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Article #579 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
Subject: ST Report: 19-Apr-96 #1216
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa789 - Bruce D. Nelson)
Date: Mon May  6 17:21:46 1996

                            Silicon Times Report

                  The Original Independent OnLine Magazine"
                                (Since 1987)
  April 19, 1996                                                   No. 1216

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 04/19/96 STR 1216  The Original Independent OnLine Magazine!

 - CPU Industry Report   - Amiga Sold Again   - WD EIDE 2.5gb
 - Prodigy Lays Off 115  - CDA Trial Notes    - Thumbs + Review
 - Kid's Corner          - Teen Nails Cracker - WinZip News
 - ZOOP Review           - People Talking     - Primal Rage Review
                      Apple loses $740 million
                      Hayes out of Chapter 11
                       McAfee wants Cheyenne
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Florida Lotto - LottoMan v1.35
Results: 4/13/96: 3 of 6 numbers with 3 matches in 2 plays

>From the Editor's Desk...

     Gotta make it short this week..  Big doing's in Jacksonville this
weekend.  A close friend of the family is getting married.  I can practically
call him a "son" too.  He was at our house more than his own for what seems
like forever.  In any case, "another one bites the dust".  

     Comdex is coming up fast.  The NEW EIDE SUPER Drives (2.5gb) are
starting to hit the marketplace.  (They are fast and present a serious threat
to the low to mid-sized scsi hard drive marketplace.  When one considers the
cost of a 3-10gb scsi hard disk and a fast host adapter, the 2.5gb eide
drives look great.  Especially with the newer, PCI motherboards with high
speed, built-in, eide pci controllers that'll handle four hard drives with
ease.  Imagine 10 gigabytes of high speed storage for around one thousand
dollars.  That is a definite bargain.  Western Digital leads the way with the
new high quality moderately priced Caviar performers.  We have a tear sheet
in this week's issue telling you about them and a very special rebate too.

     This Spring's Comdex is going to be featuring software updates (as
always) and a number of innovative hardware creations.  Stay tuned as we try.
to bring you the very latest  info about the new hardware.  Look for some
very special "motherboards" in the PnP family that do the job.  Ram prices
are dropping as are Pentiums.  The newer, high performance Pentium Pro's are
still up there price wise.  Then again, so is the performance offered by


Of Special Note:

STReport  is now ready to offer much more in the way of serving the Networks,
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regular basis, the file is ZIPPED, then UUENCODED.  Unfortunately, we've also
received  a number of opinions that the UUENCODING was  a real pain  to  deal
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our STR list.

STReport's managing editors

                    Ralph F. Mariano, Publisher - Editor
                  Dana P. Jacobson, Editor, Current Affairs

Section Editors
PC Section                    Mac Section                   Atari Section
R.F. Mariano                  J. Deegan                D. P. Jacobson

Portable Computers & Entertainment                 Kid's Computing Corner
     Marty Mankins                                     Frank Sereno

STReport Staff Editors
Michael Arthur                John Deegan                   Brad Martin
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Doyle Helms                   John Duckworth           Jeff Coe
Steve Keipe                   Guillaume Brasseur            Melanie Bell
Jay Levy                 Jeff Kovach                   Marty Mankins
Carl Prehn                    Paul Charchian                Vincent P. O'Hara
Contributing Correspondents
Dominick J. Fontana           Norman Boucher           Daniel Stidham
David H. Mann                 Angelo Marasco           Donna Lines
Ed Westhusing                 Glenwood Drake           Vernon W.Smith
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Craig Harris                  Allen Chang                   Tim Holt
Patrick Hudlow                Leonard Worzala               Tom Sherwin

       Please submit ALL letters, rebuttals, articles, reviews, etc...
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                           STReport Headline News

                   Weekly Happenings in the Computer World

                        Compiled by: Dana P. Jacobson

                         Witness Describes Net Smut

A government witness has told a federal court that despite special software
designed to block it, some adult-oriented sites on the Internet still are
accessible to children.  However, computer researchers testified the software
to prevent children from finding cybersmut was getting better all the time.
Covering the second round of testimony in the federal appeals court hearing
in Philadelphia on suits challenging the  constitutionality of the new
Communications Decency Act, reporter George Lerner of the Reuter News Service
heard  "sharp divisions over how to shield children" from Net smut.

Albert Vezza, associate director of the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science,
told the judges a standardized rating  system soon will be in place to enable
parents to gauge whether their children should have access to certain types
of  materials.  He said the system, modeled on the ratings applied by the
motion picture industry, also could be applied to  international Internet
sites, which are not affected by the CDA, adding, "With a rating system, the
United States could  rate foreign cites according to U.S. values and foreign
countries could rate U.S. cites according to their own values."

However, Howard Schmidt, supervisory special agent at the Air Force Office of
Special Investigations, said minors with  even a beginner's knowledge of the
Internet could light upon sexually explicit sites, sometimes through
innocuous  searches and that blocking software "could stand some
improvement."  As reported earlier, critics say government  restrictions on
the Internet poses serious first amendment concerns and could preclude the
more effective private initiatives.

Lerner reports the three-judge panel "seemed responsive" to the two
challenges brought separately by the American Civil  Liberties Union and the
American Library Association. For instance, he quoted Judge Stuart Dalzell as
saying Vezza,  "There are enormously powerful market forces that are driving
this (rating process), aren't there?"  Testimony continues  Monday with a
decision expected by June. As noted, however the judges rule, the case was
likely to eventually be taken   up by the U.S. Supreme Court.

                       Clinton Worries About Internet

President Clinton acknowledges he worries the Internet could aid
international terrorism if it makes it too easy for sinister  forces to learn
how to make bombs or produce nerve gas.  Responding to a question today at a
news conference in Tokyo  with Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto,
Clinton said, "Are people learning, for example, from the Internet  how to
make the same sort of trouble in the United States that was made in Japan
with sarin gas? Isn't it a concern that  anybody, anywhere in the world, can
pull down off the Internet the information about how to build a bomb like the
that blew up the federal building in Oklahoma City?"

Reporting for the Reuter News Service, writer Olivier Fabre quotes Clinton as
saying Japan and the United States, both  victims of home-grown terrorism
last year, should learn from each other about how to deal with the issue.
Clinton added  in the next 20 years "every great nation will have to face"
the question of terrorist access to the Internet.  Fabre also  notes the
Southern Poverty Law Center, a group that campaigns for civil rights, said in
a recent report that in the U.S.   anti-government groups are linked "like no
rebel force has ever been" by the Internet and fax.

