Article #597 (730 is last):
From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: ST Report: 16-Aug-96 #1233
Reply-To: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Posted-By: xx004 (aa789 - Bruce D. Nelson)
Date: Tue Aug 20 17:55:30 1996
Silicon Times Report
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August 16, 1996 No.1233
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- CPU Industry Report - NET goes Sky High - Internet Blaster
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>From the Editor's Desk...
In this issue, we present a rather biased but none the less truthful
look at the so-called Browser Wars. Its really not a war but an exercise in
true quality software production that touches all of us. The only difference
is Netscape has made no secret of their intentions. After our "Enough"
article reflecting our opinions relative to this "Browser War", this reporter
received a number of rather shameful hate E-Mails from folks "seemingly"
employed at Netscape (one even called himself a programmer for them). Or, so
their Email box addresses would indicate such. In any case, this week's
issue takes the entire thing into what we think is the proper perspective.
After all. as long as there is "healthy competition", the benefits for the
users will continue to evidence themsleves. In our opinion, Netscape is, at
this time, lagging far behind and because of this is literally "running
scared before the wind". Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0, with its
integral family, (all free) and the Internet chokes hard with user
activity... getting IE3.0 and all its goodies. UUNet has apparent troubles
in keeping up or, was it another mail bomb sent out to sabotage the release
of IE3?? In any case it doesn't really matter. IE3 pulls have broken all
known records. Things are still quite busy at the MS server sites. But..
they're handling the worldwide rush to obtain a quality browser, IE 3.0.
Microsoft has released the "Browser of Browsers". Its ALL free too. No
nickel and diming the users to death with the plug-in parade. They're all
there just for the asking. You can't go wrong in getting, using and enjoying
the power of the NEW Internet Explorer, Version 3.0. Remember, its free. No
expiration dates, no lame duck features. Its all there and ready to serve.
After having experienced Netscape, in all its gory glory, I must say I am
still pleased with Internet Explorer 3.0 to no end. When I removed Netscape
from my system I found that URL.DLL was corrupt and had to be replaced.
Also, upon doing a search of my registry, I found numerous instances of
Netscape entries that the Netscape un-installer failed to remove. I've had
it with Netscape. The so-called Browser Wars are very much needed to ensure
top notch quality in the best of the browsers. Right now, the BEST is IE3
and I doubt the choice will change now that Netscape has stirred the pot one
time too many with its odd, lopsided comparasons. One can only imagine the
delights IE4, 5 or 6 will offer. Additionally, I must say I am so glad I
sold my Netscape holdings when I did.
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LATE BREAKING INDUSTRY-WIDE NEWS
Weekly Happenings in the Computer World
Compiled by: Dana P. Jacobson
Research Warns of Net Addiction
A researcher at the University of Pittsburgh says surfing the Internet can be
as addictive as drugs, alcohol or gambling. A study of nearly 400 men and
women found Internet addiction hooked people into spending 40 hours or more a
week online, most often involved in role-playing games or engaging in chat
room discussions. "One 17-year-old straight-A teenaged boy was so addicted
to Internet activities," writes science reporter Ed Susman of United Press
International, "that his parents had to admit him son to a drug/alcohol
rehabilitation hospital for 10 days for treatment." In another case, a women
described by friends, family and children as "the perfect homemaker, wife and
mother" became so addicted to the Net she wouldn't cook, clean or do the
laundry and was neglecting her hildren and husband. "She was spending as
much as 12 hours a day talking to acquaintances on the Internet," writes
Susman. "Finally her husband said, 'Choose me or the computer.' She divorced
In a presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychological
Association in Toronto, Kimberly Young, assistant professor of psychology at
the University of Pittsburgh's Bradford campus, said she found:
ú 76 percent of the subjects in the study spend an average of 40 hours a
week on the Internet.
ú Of the 396 people who met Young's criteria for addicted internet users,
157 were men; 239 women.
ú The men were younger with an average age of 29; the women averaged 43
years of age.
The largest group of addicted Net users were people who were not working
outside the home, that is, homemakers, students and those who were disabled
or retired. 82 percent of the addicted users said they had slowly drifted
into their addictions. Says Young, "We discovered that the use of the
Internet can definitely disrupt one's academic, social, financial and
occupational life the same way other well-documented addictions like
pathological gambling, eating disorder and alcoholism can." And while
previous research has indicated that men are most likely to be affected by
technology-based addictions, Young said, "Our present results show that the
largest number of respondents who met this adapted criteria and were most
likely to develop an addiction to the Internet were middle-aged females and
those -- both men and women who were currently unemployed."
She added the condition should be recognized as a psychological disorder
especially in light of "a growing epidemic of Internet addiction users." UPI
says people were recruited into the study if they met four or more of the
criteria listed in advertisements in newspapers, flyers and in certain user
groups on the 'Net:
1. They feel preoccupied with the Internet, thinking about it while
2. They feel a need to use the Internet with increasing amounts of time in
order to achieve satisfaction.
3. They have an inability to control their Internet use. Said Young, "Some
people would get up in the middle of the night to steal onto the Internet."
4. They feel restless or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop
5. They use the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving
a poor mood of feelings such as helplessness, guilt, anxiety or depression.
6. They lie to family members or friends to conceal the extent of
involvement with the Internet. (Young found cases of people who would report
that they were too sick to work so they could "play on the Internet." Others,
she said, would go into work early so they could use the company access to
7. They jeopardize or risk the loss of significant relationship, job,
educational or career opportunity because of the Internet.
8. They keep returning even after spending an excessive amount of money on
online fees. (In the most extreme case in Young's study, one person was
running up a $1,400 a month Internet bill.)
9. They go through withdrawal when off-line, showing increased signs of
depression and anxiety.
