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Article #594 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Newsgroups: freenet.sci.comp.atari.mags
Subject: ST Report: 26-Jul-96 #1230
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa789 - Bruce D. Nelson)
Date: Fri Aug  2 23:08:39 1996



                                      
                            Silicon Times Report

                                      

                  The Original Independent OnLine Magazine"
                                (Since 1987)
                                      
  July 26, 1996                                                    No. 1230

             Silicon Times Report International OnLine Magazine
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 07/26/96 STR 1230        The Original Independent OnLine Magazine!

 - CPU Industry Report  - Corel NEWS         -  CISCO Buys Telebit
 - IBM Chokes at Games  - Gov'ts Buy PCs     - Motorola Cuts Modem $$
 - Control NET, Germany - NEW VIRII Reported - NEW MS MOUSE
 - Apple Woes Lessen    - People Talking     - Jagwire
 
                IBM HAMMERED over Olympics Snafus
                   Intel Gives Away NetPhones
                   Human Memory Chip Foreseen

                                    
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Florida Lotto - LottoMan v1.35
Results: 7/20/96: 3 of 6 numbers, no matches


>From the Editor's Desk...

     A quick week for sure.. Even though all five days were there,  it seemed
like yesterday was Monday.  I still can't get the anger and heartfelt sorrow
I am feeling about the TWA Flight 800 tragedy.  I've already written to my
Congressional and Senate Representatives and told them exactly how I feel
about the entire matter.  I also included a copy of last week's editorial.
Now, let's see just how "responsibly responsive" they are.

     On another front and one I might add brings great joy. Intel has
embarked upon a course to put an end to long distance toll charges.  It
amazing how AT&T has made the world pay for the Trans-Atlantic Cable since it
was put in place before the First World War. and got away with it.  Well its
all about to come to a screeching halt.  Three Cheers to Intel for taking the
bold steps to put an end to the greatest single legal "score" modern mankind
is witness to.  Imagine . an end to expensive phone call charges that have
paid for the lines over and over again. I cannot wait to see it happen.  AT&T
is restructuring its "rate schedule at this time to offer a flat rate. based
on levels of quality, usage and time of usage.  It really is about time they
came back to earth with a realistic rate structure.  Thanks again to the
Internet and Intel.


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                    Ralph F. Mariano, Publisher - Editor
                  Dana P. Jacobson, Editor, Current Affairs

Section Editors
     
PC Section                         Mac Section             Atari Section
R.F. Mariano                       J. Deegan                D. P. Jacobson

Portable Computers & Entertainment                     Kid's Computing Corner
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STReport Staff Editors
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                           STReport Headline News
                                      
                      LATE BREAKING INDUSTRY-WIDE NEWS

                   Weekly Happenings in the Computer World

                        Compiled by: Dana P. Jacobson



                     IBM Takes a Tumble at the Olympics

IBM is being widely criticized at this week's Summer Olympic Games because of
delays and errors from its  highly-touted systems that were supposed to
provide widespread and near-instantaneous access to reams of data.  Reporting
from Olympic Village in Atlanta, writer Emory Thomas Jr. of The Wall Street
Journal says IBM has "scrambled . to repair the system," adding company
officials say they were making progress in fixing the problems "in the face
of unprecedented demands for information from the thousands of sports
officials and journalists."

A frustrated A.D. Frazier Jr., chief operating officer of the Atlanta Olympic
Committee, acknowledged he  expected some snags with Transportation, but,
"What I didn't expect was this technology mess. That's been a
disappointment." The Journal notes technology has eaten up $223 million of
Atlanta's $1.7 billion budget and  still one of the biggest snafus at the
Games has been availability of results from competition.  "Results from the
Atlanta Games are fed directly into computers at competition sites," Thomas
writes. "From there, they are sent  into Info 96, an internal information
system available to media and others... Dedicated networks also provide  data
directly to major news organizations such as the Associated Press. But the
software designed to filter all  the incoming data hasn't worked properly,
creating big gaps in information."

Meanwhile, IBM says the delays also stemmed, in part, from information
getting backed up on some slower  transmission lines in its computer network.
"In an attempt to keep data from becoming queued up," says the  Journal,
"technicians increased the speed of some network lines to 38,400 baud, the
speed of the fastest  standard modems available for PCs. The upgraded lines
had been operating at 9,600 baud, slower than the  modems supplied with most
new PCs."  The paper notes IBM paid tens of millions of dollars to become
both a  U.S. and worldwide Olympic sponsor, adding the company now says its
software engieers and  systems integration specialists "are working around
the clock to address the problems and are making some headway."

                      IBM Still Struggling at Olympics

IBM still is angering national and international journalists and officials at
the Olympic Games at Atlanta as the computer giant continues to try to fix
its error-plagued results computers. And it appears Olympic officials may be
losing patience.  "The feed for the world news agencies continues to be very
discouraging,"  spokesman Bob Brennan of the  Atlanta Committee told business
writer Evan Ramstad of The Associated Press late yesterday. ""Efforts to
bring it online have not been successful. ... We're not going to rely on it
for the balance of these games." As  reported, IBM has tried since Saturday
to fix a complex system designed to give the news media results from  each
Olympic event seconds after the event finishes.  "For some events, results
are fine, but, for many others,  the system produces errors or doesn't
deliver," Ramstad notes.

IBM has even started faxing results to the big news organizations, "which, in
turn," grumbles AP, "have  resorted to the time-honored but tedious method of
typing them into their own computers."  Six other major  IBM systems are
performing without a hitch at the Olympics, "but," says AP, "the glitches in
the 7th have  been amplified because of who it serves. Created for 13 large
news organizations, including The Associated  Press, Reuters and United Press
International, the trouble with the IBM system has spilled over to thousands
of newspapers and broadcasters who rely on those firms to pass results to
them."

IBM's senior management back in New York is troubled and has demanded
regular updates on the progress  toward resolution. IBM spokesman Fred
McNeese told Ramstad, "This is the largest sporting event in the  history of
the world and we are responsible for the information technology and we take
that responsibility very  seriously."  Meanwhile, the European Broadcast
Union has filed a formal complaint to Olympic organizrs,  indicated they and
other news organizations may seek refunds for their $3,000 connections to the
results  system.  Adding to Big Blue's embarrassment is the fact the computer
maker paid $80 million to be an  Olympic sponsor, "hoping to impress
customers with new ideas and skills," AP notes. "Advance promotional
materials promised 'bulletproof reliability.'"

