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Article #591 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
Subject: ST Report: 5-Jul-96 #1227
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa789 - Bruce D. Nelson)
Date: Fri Aug  2 23:04:34 1996



                                     
                            Silicon Times Report
          

                  The Original Independent OnLine Magazine"
                                (Since 1987)
                                      
  July 05, 1996                                                    No. 1227

             Silicon Times Report International OnLine Magazine
                            Post Office Box 6672
                      Jacksonville, Florida  32221-6155

                       STR Electronic Publishing Inc.
                               A subsidiary of
                         STR Worldwide CompNews Inc.

                            R.F. Mariano, Editor
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 07/05/96 STR 1227  The Original Independent OnLine Magazine!
 
 - CPU Industry Report - Adaptec News          - Corel News
 - DM II Walk-Thru     - IBM Exec Joins Apple  - MS; FREE MAC SW
 - Zip Drive Rebates   - Dvorak Support News   - COREL vs M-SOFT
 - HDTV STRATEGY       - People Talking        - JagNotes
 
                      MAC SALES DROPPING!
                 FEDS TO APPEAL 'DECENCY' CASE
            FCC CHIEF OPPOSES NET PHONE REGULATION

                                    
                   STReport International OnLine Magazine
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Florida Lotto - LottoMan v1.35
Results: 6/29/96: 3 of 6 numbers


>From the Editor's Desk...

     Its the Fourth of July weekend and its going full blast.. From coast to
coast.  So. this week's editorial is a real shorty.  Enjoy the long weekend!

                                                       Ralph...
Of Special Note:
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regular basis, the file is ZIPPED, then UUENCODED.  Unfortunately, we've also
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                    Ralph F. Mariano, Publisher - Editor
                  Dana P. Jacobson, Editor, Current Affairs

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Portable Computers & Entertainment                     Kid's Computing Corner
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David H. Mann                      Angelo Marasco           Donna Lines
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                           STReport Headline News
                                      
                      LATE BREAKING INDUSTRY-WIDE NEWS

                   Weekly Happenings in the Computer World

                        Compiled by: Dana P. Jacobson


                        Feds to Appeal 'Decency' Case

As expected, the U.S. Justice Department says it has decided to appeal to the
Supreme Court that landmark ruling earlier this month that struck down key
parts of a new federal law barring alleged indecency on computer networks.
Most of computerdom has expected the appeal ever since June 12 when a special
three-judge federal panel in  Philadelphia blocked enforcement of the
Communications Decency Act on the grounds it violated constitutional free-
speech rights.

The Reuter News Service reports Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick has
informed Sen. James Exon (D- Nebraska) that the notice of appeal will be
filed on or before the July 2 deadline.  Justice Department spokesman Carl
Stern told the wire service Gorelick's letter to Exon, a chief sponsor of the
law, had been sent earlier this week.  The measure, signed into law by
President Clinton in February, bars the distribution to  minors of indecent
or "patently offensive" materials over computer networks.

"The law allows for quick appeals directly to the Supreme Court once a three-
judge panel rules," Reuters says.  "When the court in Philadelphia issued its
decision, Justice Department lawyers immediately started reviewing  a high
court appeal."  The wire service notes the high court will not be able to get
to the case until the justices return to the bench in October after their
summer recess, adding a decision is unlikely before early 1997.

                       Gore Launches National 'NetDay'

Assisted by volunteers from three dozen states, Vice President Al Gore
yesterday launched a national  "NetDay" campaign, following California's one-
day blitz earlier this year to wire 4,000 classrooms in that  state for the
Internet.  In Washington, education writer Deb Riechmann of The Associated
Press reports more  than 400 volunteers applauded when Gore repeated the
Clinton administration's desire that schools and  libraries get free -- not
just discounted -- access to the Net.

"After California's NetDay in March, grassroots efforts began in other states
to organize what Gore calls  'electronic barn raisings,'" Riechmann says.
"NetDays are scheduled in October at least 35 states."  On  NetDays, wire is
installed to link a central point inside a school building to a few
classrooms and a library or  computer lab. "With these wires in place," AP
observes, "the schools can move forward to raise money to buy computers,
software and figure out the best way to link the school building to the
Internet."

New telecommunications law entitles schools, libraries and other groups to
discounted rates for communications services, but Gore, Education Secretary
Richard Riley and several lawmakers want a board of  state and federal
regulators to provide schools and libraries with a package of free services,
such as email,  access to the Net and video conferencing.  They say they also
want the board to make a list of other services  that schools and libraries
could get at discounted rates, or as education supporters call them, "E
rates."

                          Web Search Engines Merge

For $18 million, Excite Inc. is set to buy McKinley Group Inc. in what is
thought to be the first consolidation of major Internet search engine
companies. Excite's Web site and McKinley's Magellan receive about 4 million
hits a day.  Reporting from Mountain View, California, The Associated Press
commented the deal also is "the  most visible sign to date that there isn't
enough of a market to sustain the nearly dozen large-scale electronic
directories of information on the Internet's World Wide Web."

The wire service notes that rivals Lycos and Infoseek also get about 4
million daily requests each, while  Yahoo, a service that sorts Web sites
into a catalog-like structure, gets 6 million visits a day.  (As reported
earlier this month, Yahoo has arranged to connect its users to the Alta Vista
search engine of Digital  Equipment Corp. as a secondary source of
information. While Yahoo acts as a catalog where producers of  information on
the Web must register to be listed, Alta Vista is an automated program that
takes a much broader view of the Web but does not sort out information.)

Richard Redding, Excite's acting chief financial officer, told AP, "This deal
lets us take the service to the No.  2 position in terms of market share. Our
goal is to be the No. 1 company." He added Excite has not yet decided whether
the Excite (accessible at Web address http://www.excite.com) and Magellan
(http://www.mckinley.com) will remain separate.

AP says Excite will buy privately-held McKinley, based in Sausalito,
California, by issuing 1.2 million shares  of stock. The wire service also
comments that Magellan -- started by Christine and Isabel Maxwell, daughters
of the late British publisher Robert Maxwell -- was the first site to publish
reviews and ratings of Web sites,  but "was late in selling ads; other
companies began last fall while it started in February.

                        G7 Page Shows Global Inequity

The World Wide Web ultimately may touch all the world equally, but the
cyberspace link to this week's G7  conference in the French city of Lyon is
illustrating that for now, some countries are more equal than others.  In
other words, as writer Tom Heneghan of the Reuter News Service notes in a
report from Lyon, the world's  richest countries "can see to their chagrin
that some are more global than others."

This year's Group of Seven (G7) summit has its own Internet pages to keep
computerists around the globe up  to date "with what the exclusive rich men's
club does and decides this weekend," Heneghan comments. The  page (which you
can reach at web address http://www.G7lyon.gouv.fr) offers "more than your
average nerd will want to know about the annual summits, offers links to all
seven participants and promises to publish summit documents when they
appear," Heneghan says.

"But," he adds, "it takes only a few minutes' surfing among the pages of the
member states -- the United States, France, Japan, Germany, Britain, Italy
and Canada -- to see that some are definitely more Net-wise than others."
For instance, France and the U.S. have come up with lively pages offering
official communiques, background on the agenda issues, statements from
government officials and photos and maps showing the main sights of the host
city Lyon. Also, Japan has a colorful page with tips on how to see a kimono
exhibit, the Firemen of Edo acrobats or hear traditional drummers in Lyon
during the three-day summit.  "By contrast,"  Reuters notes, "Germany,
Britain and Italy have made little or no effort to put their positions out in
user-friendly form."

                     Net Addresses on the Selling Block

Internet standards makers embarked on a "grand experiment" at the Internet
Engineering Task Force (IETF)  meeting this week in Montreal to determine if
Internet addresses should be bought, sold, bartered or otherwise transferred
on the open market, according to CMP's Network Computing.  "Currently users
pay an annual fee for domain names that readily identify Web sites," writes
Christine Hudgins- Bonafield, Network Computing's business and trends editor
and author of the article, "but the actual network addresses behind those
domain names are essentially free. Users pay only a nominal administrative
fee."

