direction, the Listen Backlog parameter in Windows NT was
changed to 150 from the default of 16 when run in conjunction with the
Internet Information Server. We understand that this parameter has no
relevance to NetSite. Based on earlier discussions with NetScape the minimum
number of processes in Windows NT was changed from 16 to 32 and the maximum
was changed from 32 to 64 to optimize performance.

Since all Web servers accessed the same test files and the files were cached
in memory, possible fragmentation of the files on the server disk was not a
factor in the results.

WebStone clients ran on four Silicon Graphics (SGI) Indy workstations with 32
megabytes of RAM running SGI IRIX Release 5.3. The workstations ran on a MIPS
R4600 processor at 100 MHz. Each workstation was connected to a WaveSwitch
100 Fast Ethernet switch using the workstation's internal 10Base-T adapter.
The server was connected to the switch using a DEC PCI Fast Ethernet adapter
running at 100 megabits per second. (See Figure 4.)


                              Figure 4 Test LAN

WebMASTER communicated over the same test network but carried no traffic
during the test runs. A Domain Name Service (DNS) was installed on Web client
#1 and was accessed once at the beginning of each test run.

Test Results

Each of the following tables presents the results of testing HTML, CGI, or
API requests at a specific load point (light, medium, or heavy) and shows how
the measurement varied with the number of clients.

         Table 1A Average Throughput (Megabits/Sec) for HTML and CGI
 Request   100% HTML  Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                              CGI       CGI
 Clients   IIS    NS  IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16      11.6  1.90 4.0  2.07  2.3  1.83 1.0  1.0
                       8          8         3    7
   32      13.0  3.35 3.9  2.08  2.2  1.70 0.9  1.0
            1          3          0         6    6
   48      13.2  3.26 3.9  2.10  2.2  1.72 0.9  1.0
            9          7          0         8    7
   64      13.4  3.25 3.8  2.17  2.3  1.78 0.9  1.1
            8          1          0         9    0
   80      13.3  3.11 4.0  2.13  2.3  1.63 0.9  1.0
            8          7          0         8    8
   96      13.6  3.22 3.9  2.19  2.3  1.65 1.0  1.0
            5          7          1         1    2
   112     13.5  3.09 3.9  2.16  2.3  1.64 0.9  1.0
            2          8          6         7    4
   128     13.6  3.28 3.9  2.16  2.4  1.77 1.0  1.0
            0          0          6         1    6
                                      
       Table 1B Average Throughput (Megabits/Sec) for Proprietary APIs
 Request    Light     Medium    Heavy API
  Load       API        API
 Clients   IIS  NS   IIS   NS   IIS   NS
   16      10.  1.9  8.1  2.00  4.96 1.9
            10   7    5               9
   32      10.  3.1  8.5  2.26  4.95 2.1
            80   1    3               6
   48      10.  2.7  8.5  1.73  4.89 1.7
            83   2    2               0
   64      10.  2.5  8.5  1.50  4.95 1.5
            80   0    2               4
   80      10.  2.3  8.3  1.43  4.91 2.0
            92   7    3               5
   96      10.  2.1  8.2  1.46  4.93 1.7
            85   8    8               8
   112     10.  2.2  8.4  1.37  4.95 1.6
            84   7    1               4
   128     11.  2.1  8.3  1.40  5.04 1.5
            00   1    9               8
                                      
(The content of the following tables will be added before the final draft of
the report.)