Ramstad notes most of IBM's Olympics innovations have worked, including a
ticket-selling method that yield  tens of thousands of sales over the
Internet's World Wide Web. Also, spectators have had no trouble seeing
results on the scoreboards at the events, which are posted straight from the
judges who use IBM ThinkPad  mobile PCs or the Swatch timing devices that
connect through other IBM machines.  But that's little  consolation to
massive news organizations with deadlines to meet and no data coming in to
work with.

Perhaps punch-drunk from the frustration, British-based Reuters news service
last night filed a story at least  trying to play it for laughs, referring to
the "fickle mood swings of the Olympic results computer" that were  driving
its editors crazy.  "The multi-million dollar results system which has, by
turn, infuriated and --  eventually -- amused journalists with its bizarre
offerings, began the day in benign mood," says Reuters.   First  thing
yesterday, "it awarded a track cycling world record to Australian Bradley
McGee and then, in a spirit of  Olympic generosity, delivered the same
accolade to Denmark's Jan Bo Petersen. The track cycling begins on
Wednesday."

Later, "it got its bytes and bits in a tangle, turned nasty and spluttered
out a waspishly misleading fencing result. Hungary beat Spain in the
semifinals of the men's team epee event, it said. Wrong, both Hungary and
Spain were eliminated in the quarter-finals about an hour earlier. In fact,
the quarter-final results were wrong too, but that's another story."

                     IBM Takes Heat for Olympics Snafus

IBM is taking the blame for the chaotic information data system at the
Atlanta Olympic Games.  IBM  spokesman Fred McNeese told the French Agence
France-Press  International News Service, "We are as  disappointed as
everyone else. We accept full responsibility. We apologize for the problems."
As reported,  Big Blue is red-faced as it continues to anger national and
international journalists and officials because of its error-plagued results
computers.

However, McNeese insists conditions have improved for the 15,000 media
representatives using 1,800  computer data screens at Games venues and in the
main press centers.  "The main problem left," says AFP, "is  a special World
News Press Agencies results service provided for the four international news
agencies --  Agence France-Presse, Reuter, Associated Press and United Press
International -- and five other clients, including the BBC and other national
agencies and major newspapers."

The agency says it received a letter of apology IBM sent to the nine and
admitted the service to them remains  "irregular." IBM said it will carry on
working on the service and that its teams had worked hard to fix WNPA.
Results are now being distributed by paper.  The French new service notes
problems of varying degrees   continued yesterday with the results service
and with background information. "One boxer is said to be  95-years-old,"
writes AFP, "another is said to be only 50 centimeters (23 inches) tall,
while yet another fighter  is said to be more than six meters (18 feet)
tall."

                       State, Local Gov'ts Embrace PCs

In 1996, state and local governments will surpass the federal government in
the number of PCs in use, with  over 2.8 million desktops and more than
300,000 portables, reports International Data Corp. (IDC).  Even   excluding
education, state and local governments outpaced their federal counterparts in
the purchase of desktop  PCs by 50 percent during 1995, says the Framingham,
Massachusetts-based market research firm.  IDC notes  that purchases of PC
desktops, portables, and servers at the state and local levels are growing at
annual rates of 20 to 40 percent.  State and local governments have
traditionally lagged the PC technology curve, notes IDC. But the following
factors are breaking this pattern:

    The transfer of operational responsibilities from federal to state and
     local governments.
    Explosive growth in the World Wide Web as a means of
     government-government, government-business, and government-public information
     access, with transactions clearly on the horizon.
    An experimental attitude among state and local government employees.

"There is major PC infrastructure expansion taking place in state and local
governments," says Steve  LeCompte, vice president of IDC's government market
services. "Two-thirds of PC purchases are going to new users. Industry can
capitalize on this strong demand by focusing on the unique mechanisms the
public sector uses to acquire PCs."

                      International Net Standard Urged

Germany's minister for family affairs says international standards for  the
Internet may be necessary to prevent  pornographers and neo-Nazis from using
cyberspace to circumvent national laws. Appearing before the United  Nations
to discuss ways to protectwomen and children from violence and sexual
exploitation, Minister Claudia  Nolte said, "Because the Internet knows no
national borders, we will be able to protect youth only through
international standards." Associated Press writer Robert H. Reid quotes Nolte
as saying the Internet offered "many positive  opportunities" for exchanging
information worldwide, but adding the Net could be abused by neo-Nazis and
pornographers operating outside national jurisdictions.  The U.N. could play
a role in developing international  standards to control abuse of the
Internet, she said.  Of course, Internet regulations is a controversial issue
in  the U.S. and many other countries because of the potential for infringing
on the rights of free speech.  Reid  notes publishing or distributing
neo-Nazi or Holocaust denial literature is illegal in Germany, "but it is
unclear  how such laws can be enforced in the free-for-all atmosphere of the
Internet."

                     News Organizations Face Challengers

Traditional news organizations are losing their audiences and are in danger
of increased competition from  online services and other news media
providers, warns Digital Information Group, a subsidiary of Stamford,
Connecticut-based market researcher Gartner Group.  Without a more aggressive
stance, traditional newspaper  chains and broadcasters will continue to be
trounced by technology companies, which are spending hundreds of  millions of
dollars creating competitive news services on the Web, says DIG researcher
Maureen Fleming.

"News organizations should consider dropping their new media distribution
alliances until they've fully  assessed the risk of each alliance and figured
out better long-term strategies," advises Fleming. "Those strategies include
revenue-sharing arrangements tilted in the news organization's favor,
push-style distribution,  and non-compete arrangements."  A complete report,
Digital News War, will be available on Gartner
Group's @@vantage Web site on Aug. 15. (http://www.atvantage.com).

                        Online Ads to Near $2 Billion

Advertising revenues from the World Wide Web and the four largest proprietary
online services (America  Online, CompuServe, Prodigy and Microsoft Network)
will total $200.1 million in 1996 and grow to $1.97  billion in 2000,
according to new research from SIMBA Information Inc.  "The Web advertising
market is  experiencing, and will continue to experience, dynamic growth,"
says SIMBA analyst Elizabeth Estroff. "The  growth of Web advertising
revenue, which will account for the bulk of online advertising growth, will
be the  direct result of the increase in the number of Web user sessions and
page views." SIMBA projects that Web
user sessions will ht 15.79 billion in 2000, yielding 94.76 billion page
views.