The explosion in Internet usage has led to these latest developments.  "While
the IETF has traditionally been reluctant to dabble in policy decisions, like
that of establishing charges for addresses, supporters see it as the  only
way to sustain Internet growth," notes Hudgins-Bonafield. "The goal is to
determine whether a free  market in addresses will conserve the finite pool
of addresses available through existing Internet technology."

According to the Network Computing article, many of the details of the
proposal must still be worked out and  some details -- such as a proposal
that Internet service providers supplement a free market in addresses by
charging their own fees to advertise unaggregated addresses that strain
today's routing technology -- are meant only as suggestions.  The IETF has no
power to force Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to initiate such fees.
However, representatives of at least one ISP, Sprint, present for the
discussion appeared enthusiastic about the overall proposal.

"The IETF has no enforcement power," says Yakov Rekhter, of Cisco, "but
financial incentives could become  a significant factor to motivate behavior
that benefits the Internet as a whole." Rekhter says he plans to "clean  up"
the Internet draft proposal to make it an informational request for comments,
and he expects the  experiment to begin sometime this year. The draft
presents a framework for financial incentives for address  aggregation and
address allocation.  The Network Computing article on the IETF meeting is
available on  Network Computing's Web site at
http://techweb.cmp.com/nwc/online/money.html.

                       Application Software Sales Rise

The Software Publishers Association reports that sales of personal computer
application software in North  America reached $2.4 billion in the first
quarter of 1996, a 12.3 percent increase from the first quarter of  1995.
Unit sales increased by 27 percent over 1995's first quarter.  The SPA notes
that the Windows  95/Windows NT application market has grown to $340.2
million. The largest categories within the field are  system utilities that
smooth installation, languages and development tools and basic productivity
applications.

Windows 3.x application sales fell 5 percent but remain by far the largest
single platform, says the trade group.  According to the SPA, all DOS
categories, with the exception of games, home education and personal
information managers (PIMs), declined significantly. For the Macintosh
platform, database shipments were extremely strong -- up 210 percent -- with
desktop publishing programs up 89 percent.

For several categories showing declines, it appears that buyers are holding
off on purchases until they can  evaluate unreleased 32-bit products, says
the SPA, which notes that previous experience shows that once the  new
products are out sales in the category will boom.  "It's a healthy sign for
the software industry when 13  out of 16 categories report positive revenue
growth in the first quarter," says Ken Wasch, the SPA's president.

                         Intel to Ship Flash Memory

Flash memory cards based on Miniature Card specifications now are being
shipped to worldwide customers by  chipmaker Intel Corp.  According to the
Reuter News Service, the Intel Series 100 Flash Memory Miniature  Cards are
available in two- and four-megabyte densities. The two-megabyte cards are
priced at $39 and the  four-megabyte cards at $69.

"Earlier this year," the wire service notes, "the world's major electronics
makers, including Intel and Sharp  Corp., agreed to promote Miniature Card
specifications as the industry standard. Flash memory-based cards  using
Miniature card specifications allow data exchange with Microsoft's MS-DOS and
Windows 95-based computers and systems."  Intel did not provide details on
shipment volume or any sales targets, Reuters adds.

                      Iomega Unveils Zip Drive Rebates

Iomega Corp. today announced a limited-time rebate program for its Zip drive
and 100MB Zip disks.  From  July 1 through Sept. 15, customers purchasing an
Iomega Zip drive at the estimated street price of $199.95 will  be eligible
for a $50 mail-in rebate.  Customers will also be eligible to receive a $20
mail-in rebate when they  purchase 10 Iomega Zip disks at the estimated
street price of $149.95.

Additionally, for customers who purchase a Zip drive and 10 Zip disks, Iomega
is offering a free Zip drive  carrying case and two Zip caddies, each of
which can organize up to six disks. Both purchases must be made
at the same time.  "The Zip drive is gaining acceptance as the new high
capacity, high-performance personal  storage standard for multimedia
computing in today's digital age," says Andy Grolnick, Zip product line
manager for Roy, Utah-based Iomega.

"This rebate program takes the value of Zip products to a completely new
level, making them even more  affordable for today's storage hungry personal
computer consumers."  Iomega has shipped over two million  Zip drives since
its introduction last year, making it one of the computer industry's fastest-
selling personal  storage products.

                     Microsoft Offers Free Mac Software

Microsoft Corp. has announced a free software product for Macintosh users.
The Microsoft Empowerment  Pack for the Mac provides users with tools that
are designed to enhance their presence on the Internet, increase  their
computer's performance and improve their system's memory.  The product
includes Microsoft Internet  Explorer version 2.0 for the Macintosh, a World
Wide Web browser; Internet Assistant 2.0 for Microsoft Word for Macintosh,
which allows users to turn their Word documents into Web pages; Internet
Assistant for  Microsoft Excel for Macintosh, which lets users create and
share spreadsheets online; Microsoft Word 6.0.1a  Update for Macintosh, which
improves performance and stability; the System 7.5 Update 2.0 and System
7.5.3 Revision 2 from Apple Computer Inc.; and a $69 8MB memory upgrade offer
from Kingston Technology  Corp.

"The Microsoft Empowerment Pack for the Mac is part of our ongoing effort to
bring our customers new,  powerful technology that improves their overall
experience with the Office applications," says Dave Meltzer,  group product
manager for Macintosh applications at Microsoft. "The tools in The Microsoft
Empowerment  Pack improve performance and make it possible to bring the
Internet to the desktop with easy-to-use, familiar  Microsoft programs that
our customers are comfortable with."

Registered users of Microsoft Office 4.2 for Macintosh, Microsoft Word 6.x
for Macintosh, Microsoft Excel  5.x for Macintosh and Microsoft PowerPoint
4.x for Macintosh will receive free Microsoft Empowerment Packs by mail in
early July. Users of Microsoft Office 3.0 applications who registered after
April 1993 will  receive a mail-in card for the software. All other customers
can download the software from the MicrosoftWorld Wide Web site at
http://microsoft.com/macoffice/. Users can also order the software on 3.5-
inch disks  by calling 800-469-6520 in the U.S.

                        Borland President/CEO Resigns

Gary A. Wetsel has resigned as president/CEO of Borland International Inc.
Chairman William F. Miller will  serve as acting CEO until a replacement is
appointed.  Reporting from Borland's Scotts Valley, Calif.,  headquarters,
The Associated Press says no reason for Wetsel's resignation was disclosed,
adding, though, that  Borland also expects to lose 53 cents to 56 cents a
share in its fiscal first quarter.

"In late May," notes the wire service, "the company projected an operating
loss for the quarter due to slower  sales of its desktop software and a major
business reorganization. Sales of the Delphi Desktop, an entry-level version
of its high-performance, visual development tool, have been lower than
expected."  As reported, Philippe Kahn, the French programmer who started
Borland in 1983, resigned as chairman at the beginning of the year. "In
recent months," AP observes, "the company has slashed its staff by more than
a third and scaled  back its operations to concentrate on products for
software developers."

                           Ex-IBM Exec Joins Apple

Apple Computer Inc. today announced that it has named Ellen Hancock, a 28-
year IBM veteran, executive vice  president of research and development and
chief technology officer.  Hancock will report to Gilbert F. Amelio,  Apple's
chairman and CEO. She will assume her new posts on July 8.  Hancock will be
responsible for driving  Apple's technology vision, technology alliances, the
development of technology platforms and standards and  Apple's research
activities. She will oversee the AppleSoft division, the Apple Research
Laboratories, the  AppleNet division and the Apple Reliability and Quality
Assurance group.

"Ellen Hancock's expertise in leading-edge technologies and software
development -- from visionary  assessment to successful implementation -- as
well as her strong leadership qualities, will keep Apple at the forefront of
technology innovation and key industry trends," says  Amelio.  "We are proud
to have Ellen  Hancock lead the many talented and leading edge Apple
technologists and scientists."