10. They stay online longer than originally intended.
Study: Net Use Skyrocketing
Internet access in the United States and Canada climbed 50 percent in the six
month period between August/September 1995 and March/April 1996, finds a new
study released by Nielsen Media Research. Approximately 22 percent to 24
percent of people 16 years of age or older in the United States and Canada
now have access to the Internet, according to the study. Additionally, 15
percent to 17 percent of the study's sample used the Internet in the past six
months; 9 percent to 11 percent had used the Internet in the three months
prior to the August/September 1995 study.
"What we're seeing is that Internet access and use are becoming increasingly
mainstream," says David Harkness, senior vice president of business
development, for Nielsen Media Research. "Since we did the first study last
summer, it's clear that exposure to the Internet has increased dramatically.
Other media have certainly contributed to the greater awareness, which may
account for the new profile of Internet users." The study has a plus or
minus 1 percent margin of error. It was conducted by Neilsen Media Research
for CommerceNet, a consortium of more than 150 companies and organizations
that use the Internet for electronic commerce applications.
PC Usage Among Seniors Grows
Nine percent of people 65 or older now use a PC at home, up two percentage
points from 1994. That's the finding of a recent poll by the Times Mirror
Center for the People & the Press. "With plenty of time on their hands, and
more disposable income than any other age group, seniors are spending money
for on-line services and logging plenty of hours at the keyboard," writes
reporter Jon Auerbach in The Boston Globe. "Seniors spend an average of 12
hours a week in front of the screen, five hours more than teenagers,
according to research conducted by computer maker Packard Bell."
Auerbach says some elders are booting up to keep pace with techno-savvy
grandchildren, others embrace PCs because going on line can instantly ease
loneliness and still others "are shelling out a few thousand dollars for the
latest in computing power for the same reason as their teenage counterparts:
They've got to have what's hot." The Globe quotes analysts as saying online
services have been the biggest reason behind the rapid growth in the number
of elderly people with Pcs. "Connecting to a computer network populated by
millions of people," the paper writes, "has given senior citizens- especially
ones living alone -- a way to stave off loneliness and feel a part of the
world." Some of the most popular destinations for senior citizens are
Internet home pages that offer information about health care. "Similarly,"
says Auerbach, "residents in many retirement communities use PCs to publish
newsletters. Genealogy programs are also popular."
RSI May Pre-date Computers
While repetitive strain injuries often are called the computer-age epidemic,
research suggests RSI dates back to early human history. In fact, says
Allard Dembe of the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Hippocrates
recorded the first case in Epidemics, when he described a workman whose hands
were paralyzed by twisting twigs. Dembe, who wrote "Occupation and Disease:
How social factors affect the conception of wok-related disorder," has told
writer Mara Bovsun of United Press International that over the centuries, RSI
has tormented bakers who put in long hours kneading bread, as well as metal
and textile workers, tailors, seamstresses and carpenters. "The Industrial
Revolution brought a dramatic increase in clerks who sat on high stools,
writing entries into ledgers," says Bovsun.
"The result was a new disease, recorded in 1830, called scriveners' palsy or
writers' cramp, which hit mostly people involved in industrial
communications. As today, the appearance of the malady led to products to
prevent it, such as mechanical pen holders, which would wrap around a finger,
allowing the writer a 'thumbs-free' implement." Dembe notes medical
journals of the time struggled to give names to these afflictions. Among some
40 different diseases described in scientific studies in the three decades
from 1830 to 1890 were "Hammerman's palsy," "milker's cramp," "sewing
spasm" and "tailor's cramp." The author says that with the advent of the
telegraph, a new condition became epidemic -- telegraphists' cramp, affecting
about 20 percent of telegraph operators, and in Great Britain, it became the
first chronic disorder to be compensable under Workmen's Compensation. Says
Dembe, "There's extremely good medical evidence to suggest that the kinds of
disorders plaguing writers and telegraphers in the 19th century are exactly
the same as the disorders that are being seen now."
Stockholm Meeting to Weigh Porn
The Net's global distribution of child pornography is expected to top the
issues discussed later this month at the world's first conference against
sexual exploitation of children opening in Stockholm. "The Internet is like
heaven for the pedophile," said U.S. police officer Toby Tyler, whose child
abuse lectures are heard at the FBI academy. "As far as our ability to
restrict the distribution of child pornography and stop the sexual
exploitation of children on the Internet ... it's not something that can be
done." Reporting from Stockholm, writer Abigail Schmelz of the Reuter News
Service says campaigners are concerned that unless action is taken to stamp
out the Internet's distribution of child porn -- whether it features real
children or just computer generated images -- "it could spark greater demand
for child pornography."
Tyler told the wire service the Internet has ended the days when pedophiles
had to make costly cross-border runs to buy child pornography in countries
where laws were laxer and penalties lighter. Now, he says, they can obtain
and distribute films and photos from their own homes on the Internet with
little risk of capture. Of course, not everyone agrees that attempting to
regulate the Internet is the right move. "Some advocates say the Internet
represents free speech," says Schmelz. "Others argue that the distribution of
child pornography on the Internet is not that widespread." But Margaret
Healy from Bangkok-based End Child Prostitution in Asian Tourism says in a
report prepared for the five-day Stockholm conference, which opens Aug. 27,
that the regulation of child pornography on computers presents special
challenges and called on governments to fund better training.
Man Held for Net Solicitation
A 35-year-old North Merick, New York, man has been charged with using a
commercial online service to lure a 14-year-old boy into an illicit sexual
encounter. Suffolk County police told United Press International they also
are investigating whether the suspect victimized any other children through
the service, which they identified as Virginia-based America Online. The
wire service says Charles Tuzzolo is accused of striking up a relationship
with the boy by talking to him through one of the system's chat rooms, then
allegedly arranging a liaison with the boy. Police spokeswoman Mary Baron
told UPI the suspect reportedly went to the youth's house while the teen's
parents were away.