The Web advertising market will total $110.0 million in 1996 and reach $1.86
billion in 2000, predicts  SIMBA. It notes that the greatest growth will
occur between 1996 and 1997 when Web advertising revenues  are expected to
increase 265.8% to $402.4 million. Advertising revenue growth is forecast to
slow between  1998 and 2000 due to the leveling off of Web users.  According
to SIMBA, the Web advertising market is  dominated by a small, but growing
advertiser pool. Several new advertisers, including Procter & Gamble,
Nissan, Anheuser-Busch and Nabisco, are planning Web ad campaigns in 1996 and
1997.

SIMBA surveyed 38 of the largest national advertisers and found that 33 had
one or more Web sites and 20 of  the largest national advertisers with Web
sites were purchasing or planning to purchase Web advertising.
Other findings include:

    Computer and car marketers are early adopters of Web and online
     advertising. The next categories of  advertisers to embrace the Web are
     information-intensive product and service industries such as travel,
     pharmaceutical, beverage and retail marketers.
    Future Web site growth will come from established brands.
    Traditional media brands like The New York Times, CNN and ESPN have the
     financial and marketing  resources necessary to make advertising a success on
     the Web. Startups without the advertising sales expertise or the ability to
     leverage existing advertisers and audiences face an uphill battle.

                        Is the Worst Over for Apple?

Same analysts are saying that while Apple Computer Inc. still is losing
money, the worst of the Cupertino,  California, computer maker's financial
hemorrhage may be over.  Business writer Catalina Ortiz of The  Associated
Press notes Apple lost $32 million in its third fiscal quarter, but that's
"actually good news because  industry analysts expected far more dismal
results."  Said editor Pieter Hartsook of the Hartsook Letter in  Alameda,
California, "I'm quite encouraged. When I saw the fax cme through I said,
'Yes -- good for you!'"

AP quotes Apple as saying its loss for the three months ended June 28
amounted to 26 cents a share, compared  with profit of $103 million, or 84
cents a share, for the same period of last year. This includes a one-time
gain  of $39 million from the sale of Apple's investment in America Online.
"Even so, the loss was narrower than  expected," Ortiz notes. Revenue fell 15
percent to $2.18 billion from $2.58 billion, in line with predictions.
"Analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research on average had forecast a
loss of $1.12 a share with  estimates ranging from 44 cents to $1.86," AP
observes.

As reported, Apple, the nation's No. 3 computer maker, is trying to turn
around steep declines in profit,  market share and stock price, which
recently tumbled to a 10-year low. New CEO Gil Amelio has reorganized the
company and has pledged to trim its product line and focus on such growing
markets as computer networks.

                          Corel Licenses Java Code

Corel Corp. will add Java support to its Corel Ventura, CorelDRAW and Corel
WordPerfect software.  The  software publisher says it has licensed Java
source code from Cupertino, California-based JavaSoft, a move  that will
eventually allow Corel users to run Java applets in Corel software.
Additionally, Corel Will develop a  Java-applet viewer that will allow users
to view Java applets in any application. Corel says it will provide this
technology to JavaSoft for its own use and for redistribution to other
licensees for incorporation it into their applications.

"Java is definitely the platform of the future and we've embraced that vision
at Corel wholeheartedly," says  Michael Cowpland, Corel's president and CEO.
"This agreement also shows the faith that JavaSoft has in our  ability to
develop premium technology for the Java platform."  "Corel has made an
impressive commitment to  the Java platform and has done some ground-breaking
work in WordPerfect and QuattroPro for Java," adds  Jon Kannegaard, vice
president of products for JavaSoft. "This agreement signals an even stronger
relationship  between Corel and JavaSoft, and we look forward to seeing the
further contribution Corel will make to the Java industry."

                     Intel, Microsoft Target Net Phones

Intel Corp. and Microsoft Corp. have signed a cross- licensing agreement that
aims to help people place  multimedia voice, video and data conferencing
calls over the Internet.  Both companies say they will work with  Internet
white page vendors and service providers to make it easy to find other people
to talk to on the Internet  using the open Usr Location Service (ULS).   To
help ensure universal interoperability for Internet voice and  video calls,
Intel will provide Microsoft with its implementation of the H.323, RSVP and
RTP standards  created for its ProShare family of video conferencing
products. Microsoft will provide Intel with its T.120 implementation, the
ActiveX Technologies and the Microsoft NetMeeting application.

The agreement also calls for Intel and Microsoft to jointly promote Internet
phones standards to the software  development, PC OEM, independent hardware
vendor, conferencing and Internet services communities. "By  aggressively
supporting standards-based communications along with Intel and others in the
industry, we are  making great strides to meld the power of the PC with the
global reach of the Internet," says John Ludwig,  vice president of
Microsoft's Internet platform and tools division."

"Today's announcement reflects solid progress and the expansion of a great
relationship with Microsoft on  Internet technologies," adds Frank Gill,
general manager of Intel's Internet and Communications Group. "With
Microsoft, and the more than 120 companies that are supporting our standards
effort, we're going to make  low-cost voice, data sharing and ultimately
video conferencing available to all PC users on the Net."

                         Intel Gives Away Net Phones

Chipmaker Intel Corp. will give away software enabling users to make
long-distance phone calls via the  Internet.  The software is based on a
standard used by at least 120 companies, including Microsoft Corp.,  which
will plug a compatible product, NetMeeting, into its operating systems.
Writing in The Wall Street  Journal this morning, reporter Dean Takahashi
notes Net calls cost only as much as the local connection to the  global
computer network, so that if computer telephony catches on it could
eventually make a dent in the  profits of phone companies.

"Many experts believe," Takahashi adds, "that in a few years telephone
companies may actually abandon  per-call charges for a set monthly fee based
o the quality of service rather than the amount of usage."  An  estimated
30,000 people now make long-distance calls using the Internet, with delays in
voice transmission of  as much as half a second. "The reason we did our
phone," says Frederick Yeomans, marketing manager for  Intel, "was that there
were a lot of Internet phones out there, but the frustration level was high
because the  phones didn't talk to each other."

And Internet analyst Jeff Pulver at Pulver.com in Great Neck, New York, told
the paper, "The dynamics of  this Internet phone market are about to change
forever. It's going to change from a hobbyist's toy to something  business
people and consumers are going to use to get around long-distance costs." As
reported earlier, Intel  and Microsoft Corp. have signed a cross-licensing
agreement that aims to help people place multimedia voice,  video and data
conferencing calls over the Internet.  And the Journal says this morning the
product "provides  further evidence that Intel has shifted its strategy to
become more of a computing and communications  company, not just a maker of
microprocessor chips for personal computers."