"I am excited to join Apple as chief technology officer," says Hancock.
"Apple has always pushed the  envelope of technology innovation, and I look
forward to being a part of Apple's future."  Hancock joins  Apple after a
relatively short stint as executive vice president and chief operating
officer at National  Semiconductor, where her focus areas included
technology, applications and product development.
Prior to joining National Semiconductor, Hancock held various staff and line
executive positions at IBM. She was elected an IBM vice president in
September 1985 and a senior vice president in November 1992.  Hancock  was
also senior vice president and group executive, responsible for IBM's
Networking Hardware division, Networking Software Division and Software
Solutions division. She was also a member of the IBM Corporate Executive
Committee and the IBM Worldwide Management Council.

                       Study Finds Mac Sales Dropping

Macintosh computer sales reportedly fell steeply in April and May, just as
Apple Computer Inc. was launching  a major turnaround effort.  That is the
finding of a widely watched survey by market research firm Computer
Intelligence, which reports revenue from sales of Apple computers dropped
30.6 percent in April and 32.6 percent in May, compared with year-ago levels.
This comes after sales rose in single-digit percentage terms for the first
three months of the year.

Reporting from Palo Alto, California, the Reuter News Service says sales by
unit volume fell slightly less steeply, "an indicator of continued pricing
pressure on the beleaguered Cupertino, California-based computer company,
with year-to-year unit sales falling 28.9 percent in April and 27.2 percent
in May."  CI Analyst Matt  Sargent said, "This tears at the heart of their
core competency. It means continued weakness. The downward  spiral has not
stopped -- it's not clear when it does."

Reuters notes the researchers' ScoreBoard sales tracking service is based on
monthly sales data collected from  1,100 outlets, so it does not count sales
into the distribution channel.  This could be significant, Sargent
acknowledges, since a major portion of Apple's record $740 million second
fiscal quarter loss was related to writing down inventories of unsold
computers and computer parts, and Apple could still have generated sales  as
dealers and retailers rebuilt inventory.

Still, Reuters says, the survey results indicate not only a weak third
quarter, "but also a further embarrassment  for Apple at a time when is
struggling to turn around its business."

                           Dell Claims Second Spot

Citing new research data from International Data Corp., Austin, Texas,
computer maker Dell Computer Corp.  says it has surpassed IBM and Hewlett-
Packard Co. in desktop sales to become the second largest PC manufacturer in
revenue to the U.S. corporate market.  The Reuter News Service quotes Dell
officials as  saying it now ranks second only to Compaq Computer Corp. in
sales to the corporate PC market, with 13  percent market share among U.S.
medium and large businesses.  Dell also says its "business-centered strategy"
has driven a growth rate twice the industry's average over the past 20
quarters, and Dell has added 15 Fortune 500 companies to its customer list
since January.

                       Telecommuting Help for Atlanta

 With approximately two million visitors expected in Atlanta during the
Olympics, many Atlanta-area  employees will be forced to work from their
homes.  To help ease the burden, Symantec Corp. and U.S.  Robotics today
announced Operation Telecommute '96, a unique service that aims to allow
Atlanta-based  employees to work at home as easily as if they were at their
downtown office.

The companies, in association with the Metro Atlanta Telecommuting Advisory
Council (MATAC), will make available up to 500 specialized Telecommuter
Relief Kits, containing free communications software and special  offers on
modem hardware, to Atlanta-based companies adversely affected by the Olympics
crush.  International visitors will create a short-term commuting emergency
for most companies here in Atlanta," says  Frank Boyd, MATAC's president.
"This initiative not only provides a quick solution for those that are forced
to look at teleworking as an alternative but also serves as an excellent
introduction to the technology, connectivity and services that can sustain a
long-term work-from-anywhere strategy for any company."

Valued at more than $300 at retail, each kit includes Symantec's pcANYWHERE
remote access and WinFax  PRO fax communications software. Also provided is a
$20 rebate from U.S. Robotics on the purchase of a Sportster V.34 Faxmodem,
Sportster Voice V.34 Faxmodem or Sportster V.34 Winmodem for Windows.
Companies or individuals operating in the downtown Atlanta area are invited
to call 800-249-8313 ext. 7221 to qualify for their free Relief Kit. There is
a limit of five kits per company.



Dvorak Support STR Focus


                    A NOTE TO DEVELOPERS OF NAVCIS ADD-ONS

(updated July 2, 1996)


NavCIS 1.75, and all subsequent versions of NavCIS, will communicate with
CompuServe via the CompuServe Host-Micro Interface (HMI).  HMI allows us to
communicate with CompuServe in a much more  controlled and efficient manner.
The end result will be a NavCIS that is much more stable while on-line, and
much less susceptible to changes in the CompuServe host software.

In order to support the new way of doing things in HMI, we had to make some
changes in the way we present  data to CompuServe.  We have also had to deal
with changes in the way CompuServe presents data to us.  It  became apparent
early on in the conversion process that we would have to make some changes to
the format of  the NavCIS database files.  Since we were committed to making
changes, we also decided that this was a good  time to fix a few design
problems in the layout of the NavCIS database files.

The purpose of this document is to give you, our 3rd-party developers, a peek
at what changed between  version 1.62 and 1.75.  Keep an eye on the 3rd Party
Developers section  in the Dvorak forum  for any updated
information.

FILE NAME CHANGES
The first, and most obvious change is that all of the file names were
changed.  We did this to avoid the  possibility of mixing old data files with
new data files (the formats of some are not compatible).  A conversion
utility was included in the 1.75 (and later) installation process to
translate the old data files to the new names  and formats.  The conversion
utility will be automatically run by the installation program, so the name
changes  should be transparent to the end users.  The utility (called
IMPORTER.EXE) is a separate program, and it  will remain in the NAVCIS
directory in case it is needed.  The following table outlines the name
changes:

     Old Name       New Name

     ACTIONS.*      HACTIONS.*
     ADDRESS.*      HADDRESS.*
     CATALOG.*      HCATALOG.*
     FORUM.*        HFORUM.*
     GROUP.*        HGROUP.*
     HEADERS.*      HHEADERS.*
     LINK.*         HLINK.*
     RECV.*         HRECV.*
     WATCH.*        HWATCH.*
     CONFIG.*       none -- merged into HNAVCIS.INI
     USERS.*        none -- now stored in CIS.INI
     NAVCIS.INI          HNAVCIS.INI
     FORUMFPT.*     HFRMFPT.*

CONFIG.DBF
As of version 1.75, NavCIS will store all configuration information in
standard Windows .ini files.  Following  is a table mapping the old
CONFIG.DBF field to it's new location:

     Old Field      New Location

     MAX_BAUD       CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     PORT           CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     SPECIAL        none -- was not being used.
     IRQ            CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     BASE           CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     INIT1          CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     INIT2          CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     PREFIX         CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     SUFFIX         CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     NUMBER         CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)

     NAME           CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     TITLE          HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], Title=
     ADDR1          HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], Address1=
     ADDR2          HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], Address2=
     CITY           HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], City=
     STATE          HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], State=
     ZIP            HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], ZIP=
     COUNTRY        HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], Country=
     GET_FORUMS     HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], GetForums=
     GET_PHONE      none -- was not being used.
     AREACODE       none -- was not being used.
     SYS_INFO       HNAVCIS.INI, [Global], SysInfo=

     PURGE_DAYS     HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], PurgeDays=
     AGE            none -- was not being used.
     SCAN_HDR       HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], ScanHeaders=
     READ_WAIT      HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], ReadWaiting=
     SCAN_LIB       HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], ScanLibraries=
     SCAN_WAIT      HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], ScanWait=
     OUTBOX         HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], SaveOutgoing=
     FSYS_MSG       HNAVCIS.INI, [Forum Defaults], GetSystemMsgs=