The boy told his mother about the encounter, and she contacted police earlier
this month. Says UPI, "Detectives tracked down the computer screen name,
'N.Y. Male 29,' which the boy said the man used in their online conversations
and which officers were able to link to Tuzzolo." Police said Tuzzolo -- who
could face one to four years in prison, if convicted -- has been an America
Online subscriber since 1995 and used numerous screen names, including "Matt
12581," "Carny 17," and "Chassjay." Said Baron, "Detectives are asking
anyone if they've had any contact with the suspect. They're trying to find
out if there are any other victims out there." Police asked anyone with
information to call 516/854-8652.
Singapore Steps Up Net Block
Starting next month, the some 100,000 Net surfers in Singapore will find
their access to the Internet's World Wide Web filtered by the government.
"On Sept. 15, Netizens of the island state reputed for its strict censorship
laws will have to link their home computers withproxy servers that will limit
their access to cyberspace," the Reuter News Service reports. These "proxy
servers" store often-accessed material locally. "In the Singapore system,"
says the news service, "they will check a request for access to an Internet
site against a list of banned ones. If the site requested is banned, the
proxy server will deny access." A spokesman for the Singapore Broadcasting
Authority, which is in charge of implementing the new Internet laws, told the
wire service the state's three Internet service providers -- Pacific
Internet, SingNet and CyberWay -- will have to ensure that all their
subscribers are linked to the proxy servers, special computers that will
block access to sites the Singapore government deems objectionable.
Added the spokesman, "The proxy servers will provide us with the most
efficient method of assessing often accessed material and blocking out
objectionable sites." Last March, Singapore Information Minister George Yeo
said the government planned to police the Net to check abuses such as
pornography, hate literature and criminal activities, characterizing the move
as an "anti-pollution measure in cyberspace." Reuters says the Net
censorship rules also include "the thornier issues of religion and politics,"
observing the regulations have stirred some protest in cyberspace levelled
chiefly at censorship rules on politics. For instance, journalist Koh Buck
Song wrote in a Straits Times newspaper column recently, "Few would argue
about hindering a child's access to say, amoral sites such as Playboy, or
blocking the stoking of civil unrest over racial or religious intolerance. It
is in the third area of political control that most Netters' unhappiness
centers." Koh said the rules could be seen as denying citizens a means to
criticize the government. Reuters says the rules also cover Singapore
Internet groups that discuss religion and politics, groups that will have to
register with the SBA and follow rules that will bar material deemed likely
to inflame racial or rligious sentiment.
Microsoft Quietly Aids Apple
What is being characterized as a quiet but ambitious effort has been launched
by Microsoft Corp. to help small software companies write Internet programs
for rival Apple Computer Inc. "The unusual effort," writes reporter Lee
Gomes in The Wall Street Journal this morning, "is designed to boost Apple's
efforts in the Internet arena, an area Apple has said is crucial to its
efforts to save itself." Gomes reports Microsoft officials say the Redmond,
Washington, software giant is helping Apple "in part because of concerns
that antitrust challenges to Microsoft's dominant position in the computer
industry might increase if Apple goes out of business." The effort,
directed by a Microsoft unit in San Jose, California, will cost millions of
dollars. The Journal quotes people familiar with the project as saying the
unit is expected to eventually have 60 employees, mostly long-time developers
of software for Apple's Macintosh operating system.
"What's different about the new campaign," says Gomes, "is that Microsoft for
the first time is telling programmers they're free to ignore Microsoft's
flagship Windows operating system, and instead write only for the Mac, using
all-Apple software." (Usually Microsoft requires independent developers
working with the company to write software for Windows as well as for the Mac
or other systems.) The paper says Microsoft apparently hopes the innovative
tradition of small Mac programmers will create exciting Internet programs
that will keep people attracted to the Mac. "The attempt to help Apple
contrasts with Microsoft's historic targeting of the Mac as its principal
enemy," Gomes comments. "To some degree, that reflects the two companies
diverging fortunes: Apple, analysts say, no longer represents a significant
threat to Windows, which runs about 80 percent of the world's personal
computers." The Journal says the San Jose unit actually was set up last
year, but only came to light recently when it sponsored a booth at last
week's MacWorld trade show. The unit "has told Macintosh software companies
that it stands ready to help them in numerous ways, possibly including
no-strings-attached cash grants of as much as $100,000," Gomes writes. "It
has also helped start the Macintosh Internet Developers Association, a trade
Q-Deck Denies Buyout Reports
Software publisher Quarterdeck Corp. is dismissing as "rumors based on
nothing" a report in Business Week that it might be acquired by anti-virus
specialist McAfee Associates Inc. The magazine's Aug. 19 issue includes a
report saying some investment managers are buying stock in the Marina Del
Rey, Calif.,-based Quarterdeck onthe expectation McAfee will launch a bid for
the company. However, a spokeswoman told the Reuter News Service, "These
are a lot of rumors that are based on nothing. Absolute rumors." Meanwhile, a
McAfee spokesman declined to comment on the subject. At the same time, the
wire service reports Laidlaw & Co. analyst Tarun Chandra wrote in a research
note, "In our opinion, there is less than 50 percent chance of McAfee making
a bid for (Quarterdeck). However, the stock is in play now and one can
probably see a sharp move into the $10-$12 area." As reported, McAfee last
spring launched an ill-fated, $1 billion bid for Cheyenne Software Inc., but
abandoned the effort after Cheyenne's continued resistance to the proposal.
Reggie Jackson Joins Memory Firm
Computer memory products maker Viking Components has hired Hall of Fame
baseball player Reggie Jackson as its director of new business development.
The company, based in Laguna Hills, California, says Jackson will meet with
customers, appear in ads and make personal appearances. "Not only is Reggie
Jackson one of the most recognizable personalities in the world," says Glenn
McCusker, Viking's president and CEO, "he has also been tremendously
successful outside of baseball in the world of business. We are confident
that Reggie's business skills and winning attitude will score big, both with
our customers and Viking employees. We are thrilled to have Reggie on our
During his career, Jackson has had affiliations with a diverse range of
companies, including Rawlings Sporting Goods, Japanese electronics giant
Matsushita, Electronic Arts, Upper Deck Co. and The New York Yankees, as well
as the Children's Miracle Network, a non-profit organization. "After many
years working in diverse business environments, I have found a home with
Viking Components," says Jackson. "Viking is a young, dynamic company on the
cutting edge of computer technology where my corporate contacts and business
skills count as much as my 563 career home runs."