Meanwhile, says Reuters, a recent magazine report says the Japanese doomsday
cult Aum Shinri Kyo (Supreme Truth  Sect) was able to download from the
Internet a formula for synthesizing green-mamba snake venom.  Cult leader
Shoko  Asahara goes on trial next week charged with the murder of 25 people,
including 11 who died in a sarin nerve gas attack
on the Tokyo subway on March 20, 1995.

                       Teen Tracks Washington Cracker

An Evanston, Illinois, teen-ager is being credited with tracking down a
computer intruder blamed for costing the Seattle,  Washington, library some
$250,000 when he twice shut down the institution's network.  Nineteen-year-
old Tom Ptacek   was called in on the case by his uncle, King County,
Washington, library director Bill Ptacek, after the sabotage of the  Seattle
library's computer system in January and February. It was a natural
assignment for the young man, since he  helped develop the system two years

According to The Associated Press, Ptacek, working from a computer in
Chicago, retraced the intruder's movement into  the library system.  Says AP,
"He tracked the hacker's steps into the library system and discerned that the
culprit gained  access through the Internet connection open to all users. Tom
then scanned the system's computer files until he found the  hacker's
computer nickname. He said he found the teen's handle on an Internet 'chat'
system and deciphered the boy's  Internet address about 10 minutes later.
Police took over the case from there.  During the computer network's outages,
the staff of the library boasting the country's second largest collection had
to scour shelves for books and check them out  by hand. Hundreds of patrons
were unable to dial into the library's system from their home computers to
gain Internet access.

The wire service says the 17-year-old alleged intruder is expected to be
charged with malicious mischief and computer  trespassing, said Dan Donohoe
of the King County prosecutor's office.  Ptacek, who works for a Chicago
company that  sells Internet access to corporations, says the alleged vandal
had established his own file in the system to store the library   software he
was reportedly pirating and posting onto electronic bulletin boards.

He added, "I know a lot of people who break into computers for the technical
challenge but don't remove any files. This  kid is different because he has
no computer ethics. He took the system down on purpose and he cost the
library a lot of  time and money."  Says AP, "Ptacek is not getting any
reward for his role in tracking down the hacker because, he said,  he did it
for his family. Instead, he's counting the experience as a milestone in his
effort to learn everything there is to  learn about computers."

                      Judge Weighs Code as Free Speech

Declining to dismiss a challenge to the government's ban on exporting
formulas that turn computer language into secret  codes, a federal judge has
ruled computer codes are protected under laws guarding freedom of speech.  As
reported, the  federal government generally argues encryption technology is
so sensitive that it is on the U.S. Munitions List and  cannot be sent abroad
-- even via the worldwide Internet -- without a State Department arms export

However, in San Francisco, U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel has ruled
mathematician Daniel Bernstein can try to  prove the ban is too broad and
that it violates his right to communicate with other scientists and
computerists.  According  to Associated Press writer Bob Egelko, Patel ruled
the coded language in which computers and their users communicate  is
protected by freedom of expression, just like use of a foreign language,
mathematical equations or music.

Judge Patel says the government's export regulations for cryptography "appear
to relate to the suppression of free   expression and may reach farther than
is justifiable."  Bernstein, who now is at the University of Chicago,
developed his   encryption program, called Snuffle, and a decryption program
(Unsnuffle) while a graduate student at the University of  California at
Berkeley. Snuffle converts a readable message into a code that can be read
only by using Unsnuffle.

As reported, in another celebrated recent case a federal prosecutor decided
in January not to prosecute Philip  Zimmermann, the author of the encryption
program PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), which is widely used on the Internet.  And
in the only other reported federal ruling on the subject, a federal judge in
Washington, D.C., recently upheld the  export ban.

Lawyer David Banisar with the Electronic Privacy Information Center in
Washington told Egelko, "It's important to  recognize that computerized
information has the same kind of legal protection that printed information
has."  Cindy  Cohn, Bernstein's lawyer, adds free-speech protections require
the government to detail and justify its regulations and  make them subject
to court challenges.

On the other hand, Justice Department lawyer Anthony Coppolino, in arguments
before Patel last October, said a code  whose sole function was to create
secrecy was not entitled to constitutional protection, adding, "We just don't
think that a  functioning commodity that can maintain confidentiality is

The case started in 1993, when the State Department decided Bernstein's
programs and an academic paper he wrote were  military articles that required
licenses to communicate abroad. AP notes Bernstein sued after the department
withdrew  that designation for the academic paper in 1995 but left it in
place for the programs.

                          Apple loses $740 million

CUPERTINO, Calif., April 17 (UPI) -- Struggling personal computer producer
Apple Computer Inc. reported Wednesday it lost $740 million in its second
quarter ended March 29, compared with earnings of $73 million in the
1995period and far wider than its previous forecast of a $700 million loss.
Apple, which released the results after the stock  market closed, reported
sales fell 18 percent to $2.19 billion and that it plans to eliminate 2,800
jobs over the next 12  months in addition to the 1,300 it has already cut.

In another sign of the PC giant's deteriorating condition, Apple disclosed
that its cash on hand has fallen by more than a  third during the past six
months. It announced Wednesday it will refinance some of its loans, simplify
its product line and sell non-core assets.  The revenue decline and layoffs
had been widely expected with industry  trackers waiting for Apple to
disclose specifics as part of the earnings report.

Apple, of Cupertino, Calif., ousted Michael Spindler two months ago as chief
executive officer and replaced him with  Gilbert Amelio, who had headed
National Semiconductor. Amelio disclosed two weeks ago Apple would lose $700
million, with most of the loss used to cover inventory writedowns and the
costs of job cuts.  The report confirms  speculation by analysts that Apple's
problems are far worse than previously thought. The decline in revenues
represents a significant erosion in demand for Macintosh products.

Apple said Wednesday the inventory write-downs amounted to $388 million after
tax and the restructuring charges for job  cuts were $130 million after tax.
Apple also disclosed cash at the end of the quarter totaled $592 million, a
decline of  $360 million since Sept. 30. Accounts receivable shrank to $1.37
billion from $1.93 billion during the same period.   The  company, which was
the focus of takeover rumors before Spindler was ousted, said it will move to
strengthen its cash  position by renewing some short-term loans and by
pursuing additional financing alternatives.

It did not disclose the specifics of those alternatives but the announcement
is certain to spark rumors that Apple will seek  a buyout or investment by a
another player in the industry. Workstation leader Sun Microsystems was
viewed as the most  likely suitor earlier this year with widely reported
talks falling apart over the price of such a deal.  Amelio, who is  Apple's
chairman and chief executive officer, said, "In my first two months at Apple,
I've focused on understanding the  income and balance sheet dynamics of the
company as well as the strategic actions we must take to return quickly to
sustainable profitability."