     LINTNUM        HNAVCIS.INI, [Internal Storage], LastInternal=
     LSESSION       HNAVCIS.INI, [Internal Storage], LastSession=
     LADDR          HNAVCIS.INI, [Internal Storage], LastAddress=
     LGROUP         HNAVCIS.INI, [Internal Storage], LastGroup=

     ICON_SET       HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], IconSet=
     SORT           HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], IconSort=
     SPLIT          HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], IconSplit=
     DETECT         HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], CrashDetect=
     DUMMY1         CIS.INI (maintained by HMI toolkit)
     DUMMY2         HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], Flags1=
     PACK           HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], PackCycle=
     DUMMY4         HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], Flags2=
     VERSION        HNAVCIS.INI, [Miscellaneous], IndexVersion=

     STOCK_CNT      HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], StockMessageCount=
     STOCK_NEW      HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], StockNewCount=
     STOCK_HN       HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], StockHasNew=
     STOCK_HA       HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], StockHasAny=
     WEATH_CNT      HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], WeatherMessageCount=
     WEATH_NEW      HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], WeatherNewCount=
     WEATH_HN       HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], WeatherHasNew=
     WEATH_HA       HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], WeatherHasAny=
     FF_CNT         HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFMessageCount=
     FF_NEW         HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFNewCount=
     FF_HN          HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFHasNew=
     FF_HA          HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFHasAny=
     FF_HC          HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFHasCatalog=
     FF_MARK        HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFMarkedCount=
     FF_CAT         HNAVCIS.INI, [Special Forums], FFCatalogCount=


USERS.DBF
All information pertaining to user ID's and user passwords is now stored in
CIS.INI, which is maintained by the  HMI toolkit.  NOTE: Information about
the contents of the CIS.INI is "CompuServe Proprietary Information"  and
therefore cannot be described here.  CompuServe requests that 3rd-party
applications do not modify  CIS.INI except via the mechanisms provided in the
CompuServe Connection Toolkit (CCT).

FORUM.DBF
No change other than filename (now HFORUM.DBF)

CATALOG.DBF
The name of this file has changed to HCATALOG.DBF.  The following fields have
been changed:

     FILE_LEN       - Widened to 10 digits
     HAVECATNUM     - New field (see FSTRUC.WRI)
     CAT_NUM        - New field (see FSTRUC.WRI)
     TEXT_BUF       - End of paragraph marker has been changed from a
                      NULL (0) to a carriage return.


RECV.DBF
The name of this file has changed to HRECV.DBF.  The following fields have
been changed:

MSG_TEXT
z    End of paragraph marker has been changed from a NULL (0) to a carriage
     return.  Also, fonted  messages will  now have a !^NavFont line stored at the
     end of the message in this field.
z    IS_NAVCIS   - This field is no longer used.
z    NAV_CODES   - This field is no longer used.  Font information is now
     stored as part of the message text (see above)


HEADERS.DBF
No change other than filename (now HHEADERS.DBF)

WATCH.DBF
No change other than filename (now HWATCH.DBF)

ADDRESS.DBF
The name of this file has changed to HADDRESS.DBF.  The following fields have
been changed:

USER_ID        - Widened to 100 characters.

GROUP.DBF
No change other than filename (now HGROUP.DBF)

LINK.DBF
No change other than filename (now HLINK.DBF)

ACTIONS.DBF

The name of this file has changed to HACTIONS.DBF.  The following fields have
been changed:

     MSG_TEXT       - End of paragraph marker has been changed from a
                    NULL (0) to a carriage return.  Also, fonted
                    messages will now have a !^NavFont line stored
                    at the end of the message in this field.
     IS_NAVCIS      - This field is no longer used.
     NAV_CODES      - This field is no longer used.  Font information is
                    now stored as part of the message text (see above)


SORTING KEYS
Sort keys changed for the catalog database.  (see FSTRUC.WRI for details)

                               WHAT IS WINCODE

Wincode is a Windows 3.1x program (compatible with Windows 95) which converts
8-bit BINARY (EXE, COM, GIF, TIF, JPG, DOC, XLS, ZIP, etc.) files to 7-bit
ASCII (Text) files (and vice versa). This allows binary files to be sent via
Internet e-mail (i.e., to an e-mail address containing "@") which can only
send ASCII text files. Wincode currently supports UUE, MIME (also known as
Base 64), BOO, USR, XXE, BTOA and BINHEX (sometimes used with Macintosh
computers) formats. UUE and MIME are the two most frequently used with MIME
becoming the more popular of the two. Binary files you want to send to
someone must first be encoded in one of these standards and binary files you
receive via Internet e-mail must be decoded before you can use them.

Many e-mail packages automatically handle the encoding/decoding whenever the
user attaches a binary file to an outgoing message or when they receive a
message containing an encoded file. Unfortunately, NavCIS and WinCIM have not
implemented this capability yet. Therefore, you need to manually encode
binary files you want to send to Internet e-mail and decode ones you receive.

SENDING A BINARY FILE IN NAVCIS
If you are sending the file to another CompuServe user, you don't have to
worry about any of this stuff. Just drag the File Upload icon over to the
Mail icon, specify the CompuServe ID number and Browse for the file you want
to send which places the file name on the Subject line (which you should
leave alone). However, if you want to send the file to someone outside of
CompuServe via Internet e-mail, read on...

When you first setup Wincode, in the Encode preferences, make sure you
specify "single file" and a maximum output file size of 2,000,000 characters
since CompuServe can handle e-mail messages up to 2MB in size. Setting a
smaller size will result in Wincode splitting up the file into multiple
sequentially numbered output files. In the Encode preferences, you can
specify whether you want Wincode to put the resulting encoded file (the ASCII
text file you will be sending) in the default directory, prompt you for the
directory you want to use, or always use a specific directory you specify. In
the Decode preferences, you can specify whether Wincode should put the
resulting decoded file (the binary file someone sent you) in the default
directory, prompt you each time where you want to put it or use a specific
directory. Make sure the Decode Code Type is set to Auto Detect. You can
leave all other options at their factory defaults.

Before you encode a file for transmission, you'll need to determine what
format (almost always either UUE or MIME) the recipient is set up to handle.
If they are using Lotus CC:MAIL it will be UUE format. The on-line services
America Online and the Microsoft Network, and the e-mail packages Eudora and
Microsoft Exchange all use MIME.

In Wincode, you select the Encode operation and select the format you will
use (this will either be shown on the file selection dialog box or press the
Options button, depending on which version you are using). Then tell it the
name of the binary file you want to send and Wincode will convert it to ASCII
text and save it to the directory you specify, changing the extension to UUE
or B64 (for MIME). In NavCIS, drag the File Upload icon over to the Mail icon
and fill in the e-mail address, select Browse and locate the encoded file
(which will place the file name on the Subject line which you should leave
alone) and then make sure to check the ASCII check box.

Since NavCIS and WinCIM do not allow a text message to be combined with an
encoded file, you will probably want to send a separate message to the same
person telling them they will receive a message titled "xxxxxxx.UUE" or
"xxxxxx.B64" and what they should do with it. If they are not using a mail
reader that handles file attachments/automatic decoding, they will have to
have a program such as Wincode at their end to put the file back to its
binary form.

ABOUT ZIP FILES: To reduce transmission time, you can compress the source
binary file (e.g., .GIF, .TIF, .JPG, etc.) BEFORE you encode it (note that
encoding will INCREASE the size of the file by 20-30%). You can use a
standalone ZIP utility (like the popular WinZIP) or, in the latest versions
of Wincode, use the setup options to have Wincode automatically ZIP files
prior to encoding (requires PKWare's PKZIP 2.0x). Note that the person at the
receiving end will end up with a ZIP file after the e-mail message is decoded
and they'll have to have a ZIP utility to decompress it before using it.

RECEIVING A BINARY FILE USING NAVCIS
People that send you a binary file through Internet mail probably are using
an e-mail package that supports automatic encoding and file attachments.
They'll just hit the "Attach" button and specify the file they want to send.
If they don't have automatic encoding, they'll have to use a program like
Wincode at their end to convert the binary file to ASCII text so that it will
be able to go out via Internet mail.