                    Table 2A & 2B Connections per Second
          Table 2A Average Connections per Second for HTML and CGI
 Request   100% HTML  Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                              CGI       CGI
 Clients   IIS    NS  IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16      216    36   77   38   45    33   22   21
   32      244    64   74   42   44    32   21   20
   48      249    62   74   40   44    33   21   20
   64      253    59   75   40   44    32   21   20
   80      253    59   76   40   45    31   21   21
   96      255    59   76   40   46    31   21   20
   112     254    58   75   41   46    32   21   20
   128     255    59   74   40   47    33   21   19

                                      
            Table 2B Connections per Second for Proprietary APIs
 Request    Light     Medium    Heavy API
  Load       API        API
 Clients   IIS  NS   IIS   NS   IIS   NS
   16      187  36   154   36    95   36
   32      202  58   159   42    93   40
   48      203  50   159   32    95   34
   64      203  47   159   30    94   31
   80      203  45   159   28    95   38
   96      203  43   158   28    94   34
   112     203  41   158   27    94   31
   128     203  41   157   27    91   29
                       Table 3A & 3B Errors per Second
          Table 3A Average Response Time for HTML and CGI (Seconds)
 Request   100% HTML  Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                              CGI       CGI
 Clients   IIS    NS  IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16      .07   .45  .21  .42   .35  .48  .73  .77
   32      .13   .50  .43  .77   .72  1.01 1.5  1.5
                                            1    8
   48      .19   .77  .65  1.19  1.0  1.45 2.3  2.3
                                  8         0    7
   64      .25   1.08 .85  1.59  1.4  2.00 3.0  3.1
                                  4         3    1
   80      .31   1.36 1.0  1.98  1.7  2.56 3.7  3.8
                       6          8         5    6
   96      .38   1.62 1.2  2.38  2.1  3.08 4.5  4.8
                       7          2         7    6
   112     .44   1.90 1.5  2.75  2.4  3.50 5.2  5.5
                       0          3         0    5
   128     .50   2.16 1.7  3.16  2.7  3.80 6.0  6.5
                       3          2         4    2
                                      
        Table 3B Average Response Time for Proprietary APIs (Seconds)
 Request    Light     Medium    Heavy API
  Load       API        API
 Clients   IIS  NS   IIS   NS   IIS   NS
   16      .09  .44  .10  .44   .17  .44
   32      .16  .55  .20  .76   .34  .79
   48      .24  .97  .30  1.50  .50  1.4
                                      3
   64      .31  1.3  .40  2.14  .68  2.0
                 6                    9
   80      .39  1.7  .50  2.83  .84  2.0
                 8                    8
   96      .47  2.2  .61  3.42  1.02 2.8
                 2                    0
   112     .55  2.7  .71  4.10  1.19 3.5
                 0                    8
   128     .63  3.1  .81  4.77  1.40 4.5
                 2                    1
                            Table 4 Response Time
               Table 4 Error Rate for CGI (Errors per Second)
 Request   Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                  CGI        CGI
 Clients   IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16      .00  .000  .00  .003 .00  .00
            0          0         0    7
   32      .00  .003  .00  .000 .00  .00
            0          0         0    7
   48      .00  .000  .00  .017 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
   64      .00  .000  .00  .003 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
   80      .00  .000  .00  .003 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
   96      .00  .000  .00  .000 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
   112     .00  .000  .00  .007 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
   128     .00  .000  .00  .007 .00  .00
            0          0         0    0
(No errors were reported for either server while running HTML or proprietary
APIs.)

                        Table 5A & 5B CPU Utilization
             Table 5A CPU Utilization for HTML and CGI (Percent)
 Request   100% HTML  Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                              CGI       CGI
 Clients   IIS    NS  IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16       80    30  100   68   100   91  100  100
   32       92    86  100  100   100  100  100  100
   48       95    98  100  100   100  100  100  100
   64       96   100  100  100   100  100  100  100
   80       96   100  100  100   100  100  100  100
   96       96   100  100  100   100  100  100  100
   112      98   100  100  100   100  100  100  100
   128      98   100  100  100   100  100  100  100