"With regard to ongoing financial results, it is clear that we need to reduce
fixed costs, simplify our product lines and  streamline our business
systems," he said. "Over the next 12 months, Apple will implement actions in
these areas  including increased outsourcing of various operational
functions, liquidation of certain assets, and reductions in total headcount
of around 2,800 over the next 12 months."   Amelio said Apple's strategic
direction will be designed to focus  on the ongoing convergence of computers
and communications.

"We will focus the energies of the company on migrating to an Internet-based
computing architecture while retaining the  characteristic ease-of-use for
which the company is so well known," he said.   "Despite the obvious
disappointment in the  company's current financial performance, I want to
reaffirm my strong belief that the foundations of our business are  sound,"
he said, citing strong market positions in Internet software, its flagship
Macintosh line, its Newton hand-held computers and its loyal customer base.

                        Apple Posts $740 Million Loss

Apple Computer Inc. is more than doubling the size of previously indicated
layoffs as it posts a record $740 million loss  in the fiscal second quarter.
"In the face of a worsening cash situation," writes reporter Jim Carlton in
The Wall Street  Journal this morning, Apple's loss for the period ended
March 29 was $40 million wider than officials had predicted in a  warning to
analysts last month.

The Journal says:

    The $5.99-a-share loss compares with year-earlier profit of $73 million,
  or 59 cents a share.
    Revenue fell 18 percent to $2.19 billion from $2.65 billion a year ago.
    Gross profit margins dropped to 9 percent from 15 percent in the quarter
  ended in December. The computer maker's profit margins had hovered at 50
  percent about five years ago.

Nonetheless, the Journal found analysts unalarmed by the wider-than-expected
loss because they had expected new CEO  Gilbert F. Amelio "to essentially
write off this quarter in anticipation of improvements." The paper says more
than half  of the quarterly loss -- $388 million -- went toward write-down of
inventory. Under former CEO Michael Spindler, who was ousted by the board in
February, "the company grossly overstocked low-end Macintosh Performas during
the Christmas season," Carlton commented. "With consumers then wanting higher-
range computers, the Performas languished on store shelves."

The Journal notes another $130 million of the loss was for a previously
announced restructuring, "which the company said now is being widened to
layoffs of 2,800 people, or 20 percent of the work force, from an initial
round of 1,300, or 9 percent announced in January."  The staff reductions are
to take place over the next year, "while the company  undertakes other
expense-trimming actions such as outsourcing various operational functions to
other manufacturers and  liquidating certain assets," Carlton reports.

                        Spindler Accepts Apple Blame

Former Apple Computer Inc. CEO Michael Spindler says he accepts full
responsibility for troubles that prompted the  board of directors to fire
him.  Speaking with The San Francisco Chronicle, Spindler said the board "did
what it had to  do" in removing him last February and that he's not dwelling
on what occurred. "I'm more interested in looking at the  big picture than
coming off as some whiner."

The 54-year-old Spindler, named Apple CEO in 1993, is credited for guiding
the company's transformation of its entire product line.  However, as The
Associated Press notes, "he also has been given - and accepts -- the blame
for the problems that sank Apple's market share, profits and stock price.
Apple, under Spindler, didn't forecast demand accurately and failed to sign
up more than a few small companies to 'clone' the Macintosh."

At the same time, Apple was squeezed between high development costs and the
need to slash prices to compete with  personal computers based on Intel Corp.
chips and Microsoft Corp. software, the wire service comments.  The Chronicle
says Spindler was neither enthusiastic nor critical when asked about Amelio,
saying only, "Will he do a good job? I don't  know."  But he was confident
that Apple will endure. He pointed to past financial crises, times when
critics also questioned the company's future. "It will survive. It always
has," Spindler said.

                       Prodigy Lays Off 115 Employees

Some 115 of Prodigy Services Co.'s 680 employees have been laid off as, says
a spokesman, the firm changes its online  service to be more directly
associated with the Internet.  The Associated Press quotes spokesman Barry
Kluger as saying  the employees were notified of the dismissals last week.
Kluger added, "These jobs were eliminated because some were  duplicative.
Some of the skills really became unnecessary with the direction Prodigy seems
to be moving from simply a proprietary online service to an Internet

As reported earlier, Prodigy managers have hired an investment banking firm
to try to launch a management buyout and  possibly take the company public.
Prodigy is a joint venture of Sears and IBM, but Sears announced in February
it wants to sell its stake.

                        Hayes Emerges From Chapter 11

Hayes Microcomputer Products Inc. says it has emerged from Chapter 11, having
paid all creditors in full plus interest.  To fund its court-approved
reorganization plan, the modem maker says it has closed several equity
investment  transactions totaling $35 million for a 49 percent stake in the
firm. The company also has finalized a $70 million line of  credit with the
CIT Group/Credit Finance, on which it will initially draw $14 million.

"This is a great day for our company, our customers, our suppliers, and our
employees. We kept our word and did what  we had to do to pay our creditors
in full," says Dennis C. Hayes, the firm's chairman. "We have closed the book
on  Chapter 11 and have our sights focused straight ahead.  Our plan is to
launch an initial public offering within two years."   Hayes has rebuilt its
core management team in recent months with the addition of a new chief
financial officer, James A.  Jones, a new chief technical officer, Alan
Clark, and a new vice president of sales, Raymond Malcoun.

Hayes says it's continuing its efforts to recruit a new vice president of
marketing. Hayes also says it will soon announce  the appointment of its new
president and CEO, who is expected to join the company on May 1.  Dennis
Hayes, Hayes'  founder, will continue to serve as chairman.   Hayes
originally filed for Chapter 11 protection on Nov. 15, 1994.

                        Apple Exec to Head AT&T Labs

AT&T Corp. has tapped Apple Computer Inc. executive David C. Nagel to become
the first president of AT&T Labs.  Nagel, 50, was most recently a senior vice
president at Apple, leading the computer maker's worldwide research and
development group. He was also a member of Apple's six-member executive
management team.  Nagel will be  responsible for AT&T's worldwide research,
applications development, as well as technical collaboration with other
companies and  institutions. He will join the firm's global operations
council and advise Chairman Robert E. Allen and the company's executive
policy committee.