When you receive the e-mail message in NavCIS, if it happens to be a small
message, you will be able to read the top part (which may contain a note from
the sender) and further down the message will be a BEGIN or PART BOUNDRY
statement followed by a file name and a bunch of text characters that looks
like a lot of garbage. This is the encoded file and you should select
File/Save As and save it as a .TXT file. However, it is more likely that you
will get a message in your In-tray that the e-mail message was too big and
NavCIS saved it as MSGxxxxx.TXT in your \NAVCIS\DATA directory. You should
open this file in a text editor to look at the top part in case the sender
included a note on the front end, perhaps telling you what to do with the
file.

In Wincode, you select the Decode operation and specify the .TXT file as the
input file. Wincode will automatically determine the type (MIME, UUE or
other), convert the file back to binary and save it under its original name
in the directory you specify for decoded files. You can then open the file
with its native application.

On occasion (particularly MIME-encoded messages coming from America Online),
Wincode will not be able to correctly guess the format and you may get a
"Nothing to Decode" error message. If this happens, change the Auto Detect
option to Base 64 (MIME conformant). This option is shown in the file dialog
box or press the Options button, depending on which version of Wincode you
are using.

ABOUT ZIP FILES: To save transmission time, the sender may have used a ZIP
utility to compress the file prior to sending it. If, after decoding, you end
up with a .ZIP file, you will have to process this through a ZIP utility
(such as WinZIP) to decompress it before using it. In the latest versions of
Wincode, you can set it up to automatically unZIP such files (requires
PKWare's PKZIP 2.0x).

A SMALL WORD OF CAUTION: If the decoded file turns out to be an EXE/COM
executable program or a Microsoft Word DOC/DOT file, it could be carrying a
virus that could be installed on your system when you execute the program or
open the document. It is a good idea to process these kinds of files through
a virus scanner (e.g., McAfee Virus Scan [GO VIRUSF]) first. If you are using
Microsoft Word, you may want to install Microsoft's Word virus protection [GO
MSWORD, file: MVTOOL10.EXE]). In the latest versions of Wincode, in the
configuration options you can set it up to automatically virus scan all the
files you receive and decode (you must have a virus scanner program
installed).

WINCODE HOOK
One of the nicest features of Wincode is that it integrates nicely with
NavCIS. Using the "hook" feature, you can setup Wincode so that it appears as
a menu item in NavCIS. In the Wincode Hook App configuration, put the name
that NavCIS shows on its title bar (e.g., NavCIS v 1.76) in the Application
Name field. Specify the path to the application (e.g.,
C:\NAVHMI\WNAVCIS.EXE). Select the Hide Windoe and Auto-Hook options. Leave
all other options at their defaults. Now, instead of starting NavCIS, just
start Wincode. It will launch NavCIS for you, put a new Wincode menu item in
the NavCIS menu bar and then disappear. You'll now be able to encode/decode
directly from within NavCIS without having to start separate programs! (If
you start NavCIS instead of starting Wincode first there will not be a
Wincode menu item in NavCIS, so just get in the habit of starting Wincode
instead of NavCIS.)

OTHER FEATURES

1.   - Full featured Windows 3.1 program (compatible with WFWG 3.11 and
     Windows 95)
2.   - Easy access ButtonBar for hassle-free operation
3.   - Drag and Drop support (use for batch en/de-coding -> Wincode also
     allows multi-file selection from File Open dialogs)
4.   - SMART decoding (handles single files, multi-part files, can determine
     what is encoded or not, etc.)
5.   - Fully configurable
6.   - EMBL UUcode compatible
7.   - Supports UU, XX or User defined En/Decoding
8.   - Supports Base64 (MIME conformant) En/Decoding
9.   - Supports BINHEX Decoding
10.  * Supports BINHEX Encoding
11.  * Supports BOO En/Decoding
12.  * Supports BTOA En/Decoding
13.  - Supports En/Decoding to/from the Clipboard
14.  - Supports automatic CODE TYPE detection (just use Auto Detect)
15.  * Supports automatic ZIP/UNZIP (requires PKWare's ZIP/UNZIP 2.0x)
16.  * Supports automatic virus scanning (requires separate virus program)
17.  - Application menu hooking option to integrate Wincode's menu
18.  * Powerful scripting language can be used to "program" Wincode (includes
     new automatic "Repair" damaged files option)
19.  - Includes INSTALL program for upgrades
20.  - Includes UNINSTALL program for removal
21.  - Integrated file-sorting companion program (separate executable for
     easier upgrading) which handles MANY types of file header formats
22.  * Integrated Winsock compatible e-mail/post daemon (separate executable
     for easier upgrading) to allow for automatic e-mailing and posting of encoded
     documents (see Requirements)
23.  - Multimedia support
24.  - It's ALL FREE...

Items above marked with "*" are only supported in the new beta version (see
below).

Wincode is distributed as FREEWARE. A complete help file is available for $10
US, but you will probably not need it if you read the README files and/or the
short on-line help file. Details about ordering the complete help file can be
found in the Help menu.

OTHER UTILITIES

Wincode is not the only program that handles UUE/MIME encoding/decoding.
Several other Shareware and commercial programs are available. Island Soft's
DECODESW.EXE is another popular one that has built-in graphic file viewing
but does not have the "hook" feature. These programs and additional help
concerning encoding/decoding can be found on CompuServe's Internet New Users
forum (GO INETNEW) and Internet Resources forum (GO INETRESOURCES). Searching
on keywords "UUE" and/or "MIME" will get you started.

WHERE TO FIND WINCODE

Wincode 2.6.1 is the latest production version. Forum: WINSHARE, Library 5 -
Network/Remote Access, Filename: WNCODE.ZIP.   Wincode 2.7.2 is the latest
beta version (08MAY96). Forum: INETRESOURCES, Library 4, Filename:
WC272B16.ZIP. This version will expire on September 10, 1996 because the
final production version will be released before that date and will ensure
that you are not using an outdated version. I am currently using this version
and have not run into any bugs or stability problems.

The most up-to-date information can be obtained by sending a blank e-mail
message to:
     wincode@snappy.global2000.net

Additional information and perhaps later versions of the program may be found
on the Web at:
     http://www.global2000.net/users/snappy/snappy/  (yes, there are two
/snappy's in the address)

You can also use anonymous FTP to access:
     www.global2000.net/users/snappy/  and look in the /users/snappy/
directory.

I hope this detailed information (most of it copied from Wincode's README
file) is of help.
Gary Brenkman (not associated with Wincode, Dvorak, Island Soft; just trying
to help out)

Special Notice!! STR Infofile                 File format Requirements for
Articles

                          File Format for STReport

     All articles submitted to STReport for publication must be sent in the
following format.  Please use the format requested.  Any files received that
do not conform will not be used.  The article must be in an importable word
processor format for Word 7.0.. The margins are .05" left and 1.0" Monospaced
fonts are not to be used.  Please use proportional fonting only and at eleven
points.

z    No Indenting on any paragraphs!!
z    No underlining!
z    Column Format shall be achieved through the use of tabs only.  Do NOT
     use the space bar.
z    No ASCII "ART"!!
z    There is no limits as to size, articles may be split into two if lengthy
z    Actual Artwork should be in GIF, PCX, JPG, TIF, BMP, WMF file formats
z    Artwork (pictures, graphs, charts, etc.)should be sent along with the
     article separately
z    Please use a single font only in an article.  TTF CG Times 12pt. is
     preferred. (VERY Strong Hint)

     If there are any questions please use either E-Mail or call.