First U.S. DVD Factory Planned
Plans have been announced for the first facility in the United States
dedicated solely to the manufacture of the new high-capacity DVD format discs
for movies, computer software and music. Matsushita Electric Industrial Co.
Ltd. of Osaka, Japan, says its new DVD disc manufacturing operation,
Panasonic Disc Services Corporation (PDSC), will be located in Torrance,
California. The plant is scheduled to begin production in 1997. The
facility, which will represent an investment of approximately $25 million,
will focus on mastering and replicating discs to support the launch of DVD
players and DVD-ROM products. The company -- which projects an initial
monthly production capacity of 600,000 discs, eventually increasing to 2
million monthly units -- says it will also provide a working disc production
environment to help accelerate the development of entertainment and computer
DVD software. Manufacturing will take place within an already existing
building, which Matsushita will alter for its specific requirements. "By
establishing in California the very first United States factory that will
operate exclusively to produce DVD discs, Matsushita will be well positioned
to quickly and efficiently supply our U.S. entertainment and computer
industry customers," says Ronald Richard, vice president of planning,
technology and public affairs for Matsushita Electric Corporation of America.
Samsung to Launch Notebook PC
South Korean chipmaker Samsung Electronics Co. is set to introduce a notebook
PC under its own brand name in Japan later this year. Company officials told
the Kyodo Japanese news service Samsung hopes to put the machine on sale by
the Christmas shopping season. "While details of the machine have yet to be
decided," Kyodo adds, "it will be IBM-compatible and have the Windows 95
operating system, a state-of-the-art central processing unit, and a large
liquid crystal display. Samsung will produce the PCs in South Korea and ship
them to Japan." Kyodo notes Samsung has captured some 40 percent of the PC
market in South Korea with its "Sense" line of computers. Models in the Sense
series have 12.1-inch and other large LCDs.
Microsoft Has Enhanced Browser
Squarely targeting Netscape Corp.'s Navigator Web browser, Microsoft Corp.
has released Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0. Microsoft Internet Explorer
3.0 is available for download at no charge from Microsoft's Web site
(http://www.microsoft.com/ie/). To encourage users to try the software,
Microsoft is offering limited time free access to various Web content,
including ESPNET SportsZone and The Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition
(connect charges may apply), and exclusive access to content on sites such as
"Microsoft Internet Explore 3.0 brings users a superior way to experience all
of the exciting, dynamic content on the Web and provides a launch point for
industry innovation," says Bill Gates, Microsoft's chairman and CEO. But
Microsoft has a long way to go before it can claim to dominate the Web
browser market. Internet Explorer has 3 percent to 10 percent of the market,
according to various industry estimates. Netscape Navigator has an estimated
70 percent to 80 percent market share. Microsoft Internet Explorer will be
distributed by major online services and Internet service providers (ISPs)
worldwide, including CompuServe Inc.
Acer to Offer New Fall Line
A fall line of new PCs intended to better fit in with other home electronics
products is being unveiled by Acer America Corp., the company that enlivened
PC design last year with models that were black and dark green instead of
beige. Business writer Evan Ramstad of The Associated Press says the new PCs
start up in just a few seconds and run without the fan and whirring disk
drive noises that other PCs have. They also have telephone receivers that can
be cradled on arm rests mounted to the monitor.
"The ideas," says Ramstad, "will help Acer's Aspire line stand out further
from competitors who are also trying to make PCs more like stereos or VCRs,"
noting that both Compaq Computer Corp. and Packard Bell Electronics Inc. have
added push-button controls to play CDs, look at faxes or check phone messages
on their new models. AP says Acer will continue to offer its new Aspire PCs
in the "charcoal" and "emerald" colors it started to use last year, with
prices ranging from $1,500 to $3,000 without monitors.
The new models all will have an Acer-designed "quick start" procedure that
gets the computer going in just four seconds instead of a "boot-up" that
takes a minute or two. "And," says Ramstad, "though many people tend to put
the low whir of a computer out of their mind, a side-by-side comparison of
Acer's new models with its old one demonstrates a noticeable drop in noise
leve. That advance, achieved primarily through work on the casing and fan,
was driven by the company's observation that stereos and other products run
much more quietly."
The wire service says Acer has divided its models into three segments:
ú One aimed at people who need a PC for general information and
ú Another for people who have a home office and want more productivity
software, and another aimed at game players and others willing to pay more
for extra performance.
ú The third, where models cost $2,500 to $3,000, include a joystick for
playing computer games and sub-woofer speaker for better sound.
Professor Sues Feds Over Encryption
A suit has been brought against the federal government by an Ohio law
professor who contends current laws restricting export of powerful encryption
technologies violate his right to free speech and academic independence.
Reporting from Cleveland, Interactive Week Online says Case Western
University professor Peter D. Junger teaches a course on computer-related law
and "since the course touches on encryption, Junger includes an examination
of several publicly available encryption algorithms as part of his
Writes IWO reporter Will Rodger, "These short sections of computer code,
though widely available worldwide, force Junger to apply for a license to
discuss cryptography with foreign students in his class and constitute an
impermissible prior restraint on his First Amendment rights, the complaint
Rodger notes court rulings have found that prior restraint -- that is,
forbidding speech before it is actually uttered -- is seldom constitutional
and must meet strict standards before it can be permitted under the
constitution. Junger is asking the court to forbid federal officials from
restricting his ability to discuss on classified encryption technology with
anyone worldwide or to publish that information freely. Rodger notes the
suit, filed in U.S. District Court in Cleveland, now joins two other ongoing
cases challenging the legitimacy of the encryption export restrictions.