The paper says Intel will make its software available on its World Wide Web
site (http://www.intel.com)  starting Wednesday. It will also make use of a
Microsoft technology that helps computer users locate other Internet phone
numbers on the Internet.  "Thus, once the technology is widespread, a user
would be able to  access the directory service, click on a particular name,
and immediately initiate a call to that person," the Journal adds.

                         Motorola Cuts Modem Prices

Motorola Inc. has cut prices on its SURFR Series V.34 28.8 modems by 30
percent, bringing the cost of its  28.8K bps ModemSURFR internal model to
$99, including a $20 rebate.  All of Motorola's SURFR modems,  including the
ModemSURFR, OnlineSURFR and VoiceSURFR, are now available at prices ranging
from $99  to $160, depending on model.  "With this move Motorola's SURFR
Series modems are now at a price point  within reach of all consumers looking
to go on line with high-quality, technologically advanced products from  an
industry leader," says Iain Morris, vice president and general manager of
Motorola's information systems  group.  All of the modems are bundled with
communications software, including the Windows version of the CompuServe
Information Manager.

                        Microsoft Reinvents the Mouse

Microsoft Corp. has announced IntelliMouse, a new top-of- the-line PC
pointing device.  Microsoft notes that  the unit's intuitive functionality
aims to make it easier for users to navigate within the upcoming Office 97
suite  of applications as well as Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0 and the
Explorer feature of the Winows 95 operating  system.  The new mouse features
a wheel, located between two standard buttons, that provides Office 97 users
with a tool for scrolling, zooming and data zooming.

According to Microsoft, scrolling is as simple as rolling the wheel, or
pressing down on the wheel and moving  the mouse. IntelliMouse eliminates the
need to use scroll bars.  An AutoScroll feature provides a "hands-free"  way
to read documents. This "teleprompter" mode gives users control over the
speed at which a document  automatically scrolls.  Zooming support provides
users with a bird's-eye view of the work at hand, making it  easier to locate
and then zoom in on particular areas of a spreadsheet or document.

Data zooming provides a quick way to collapse and expand Word or PowerPoint
presentation graphics  program documents in outline views.  "The best
innovations are often the simplest," says Rick Thompson, vice  president of
Microsoft's hardware group. "With Microsoft IntelliMouse, users of Office 97,
Microsoft Internet  Explorer 3.0 and Windows 95 will experience intuitive
navigational control, enabling complete focus on the  work at hand."
IntelliMouse is scheduled to become available in November for $84.95.

                          Mac Clone Hits the Market

The first maker of an Apple Macintosh clone has hit the market with a model
that it says features the fastest  microprocessor available.  Power Computing
Corp.'s machines are run by a new PowerPC 604e microprocessor from a joint
venture of IBM, Apple and Motorola. The chip has clock speeds of up to 225
MHz, faster than the top 200 MHz speed of Intel Corp.'s Pentium chip, the
brand found in most PCs.  Business writer Evan Ramstad of The Associated
Press says prices for the PowerTower Pro computers range  from $4,000 to
$6,300. "Like Dell Computer Corp. and Gateway 2000 Inc.," adds Ramstad,
"Power is a  mail-order PC maker, building machines to a customer's custom
wishes in a wide variety of configurations."

    NEC Technologies Inc. has new systems for consumers, most of which come
     with built-in ampifiers and  equalizers for better sound. It offers two
     models in its 7600 series, with prices starting at $1,500 without a monitor,
     and seven models in its 9600 series, with prices starting at $1,800 without a
     monitor.
    Compaq Computer Corp. is offering business systems, replacing 70 models
     with 34 united under one brand  name, Deskpro, instead of two. The company
     hopes the move will encourage wholesalers to offer its whole  line of
     business-targeted PCs.

                       HP Unveils New LaserJet Printer

Hewlett-Packard Co. has unveiled the HP LaserJet 5L Xtra.  The new printer
combines fast, high-volume, 600  dots-per-inch printing performance with a
suite of business- productivity software packages specifically tailored  for
small-business and home-office users. HP notes that the LaserJet 5L Xtra is
also the first printer to be  bundled with Netscape Navigator.  "HP is
working closely with companies such as Microsoft and Netscape to make
Internet printing easy and intuitive," says Carolyn Ticknor, vice president
and general manager of HP's  LaserJet group. "Our investments in setting new
Internet printing standards will help drive the computing industry forward as
the Internet becomes more ubiquitous."  The new printer, which replaces the
LaserJet 5L,  is available now and sells for about $479.

                         Cisco to Buy Telebit Corp.

>From San Jose, Calif., comes word Internet service company Cisco Systems Inc.
has signed a definitive  agreement to acquire Telebit Corp. and the
Massachusetts firm's remote access and digital modem products for computer
networks.  "These high-density digital communication channels will be
combined with Cisco's  software and wide-area network switching technology to
provide customers with scalable, secure network  connections," says United
Press International.

Cisco officials told the wire service Telebit's modem technologies business
-- with about 50 development,  product management and customer support
personnel -- will become the Dial Technology Division within Cisco's access
business unit in Chelmsford, Mass.  Terms of the deal call for Telebit to
sell its analog modem  business, NetBlazer and MicaBlazer products, and other
assets and liabilities for a $31.5 million promissory  note and $3.5 million
in redeemable preferred stock.

"These products will create a new entity through a management buy-out,
financed by Cisco," UPI says. "At  the same time, Ciscosaid it will purchase
the remaining Telebit Corp., which will consist of its patents, intellectual
property and personnel."  Subject to necessary regulatory approvals, the
transaction is expected  to be completed by the end of October.

                       Fujitsu Puts MO Up Against DVDs

A powerful computer memory disc with massive storage capacity is being
promised as early as next year by  Japanese computer giant Fujitsu Ltd. and
seven other companies, challenging a memory system soon to be launched by a
rival group.  Reporting from Tokyo, Yuko Inoue of the Reuter News Service
quotes a Fujitsu  spokeswoman as saying the palm-size memory disc will have
greater storage capacity and be "more computer  friendly" than digital video
discs (DVDs) that will be launched in the United States and Japan later this
year by  a group of major electronic firms including Toshiba Corp. and
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co.