AT&T Labs was formed around a core of Bell Laboratories scientists and
engineers who performed research and development for the company's
communications services businesses prior to AT&T's restructuring announced
last  September.  Nagel holds undergraduate and graduate engineering degrees
from UCLA and a Ph.D. in perception and  mathematical psychology, also from
UCLA. Prior to joining Apple in 1988, he was chief of human factors research
at NASA's Ames Research Center.

AT&T Labs currently has 1,900 staff members in New Jersey, California,
Washington and Massachusetts. Its expertise  spans a wide range of
technologies, including mathematics, computer science, software development,
wireless services,  and network design and management.  "Dr. Nagel is a world-
class talent in the development of easy to use, 'people- centered'
technologies," says Allen. "By training and experience, he is the ideal
leader for the people of AT&T Labs, who we're counting on for innovations
that will give our customers easy access to the people and information they
want to reach -- anytime, anywhere."

"Bob Allen has given me a unique opportunity," says Nagel. "He asked me to
help create a new future for AT&T  customers, and he gave me the resources
and the team to do it. I'm delighted to be joining AT&T at this point in its

                        CompuServe, SoftKey Set Deal

CompuServe Inc. says it has entered into an exclusive marketing agreement
with consumer software publisher SoftKey  International Inc. to integrate
CompuServe software products into SoftKey's Windows-based CDs.  The deal
calls for  SoftKey to supply interface software for the CompuServe
Information Service, the new WOW! home-oriented online service, the World's
Away animated virtual community and the SPRYNET Internet service.

CompuServe says SoftKey will integrate the software into at least 15 million
CD products each year for the next two  years. The CompuServe products will
be installed on the desktop (the first screen a user sees) when the CD is
loaded,  allowing users to initialize and launch a CompuServe product by
clicking on an icon that's permanently located on
the desktop.

"CompuServe is pleased to be associated with SoftKey and its extensive list
of quality consumer software," says Bob  Massey, CompuServe's president and
CEO. "This is an excellent way to introduce potential members to our wide
variety  of services and show them the choices that are available through
CompuServe, whether they are interested in Internet- only capabilities or
want a family-oriented online environment."

Kevin O'Leary, SoftKey's president, adds, "SoftKey is one of the largest
publishers of CD-ROM units in the industry, so  its new online partnership
with CompuServe is a tremendous opportunity to exploit a significant new
distribution channel.  SoftKey has always pioneered new marketing efforts in
consumer software and this agreement is a logical and  complimentary
extension to its distribution strategy."

                            Ziff-Davis Targets TV

Ziff-Davis Publishing Co. says it has created ZDTV, a new independent unit
that will produce television and Internet  video programs.  ZDTV's first
project will be a daily, hour-long TV program devoted to covering the digital
revolution.  The new show is being developed and co-produced by MSNBC, the
joint cable venture between Microsoft Corp. and  NBC that's set to make its
debut later this year.

ZDTV will be based in San Francisco and will report to Jeff Ballowe,  Ziff-
Davis' president of interactive media and  development.  Ziff says the
program will cover topics ranging from the latest technology news to consumer
advice. The  program will be featured on a dedicated area on MSNBC's World
Wide Web site. Viewers will be able to go to the site  for more information
on show topics and to comment on what they have seen.  There will also be
behind-the-scenes  information, scripts, transcripts andadditional video.

"The information revolution is entering its second stage," says Eric Hippeau,
chairman and CEO of Ziff-Davis "The first  stage was to get a computer on
every desk, and into every home. The second stage is to connect those
computers, and the  people that use them, together. The technology that is
uniting the world is the Internet and, as more and more people join the net,
a new medium is being created."

                       Time Warner Plans Cable Modems

Look for Time Warner Inc. this summer to begin commercial roll-out of online
connections via cable modems, perhaps  testing first in Ohio.  A senior Time
Warner executive, who spoke on a promise of anonymity, told the Reuter News
Service the company likely will charge $25 to $40 a month and will supply
customers with a modem capable of delivering  over cable lines Internet
graphics, sounds and text.

Reuters says Time Warner probably will first offer the service to its
customers in the Akron-Canton, Ohio, area and in  San Diego, California,
later this year.  The wire service notes Time Warner has for about six months
offered an experimental cable modem service in Elmira, New York.

                        Mac CD-Recordable Kit Offered

CMS Enhancements Inc. is offering a combination hardware-software package
that allows Macintosh users to create their  own CD-ROMs.  The $1,095 CDMAker
package includes an external CD- Recordable drive, software, a cable, a blank
disc and an installation guide. The system can be used for copying files,
folders, images and backing up hard disks,
says the Anaheim, California-based firm.

"CDMAker for Macintosh is perfect for a range of applications, most notably
graphic design and desktop publishing or  any time you need to digitize
images," says Ken Burke, CMS's senior vice president and general manager.
CDMAker  features a 300K per second data transfer rate and a 2X recording
speed. The system is capable of recording and playing  audio CDs and is
compatible with Red, Yellow, Green and Orange Book standards.  CDMAker also
supports single- session, multi-session and track-at-once writing methods,
allowing users to record an entire CD at once, in severalrecording sessions
or on a track-by-track basis.

                        Matsushita Offers Memory Card

A new personal computer memory card with maximum storage capacity of 40MB has
been unveiled by Japan's  Matsushita Battery Industrial Co.  Reporting from
Osaka, the Jiji Japanese press services says the card is compatible with  the
current standard memory card for digital cameras.  Company officials told the
wire service the firm has completed a  prototype and plans to put the new
product on the market by the end of the year.

"The company's patented technology for stacking four large-scale integrated
circuits realized the big capacity," says JiJi,  "which compares with the 2-
megabyte solid state floppy disk card developed by Toshiba Corp. and the 4-
megabyte miniature card of a 13-company consortium led by Fujitsu Ltd. and
Intel Corp. of the United States."

                      Toshiba Offers Smallest Notebook

Toshiba Corp. has launched in Japan what it says is the world's lightest,
smallest mini-notebook PC running Microsoft  Corp.'s software Windows 95.
Reporting from Tokyo, the Reuter News Service says the Libretto 20 measures
210 mm  in length and 115 mm in width and weighs 850 grams.  The unit is pre-
installed with business application software such  as Microsoft Works and
Lotus Organizer R.1J and hit the Japanese market yesterday. The sales
schedule in overseas markets has not been decided.

Reuters says the system has a 6.1-inch thin-film-transistor color liquid
crystal display, a lithium-ion secondary battery and  2.5-inch hard disk
drive with a 270MB capacity that will last at least two hours from a single
charge.  Toshiba says it  aims for 150,000 Libretto 20 sales in the year to
end March 1997.