Justice Probes IBM-StorageTek Plan
An agreement between IBM and Storage Technology Corp. is being investigated
by the U.S. Justice Department to see whether it hinders competition in the
market for mainframe computer data storage devices. Business writer Rob Wells
of The Associated Press reports the department's antitrust division has asked
the two companies to turn over documents following their June 10 pact by
which IBM agreed to resell StorageTek subsystems for storing data processed
by large computers, such as mainframes. The firms have received civil
investigative demads -- the civil equivalent of a subpoena -- from the
department. IBM spokesman Cary B. Ziter says the companies are cooperating
with the Justice investigation, adding, "In a broad sense what the government
is trying to do is find out about the deal. Certainly, IBM believes that this
is an ... agreement between IBM and StorgeTek that is not in conflict with
the antitrust laws."
AP says the agreement made IBM the main distributor of StorageTek's products,
though financial terms were not disclosed. "StorageTek's Iceberg, Kodiak and
Arctic Fox systems are available to IBM to resell under its own names," AP
reports. "The companies said they plan to integrate IBM technology into
StorageTek products over time. IBM also will pay for future enhancements to
the StorageTek products."
Net Name Giver Starts New Policy
The company that assigns "domain names" for Internet sites has issued a new
policy for resolving disputes over addresses. Network Solutions Inc., which
hands out the addresses under an agreement with the National Science
Foundation, promises to shut down a site within 90 days if someone holding a
registered trademark to the site's name makes a challenge. Writer Aaron
Pressman of the Reuter News Service says Network Solutions hopes "to
extricate itself from a growing legal quagmire in cyberspace," but notes too
that trademark attorneys and Internet specialists say the new policy will do
little to quell the emerging controversy. "Such disputes are occurring with
increasing frequency," Pressman points out, "usually when a trademark holder
discovers that someone else is using their trademark as the name of an
Recently, for instance, First Brands Inc., which manufactures Glad trash
bags, filed suit last month against a company operating an Internet site
called glad.com, saying it wanted to set up its own site with the name.
Attorneys tell Reuters the new Network Solutions solution actually relies too
heavily on registered trademarks, while ignoring other forms of legally
recognized trademarks. Says Chicago lawyer David Maher, who also co-chairs
the International Trademark Association's Internet issues committee, "I am
really flabbergasted that they would put a band-aid on what to me looks like
a gaping wound. It doesn't solve the basic problem. It gives all the rights
to the entity that has a U.S. or foreign trademark registration, totally
ignoring common law trademark rights." And Shari Steel, a staff attorney at
the Electronic Frontier Foundation, told the wire service there is perhaps a
more straightforward solution. Currently, all names must end with a one of a
few three letter designations, including "com" for private sites, "gov" for
government sites and "edu" for sites run by schools, Steel pointed out. Says
Steel, "There ought to be more top-level domains. That would be more like the
real world where one word can be used in a variety of contexts." She added
EFF may file a lawsuit challenging the current name dispute policy.
Fujitsu Wins Flat Screen Patent
U.S. patent rights for plasma-display screens that allow for thinner
big-screen televisions have been won by Fujitsu Ltd., one of Japan's biggest
computer makers. Reporting from Tokyo, The Associated Press says Fujitsu got
U.S. patents for the use of plasma-displays in color televisions late last
month, and expects to obtain patents for the manufacturing process by the end
of this year. It also expects to obtain Japanese patents around the end of
the year," AP says. Fujitsu officials told the wire service the company will
license its version of the plasma screens, which use alternating current,
adding that method gives more precise, full-color images than other products
that use direct current.
Software Firms Battle in Court
CyberMedia, publisher of First Aid 95, a Windows utility program, says it has
won a major battle in its product packaging lawsuit against Vertisoft Systems
Inc., recently acquired by Quarterdeck Corp. of Marina del Rey, California.
According to Santa Monica, California-based CyberMedia, the court issued a
preliminary injunction against Vertisoft, barring Vertisoft from making
certain claims in a comparison chart on its Fix-it product boxes, promotional
materials and advertisements. CyberMedia sued Vertisoft on July 19,
claiming that Vertisoft made false and misleading statements concerning First
Aid 95 Deluxe on the product packaging and promotional materials for
Vertisoft's newly released product, Fix-it. On that date, U.S. District Judge
Saundra B. Armstrong agreed with CyberMedia and issued a temporary
restraining order ordering Vertisoft to cover the statements with a sticker
before shipping any products, promotional materials or advertisements to
distributors or retail stores.
CyberMedia notes that the court's July 31 ruling turns the temporary
restraining order into a preliminary injuncton. While a temporary restraining
order lasts only 10 to 20 days, a preliminary injunction lasts through trial.
Since no trial date has been set in the case, the court's order against
Vertisoft will last indefinitely, says CyberMedia. In a separate ruling, the
court rejected Vertisoft's motion for a preliminary injunction against
CyberMedia, in which Vertisoft charged that CyberMedia's packaging also
contained false and misleading statements. "Judge Armstrong carefully
analyzed the product packaging and after substantial consideration she
determined that Vertisoft was not in a position to credibly attack the
accuracy or quality of CyberMedia's product packaging," says Claude M. Stern
of Fenwick & West LLP, CyberMedia's legal counsel. "We successfully stopped
Vertisoft's misleading advertising claims and defended the claims on the
First Aid box," adds CyberMedia's president and CEO, Unni Warrier. "We are
pleased that our reputation for delivering the best possible solution to
personal computer problems has prevailed."
Computer Business Services Fined
A $5 million fine is being paid by a Sheridan, Indiana, company that promoted
home computer business opportunities in order to settle Federal Trade
Commission charges that it used false and misleading advertisements.