           Table 5B CPU Utilization for Proprietary APIs (Percent)
 Request    Light     Medium    Heavy API
  Load       API        API
 Clients   IIS  NS   IIS   NS   IIS   NS
   16       93  37   100   66   100   65
   32       97  90   100   95   100   99
   48      100  100  100   98   100  100
   64      100  100  100   97   100  100
   80      100  100  100   95   100  100
   96      100  100  100   94   100  100
   112     100  100  100   96   100  100
   128     100  100  100   95   100  100
                      Table 6A & 6B Network Utilization
           Table 6A Network Utilization for HTML and CGI (Percent)
 Request   100% HTML  Light CGI   Medium     Heavy
  Load                              CGI       CGI
 Clients   IIS    NS  IIS   NS   IIS   NS  IIS   NS
   16       14    2    5    2     2    2    1    1
   32       15    4    5    3     2    2    1    1
   48       15    4    5    3     2    2    1    1
   64       16    4    5    3     3    2    1    1
   80       16    4    5    3     3    2    1    1
   96       16    4    5    3     3    2    1    1
   112      16    4    5    3     3    2    1    1
   128      16    4    5    3     3    2    1    1
                                      
         Table 6B Network Utilization for Proprietary APIs (Percent)
 Request    Light     Medium    Heavy API
  Load       API        API
 Clients   IIS  NS   IIS   NS   IIS   NS
   16       12   3   10    2     6    2
   32       12   3   10    3     6    3
   48       13   3   10    2     6    2
   64       13   3   10    2     6    2
   80       13   3   10    2     6    3
   96       13   3   10    2     6    2
   112      13   3   10    2     6    2
   128      13   3   10    2     6    2

Testing and Report Certification

This report is written by Shiloh Consulting and Haynes & Company based upon
testing which they conducted between January 24 and February 6, 1996 at the
offices of Shiloh Consulting. The testers believe that the relative
performance of the tested Web servers is projectable to real world
environments-where the specific client requests made, the demand on the
server and the network, and the number of clients vary over time.

Shiloh Consulting is an independent network consulting company. Shiloh is led
by Robert Buchanan who has over twenty years experience in product
development and testing for ROLM Corporation and 3Com Corporation. From 1990
to 1994, Mr. Buchanan ran the testing and operations of LANQuest, a leading
network product testing laboratory. Recently he completed a new book, The Art-
of-Testing Network Systems, which will be published by John Wiley & Sons in
April, 1996.

Haynes & Company (http://www.haynes.com) provides business planning and
program management for high tech companies. Past clients include Oracle,
Qualcomm, 3Com, Interlink Computer Sciences, Artisoft, and NetScape. Ted
Haynes of Haynes & Company was a contemporary of Bob Buchanan at both ROLM
and 3Com. He is the author of The Electronic Commerce Dictionary and has
spoken on commerce over the Internet at the RSA Data Security Conference.

Every effort has been made to insure that the results described are fair and
accurate. This report may be reproduced and distributed, as long as no part
of this report is omitted or altered. All trademarks in this report are the
property of their respective companies.


EDUPAGE STR Focus    Keeping the users informed

                                   Edupage



                                      
                         DEEP BLUE FALLS TO KASPAROV
World chess champion Garry Kasparov has won the six-game match against the
IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue.   Counting tie games as a half point
each, the final score was Kasparov 4, Deep Blue 2.  Kasparov will receive
$400,000  for winning the match;  the IBM team representing Deep Blue says it
will put its $100,000 loser's award into more  research.  (Atlanta Journal-
Constitution 18 Feb 96 A1)

                CLINTON CHAMPIONS COMPUTERS IN THE CLASSROOM
President Clinton has proposed a $2 billion federal matching-grant program to
help local communities put computers in  their classrooms.  The "challenge
grants" would hinge on communities' ability to enlist the support of local
businesses in  the venture.  Meanwhile, Microsoft and MCI Communications have
said they would work together to help K-12 schools  set up Web sites and
advertise them in conjunction with Microsoft's Global Schoolhouse.  (Wall
Street Journal 16 Feb 96 B2)