                       McAfee Plans Cheyenne Takeover

Anti-virus software specialist McAfee says it plans a hostile takeover of
storage management software publisher  Cheyenne Software in a stock swap deal
valued at approximately $1 billion.  McAfee says the merger would create the
world's fifth largest software publisher, with combined revenues of
approximately $340 million.  Under the terms of  McAfee's proposed
acquisition, Cheyenne shareholders would receive McAfee common stock worth
approximately  $27.50 for each share of Cheyenne stock.

McAfee says it has been conducting conversations since November with Cheyenne
management regarding its interest in  acquiring the Roslyn Heights, New York-
based firm.  "This combination is in the best interest of both companies'
shareholders and customers," says Bill Larson, McAfee's chairman, president
and CEO.  "We are surprised by Cheyenne management's sudden turnabout and
public rejection of our previously friendly merger discussions. We are
especiallydisappointed with Cheyenne management's public disclosure of our
private conversations."  A statement issued by  McAfee notes that both
companies sell to a common target base of Fortune 1000 network administrators
and both are  leaders in their respective markets.

                        Cyber Classroom Hits the Road

CyberEd, a cyberspace classroom on 18 wheels, has hit the road.  Financed
with $1 million in contributions from MCI  Communications Corp.,  the Milken
Family Foundation, Microsoft Corp., Corning Inc., DSC Communications Corp.
and the William G. McGowan Charitable Fund, CyberEd aims to provide hands-on
Internet and online communications training to local educators and community
leaders across the country.

CyberEd and other White House-sponsored programs will provide free hardware,
connectivity, training and Internet  access to more than 400 schools in 15
designated Empowerment Zones, communities with a demonstrated need for
economic revitalization efforts.   Tech Corps, a non-profit organization that
takes volunteers into schools to introduce  new technologies, will help train
principals, teachers and parents.

"CyberEd was created to support the White House initiative to foster
meaningful partnerships between private sector  businesses and their
communities," says Tech Corps Executive Director Karen Smith. "We hope the
CyberEd program  will mobilize community members to seek out new ways to
improve their educational resources."  The truck is equipped  with PCs,
Internet connectivity, CD-ROMs, presentation facilities, printing, faxing and

Following its dedication at the White House yesterday, CyberEd departed
Washington and headed for the first stop,  Detroit on April 24. During the
next five months, CyberEd also will travel to Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston,
Cleveland,  Chicago, Houston, Kansas City, the Kentucky Highlands, Los
Angeles, the Mid-Delta region of Mississippi, New York, Oakland, Philadelphia-
Camden and the Rio Grande Valley in Texas.

Western Digital 2.1 & 2.5 gb STR Spotlight

                           Caviar 2.1 and 2.5 GB
                              EIDE Hard Drives

The Quality and Capacity Choice from the Company that Makes the World's Most
Recommended Hard Drives

Just when a gigabyte seemed like a lot of storage, Western Digital breaks the
2 GB barrier for storage capacity with the introduction of the AC32100 (2.1
GB) and AC32500 (2.5 GB). The exploding need for mass storage and retrieval
is insatiable. To meet the ever-increasing demand for data storage, drive
capacity needs to be measured in gigabytes rather than megabytes.


      High Capacity and Superior Performance
     The AC32100 and AC32500 break the 2 GB barrier and deliver the performance
     and reliability you've come to expect. These drives offer a high data
     transfer rate, low seek times, a 5200 RPM spindle speed and cache buffering.
     They are the perfect solution for today's storage-intensive applications -
     from operating system applications such as Windows 95, Windows NT and OS/2
     Warp to consumer and business applications. Increased storage capacity is
     also essential for multimedia, gaming, and information retrieval from on-line
     sources such as the Internet, America Online, CompuServe, Prodigy, and
     Microsoft Network.
      Exceptional Quality and Reliability
     Western Digital offers a 3-year warranty and a Mean Time Between Failures
     (MTBF) of 300,000 hours of trouble-free operation.
      100% Guaranteed Compatibility
     The AC32100 and AC32500 have been thoroughly tested in Western Digital's
     exclusive Functional Integrity Testing Lab (FIT Lab). The FIT Lab's extensive
     test base of computer systems, operating systems and storage devices ensures
     the highest standards of reliability, quality and compatibility. Choose the
     hard drive that's guaranteed.
    Comprehensive Customer Support
Our technical support staff is available 6 days a week to answer questions
and assist in making buying decisions.  User guides, support utilities, and
drivers for many of our products are available through our electronic
bulletin board. An automated fax line will send requested literature any
time, day or night. On- line services (Internet, America Online, and
Microsoft Network) provide general product and contact information, down-
loadable drivers, and answers to frequently asked questions.

      Target Applications
    Pentium 150 and 166 MHz-based systems
         High-performance desktop PCs
    PC network servers
    VESA and PCI local buses
    Capacity-intensive consumer and business applications, multimedia and

              Caviar 2.1 and 2.5 GB Hard Drive Specifications
          Model                   AC32100                   AC32500
       Form Factor                3.5-inch                  3.5-inch
        Interface                 AT-EIDE                   AT-EIDE
   Formatted Capacity              2.1 GB                    2.5 GB
    Average Seek Time            Sub 12 ms                 Sub 12 ms
   Data Transfer Rate       16.6 MB/s PIO Mode 4      16.6 MB/s PIO Mode 4
                            16.6 MB/s DMA Mode 2      16.6 MB/s DMA Mode 2
      Spindle Speed               5200 RPM                  5200 RPM
         Buffer                    128 KB                    128 KB
          MTBF                 300,000 hours             300,000 hours
        Warranty                  3 years                   3 years
      * Western Digital defines a gigabyte (GB) as 1,000,000,000 bytes.


We've built a reputation as a customer-oriented company. Western Digital is
the first U.S.-headquartered, multinational company to have been awarded
company-wide ISO 9001 registration, linking all Western Digital organizations
with a consistent global standard for quality processes and customer

Our hard drives have received so many awards that it's difficult to mention
them all. PC World has awarded our hard drives with their World Class Award
for three years in a row. And Computer Reseller News has declared Western
Digital drives their Channel Champions for three consecutive years also.
Everyone from editors of computer magazines to PC manufacturers to retail
customers have recognized the excellence of our drive products. We think
you'll agree.

Why a Higher Capacity Hard Drive is Important:
The chart below illustrates how much hard drive space an average computer
user would require over a three-year period (over 2 GB).  A Western Digital
high-capacity, high-performance hard drive lets users efficiently run more of
today's software - and tomorrow's.