Reuters notes DVDs, "dubbed the most lucrative consumer product since audio
compact discs or video cassette  recorders," are 5-inch optical discs that
can store up to 4.7 gigabytes of read-only data or 133 minutes of film  and
sound. The rewritable version suitable for computer memories will be launched
sometime in 1998, with  torage capacity of about 2.6 gigabytes.  "The firms
in the DVD camp," adds the wire service, "are betting that  the huge storage
capacity will eventually make videocassette recorders, CD players and CD-ROMs
obsolete.  But the Fujitsu spokeswoman said their new, same five-inch system
based on magento-optical discs will have  six to seven gigabytes of
rewritable data."

Says the Fujitsu official, "Our system is more computer friendly because of
larger storage capacity, faster  access speed and unlimited capacity for
rewriting data. The two systems, with different strength, would coexist."
Reuters says Fujitsu and its partners -- including Sony Corp., Philips
Electronics N.V., Hitachi Ltd.  and Sharp Corp. -- will finalize the MO
format by the end of December.  "Smaller-size MOs with about 650  megabytes
capacity ae already used as PC memory devices," Reuters says, quoting a Sony
spokesman as  saying improved laser technology will enable denser packing of
data.

"Still," notes Reuters, "many analysts said DVDs beat MOs in versatility and
easy compatibility with  CD-ROMs."   And Toshiba -- a major player in
development of the unified DVD format -- is cool to the MO  technology,
saying the MO's complicated mechanical structure will make it hard to cut
production costs.

                         Human Memory Chip Foreseen

A memory chip that could preserve a person's thoughts and experiences could
be available in less than 30  years, a group of British scientists say.  What
they call the "soul-catcher" memory chip "would be connected to  the optical
nerve in the eye," the Reuter News Service reports from London, "and would
store memory and  sensual sensations such as smell, sights and sounds in the
form of neuron pulses in the brain that can later be
downloaded into a computer."

Dr. Chris Winter, head of British Telecom's artificial life team that
developed the device, says people then  would be able to relive their own
experiences or their memories could be transferred to another person's
brain, adding, "This is the end of death -- immortality in the truest sense."
Said Winter, "By combining this  information with a record of a person's
genes, we could recreate a person physically, emotionally and spiritually."

Reuters reports Winter and his team compared the memory chip, which will have
a memory capacity of 10  million megabytes, to the black box in an aircraft
that records flight procedures and information.  Said the  doctor, an expert
in solid state physics and biochemistry, "With these chips, we wouldn't have
to rely on  holiday snaps and our memories, we could simply play our
experiences back to each other." The researchers  says the development also
could help people suffering from Alzheimer's disease and be useful in
criminal cases  such as rape and robbery if the event is stored in the
victims's memory.

                        Visa Unveils New Net Security

A digital coding system that promises to allow safer purchases over the
Internet is being unveiled by credit  card company Visa International and
Internet-security company VeriSign Inc.  Writer Jared Sandberg of The  Wall
Street Journal says the two firms have devised "specially scrambled codes
that card holders could use to  make purchases, and which would let merchants
validate card holders' identities."   Adds Sandberg, "Visa and  its partner
are counting on the ne system to close a gaping hole in card security,
particularly as it pertains to purchases via the Internet. Many card numbers
get stolen at the point when merchants handle the transaction.  Such fraud at
the merchant level costs U.S. banks several hundred million dollars a year in
lost revenue, and  Visa wants to use the new system to keep the same problem
from hitting Internet purchases."

The ideas of the new system are:

    Merchants never actually get a credit-card holder's full card number.
     Instead, VeriSign handles most of that information along with the member
     banks.
    A card thief would have to not only gain access to a holder's
     credit-card number, but would also have to break the digital keys to make a
     purchase.

The Journal says an online customer simply transmits a three-tiered computer
message containing a special  decoder key, a message with the goods that are
being purchased and their pricing and a "digital certificate,"  which
contains the user's identity, partial credit-card number and the bank that
issued the customer's credit card.  The merchant then uses the key to unlock
the message, and uses the certificate to verify the identity of  the buyer
and the buyer's credit. Once the buyer is deemed legitimate, the purchase is
put through and a bill is sent.

Sandberg says that of the various Internet payment schemes now under way, the
Visa/VeriSign system seems  to have the most backing, noting the system is
based on technical standards developed by Mastercard International, IBM,
Cybercash Inc., Netscape Communications Corp. and Microsoft Corp.

                       New Word Macro Virus Discovered

The virus experts at TouchStone Software Corp. have discovered a new strain
of the infamous Word macro  virus that reportedly carries even greater
destructive capabilities than its predecessor, Word Concept.  The new  virus,
called "Wazzu," poses a major threat to computer users, says the company.
TouchStone notes that the  destructive code can be successfully detected and
removed with PC-cillin 95, the anti-virus program deeloped  by TouchStone
Software and Trend Micro Inc.

According to TouchStone, the Wazzu virus wreaks havoc within infected
documents by changing, moving or  adding words. In many instances, the virus
will insert the word "wazzu" at random points within a document. TouchStone
says Wazzu activates faster than previous macro viruses and is much more
difficult to clean  manually, thus increasing the potential for rapid
proliferation. It is primarily transmitted via e-mail attached files and is
activated when an attached document is opened.

"Macro viruses have spread like wild fire, and the new Wazzu virus appears to
be the most advanced macro  virus to date," says C. Shannon Jenkins,
TouchStone Software's chief technology officer.

                          McAfee Finds Excel Virus

Discovery of the first Macro virus capable of infecting Microsoft Corp.'s
Excel spreadsheets has been reported  by anti-virus software specialists at
McAfee Associates Inc.  Speaking with the Reuter News Service, Jimmy  Kuo,
director of anti-viral research for the Santa Clara, California, software
company, said he hoped to have a  detector for the virus very soon.  The
virus "could be far and wide if we don't a handle on it really quick," he
said, noting that Microsoft Excel is the world's most popular spreadsheet
application.

Called ExcelMacro/Laroux, the virus was discovered at two large unidentified
companies, one in Alaska and  one in Africa, Reuters reports.  The virus can
replicate rapidly under normal spreadsheet use but does not   appear to
damage data, Kuo said. "This virus has no destructive payload," he added,
describing it as "an  inconvenience."  Reuters says Laroux infects versions 5
and 7 of the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet application.  Desktop operating
systems affected include Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows NT.