Computer Business Services Inc. also has pledged it will not misrepresent the
success rates or profitability of its clients, says Associated Press writer
Paul Shepard in a report from Washington. AP says the $5 million payment is
the largest amount ever collected by the FTC on behalf of a company's
customers prior to filing a formal administrative or court complaint.
CBSI did not admit any wrongdoing in the settlement. In fact, CBSI President
Andrew Douglass said, "Taking on the federal bureaucracy would have meant a
fight that would have distracted our attention." AP notes, "CBSI
advertisements in newspapers and on the Internet claimed that investors could
earn $4,000 monthly by buying computer hardware. A majority of investors
never earned te promised profits or even recouped their initial investment,
FTC officials said." The FTC says CBSI has sold about 15,000 computer
packages since 1991.
Nobel Institute Accused of Piracy
Stockholm's prestigious Karolinska Institute, which awards the Nobel Prize
for medicine, is being accused of software piracy. The institute has been
named in a $1.5 million lawsuit filed by computer company Eurodex, hich
contends Karolinska used pirated copies of StatView, a statistical package
for analysis to which Eurodex holds the exclusive distribution rights for
Scandinavia. The Reuter News Service says the U.S.-based business Software
Alliance also has filed a police report on the alleged misuse of software
from member companies such as Microsoft and Adobe.
Eurodex's managing director Deniz Ozen told the wire service the institute
bought 18 StatView licenses, each costing about $1,000, but he believed the
package was being used by up to 1,500 computers. "This has been going on for
about four or five years," he said, "but in the end we could just not cope
with the fact there were a lot of users calling us for help and support."
Ozen added Eurodex had reported the matter to the police who checked 10
percent of the computers in a lightning raid on the Stockholm-based institute
last year. StatView was installed on about 90 of 251 computers.
But Ozen said some of the computers were also used as servers for the
network, so it was possible that all 1,500 computers at the institute could
be using the package. "The Business Software Alliance was also considering
taking action against the Karolinska Institute after allegedly discovering
from the information gleaned in the police raid that some of its companies'
packages were overused," Reuters reported. "The group's lawyer, Agne
Lindberg, said the group has filed a police report, but was still undecided
about whether to take action against the institute."
Fire GL 3000 STR Focus
DIAMOND MULTIMEDIA'S FIRE GL 3000 ACCELERATOR
ADDS REAL-TIME HARDWARE TEXTURE MAPPING TO
PROFESSIONAL 3D APPLICATIONS
Offers Single-Slot, Dual-Monitor Support and Geometry Acceleration
NEW ORLEANS, La. - August 1996 - Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc. (Nasdaq:
DIMD) announced the Fire GL 3000 graphics accelerator with hardware texture
mapping for professional 3D applications. Available in multiple
configurations with up to 40MB memory, the Diamond Fire GL 3000 utilizes the
high-performance GLINT 500TX rendering and GLINT Delta geometry engines from
3Dlabs, Inc. A single-slot PCI solution with on-board VGA, the Diamond Fire
GL 3000 also supports up to two monitors using Diamond's dual- screen
technology. With a base configuration of 8MB VRAM/8MB EDO DRAM for $2,495
manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP), the Diamond Fire GL 3000 is
expected to be available in September through OEMs, VARs and distributors.
"Animation professionals are increasingly turning to the combined power of
Microsoft's Windows NT, Intel's Pentium Pro processors and Digital Equipment
Corporation's (DEC) Alpha-based workstations," said David Watkins, vice
president and general manager of Diamond Multimedia's Visual Systems
Division. "Additionally, these professionals are seeking PC hardware
solutions that enable new levels of performance and functionality. The Fire
GL 3000 fulfills their needs by offering texture mapping in hardware, 3D
geometry acceleration and support for two monitors in a single-slot
Texture Mapping and 3D Rendering Acceleration
Using 3Dlabs' GLINT 500TX processor, the Diamond Fire GL 3000 offers hardware
texture mapping in real- time and is capable of rendering up to 500,000
gouraud-shaded polygons per second. The base configuration includes 8MB of
high-speed, dual-ported VRAM display memory and 8MB EDO DRAM (upgradeable to
32MB EDO DRAM) for up to 32-bit Z-buffer memory. Double buffering support at
resolutions up to 1600 x 1200 provides increased productivity by allowing
for the real-time display and rotation of 3D models.
"By providing real-time, texture mapping in hardware, the Fire GL 3000 speeds
up the creation phase," said Daniel Small, product manager for Softimage 3D
at Microsoft. "This capability is demanded by today's professional 3D
animators, especially those using Softimage 3D for Windows NT."
3D Geometry Acceleration
The GLINT Delta 3D setup engine included in the Diamond Fire GL 3000 acts as
a front-end processor to the GLINT 500TX rendering engine. By processing the
setup calculations for lines, polygons and other 3D primitives, the GLINT
Delta improves overall system performance by freeing the CPU from demanding
3D calculations. As a result, the Diamond Fire GL 3000 is capable of
boosting 3D performance up to three times faster than conventional rendering
"The introduction of the Fire GL 3000 brings a new level of 3D graphics to
Pentium Pro processor-based systems," said Andre Wolper, director of
workstation marketing at Intel Corporation. "Coupled with the power of a
Pentium Pro processor, professionals get a system that delivers workstation
performance with the best of PC productivity applications, all in one."
Diamond's Dual Screen Technology
The dual screen capability of the Fire GL 3000, a single-slot PCI solution,
allows professionals to expand their workspace across two screens. By
utilizing two 220 MHz RAMDACs, the Diamond Fire GL 3000 supports up to 1600
x 1200 resolution and refresh rates up to 75Hz simultaneously on both
screens. Diamond's dual screen technology is especially suitable for
animation professionals who are able to display a set of applications on the
one screen and file folders, palettes and other tools on the other screen.
"The dual monitor support provided by the Fire GL 3000 addresses a key
problem for virtual environments," said Ken Pimentel, vice president of
product development at Sense8 Corporation. "When developing with World Up,
you can dedicate one monitor to showing your scene-hierarchy and property
browsers while the other monitor shows multiple rendered views."