           APPLICATIONS AND                           STORAGE
          OPERATING SYSTEMS                          REQUIRED
     Windows 95, Windows NT, OS/2                    50-150 MB
        Business, graphics and                      150-500 MB
           utility software
           Games/education                          100-400 MB
        USER DATA: 3-YEAR LIFE         
       Graphics, presentations,                     300-600 MB
          spreadsheets, etc.
            Image scanning                          100-300 MB
   Sound - 30-40 min high fidelity                  225-450 MB
    Video - 30-40 min. compressed                   270-540 MB
     On-line services, Internet:                    100-500 MB
           downloaded files

                    WHAT WOULD YOU DO WITH AN EXTRA $100?


You can receive a $100 rebate if you trade in your old hard drive for a 2.1
or 2.5 GB capacity Western Digital-packaged hard drive kit.

To receive this $100 trade-in rebate, customers must enclose:
      The proof of purchase label from their Western Digital Hard Drive Kit
      The original purchase receipt.
    Your old hard drive (any model) after backing up and removing all
valuable data.
    The original trade-in coupon available at
    Postmark by May 31, 1996 to the return address listed on the coupon.

This offer is valid only through
This mail-in offer is valid only on 2.1 GB and 2.5 GB retail packaged drives
purchased during the promotion period of March 25, 1996 to May 5, 1996. This
offer may not be combined with any other promotion. There is a limit of one
request per name/family/address. Offer good only in USA. Western Digital
accepts no responsibility or liability for any data on old drives submitted
in connection with this promotion.

EDUPAGE STR Focus    Keeping the users informed


                        MSN CONTENT PROVIDERS MIFFED
Content providers who signed up early for the Microsoft Network are upset
over Microsoft's restructuring of the service  to focus on the Web, rather
than proprietary forums.  Some independent content providers, operating on
the original  MSN model, spent up to $250,000 to stake their claim on MSN.
"That's life on the Internet," says Microsoft's director  of marketing.  A
Dataquest analyst agrees that the content providers "have to realize that
they are in a market that is  evolving, and they got in at the wrong time."
(Wall Street Journal 12 Apr 96 A3)

                         WEB-SURFING WORKER WORRIES
A Find/SVP survey reveals that workers who use the Internet from work tend to
make a habit of it -- spending an average  of 7.7 hours a week -- almost a
full workday -- online.  The average time online for all users is about 6.6
hours a week.   The tendency to spend lots of time online while "taking care
of business" has executives concerned over lost productivity   and potential
legal troubles.  "We are still trying to figure out to what extent we are
getting the benefit, as opposed to the  downside of the Internet," says a
national sales manager for 3Com, which has put all 800 of its salespeople on
the Net.   To alleviate bosses' worries, Sequel will introduce a Net Access
Manager product that allows companies to control  worker access to online
services, and Optimal Networks' Optimal Internet Monitor will have a similar
features.  Both  products will be available in the next couple of months.
(Investor's Business Daily 15 Apr 96 A8)

The Motion Picture Association of America and the Consumer Electronics
Manufacturers Association are crafting  proposed legislation that would
prevent consumers from making more than one copy of a digital broadcast or a
digital  cable signal.  They would require distributors of information to
transmit encoded "copy control" information that would  allow viewers to make
a single copy of a broadcast or basic cable signal.  Copyright holders of pay-
per-view and video- on-demand program could block any recording of their
material.  In addition, a new technical standard would prevent  consumers
from making copies of rented videos.  (Broadcasting & Cable 8 Apr 96 p18)

                          REAL AUDIO FOR INTRANETS
Progressive Networks Inc. is licensing a new application for its RealAudio
software that allows corporate intranets to  broadcast sound, such as company
announcements and training presentations, to workers' desktops.  Already
signed up  are AT&T's Wireless division and the Kennedy Space Center.
(Information Week 8 Apr 96 p32)

                         REFEREEING VOICE ON THE NET
An increasing number of software makers are offering products that make it
possible for individuals to communicate by  voice over the Internet  rather
than be restricted to using the services of a long-distance telephone
company.  Issue:    Whether the Federal Communications Commission should ban
Internet telephony.  ACTA (the America's Carriers   Telecommunications
Association), argues that software makers are competing unfairly because
they're not subject to the  same FCC regulations that govern long-distance
carriers, but VON (Voice on the Net), a coalition of high-tech groups,
argues that it's in the public interest to leave voice telephony on the
Internet unregulated.  An attorney for the FCC says  that "one thing is for
sure.  The commission is not interested in refereeing between technologies."
(US News & World   Report 15 Apr 96 p53)  In Canada, TheLinc, a small Ontario
phone company, plans to offer 15 hours per month of long- distance telephone
service for $20 to anywhere in North America via the Internet. (Toronto Globe
& Mail 11 Apr 96 A1)

Apple Computer VP Donald Norman says "agent" technology is already in
widespread use on the Net:  "If you describe  it as this wonderful thing to
which you tell your preferences and it goes off and gives you a suggestion,
now that's an  agent.  But if I simply say, It's just a vector match, it
computes the vector on your preferences and puts it into the multi-
dimensional vector space of all preferences of all people and finds the ones
that are closest -- that sounds mechanistic,  right?  So where's the agent?
And it turns out both phrases are describing the same thing." (Internet World
May 96 p60)

Motorola Canada says federal regulators have approved a new digital wireless
technology, giving the world's largest  cellular phone maker a new market for
what it calls "next-generation technology."  Industry Canada cleared code-
division  multiple access (CDMA) for use in cellular phone and data networks
operating in the 800 Mhz band of the spectrum.   CDMA is one of several
technology options from which wireless carriers may choose that uses codes
instead of separate  requencies and channels to keep cell phone conversations
secure.  (Ottawa Citizen 12 Apr 96 B12)

                         COMMUNITY ACCESS SAFETY NET
Community-based programs in Charlotte, NC, Newark, NJ and Salem, Ore. Are
providing access to technology for low-income people who otherwise would
never be able to get their hands on a PC.  For example, East Harlem's Playing
to  Win program provides six months of computer access in its facility for
$35.  "We're an economic safety net for those  who can't afford more," says
the director of Charlotte, NC's Charlotte's Web.  Many of these are funded
through the  Commerce Department's NTIA and other government programs, but
some feel that "corporate welfare" has gone on long  enough and the big
commercial providers should start doing their share.  Others feel the
government support is justified:   "Business people here pay property taxes.
Why shouldn't they benefit from low-cost Internet access?" says the director
of Salem, Oregon's public library.  (Business Week 15 Apr 96 p108)