For Immediate Release
                                      
               Corel Announces Agreement with Packard Bell NEC
                                      
Ottawa, Canada - July 24, 1996 - Corel Corporation, an award-winning
developer and marketer of productivity applications, graphics and multimedia
software, has announced a new bundling agreement with Packard Bell, the
world's largest consumer PC manufacturer.  Packard Bell will pre-install a
special build of Corelr WordPerfectr Suite 7 on all Packard Bell PCs
distributed worldwide.  The bundling agreement includes Corelr WordPerfectr
7, Corelr Quattror Pro 7, Corelr PresentationsT 7, CorelFLOWT 3, 150 fonts,
and 10,000 clipart images. Each PC will also ship with a copy of the suite on
CD-ROM.

"This agreement represents a huge leap forward in our efforts to increase our
share of the productivity applications market," said Dr. Michael Cowpland,
president and chief executive officer of Corel Corporation.  "With more than
30 per cent of retail shelf space and in excess of 15,000 North American
display units highlighting Corel WordPerfect Suite 7, Packard Bell has
offered us an incredible opportunity to showcase our new offering."

This relationship will enable Corel to take advantage of Packard Bell's vast,
worldwide marketing channel, as well as to participate with the computer
giant at upcoming trade shows.

Packard Bell NEC
Based in Sacramento, California, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. designs, manufactures
and markets a broad range of PC-compatible desktop and notebook computers and
network servers.  The company's major manufacturing operations are in
Sacramento, California; Fife, Washington; and Angers, France.  For more
information on the company regarding news releases, technical support
contacts, product updates, etc., visit http://www.packardbell.com on the
World Wide Web.

Corel Corporation
Incorporated in 1985, Corel Corporation is recognized internationally as an
award-winning developer and marketer of productivity applications, graphics
and multimedia software.  Corel's product line includes CorelDRAWT, the
Corelr WordPerfectr Suite, Corelr Office Professional, CorelVIDEOT and over
30 multimedia software titles.  Corel's products run on most operating
systems, including: Windows, Macintosh, UNIX, MS-DOS and OS/2 and are
consistently rated among the strongest in the industry.  The company ships
its products in over 17 languages through a network of more than 160
distributors in 70 countries worldwide.  Corel is traded on the Toronto Stock
Exchange (symbol: COS) and the NASDAQ - National Market System (symbol:
COSFF).  For more information visit Corel's home page on the Internet at
http://www.corel.com.
                                      
Corel, WordPerfect, Quattro, Presentations, CorelFLOW, CorelVIDEO and
CorelDRAW are registered trademarks or trademarks of Corel Corporation or
Corel Corporation Limited.    All products mentioned are trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective companies.




EDUPAGE STR Focus    Keeping the users informed




                                   Edupage
Contents


U.S. Official Warns Of "Electronic Pearl Harbor"
Anytime, Anywhere Cash -- But Where?
Nielsen Counts On The Net
Help Wanted:  CIOs With Vision
Clinton Loses Silicon Valley Support
Database Used For Neighborhood Evaluation
ACLU Challenges Va. Law On Computer Use
Visa Teams With VeriSign On Encrypted Payment System
Intel Debuts Net Phone Software Microsoft's PC Web
Problems With Olympic Information System
New Theories On Productivity And Computers
System Managers Say Internet Is Overhyped
Cisco Buying Spree Continues, Telebit Targeted
Canadian Internet Use 
IBM and Xylan Will Make Network Switches
FCC Wants 23 Channels Back After
Transition To Digital TV
Compaq Cuts Costs With Teamwork
Intelsat To Offer Free Satellite
Time For Education
Cisco Buying Spree Continues, Telebit Targeted
MasterCard And GTE Are Banking On CyberTrust
Pointcast -- Too Much Of A Good Thing?
E-data's Patent Claims Under Scrutiny
Shaw Files Satellite Application
Caldera Sues Microsoft Alleging Antitrust Violations
System Testing Begins When System Is Tested



              U.S. OFFICIAL WARNS OF "ELECTRONIC PEARL HARBOR"
Deputy U.S. Attorney General Jamie Gorelick told a Senate subcommittee last
week that the possibility of "an  electronic Pearl Harbor" is a very real
danger for the U.S.  She noted in her testimony that the U.S.  information
infrastructure is a hybrid public/private network, and warned that electronic
attacks "can disable or  disrupt the provision of services just as readily as
-- if not more than -- a well-placed bomb."  On July 15 the  Clinton
Administration called for a President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure
Protection, with the mandate to identify the nature of threats to U.S.
infrastructure, both electronic and physical, and to work with  the private
sector in devising a strategy for protecting this infrastructure.  At an
earlier hearing, subcommittee  members were told that about 250,000
intrusions into Defense Department computer systems are attempted  each year,
with about a 65% success rate.  (BNA Daily Report for Executives 17 Jul 96
A22)

                    ANYTIME, ANYWHERE CASH -- BUT WHERE?
Autoteller machines are ubiquitous, but finding one in a strange city can be
a problem.  Visa customers (who  carry their laptops with them) can now
locate the nearest ATM machine using Visa's GlobaLocator interactive
directory of all domestic and international Visa/Plus ATMs. The service also
offers detailed maps for each  machine located in the U.S. Visa operates
more than 280,000 ATMs in 102 countries. .
(Investor's Business Daily 22 Jul 96 A6)

                          NIELSEN COUNTS ON THE NET
After triggering controversy last year over its Internet user counting
methodology, the A.C. Nielsen company  is back -- with even higher figures.
The company was roundly criticized when it projected some 24 million  North
American Internet users, but after going back and reinterviewing 2,800 of the
original 4,200 survey  participants, Nielsen now says that the only problem
with the first numbers is that they were a little low. (Broadcasting & Cable
15 Jul 96 p16)

                       HELP WANTED:  CIOs WITH VISION
"Money is no object when it comes to finding a CIO with vision," says a
managing partner with an Atlanta  headhunting firm.  "At forward-thinking
companies, if there's a $50,000 to $100,000 premium to get one of  these
guys, they'll pay it."  Indeed, the top technology visionaries are raking in
$750,000 and up, says the  president of an IS executive placement and
consulting firm in Santa Monica, Calif.  A recent survey shows this  level of
salary is certainly not the norm, however.  Information Week's May poll shows
more than half of the  IS executives questioned earn no more than $100,000,
and a third report $75,000 or less.  "Business people  hear about Java and
the Internet, and they want to know where these things fit into the company,"
says a VP  and CIO for Coty Inc.  "To be successful, you have to have a
strategy that can shepherd existing technology investments with emerging
technology." (Information Week 8 Jul 96 p46)