                INJUNCTION BLOCKING INTERNET "INDECENCY" LAW
Federal Judge Ronald L. Buckwalter has temporarily blocked enforcement of the
new Communications Decency Act,  which makes it a felony to use computer
networks accessible by minors to transmit "indecent" material.  His ruling
stated  that the term "indecent" was unconstitutionally vague and would
"leave reasonable people perplexed in evaluating what is  or what is not
prohibited in this statute."  A three-judge federal panel will now review the
constitutionality of the Act, and  any subsequent appeals will be placed on a
fast track to the U.S. Supreme Court.  (New York Times 16 Feb 96 A1) For  the
text of the decision see: www.epic.org/free_speech/censorship/lawsuit/

               HIGHER ED GROUPS EYE ELECTRONIC COPYRIGHT BILL
Representatives from higher education associations testified last week before
a House subcommittee, urging lawmakers  not to pass new electronic copyright
rules before their impact on colleges and universities can be assessed.  At
issue is a  revised definition of "fair use" of copyrighted digital materials
that threatens to eliminate or severely restrict online interlibrary loans,
and would also prevent professors from using such materials as part of their
courses.  (Chronicle of  Higher Education 16 Feb 96 A26)

                  SEGA WILL ADD BROWSER TO GAMING EQUIPMENT
Sega Enterprises plans to add equipment to its Saturn video game console that
will enable consumers to browse the  Internet on their TV set.  The entire
package would cost between $100 and $150 more than the current $299 Saturn
price tag.  (Investor's Business Daily 16 Feb 96 A30)

                     INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT CONFERENCE
Under the auspices of the Geneva-based World Intellectual Property
Organization, a conference will be held next  December to initial an
agreement that would extend copyright protection under the Berne convention
to material  transmitted over the Internet and other computer networks.  One
European negotiator in preliminary discussions on the  issues says:  "The
development of the global information superhighway depends on film companies,
directors, authors  and performers being willing to put their work into the
system.  They need sufficient protection and sufficient rights to get a
sufficient return, and some guarantees that there aren't great leaks in the
pipe."  (Financial Times 14 Feb 96 p7)

                    DVD PROPONENTS MEET THE CD-ROM FACTOR
While video entertainment companies are hashing out the details of the
digital videodisc technology, computer makers are  marshaling forces to make
their wishes known before it's too late.  The two competing video camps
agreed in December  on a "Digital Versatile Disc" format that incorporates
aspects of both the Sony-Philips and the Toshiba-Time Warner  designs.  A
"technical working group" that includes big names such as Apple, IBM, Compaq,
Hewlett-Packard and  Microsoft now wants to ensure that any future DVD format
will also be compatible with a new generation of high- capacity CD-ROM discs
and drives.  They're proposing a tentative DVD-ROM format that would
accommodate the  content of multiple CD-ROM discs on one silver platter.
(Popular Science Feb 96 p58)

               FUJITSU SINKS $50 MILLION IN U.S. PC OPERATION
Fujitsu Ltd., Japan's biggest computer maker and second in the world behind
IBM, has invested $50 million to create a  U.S. operation for making and
marketing PCs.  Based in Milpitas, Calif., Fujitsu PC Corp. will focus
initially on high- end laptops with communications features geared toward
traveling executives.  (Investor's Business Daily 16 Feb 96 A30)

                        APPLE WON'T HAVE HUGE LAYOFFS
Reiterating that Apple is no longer in merger talks with other corporations,
new CEO Gil Amelio says his company will  straighten its business strategy
quickly and without having to make the huge layoffs that industry analysts
had forecast.  (New York Times 17 Feb 96 p23)

                     EDUCATION IS KEY TO HOME PC MARKET
An American Learning Household Survey says that over 80% of intended family
household PC buyers in its study cited  children's education as the primary
reason for purchase, relegating work-at-home and home financial applications
to a  distant 40% level.  The survey also found that children's use of the PC
is shifting away from games and toward more  complex uses of the computer as
an information access tool.  Info:  peter@grunwald.com.  (The Red Herring Dec
95)