                           AMIGA BOUGHT BY VISCORP
Visual Information Services Corporation is buying Germany's Escom AG's Amiga
business for $40 million, along with  the Amiga brand name and intellectual
property rights.  Visual Information already licenses Amiga technology for
use in  set-top boxes it's developing for interactive TV.  (Wall Street
Journal 12 Apr 96 B3)

As a cost-cutting move, Japanese computer manufacturer NEC will stop making
desktop PCs in the U.S. (and will instead  outsource the manufacture of
machines it designs and develops for the U.S. market).  Japanese notebook
computers have  done well in the U.S., but desktop machines have not.
(Financial Times 11 Apr 96 p13)

                       SECURITY DYNAMICS BUYS RSA DATA
 Security Dynamics Technologies Inc. is buying closely held RSA Data
Security, the dominant supplier of electronic  encryption software, for a
reported stock purchase of $200 million.  The deal will give Security
Dynamics control over  RSA's patents, which could play a significant role in
transaction security for electronic commerce.  Both companies are  involved
in producing devices that limit access to computer networks to authorized
users.  (Wall Street Journal 16 Apr 96 B1)

The Pentium microprocessor accounts for 91% of processor shipments this year,
and will continue as Intel's cash cow for  at least another year, says
MicroDesign Resources Inc., a Calif.-based research firm.  MicroDesign
predicts a major  migration from the Pentium to the P6 chips in the first
quarter of 1998.  (Investor's Business Daily 15 Apr 96 A8)

                        CRIME AND PUNISHMENT SOFTWARE
Software developed by professors at Northwestern and Tufts Universities is
demonstrating the importance of at least  looking earnest in the courtroom.
"Crime and Punishment" runs on CD-ROM and depicts video footage of a criminal
trial, changing the appearance, race and/or sex of the defendant for each
user.  The software then tracks decisions made  by different users,
generating data on how personal attributes affect criminal justice in the
U.S.  "This has applications in   sociology, psychology, law, and political
science in the classroom," says Northwestern University professor Jerry
Goldman, one of the software's developers, "and our hope is that it will be
useful for things like training new judges -- to  sensitize them to the kinds
of extra-legal factors that might influence them."  "Crime and Punishment"
was developed  with a grant from the U.S. Dept. of Education's Fund for the
Improvement of Postsecondary Education.  (Chronicle of  Higher Education 19
Apr 96 A28)

                         DEMISE OF THE WEB PREDICTED
Mark Stahlman, president of New Media Associates, predicts the death of the
Web this year:  "Advertisers will dump the  Web, and businesses that depend
on ad support will become uneconomic.  But the cause won't be the poor
performance  caused by `clogged pipes';...  it's more fundamental.  The Web
is a terrible place to manipulate people's unconscious  fears, which is the
aim of consumer advertising...  Advertising on the Web has to be information,
not manipulation.  This   is because the medium doesn't permit the
psychological games that `impact' a modern audience....  unless the Web
becomes television, as @Home and others hope.  If the Web could readily
deliver video-server-based moving images,  then the manipulative techniques
of TV ads could also be Web-delivered.  But the bandwidth just isn't
available, and  probably won't be for as long as 10 years...  But there's
still a chance something quite new could happen.  The Web is a medium for
information and education -- not unconscious mental manipulation.  What if
the Web's real capability is taken  seriously and it becomes the world's
largest adult education system?"  (Information Week 8 Apr 96 p100)

Oracle CEO Larry Ellison says that the Boeing Aircraft Company has expressed
an interest in buying 100,000 network  computers, which Oracle has designed
but which actually be built by some manufacturing companies to be announced
next month.  The network computer, or NC, will download both a small
operating system and applications programs over  a network used to access
remote "server" systems holding data and programs.  (Financial Times 16 Apr
96 p20)   In  other news, Oracle plans to let developers use its Designer
2000 and Developer 2000 tool sets to build applications in  Java.  Microsoft
and Powersoft are planning similar features for their development tools
(Visual Basic and PowerBuilder,  respectively).  Users would have only a Web
browser on their workstations, and would leave their application code on a
remote server.  (Computerworld 15 Apr 15 p1)

                         NBC TESTING NEW MCI SYSTEM
NBC is testing MCI's new HyperMedia system, designed for video-on-demand,
image storage and retrieval, corporate  training and telemedicine.  The
HyperMedia system allows several affiliates simultaneously to access news
reports and  video from satellites at their convenience, rather than at pre-
specified times, as is now the case.  (Investor's Business  Daily 16 Apr 96

The heads of the Fox, NBC, and CBS television networks told a convention of
broadcasters that broadcast TV needs to  shift to digital technology into
order to remain competitive, and Fox CEO Rupert Murdoch said:  "We cannot
allow free  television to become a second-class medium."  Digital TV is
already available by direct broadcast satellite through  services offered by
DirecTV and USSB, but the cost for Fox to convert to digital television would
be greater than $100  million.  (Atlanta Journal-Constitution 16 Apr 96 E3)

                        PC-TV MAY NOT BE FOR EVERYONE
The all-in-one PC-TV announced recently by Gateway 2000 may not turn out to
be the family entertainment center that  many electronics manufacturers
envision:  "They didn't call it a personal computer for nothing," says a
general partner at  Digital Video Investments, a New York investment research
firm.  "It's not called a family computer.  Try experiencing  the World Wide
Web by looking over the shoulder of someone at a PC holding the mouse.  For
both people, it's as  aggravating as back-seat driving.  Now imagine the
entire family doing this, when they can't even agree on something as  simple
as selecting from among a few dozen channels."  (Investor's Business Daily 16
Apr 96 A10)

Anatoly Voronov, the director of Glasnet, an Internet service provider in
Russia, says:  "It is just incredible when I hear  people talking about how
open the Web is.  It is the ultimate act of intellectual colonialism.  The
product comes from  America so we either must adapt to English or stop using
it.  That is the right of any business.  But if you re talking about
technology that is supposed to open the world to hundreds of millions of
people you are joking.  This just makes the  world into new sorts of haves
and have nots."  (New York Times 14 Apr 96 Sec.4 p1)  Note:  Edupage is
translated from  English into Chinese, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian,
Italian, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish.  Not Russian, as yet.