3D Application Programming Interface
OpenGL, Heidi from Autodesk (API) support
Accelerated OpenGL software
Windows NT 4.0, Windows NT 3.51 and Windows 95
Advanced Visual Systems' AVS/Express, Autodesk's
AutoCAD r12/13, Kinetix's 3D Studio Max,
Microsoft's Softimage, NewTek's Lightwave 3D and
Sense8's World Up and other leading applications
Diamond software tools 3D Win viewer software and Big Focus display list
Maximum resolution up to 1600 x 1200
Maximum refresh rate up to 100Hz
Maximum color depth up to 24-bit True Color
Maximum True Color
resolution up to 1152 x 870 resolution
8MB VRAM/8MB EDO DRAM $2,495 MSRP
8MB VRAM/16MB EDO DRAM $2,795 MSRP
8MB VRAM/32MB EDO DRAM $3,195 MSRP
Memory modules starting at $795 MSRP
Warranty three-year parts and labor
Diamond Multimedia is driving the desktop multimedia market by providing
interactivity and connectivity solutions for home, business and professional
PC and Macintosh users. Products include the Stealth and Monster 3D(tm)
series of multimedia accelerators, the Fire GL series of professional 3D and
CAD accelerators, and the Supra(r) series of faxmodems and NetCommander(tm)
ISDN adapters. Diamond also markets sound cards and multimedia and Internet
upgrade kits. Headquartered in San Jose, CA, Diamond has sales, marketing
and technical facilities in Vancouver (Wash.), Singapore, Tokyo, Starnberg
(Germany), Clichy (France) and Winnersh (U.K.). Diamond's products are sold
through regional, national and international distributors as well as to
major computer retailers, mass merchants and OEMs worldwide. Diamond's
common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Stock Market under the symbol DIMD.
Internet Blaster STR Spotlight
Internet Blaster 33.6 PnP
The fastest path to Internet access.
Heard about the Internet? Want to join the action? It's easy with
Creative's high-performance Internet Blaster 33.6 PnP. It comes complete
with everything you need to get started, including web browsing software,
email and free trial memberships to on-line services like America Onliner
and CompuServer. You can even create your own home page or make toll-free
phone calls over the Internet. Whether you're using Windowsr 95, Windows 3.1
or MS-DOSr, Internet Blaster 33.6 PnP installs automatically. So you'll be
cruising the Net in minutes. Once you're logged on, you'll appreciate this
modem's high-speed 33.6 Kbps performance, which displays even graphic-laden
Internet pages in the blink of an eye. Internet Blaster 33.6 PnP's high-
speed communications software helps you save time downloading files from web
sites around the world. What's more, convenient fax software, with a built-
in phonebook, fax broadcasting capability and fax viewer lets you send and
receive faxes directly from your PC. So why miss out on any more Internet
action? Experience how easy high-speed Internet access can be.
The high-speed way to master the Internet for users at every level;
ú High-speed 33,600 bps data/14,400 bps fax internal modem
ú High value Internet software bundle
ú Browse the Net with ease using Microsoftr Internet Explorer
ú Make toll-free phone calls over the Internet with WebPhone
ú Create and publish your own home page with HoTMetaL Light
ú Get the ultimate Internet experience with SPRYNET
Data Rate Compatibility
ú Enhanced version of V.34 proposed 33600 bps
ú ITU V.34 and Rockwell V.FC: 28800; 26400; 24000; 21600; 19200; 16800;
ú ITU V.32bis/V.32/V.22bis/V.22/V.21/V.23: 14400; 12000; 9600; 7200; 4800;
2400; 1200; 300; 75 bps
ú Bell 212A/103J: 1200; 300 bps
Fax Rate Compatibility
ú ITU V.17/V.29/V.27ter: 14400; 12000; 9600; 7200; 4800; 2400 bps
Data Compression & Correction
ú ITU V.42bis/MNP 5 data compression
ú ITU V.42/MNP 2-4 error correction
ú MNP 10 data throughput enhancement
ú Up to 115,200 bps
Command Set Compatibility
ú Enhanced "AT" Command Set
ú Class 1/class 2 fax commands and connects with Group 3 fax machines
ú Data Interface: 16-bit ISA bus
ú Line Interface: Modular line connector, two RJ11C phone jacks
ú ISA 16 bit bus
ú Dialing Methods: Tone/Pulse dialing
ú Command buffer supports 40 characters
ú Auto dial and auto answer
ú Audio monitoring at modem internal speaker
ú EPROM supports 2 profiles and 4 telephone number sets
Test and Diagnostics Facilities
ú Remote digital loop and remote digital loop self test
ú Analog loop and analog loop self test
ú Digital loop test
ú FCC and IC
Microsoftc Internet Explorer (Windows 95) from Microsoft Corporation
Microsoft Internet Explorer unlocks the potential of the Internet by opening
the Web to great new content and providing the best browser performance for
Win 95. It also provides compatibility to include all major Internet
standards and supports current security standards while ready for upcoming
WebPhone * (Creative Edition) from NetSpeak Corporation
WebPhone is the professional Internet telephone with integrated voicemail.
WebPhone provides telephone quality, real-time, full duplex, point-to-point
voice communications over the Internet and other TCP/IP based networks.
Using WebPhone, you can talk to anyone, anywhere on earth without incurring
any long distance charges.
HoTMetaL Light from SoftQuad Incorporated
Make your presence known on the Internet with SoftQuad's HoTMetaL Light. You
can now easily create and publish hypertext linked Web documents. With its
easy-to-use markup tools and powerful word processing features, it's all you
need to design the home page you have always wanted.
SPRYNET from Spry, Inc.
SPRYNET gives you the best of the Internet. The worldwide leader of Internet
access with comprehensive services, support and software for the home and
business markets gives you 5MB of disk space and easy-to-use tools to help
you build your home page on the Net. With SPRYNET, you can get the complete
SuperFax 6.0 from Pacific Image Communications, Inc.