     On another note. the ASCII version of STReport is fast approaching the
"end of the line"  As the major Online Services move away from ASCII.. So
shall STReport.  All in the name of progress and improved readability.  The
amount of reader mail expressing a preference for our Adobe PDF enhanced
issue is running approximately 15 to 1 over the ASCII edition.  Besides,
STReport will not be caught in the old, worn out "downward compatibility
dodge" we must move forward.  However, if the ASCII readership remains as
high, rest assured. ASCII will stay.  Right now, since STReport is offered on
a number of closed major corporate networks as "required" Monday Morning
reading.. Our ascii readers have nothing to worry themselves about.

Many grateful thanks in advance for your enthusiastic co-operation and input.

                         Ralph F. Mariano,  Editor
                         STReport International Online Magazine


For Immediate Release
                                      
                     Adaptec Purchases Corelr CD Creator

MILPITAS, California  -  June 26, 1996 - Adaptec, Inc. and Corel
Corporation announced an agreement today providing for the sale of Corel's
popular Corelr CD Creator software program and PD optical recording
technology to Adaptec in a $12 million (US) cash transaction.  All versions
(including localized versions) of Corel CD Creator, the leading software
for compact disk recordable (CD-R) drives, will be included in the deal.
Adaptec publishes Easy-CD Pror Software, the leading choice of CD-R
peripheral OEMs.   "High function and performance I/O software is a major
strategic business for Adaptec; and optical recording technology, the key
to CD-R and DVD, will play a big part in that effort," said S. Sundaresh,
Adaptec vice president and general manager of the Personal I/O business
unit. "We will support customers of both products," continued Sundaresh.
"CD-R is poised to move into the mainstream.  With this new technology,
we're in an even better position to deliver the software solutions the new
market demands."

"Our strategic vision is to move forward in pursuing our interests in the
field of productivity application software and the vast opportunities
presented by the Java-based operating system.  This transaction fits in
with that vision," said Dr. Michael Cowpland, president and chief executive
officer of Corel Corporation.  "We are confident Adaptec will continue to
provide the very best in 32-bit CD authoring to our loyal customer base."
The acquisition will be accounted for under the purchase method of
accounting.  Adaptec will evaluate the allocation of the purchase price to
the assets acquired, which may include in-process technology that will be
written off, and goodwill, which will be amortized over the benefit period.

Adaptec
Adaptec   provides  bandwidth  management  technologies  for  organizations
building the global information infrastructure.  Its high performance  I/O,
connectivity,  and network products are incorporated into the  systems  and
products of major computer and peripheral manufacturers.  Founded  in  1981
and  headquartered  in Milpitas, California, Adaptec (NASDAQ:ADPT)  employs
2500  people  worldwide  in  design,  manufacturing,  sales,  service   and
distribution.  Adaptec's home page is http://www.adaptec.com.

Corel Corporation
Incorporated in 1985, Corel Corporation is recognized internationally  as  an
award-winning  developer and marketer of productivity applications,  graphics
and  multimedia  software.   Corel's product line  includes  CorelDRAWT,  the
Corelr  WordPerfectr Suite, Corelr Office Professional, CorelVIDEOT and  over
30  multimedia  software  titles.  Corel's products  run  on  most  operating
systems,  including: Windows, Macintosh, UNIX, MS-DOS, OpenVMS and  OS/2  and
are consistently rated among the strongest in the industry. The company ships
its  products  in  over  17  languages through a network  of  more  than  160
distributors in 70 countries worldwide. Corel is traded on the Toronto  Stock
Exchange  (symbol:  COS)  and  the NASDAQ--National  Market  System  (symbol:
COSFF).   For  more information visit Corel's home page on  the  Internet  at
http://www.corel.com.  Adaptec and Easy-CD Pro are registered  trademarks  of
Adaptec,  Inc.   Corel  and WordPerfect are registered  trademarks  of  Corel
Corporation  or  Corel  Corporation Limited.   CorelDRAW,  CorelVIDEO,  Corel
VENTURA  and  Corel  Click  &  Create are trademarks  of  Corel  Corporation.
Windows  is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the  U.S.  and
other  countries under license.  Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple
Computer, Inc. used under license.   All products mentioned are trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective companies.



EDUPAGE STR Focus    Keeping the users informed




                                   Edupage
Contents

Cable TV Decision:  Community-Access Channels Left Free
56-Bit Encryption Is Vulnerable, Says Zimmermann
More "Net Days" On The Way
Australian Cable Company Has It All
Pentium Pro Servers Invade RISC Market
He/She Salaries In Information Technology
White Pine Teams With Digital On CU-See-Me
Sub-Global Villages
Satellite Phone System For Africa
"Oral History" Of The Internet
Outlook Murky For Taxing Cybersales
FCC Chief Opposes Internet Phone Regulation
HDTV Strategy
Cable Ruling May Be Two-Sided
Harmony Precedes Copland
Internet Search Co. Excite Buys Rival
Sizing Up Computer Monitors
Last-Generation Leader With Next-Generation Ideas
Tell All Your Friends
TCI-Telesat Plan Opposed By Clinton Administration
Hancock Chosen As Apple's New Chief Technology Officer
IBM Consent Decree Ended
"Shrink-Wrap" Licenses Okayed By Court
Digital Cuts Jobs
Gore Endorses E-Rates
Search Engine Market To Expand
Corel Vs. Microsoft
German PC Retailer Seeks Protection From Creditors
Web Profits Unlikely Till 2000
Online Journal Hosts Discussion On Peer Review
Net Conversation:  The Future Or The Past?

           CABLE TV DECISION:  COMMUNITY-ACCESS CHANNELS LEFT FREE
Striking down parts of a Federal law intended to protect children from
"patently offensive" programming on  cable television,  the U.S. Supreme
Court ruled that cable TV operators may ban such programming on  commercial
television but must not place the restriction on community-access channels
used by local  governments and community groups. Some legal analysts, arguing
that the Internet is analogous to community- access cable TV, think this
decision means that the Court will find the Communications Decency Act
unconstitutional, when it comes to consider it in the next term.  (New York
Times 29 Jun 96 p1)

              56-BIT ENCRYPTION IS VULNERABLE, SAYS ZIMMERMANN
Philip Zimmermann, creator of Pretty Good Privacy encryption software,
testified before a Senate  subcommittee that, based on a 1993 presentation by
Michael Wiener of Northern Telecom, it would be possible  to build a machine
for $1 million that could crack a message encrypted with the Data Encryption
Standard and  a 56-bit key in an average of 3.5 hours.  A more powerful
machine, costing about $10 million, could do it in  21 minutes, and a $100
million machine could bring the time down to two minutes.  Zimmermann's
testimony  contradicted a recent statement by U.S. Attorney General Janet
Reno that even with a "top of the line  supercomputer, decoding a 56-bit key
would take over a year and the evidence would be long gone."  At issue  is
whether the U.S. should permit the general-license export of 56-bit
encryption products.  (BNA Daily Report for Executives 27 Jun 96 A5)

                         MORE "NET DAYS" ON THE WAY
In the wake of California's NetDay, a one-day blitz to wire 4,000 classrooms
for the Internet, 35 other states  have announced plans for their own NetDays
this fall.  Mississippi, Connecticut, North Carolina and Maine are  among the
states involved in planning their schools' participation.  In support of
bringing the Information  Superhighway to all classrooms, Vice President Gore
is advocating free -- not merely discounted -- Internet  access for schools
and libraries.  (Tampa Tribune 30 Jun 96 A16)

                     AUSTRALIAN CABLE COMPANY HAS IT ALL
Optus Vision, the partly owned cable subsidiary of Australia's No. 2 long-
distance company, is now able to  offer television, telephone and high-speed
data services through a single network -- long the goal of the U.S.  cable
industry.  "The U.S. has taken longer than everybody thought," says a
Motorola general manager, who  notes that U.S. cable operators have delayed
their all-in-one systems because of the daunting task of upgrading older
plant and equipment to provide telephony and two-way data links. Optus was
able to build its network  from scratch.  (Wall Street Journal 28 Jun 96 B4)