                           MORE MICROSOFT VIRUSES
First there was the Word virus -- now there's a Word Prank Macro Virus,
located in a document on ActiveVRML,  Microsoft's software tool for
developing 3-D Web sites.  But what's worse, is that Microsoft had to inform
the  rogrammers who attended its Professional Developers Conference last
month that one of the CD-ROMs it distributed was  infected.  A cure is posted
on Microsoft's Web site < >  (Investor's Business
Daily 15 Apr  96 A8)
Right-leaning Rupert Murdoch, whose Fox television network is planning to
create an 24-hour all-news cable channel to  compete with CNN, thinks that
Ted Turner's CNN leans too far to the left.  "I challenge Ted:  I'll let him
sit in the  control room of Fox's news channel and edit if he'll let me do
the same at CNN."  Murdoch says the Fox news channel  will offer unbiased
coverage of events.  (Atlanta Journal-Constitution 16 Apr 96 E3)

                        WHY ARE YOU STARING AT THIS?
At the Second Luddite Congress held in Barnesville, Ohio, attended by 350
people who respect the technology-hating Ned  Ludd who fought the Industrial
Revolution, author and computer security expert Clifford Stoll, attacked
"Internet  hucksters" and derided the notion that people without computer
skills will be unemployable in the future:  "Jobs, as they  always have, will
go to people who can get along with others.  Now, how do you avoid developing
those skills?  By  standing at a keyboard and staring off into cyberspace for
hours."  (New York Times 15 Apr 96 A8)

Bell Atlantic and Nynex are at it again -- they're back at the bargaining
table, negotiating a possible $22 billion-plus  merger that would create a
telco entity second only to AT&T in size.  The combined companies would serve
more than  36 million residential customers in 12 states and the District of
Columbia, and would have more than $27 billion in  annual revenue.  The
companies have agreed that Bell Atlantic chairman and CEO Ray Smith could
head the new entity  for a few years, and then hand it off to Nynex's
chairman and CEO Ivan Seidenberg.  (Wall Street Journal 17 Apr 96 A3)

Zenith Data Systems and Microsoft have formed a new partnership aimed at
increasing postsecondary student ownership  of PCs.  The Campus Z-Station
program is initially targeting 150 universities with plans to offer a
combination of  software and Internet access at prices low enough to entice
the student population.  The companies hope to expand the  program nationwide
as quickly as possible.  (The Heller Report Apr 96)

Microsoft and NBC are working together to develop a nightly hour-long show
focused on new media personalities and the  digital revolution.  The program
will be the first product to air on MSNBC, a 24-hour cable news network
linked to an  online service.  (Wall Street Journal 17 Apr 96 B9)  Meanwhile,
Microsoft is working on a series of local online  entertainment publications
targeting the same readership bases as online newspapers.  The project, code-
named  Cityscape, is hiring editorial staff to work in some of the cities
that Microsoft's planning to cater to.  "Local content is  the endgame for
online services," says an analyst with Jupiter Communications.  "In terms of
local content and ad  dollars, all newspapers have seen that as their domain.
That is not something they are going to want to see slip to
AOL or Microsoft."  (Houston Chronicle 18 Apr 96 C1)

                             THE TAX MAN COMETH
A recent decision by the Florida Dept. of Revenue to levy a tax on Internet
access services has resulted in howls of  protest, but the move is
inevitable, says the executive director of the Washington, DC-based
Multistate Tax Commission.   Already, at least seven states and the District
of Columbia tax computer services, and many more are considering it.   (Tampa
Tribune 12 Apr 96 B&F5)

Initial attempts to rein in the Internet and regulate voice transmissions via
the computer network have met with a barrage  of opposition, including a
statement from Educom, which calls the America's Carriers Telecommunication
Association's  request for FCC regulation "an attempt by a coalition of
resellers of conventional circuit switched interexchange voice  services to
obtain favored treatment from the Commission.  There is no longer a need to
preserve a one-size-fits-all  approach to voice services."  (BNA Daily Report
for Executives 15 Apr 96 A5)

International Data Corp. reports that companies that have invested in data
warehousing, which pulls data from various  large databases into smaller ones
to analyze trends and possible business opportunities have realized a 400%
return on  their investments over three-years.  The study was based on 62
organizations that spent an average of $2.2 million each  on their data
warehouse operations.  (Investor's Business Daily 18 Apr 96 A8)

Digital Equipment and Oracle are jointly offering "Unix TruCluster Solutions"
-- a combination of hardware and software  designed so that users can string
together servers into a cluster of machines that share memory, data and
applications,  significantly speeding up operations and reliability. A
cluster of four Digital Alpha servers running Oracle's Parallel  Server
software can process more than 30,000 transactions a minute -- at least three
times faster than rival products and  less expensive per transaction, say
analysts.  (Wall Street Journal 17 Apr 96 B8)

                       FIGHTING ANTI-RACISM ON THE NET
The Canadian Jewish Congress, the World Anti-Fascist League, and the Ligues
des Droits et Libertes have joined forces  to create an anti-racist Web site.
The site will be funded for three years by the Quebec government and will be
up within  a few months. It will be used to define racism and anti-Semitism
for the public, to disseminate information on the groups  spreading hate on
the Net, and to teach students about tolerance.   (Montreal Gazette 17 Apr 96

                          IBM PROFIT UP, STOCK DOWN
IBM posted better-than-average earnings but its stock fell 9 points because
of Wall Street worries about its declining  profit margins and the prospect
of declining earnings from overseas markets.  (New York Times 18 Apr 96 C1)

Apple posted a $740
million loss for the second quarter and said that it will eliminate 1500 jobs
in the next 12 months (in addition to 1300 job  cuts previously announced).
Apple CEO Gil Amelio explained that the company was acting to reduce fixed
costs,  simplify its product lines, and streamline its business systems.
(New York Times 18 Apr 96 C2)

The Consumer Project on Technology (CPT), a consumer group led by Ralph
Nader, is asking the Federal Communications Commission to take control of
some Canadian satellite frequencies to prevent American direct-to-home
satellite companies using foreign satellites to dominate the U.S. market.
(Toronto Financial Post 18 Apr 96 p1)

Estimates of the number of Internet users worldwide go up and down as
arguments rage over statistical methods.  The  latest count from Nielsen
Media Research, based on an August 1995 survey, says there are 19.4 million
people who have  accessed the Internet "in the last three months." Professors
Donna Hoffman and Thomas Novak of Vanderbilt University  say the correct
number is closer to 16.4 million.  Mark Resch of Xerox shrugs off the
controversy:  "Yeah, we're in a  hurricane, and they are arguing about
whether wind is blowing 150 miles an hour or 120 miles an hour.  The argument
is  intellectually interesting, and it totally misses the point. Activity on
our Web site is up 10%  a month, steadily."  (New  York Times 17 Apr 96 C1)

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