                    CLINTON LOSES SILICON VALLEY SUPPORT
Because of the positions President Clinton has taken on such issues as
securities litigation, capital-gains taxes,  R&D tax credits, and political
reform, he seems to have lost the support of many of the information
technology  industry executives who gave him enthusiastic endorsements in the
last election.  But an advisor to Vice  President Gore suggests that they'll
change their minds because  ''I don't know any political leaders in the
world who have invested more time in promoting the future of information
technology than President Clinton  and Vice President Gore.''  (San Jose
Mercury Center News 21 Jul 96)

                  DATABASE USED FOR NEIGHBORHOOD EVALUATION
A U.K. company called Answers is offering house hunters who might want to
know a little more about their  potential neighbors a "house investigation
package" that includes a check of  computer databases for  information on the
neighborhood's house prices, movement of people, its history and good and bad
points.  It  also searches newspapers and journals for any incidents
involving the area or residents.  The head of the  ompany says the
information gathered is all in the public domain. "It is just that we have
the professional  experience to know what to look for and where to find it.
We do not invade anyone's privacy," he says.  (Financial Times 20 Jul 9)

                   ACLU CHALLENGES VA. LAW ON COMPUTER USE
The Virginia chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union will challenge a
new Virginia law that bars the use  of state-owned computers to "access,
download, print or store any information infrastructure files or services
having sexually explicit content."  The ACLU is protesting the statute on
constitutional grounds, saying it  restricts the freedom of speech rights of
professors at state colleges and universities.  University of Virginia  VP
and CIO Polley McClure points out that staff members in her office often get
requests to check out Web  sites, and "they don't always know what they're
going to find.  We have requested a blanket exemption for the information-
technology staff."  The ACLU plans to file its lawsuit this month.
(Chronicle of Higher Education  19 Jul 96 A25)

            VISA TEAMS WITH VERISIGN ON ENCRYPTED PAYMENT SYSTEM
Visa International and VeriSign are launching a new system that will allow
Visa credit card users to make  secure purchases over the Internet.  The new
system handles the transactions by allowing the would-be buyer  to fill out a
three-part e-mail message containing a special decoder key, a description of
the merchandise to be  purchased and cost, and a "digital certificate," which
contains the user's identity, partial credit card number  and the bank that
issued the credit card.  The merchant uses the key to unlock the message, and
uses the other  information to complete the transaction.  The merchant never
actually gets the full credit card number - rather,  that part of the 
transaction is handled by VeriSign.  "This is probably 100 times safer than
what's done off-line  in the mail-order and telephone-order businesses," says
VeriSign's president.  (Wall Street Journal 22 Jul 96 B2)

                       INTEL DEBUTS NET PHONE SOFTWARE
Intel Corp. is now marketing Internet phone software developed by Microsoft,
which, unlike competing  products from VocalTec and Camelot, can be used over
a broad array of software.  VocalTec customers must  buy two pieces of
software in order to talk to each other over the Internet.  "Intel is seeding
the market.   They're going to get people to do more things with their PCs so
they can sell more Pentium processors," says a  Forrester Research analyst.
The new program will be available on the Internet
.  (St. Petersburg Times 23 Jul 96 E1)

                             MICROSOFT'S PC WEB
Saying that the content of the Web now becomes a fundamental part of your
computing environment," a  Microsoft vice president that version 4.0 of the
company's Explorer software, which is designed for navigating  the World Wide
Web, will be extended with multimedia capabilities allowing the integration
of video, audio  and animated graphics into a single document, which can be
hyperlinked to make it available anywhere on the  Web.  John Seely Brown, the
director of Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, expressed excitement about the
development, which he sees as the end of the file-and-folder metaphor for
managing information:  "We're  moving into a new world;  we now have a new
metaphor.  The beauty of the World Wide Web hyperlink  notion is that
everything is represented by a document."  Explorer 4.0 will be bundled into
the Microsoft's  Windows 95 operating system later this summer and will also
be made available in a standalone version for  Apple and other computers.
(New York Times 22 Jul 96 A1)

                  PROBLEMS WITH OLYMPIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
The "Info'96" IBM computer system designed to deliver instantaneous results
of Olympic competitions to the  worldwide press is working for journalists in
Atlanta but not for the journalists worldwide who are supposed to  be getting
information from the World Press Feed.  Some journalists are angrily
referring to the "Info'96"  system as "Info'97."  An IBM spokesman said that
"we expect people to judge us from our performance over  the long haul of the
games, instead of the first two days."  Results are available quickly over
the site  maintained by IBM at < http://www.atlanta.olympic.org >.  (Atlanta
Journal-Constitution Atlanta Games p25)

                 NEW THEORIES ON PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPUTERS
A Stanford University economist has some new ideas on why investment in
computers doesn't necessarily  translate into identifiable economic growth.
The Stanford Computer Industry Project has interviewed more  than 80 mid-
level managers in large companies, and findings indicate several reasons why
effective use of  technology lags well behind its invention:

1)   Information technology must be localized before it has its greatest
     impact, and
2)   Technology often isn't used to lower costs, but to improve quality.  For
     instance, ATM  machines allow people to bank around the clock, but don't
     necessarily lower costs.

The good news, according  to the director, is that research suggests many
companies haven't put technology to its fullest use, which means  potentially
large benefits may still be reaped.  (Investor's Business Daily 23 Jul 96 A8)

                 SYSTEM MANAGERS  SAY INTERNET IS OVERHYPED
A Computerworld magazine poll of 100 senior systems managers found that 36%
have diverted resourrces to  Internet projects as a direct result of top
management reading media reports about the technology;  28% spend  "more time
than I should" responding to inquiries prompted by other employees exposed to
media coverage of  technology;  and 16% feel that that "overinflated
expectations about the Internet have caused us to waste  money."
(Computerworld 22 Jul 96 p1)

                            CANADIAN INTERNET USE
The number of Canadians surfing the Internet more than doubled last year,
according to a new survey by  Andersen Consulting.  The study reveals 29% of
Canadians have used the Internet at least once in the past  year, compared
with 12% in 1994, with the majority using the Internet less than 10 hours per
month.  It also  showed a variety of other new media on the Infobahn --
including the Internet, electronic banking, online  systems, interactive
voice-response systems, interactive TV and electronic kiosks -- are being
used by 70% of  companies to deliver customer service and support, and by 40%
to sell goods and services.  Among the  companies surveyed, 25% have a Web
site.  (Toronto Financial Post 23 Jul 96 p5)