                   PENTIUM PRO SERVERS INVADE RISC MARKET
Intel's Pentium Pro microprocessor is fueling an invasion of the higher end
server market, as Compaq, Dell  and other computer makers try their hand at
low-cost, high-performance servers.  On the lower end of the  market, where
desktop computer makers have already made great inroads, Compaq's 200-
megahertz, single- processor Pentium Pro server with 64 megabytes of memory
goes for $11,900, compared with Digital's  $16,000 32-bit, 266-megahertz
server with 64 megabytes of memory.  Compaq's top-of-the-line Pentium Pro
server is priced at $200,000, still cheaper than Digital's RISC (reduced
instruction set computer) servers that  go for $250,000 and up.  "The price-
performance ratio is a lot better with the new Pentium Pro," says an  analyst
for Technology Business Research.  "All of a sudden, the RISC makers are
saying, `We've got to  reduce prices.'"  (Investor's Business Daily 1 Jul 96
A6)

                             COREL VS MICROSOFT
Corel CEO Mike Cowpland says a Canadian government bidding process for
millions of dollars in software is  rigged in favor of Microsoft, and that
government officials canceled a $1.75-million WordPerfect order even  though
it was chosen as the best product in departmental comparisons.  (Ottawa Sun
28 Jun 96 p5)

                  HE/SHE SALARIES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Computerworld reports a 1995 survey of information systems professionals
showing that the IS population was  70% male and 30% female, with men's
salaries ranging from less than $45,000 (29%), $45-55,000 (30%), and  more
than $55,000 (41%), compared to a distribution for women's salaries:  less
than $45,000 (62%), $45- 55,000 (25%), and more than $55,000 (13%).
(Computerworld 24 Jun 96 p84)

                 WHITE PINE TEAMS WITH DIGITAL ON CU-SEE-ME
In a move to make White Pine Software's CU-See-Me desktop videoconferencing
software more "platform  neutral," the company has announced that its new 3.0
version, available later this year, will be compatible with  Digital
Equipment Corp.'s Windows NT-based Alpha Server.  The new version also will
work with other  videoconferencing technologies, such as 'Net Meeting.  White
Pine's president sees CU-See-Me eventually  becoming as "seamless" a
communications format as telephony.  (Broadcasting & Cable 24 Jun 96 p61)

                             SUB-GLOBAL VILLAGES
German sociologist Nils Zurawski says the Internet could spawn a plethora of
smaller global villages that could  actually isolate communities rather
create than the global village with a homogenized culture that proponents
envision;  at the INET '96 conference he discussed the risk that the Internet
communities will focus inward  rather than interact with other communities.
(Montreal Gazette 28 Jun 96 D7)

                      SATELLITE PHONE SYSTEM FOR AFRICA
Harlem businessman Percy Sutton has created a venture called AfriCom
Telecommunications Ltd, to build a  $650 million satellite-based system for
providing phone service throughout Africa via handheld wireless  phones.
Although "there are a lot of wealthy people in Africa," Sutton says that "in
many places in Africa you  have to wait seven hours to make a telephone call
at a postal telegraph office.  Our system would allow  entrepreneurs all
across the continent to open their own telephone businesses."  (Atlanta
Journal-Constitution 30 Jun 96 H2)

                       "ORAL HISTORY" OF THE INTERNET
Journalist David Bennahum has taken on the task of oral history archivist of
the Internet, through his  "Community Memory" list.  His goal is to collect
first-hand accounts by early users, and to document the  origin of terms such
as "hypertext" and "hackers."  To put your two cents' worth in, send a
message to  listserv@cpsr.org, and in the body of the message type: subscribe
cpsr-history your name.  (Chronicle of  Higher Education 28 Jun 96 A14)
Bennahum will also be appearing in the next issue of Educom Review,  writing
on a different subject.

                     OUTLOOK MURKY FOR TAXING CYBERSALES
A study released last week by KPMG Peat Marwick details "the frustrations of
corporate America as it tries to  cope with the murky environment created by
applying old tax laws to new ways of doing business," says a  partner with
the firm.  "Taxation of electronic commerce varies from state to state, so
determining what's  taxable and who is responsible for paying those taxes
ecomes very complex."  Some of the companies  interviewed for the study said
they might consider moving their electronic sales off-shore to escape the
reach of state and local taxes.  (St. Petersburg Times 1 Jul 96 p12)

                 FCC CHIEF OPPOSES INTERNET PHONE REGULATION
Noting that "we shouldn't be looking for ways to subject new technologies to
old rules," Federal  Communications Commission chairman Reed Hundt indicated
his opposition to Internet telephony regulation at  the INET '96 conference
in Montreal last week.  "Instead, we should be trying to fix the old rules so
that if  those new technologies really are better, they will flourish in the
marketplace." Acknowledging complaints by  phone companies that Internet
service providers are not paying their fair share for network upkeep, Hundt
said,  "I don't know what the full answer is to this problem.  But I'm
inclined to believe our best guidance is to let  technology, competition and
access reform make the problem go away."  (BNA Daily Report for Executives 1
Jul 96 A20)

                                HDTV STRATEGY
FCC chairman Reed Hundt says that broadcasters seeking a second, digital
channel for high-definition  television thought they would "get the spectrum
first and think about how to use it later.  But in order to get  these
licenses, you should have to serve the public in a specific, quantifiable,
measurable, reliable,  guaranteeable way."  Hundt wants broadcasters to
devote at least 5% of airtime on the new channels to such  public-interest
programming as children's educational TV or free time for political
candidates.  In addition, he  wants to auction off UHF channels 60-69 for
purposes such as cellular-phone use.  The president of the  National
Association of Broadcasters charges that Mr. Hundt "is attempting to impose
his social agenda."  (New York Times 1 Jul 96 C1)

                        CABLE RULING MAY BE TWO-SIDED
A Supreme Court ruling that struck down parts of a 1992 law prohibiting"
indecent" programming on cable  television channels leased to local groups or
set aside for the public may have unintended consequences for the  Internet.
The ruling "tastes sweet at first," says Harvard professor Laurence Tribe,
"but it turns out to be a  sugar-coated poison pill for the First Amendment."
At issue is Justice Breyer's carefully worded opinion,  which emphasized the
government's interest in shielding children from inappropriate adult
programming and  explicitly rejected a categorical endorsement of free speech
in programming content.  (Wall Street Journal 1 Jul 96 B1)

                          HARMONY PRECEDES COPLAND
Apple's major revision of its five-year-old System 7 Macintosh operating
software, code-named Copland, isn't  scheduled to ship until late 1997, but
Mac owners will have the opportunity to do a mini-upgrade this year via  a
new version called Harmony.  Harmony will incorporate improved networking and
Internet tools, as well as   some Copland features.  (Business Week 8 Jul 96
p16)

                    INTERNET SEARCH CO. EXCITE BUYS RIVAL
Excite Co. will acquire McKinley Group, which operates the Magellan Online
Guide, for $10 million in stock.   The move is a first step toward the
consolidation of the large-scale electronic directory market that many
industry analysts have predicted.  Electronic directories typically generate
their revenues through advertising  on their sites, and analysts have
suggested that the market of a dozen or so companies is too large for the
available ad dollars.  Excite and Magellan combined receive about 4 million
hits a day, compared with Yahoo!,  hich receives 6 million visits a day. Two
other rivals, Lycos and Infoseek, each generate about 4 million hits
daily.  (Investor's Business Daily 1 Jul 96 A7)

                         SIZING UP COMPUTER MONITORS
The July issue of Consumer Reports points out that the actual image displayed
by a computer monitor is about  an inch less than its nominal size (an
example was the NEC MultiSync XV17+ whose active viewing area  measured only
15.3 inches diagonally), thanks to the fact that monitors, unlike TV sets,
aren't covered by a  federal rule governing the way screen sizes can be
advertised.  The publication suggests taking a tape measure  with you when
you shop, and after testing a multitude of 15- and 17-inch screens, the group
concludes:  "A 15- inch monitor is the best choice for a new computer unless
the work you do (or your eyesight) requires a large  image or more
information on the screen at once; then, a 17-incher may make the most
sense."  (Consumer Reports Jul 96 p30)