                        HOW WILL THE COOKIE CRUMBLE?
In our issue of 15 Feb 96 we cited a story from Wall Street Journal about a
Netscape feature called Cookies, which  allows merchants to track what
customers do in their online storefronts and how much time they spend there.
Financial  Times columnist Tim Jackson tells Edupage: "The Journal story is
wrong, according to Netscape.  They maintain that  they have made no firm
decision to insert a feature allowing users to disable cookies if they wish;
they will only do so, they say, if their customers demand it.  But since
Netscape have taken no steps to correct the Journal story, and no steps  to
publicize the issue, it seems that they're happy for the misunderstanding to
continue because that will then allow them  to make no changes."  (Personal
Correspondence 18 Feb 96)

           APPLE SAYS IT HAS A COMPUTER FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD
New Apple CEO Gil Amelio says the company is now targeting parts of the world
that have not yet entered the computer  age:  "The battle has just begun.  We
live in a world where only about half the people alive today have ever used a
telephone let alone used a computer.  There is an enormous untapped market."
As part of the strategy Apple is licensing  its Mac/OS operating system to
Motorola, which will be allowed to sublicense the system and to market a Mac-
based  system in China, through a joint venture between a Motorola subsidiary
in China and the Panda Electronics Group in that
country.  (New York Times 20 Feb 96 C2)

                     IBM SERVES UP AN INTERNET STRATEGY
IBM has developed new software that will transform its mainframe,
minicomputers and computer workstations into Web  servers, allowing large
companies that have mountains of data stored on corporate mainframes the
option of making that  information directly accessible to customers on the
Web.  The move also eliminates the difficulties of bridging  incompatible
systems, making the Web a common platform for information transfer.  "It
breaks down all the complex  barriers that existed in the computing world,"
says the president of a computer consulting company.  (Wall Street Journal
20 Feb 96 A3)

              MICROSOFT REORGANIZATION EMPHASIZES INTERACTIVITY
Microsoft is reorganizing to create an Interactive Media Division to
concentrate both on the Internet market and the  market for interactive
multimedia products designed for the new digital video disk systems, which
will include interactive  full-motion video.  The division will include
Microsoft Network, games, children's products, and Microsoft's  information
businesses.  (New York Times 20 Feb 96 C1)

                          CREDIT CARD SCARE TACTICS
Sending your credit card information over the Internet is really no big deal,
says Simson Garfinkel, author of a book on  Pretty Good Privacy encryption
software.  "The whole thing about encryption over the Internet is that it's
not to protect  the customer -- it's to protect the credit-card companies.
By law, if there is no signature, the customer is liable for nothing.  If
there's a signature, they're liable for $50.  The reason the credit-card
companies want cryptography is to  limit their own liability.  It has nothing
to do with protecting the consumer."  And although Netscape Navigator sends a
stern message each time a user attempts to send information over the Web,
Garfinkel labels the warning just another scare  tactic:  "Netscape Navigator
is printing those messages because they're trying to sell encrypted servers.
It's an ad.  It  doesn't look like an ad, but it is."  (Tampa Tribune 19 Feb
96 B&F3)

                     BANYAN SPONSORS E-MAIL SWITCHBOARD
Banyan Systems is offering a new service on the Web -- a directory of e-mail
addresses and other information for 93  million people and 11 million
businesses worldwide.  Switchboard includes a feature similar to Caller ID,
that alerts a  listed person whenever someone asks for that person's address,
and allows them to decide whether to allow that  information to be given out.
The service also features public key certificates for secure communications
between users.  < http://www.switchboard.com >  (Information Week 12 Feb 96
p24)

                      INTERNET APPLIANCE DEBUTS IN U.K.
Philips Electronics NV already has a cheap Internet appliance on the shelves
in the U.K.  Its CD-Online device consists  of a disc, cable and modem that
work with Philips' CD player to link to the Internet via a Philips online
service.  Philips  plans to roll out the service in the U.S. this year, and
Europe sometime thereafter.  (Investor's Business Daily 20 Feb 96 A12)