                  IBM AND XYLAN WILL MAKE NETWORK SWITCHES
IBM will buy $30 million in network switches from Xylan Corporation and will
jointly develop with that  company new switches that they will each sell
independently.  (New York Times 23 Jul 96 C2)

                         FCC WANTS 23 CHANNELS BACK
                       AFTER TRANSITION TO DIGITAL TV
The Federal Communication Commission wants to achieve the 10-20 year
transition from analog to digital  television by assigning each television
station a digital frequency between channels 7 and 51, and then  requiring
all stations to yield the analog channels back to the FCC for auctioning off
for other uses.  The  television industry is anxious to have digital
capability (which will allow transmission of multiple streams of  data along
with superb TV picture and sound quality), but says the FCC plan would pack
too many channels  into two small a spectrum, causing interference and
reducing the range of local stations.  (New York Times 25 Jul 96 C2)

                       COMPAQ CUTS COSTS WITH TEAMWORK
Compaq Computer is taking a new approach to computer building, and saving
money at the same time.  Instead  of the traditional assembly line
manufacturing style, the company now uses "cell manufacturing," where a group
of four workers collaborate to build the entire machine from scratch. "It's
like having a whole bunch of  little factories on the factory floor," says
Compaq's senior manager, who notes the new process means greater
accountability for defects and bolsters worker pride and incentives to
produce quality machines.  In addition,  cell manufacturing has resulted in a
17% reduction in the cost of producing the machines, which is passed on  to
customers, he says.  (Investor's Business Daily 25 Jul 96 A8)

             INTELSAT TO OFFER FREE SATELLITE TIME FOR EDUCATION
Intelsat, a consortium of 139 countries banded together to launch and operate
communications satellites,  is  planning a "Distance Education and  Training
Network of the Americas" pilot program that will donate free satellite time
to educational and medical institutions in North, Central and South America
for one year.  The  organization hopes to charge for the time in subsequent
years.  The group must receive a waiver from the FCC  in order to operate in
the U.S.  Intelsat's effort is spurred by the high prices educators are
paying in the  satellite time "spot market," where many nonprofit users must
buy their satellite access.  (Chronicle of Higher
Education 19 Jul 96 A25)

               CISCO BUYING SPREE CONTINUES, TELEBIT TARGETED
Cisco Systems, which has made three notable acquisitions in just the past six
months, is buying Telebit Corp.  and some of its technologies for about $200
million.  The purchase will give Cisco access to Telebit's line of  high-
speed digital modems and other telecommunications technology.  Cisco is the
world's biggest maker of networking equipment.  (Investor's Business Daily 23
Jul 96 A9)

                MASTERCARD AND GTE ARE BANKING ON CYBERTRUST
Following Visa's announcement this week that it will work together with
VeriSign to offer consumers a secure  system for making electronic purchases
over the Internet, MasterCard International and GTE say they are  planning a
new system dubbed CyberTrust that will provide MasterCard customers with the
same capability.   Both systems will use "digital certificates" that protect
users from unauthorized use of their credit cards.  (Wall  Street Journal 24
Jul 96 A6)

                   POINTCAST -- TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING?
The PointCast Network, which markets its up-to-the-minute online news service
to businesses and individuals,  is catching flak from corporate network
operators who say PointCast uses up too much of the bandwidth  available,
causing other functions to slow way down.  PointCast is working on the
problem, but several  companies have issued restrictions on how and when
employees may used the service, which functions as a  screen saver, providing
the news when PCs are idle.  "The main problem with PointCast is that it is
so popular  that it has grown very rapidly," says an internal Unisys
consultant.  To alleviate demand overload, PointCast's  I-Server, which will
be available this fall, will act a local broadcast facility,  allowing
companies to send  internal company news, as well as the external stuff,
across an intranet.  That way, "Instead of employees all  going against our
central broadcast, the data will only have to be sent once to the I-Server,"
says the  company's marketing VP.  And next month, PointCast will release new
technology that includes data  compression to reduce the network load by 50%.
(Information Week 15 Jul 96 p24)

                    E-DATA'S PATENT CLAIMS UNDER SCRUTINY
New Jersey-based E-data Corp., which purchased a patent originally filed in
1983 by inventor Charles Freeny  that covered the way digital information
could be downloaded over telephone lines, has sued more than a dozen
software and publishing companies over activities it claims are covered by
its patent.  Ex Machina, one of the  companies sued, is claiming, however,
that E-data's patent was issued in error - and that Telephone Software
Connection, which is no longer in business, was doing the same thing in 1980,
three years before E-data's  patent was filed.  The defendants are now
arguing that E-data's patent never should have been issued in the   first
place, and is based on technology that should be considered "prior art." IBM
and Adobe have already  settled with E-data over their claims, and say their
agreements prohibit them from discussing the terms.   (Business Week 29 Jul
96 p65)

                      SHAW FILES SATELLITE APPLICATION
Calgary-based Shaw Communication plans to launch two high-powered satellites
at a cost of $750-million to  provide direct broadcast TV service to
consumers.  Since its plan requires only one orbital slot, the second  would
be available to other players, leading to a competitive satellite industry.
(Toronto Globe & Mail 23 Jun 96 B2)

            CALDERA SUES MICROSOFT ALLEGING ANTITRUST VIOLATIONS
The Provo, Utah-based software company Caldera Inc. has filed a billion-
dollar federal lawsuit for antitrust  violations against Microsoft, charging
that Microsoft's ''predatory acts and practices'' have shut out competitive
products including DR DOS, an operating system Caldera bought from Novell on
the same day  the lawsuit was filed.  Caldera is backed by Ray Noorda, the
former CEO of Novell.  The lawsuit charges that  Microsoft acted to keep DR
DOS from gaining market share by generating false error messages indicating
the  product was incompatible with Microsoft's Windows interface.  (San Jose
Mercury News 25 Jul 96)

                 SYSTEM TESTING BEGINS WHEN SYSTEM IS TESTED
Complaining about the computer system that failed in the opening days of the
Olympics to provide timely and  accurate information about competitive
events, journalists asked Billy Payne, the president of the Atlanta  Olympics
Organizing Committee, "Why wasn't the technology system tested?" Payne
replied that "there is no  way to duplicate the totality of the Olympic
condition before the start of the games."  (Atlanta Journal- Constitution
Olympic City p34)

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