              LAST-GENERATION LEADER WITH NEXT-GENERATION IDEAS
Gordon Bell, one of the primary developers of the minicomputer industry
during his 23 years at Digital  Equipment, is now at Microsoft working on his
idea for "scalable network and platform computing" which he  predicts "will
totally change the industry by the year 2002" by giving a single desktop
computer the power of a  mainframe.  Discarding the notion that computing is
a game reserved for the young, Nathan Myhrvold, who  recruited the 62-year
Bell to Microsoft, says:  "One thing that is very valuable in computing but
very rare is  having a sense of the past.  Technology moves so rapidly and
most of the people are very young.  There are a  tremendous number of lessons
from the past that are lost on people because they don't have the depth of
experience."  (New York Times 1 Jul 96 C5)

                            TELL ALL YOUR FRIENDS
Please tell all your friends that we have NOT discontinued Edupage.
Unfortunately, many people were recently  inadvertantly dropped from the
list, perhaps including your friends (especially if they seem irritable and
disoriented).  This is no time for you to be smug just because you're getting
Edupage and they're not.  Be  kind. Tell your friends that they should simply
resubscribe.

             TCI-TELESAT PLAN OPPOSED BY CLINTON ADMINISTRATION
Citing the fact that Canada has not yet opened its skies to U.S. satellite
companies, four government agencies  have asked the FCC to withhold a ruling
on whether the Colorado-based cable giant Tele-Communications Inc.  should be
allowed to beam its direct-broadcast TV satellite service via the Canadian
satellite launched by  Telesat Canada Inc.  TCI's defeat on this issue would
be a victory for the joint venture direct satellite service  being developed
in the U.S. by MCI and News Corporation.  (New York Times 4 Jul 96 C4)

           HANCOCK CHOSEN AS APPLE'S NEW CHIEF TECHNOLOGY OFFICER
Apple chief executive Gil Amelio has chosen Ellen Hancock to be Apple's
executive vice president and chief  technology officer.  Hancock spent 28
years with IBM, and was a senior vice president in 1992, responsible  for the
division making computer networking hardware and software, when she left the
company following a  management reorganization.  Amelio first recruited her
to National Semiconductor last September, before he  moved from CEO of
National to CEO of Apple.  Hancock said of her new appointment:  ''I have
brought  products to market before, so I know how to focus on what you need
to do."  (San Jose Mercury News Center 4 Jul 96)

                          IBM CONSENT DECREE ENDED
IBM has reached an agreement with the Justice Department to end a consent
decree imposed in 1956, phasing  out the remaining provisions covering IBM's
mainframe and mid-range computer businesses over the next five  years.  Other
restrictions, which forced IBM to ship computers to customers in the order in
which they were  received, were ended immediately.  "As these provisions fall
away we are going to be able to compete in a way  we are unable to compete in
today," says IBM's general counsel.  Other consent decree restrictions were
lifted  several months ago in previous negotiations.  (Wall Street Journal 3
Jul 96 B4)

                   "SHRINK-WRAP" LICENSES OKAYED BY COURT
The validity of the "shrink-wrap" licenses that many software publishers rely
on for copyright protection was  bolstered by a recent appellate court ruling
in Chicago.  Last month, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a
lower court's finding that shrink-wrap agreements were unenforceable.
Plaintiffs in the case,  ProCD vs. Zeidenberg et al., charged the defendants
with distributing the software program via the Internet.   The defendants had
argued that they couldn't be held to the license terms because they'd had no
chance to  negotiate or object to parts of the agreement.  They also said the
license agreement should be printed on the outside of the box, where it could
be read before purchasing.  The latest ruling found this suggestion to be an
onerous burden, but did say the box must have a notice saying there's a
licensing agreement inside, and that buyers should be able to return the
software if they don't agree to the license once they read it.  (Investor's
Business Daily 3 Jul 96 A5)

                              DIGITAL CUTS JOBS
Digital Equipment Corporation chief executive Robert Palmer has forced out
his No. 2 executive and  announced that the company's latest quarterly
results would be well below expectations.  Digital will cut 7,000  jobs
within the next 12 months.  (New York Times 3 Jul 96 C1)

                            GORE ENDORSES E-RATES
Vice President Al Gore, at a recent NetDay conference in Washington, called
on the Federal Communications  Commission, state regulators, parents, school
administrators and others to work together to make the E-rate --  free or
steeply discounted rates for schools and libraries -- a reality.  Gore said
that he believes the E-rate  could be implemented "in a way that promotes
education, while protecting ratepayers, that spreads the benefits  and the
burdens in an equitable manner, and that empowers communities to use the new
technologies and  services in the best way that they see fit to use them."
He emphasized the Clinton administration's  commitment to ensuring that
services offered under such a plan would meet "recognized educational
objectives,  including the need for adequate bandwidth," and that all
competing telecommunications entities have access to  technology-neutral
universal service fund subsidies.  (BNA Daily Report for Executives 2 Jul 96
A12)

                       SEARCH ENGINE MARKET TO EXPAND
Forrester Research says that Internet search engine suppliers such as Yahoo!
and AltaVista will move into the  database and database warehouse markets by
1997, providing competition for traditional database systems that,  in
contrast to such newer search engines, cannot locate information in
unstructured documents.  (Computer Industry Daily 5 Jul 96)

                             COREL VS. MICROSOFT
The Canadian government admitted that it gave Microsoft a multi-million
dollar contract over Corel even  though its software met all the requirements
and was cheaper.  A government spokeswoman said Corel's "point  of non-
compliance" was that its software did not work with files from Microsoft's
PowerPoint 4.0.   Corel  insists its software works, but that the government
staff had been working with older versions.  (Ottawa Sun 4  July 96 p2)

             GERMAN PC RETAILER SEEKS PROTECTION FROM CREDITORS
Escom, the German company that is one of Europe's largest PC retailers, is
seeking protection from its  creditors (similar to Chapter 11 protection in
the U.S,), following significant trading losses and losses caused  by a stock
write-down.  Aggressive expansion into new markets such as the U.K. had
caused storage and supply problems.  (Financial Times 4 Jul 96)

                       WEB PROFITS UNLIKELY TILL 2000
Most companies banking on selling their content over the Web won't see a
profit until the year 2000, predicts  Forrester Research, which says the
typical site, such as an electronic newsletter or magazine, will lose $3.9
million beyond the initial investment before they start making money.
"Content providers who joined the Web  gold rush find themselves tumbling
down a long, dark mine shaft.  It will be at least four years before they see
a return on their investments," says the report's author.  (Investor's
Business Daily 3 Jul 96 A5)

               ONLINE JOURNAL HOSTS DISCUSSION ON PEER REVIEW
In response to an item in Edupage which reported that a group of scientists
had dismissed "electronic  challenges to the tradition of peer review for
scientific publications," the online journal RhetNet has initiated
conversations on the subject of peer review and the issue of quality in
scholarly publication in particular.
(http://www.missouri.edu/~rhetnet/net_texts.html)

                 NET CONVERSATION:  THE FUTURE OR THE PAST?
Paul Saffo of the Institute for the Future says that the Web will evolve into
"the hottest salon venue on the  planet.  We're not going to surf in
cyberspace, we're going to hang out on it" -- conversing with other people.
But Washington attorney Stewart Baker, who specializes in online law, says
the "free-wheeling, anything-goes  attitude" now found on the Net "will
comprise a smaller and smaller percentage of what goes on the Web...  People
get tired of hearing other folks rant, and they want more organized
entertainment."  (Washington Post 4 Jul 96)

     Edupage is written by John Gehl (gehl@educom.edu) & Suzanne Douglas
                            (douglas@educom.edu).
                  Voice:  404-371-1853, Fax: 404-371-8057.
                                      
   Technical support is provided by the Office of Information Technology,
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE
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