                JUSTICE ASKED TO LOOK INTO MICROSOFT GIVEAWAY
Internet Factory Inc., a small California software company that markets an
Internet server program, has asked the U.S.  Justice Department to
investigate Microsoft's plans to give away its new Internet Information
Server software as part of  its Windows NT program.  Sales apparently "went
dead" for Internet Factory after Microsoft announced its bundling  strategy.
(Wall Street Journal 20 Feb 96 A4)

                    ONLINE SERVICES TO PEAK IN TWO YEARS?
A new study by Forrester Research predicts that the popularity of commercial
online services such as America Online and  CompuServe will peak by 1998,
with a total of 16 million subscribers.  That number will drop to about 15
million the  following year, and will continue to fall as more businesses
migrate to the Internet.  Companies that pursue the strategy  of offering
Internet services directly, such as AT&T, MCI and Microsoft, will likely reap
the benefits.  (Investor's  Business Daily 20 Feb 96 A13)

                             EUROPE BACKS V-CHIP
The European Parliament has followed the lead of the United States in
supporting the use of Canadian-developed V-chip  technology that allows
parents to screen violent or adult content from their televisions.  (Montreal
Gazette 20 Feb 96 C7)

                         DEBIT-CARDS AND SMART CARDS
The number of debit card transactions in Canada more than doubled in 1995
from 1994, according to electronic banking  network Interac.  Last year,
there were 390-million purchases made with the cards, compared with 185-
million a year  earlier. (Toronto Financial Post 16 Feb 96 p7)  In Atlanta,
BellSouth says that prior to this year's Summer Olympics it  will install 200
phones that accept "smart cards" that store monetary values from which the
cost of telephone calls can be  automatically deducted.  Someday soon,
consumers will be able to use the phones like an automated teller machine --
withdrawing money from a bank or credit card account and storing it on a
smart card.  (Atlanta Journal-Constitution 20 Feb 96 E1)

                             PROGRAMMERS NEEDED
The Software Human Resources Council says Canada faces a disturbing shortage
of programmers and predicts an overall  shortage of 20,000 workers by 1999.
(Ottawa Citizen 20 Feb 96 C1)

                      "ESCAPE VELOCITY" OF CYBERCULTURE
The New York Times says that Mark Dery's new book "Escape Velocity:
Cyberculture at the End of the Century" is  written with considerable
knowledge and authority about such bizarre subcultures as the avant-garde
roboticists,  cyberpunk novelists, virtual reality designers, "body art"
performance artists, "cyber hippies" and "technopagans."   Although the book
uses the critical theories of Bataille, Foucault, Baudrillard and McLuhan,
the newspaper describes the  author's writing style as "happily, sometimes
even exuberantly nonpedantic."  Dery has appeared several times in the  pages
of Educom Review.  (New York Times 20 Feb 96 B2)

            COMPAQ PLANS TO PARE DOWN APPLE'S SLICE OF ED MARKET
Compaq Computer is going after the education market, targeting an area
dominated for years by Apple Computer, and  has hired a former Apple manager
to help it.  Currently, about 7% of schools surveyed by Quality Education
Data say  they plan to buy Compaqs, while 61% say they intend to buy
computers from Apple.  Many schools are gearing up to  replace older Apple
models, and Compaq thinks it has a good chance of garnering some of those
sales, building on its  strong sales of servers to schools that are
networking their computers and buildings.  (Wall Street Journal 21 Feb 96 B6)

                       MICROSOFT SHIFTS SOFTWARE FOCUS
The management structure of its software operations, which had previously
been organized by customer grouping  (Business, Consumer, Personal Systems,
and Developers), is being reorganized into three industry-specific divisions:
Desktop & Business Systems Division;  Internet Platform & Tools Division;
and Consumer Platforms Division.  (New York Times 21 Feb 96 C3)

                        TCI ZEROES IN ON THE INTERNET
Tele-Communications Inc. has created TCI Internet Services to better
capitalize on online business opportunities.  The company is currently
testing its @Home high-speed Internet access service using cable modems, and
the latest move  underscores TCI's interest in online activities by boosting
the Internet division to an autonomous unit.  "We expect high- speed Internet
services delivered over our cable systems to be a very significant new
business for TCI," says the  company's president/CEO.  (Broadcasting & Cable
19 Feb 96 p60)

             H&R BLOCK AND SEARS END THEIR INTERNET LOVE AFFAIRS
H&R Block, the tax-preparation company, is spinning off its online
subsidiary, CompuServe as a new public company,  saying:  "The separation of
CompuServe will unlock the value we have created through both of these strong
franchises  and will better position each entity to growth opportunities in
their respective markets."  (New York Times 21 Feb 96) ...Meanwhile, Sears
Roebuck & Co. will sell its 50% stake in Prodigy, which it owns in
partnership with IBM.  "We  have concluded that this investment does not
represent an asset that should be part of our portfolio over the long term,"
says Sears' CEO.  IBM is considering whether to buy Sears' 50% or divest its
own share of the venture.  (Wall Street Journal 22 Feb 96 A3)

                  CUC ACQUIRING DAVIDSON AND SIERRA ON-LINE
CUC International Inc., a technology-based retail and membership services
company, is spending $1.7 billion to purchase  consumer software makers
Davidson & Associates and Sierra On-Line Inc.  "Our goal is to be the
nation's leader in  content across all areas of consumer spending in the
electronic marketplace," says CUC's CEO.  (Investor's Business  Daily 21 Feb
96 A5)

                 ELECTRONIC WALLET FROM ORACLE AND VERIFONE
Oracle, which specializes in database software, and Verifone, which
specializes in credit card verification systems, have  formed an alliance
that will allow customers using "electronic wallets" built into Internet
browser software to access a full  range of financial transaction methods,
including credit and debit cards, smart cards and electronic cash.  The
companies call it an "end-to-end" system for secure electronic commerce on
the Internet.  (Financial Times 22 Feb 96 p16)

                      FCC PONDERS ENHANCED 911 SERVICE
The Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association and public safety groups
are asking the FCC to approve Enhanced  911 service for cell phones that
would allow operators to quickly pinpoint the origin of the call and send
help.  In its  initial stages, the system would identify only the caller's
cell site, but in five years specific locations would traceable. Two-thirds
of cellular users say safety is one of the reasons they bought their phones.
(Investor's Business Daily 21 Feb 96 A4)

 TAX REVOLT ON THE INFO HIGHWAYWhen officials in Spokane, Wash. thought they
                       could wring some extra revenue
via a 6% tax on Internet providers, they were inundated with e-mail and phone
calls protesting the action.  One firm even  set up a Web site for users to
vent their opposition.  The result was the city council decided to delay the
tax pending  further study, but the Spokane experience is likely to be played
out in cities across the country as local governments look  for new sources
of cash.  (Information Week 12 Feb 96 p10)

                          HOT TECHNOLOGIES FOR '96
First Albany-Meta Technology has drawn up its own list of hot technologies
for the coming year:  data warehousing and  online analytical processing
software; business process reengineering software, client-server network
management  software; object-oriented programming tools; frame relay,
asynchronous transfer mode, and integrated services digital  network
technologies; and of course, anything to do with the Internet.  (Investor's
Business Daily 22 Feb 96 A8)

                            ACORN/APPLE GRAFTING
Acorn and Apple are forming a 50-50 joint venture to supply the U.K.
education market, and will offer Risc OS and  Apple's Mac OS on the same
machines, which will be designed to the Common Hardware Reference Platform
specification agreed on last year by Apple, IBM and Motorola. Risc OS is used
in education, he says, in TV set-top  boxes, and in the forthcoming Internet-
oriented "network computers" that Acorn is designing for Oracle. (The
Guardian 22 Feb 1996)


     Edupage is written by John Gehl (gehl@educom.edu) & Suzanne Douglas
                            (douglas@educom.edu).
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