This versatile fax and data software provides a wealth of features guaranteed
to make PC communications effortless. SuperFax 6.0 features a comprehensive
fax program including fax broadcasting, a phonebook, fax viewer and TWAIN
support. SuperTerminal is also included for high speed data transfer.
Free trial memberships to America Onliner and CompuServer.
WebPhone software requires an SVGA 256 color driver and Windows compatible
sound card with microphone and speakers or headset.
ú 486 DX/33 or higher
ú 4 MB of RAM (8 MB of RAM recommended)
ú 17 MB of free hard disk space
ú full length 16-bit ISA slot
ú DOS 5.0 or higher
ú Windows 3.1 or higher (Windows 95 needed for Microsoft Internet
ú CD-ROM drive required to install bundled software
Internet Explorer 3.0 Comparison Guide
For the latest version of this document (with informative links) please see:
Please note: Other product and company names herein may be the trademarks of
their respective owners.
Internet Explorer 3.0 is the web browser that puts you a step ahead on the
Internet! Now with ActiveX, Java, Plug-in, and the broadest HTML support,
Internet Explorer 3.0 provides the best browsing experience and most
technically advanced development platform for end users, organizations, and
content developers. And with innovative Internet conferencing,
collaboration, and browser customization, Internet Explorer 3.0 provides the
richest feature set of any browser while still offering an easy to use and
personalized Internet experience.
This document is designed to provide an informative framework for
organizations and individuals to compare Internet Explorer 3.0 and Netscaper
Internet browsers should be compared on two levels: architecture and
features. The architecture is the definitive aspect for performance,
extensibility, and future features. The feature set is most important for
ensuring that the browser takes advantage of the Web's rich offerings,
whether it be with respect to content viewing, security, communicating and
collaborating, or personalizing the Internet experience. Microsoft Internet
Explorer 3.0 has a more advanced architecture and offers the feature
superset of Netscape Navigator 3.0.
Internet Explorer 3.0 is architected as a set of ActiveX Controls. At its
heart is the component object model (COM), the object model that allows
programmers to mix and match languages as they flexibly program ActiveX
objects and create the most compelling applications and web sites. This
architecture is primarily important in that it distributes Internet
capabilities to the whole desktop. Any application can easily incorporate
Internet functionality by using Internet Explorer as an ActiveX control, and
likewise, Internet Explorer can take advantage of any other ActiveX enabled
applications. Secondly, Internet Explorer 3.0's component based architecture
makes it incredibly extensible. Additional functionalities can be inserted
without having to fundamentally change the code. Users only need to download
the addition, and not another full-sized product, to update Internet
Beyond having a superior architecture, Internet Explorer 3.0 offers all of
the important features that Navigator 3.0 does, and much more:
ú Superior HTML support including HTML 3.2 and Cascading Style Sheets
ú More Web Interactivity with broader programming and scripting language
ú Richer multimedia with Active Movie
ú Additional security using Authenticode code authentication, CryptoAPI
1.0, and more
ú True collaboration using NetMeeting for multipoint communication
ú Personalization for the individual and the administrator with the
customizable toolbar, ratings, and the Internet Explorer Administration Kit
Creating and viewing all the Web has to offer!
With our initial releases, the Microsoft Internet Explorer team concentrated
on creating a robust and reliable platform, stressing usability, and catching
up with Netscape Navigator's feature set. With Internet Explorer 3.0,
Microsoft has moved ahead of Navigator and other browsers by introducing a
new component-based architecture, supersetting Navigator features, and
enabling a next generation platform for Web content development. Internet
Explorer may not be the most used browser yet, but it is the most innovative,
technically advanced, and feature-rich browser available.
Cutting-Edge HTML and Style Sheet Support
Both Microsoft and Netscape realize that HTML is the backbone of the
Internet. Through the help of Internet standards committees such as the W3C
(http://www.w3.org/pub/www/) and the IETF (http://www.ietf.org/), HTML
provides a set of guidelines that define the latest capabilities for the
But Microsoft and Netscape have taken different approaches to HTML.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0 and Netscape Navigator 3.0 both support all
HTML 2.0 and some later standards. Support for the following HTML features
are built into both Internet Explorer 3.0 and Navigator 3.0:
ú Standard Frames. Enable you to seamlessly open several panes within the
browser window, or embed a single frame anywhere in a Web page where you
could insert a graphic. Frames enable you to display many levels of
information without requiring that a visitor leave your site. Both browsers
support various options for the frame borders as well. *
ú Standard Tables. Give you great control over the display of text,
graphics, and background colors, making Web content more readable and
ú HTML 2.0.
ú Limited Multimedia. Run video and inline sound in a Web page.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0 also goes further by fully supporting W3C and
IETF HTML specifications, including HTML 3.2, and more. Specifically:
ú Enhanced Frames. Includes frames-within-frames, floating frames, and
ú Enhanced Tables. Beyond simply supporting background colors, Internet
Explorer 3.0 also supports background images, wrapped text, and cell
groupings within tables.
ú Enhanced and TrueType Font Support
ú "HTML and STYLE" specification. One of the first post-3.2 HTML
specifications proposed by the W3C. This covers SPAN, DIV and STYLE elements
and linking of style sheets to HTML documents, it's the glue than binds style
sheets to HTML.
ú Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), level 1. Stylesheets bring desktop
publishing capabilities to the Web.
ú Embedding style information via STYLE attribute. (contained in the "HTML
and Style" specification, an adjunct to CSS). This allows for in-line style
information. Authors now have easy access to rich style attributes.
ú Linked style sheets. For advanced authors, style information can be
placed in external documents and reused across an array of HTML documents, a
valuable tool for administratively defined intranet and Web publishing. The
Webmaster can change the look and feel of an entire web site with changes to
a single style sheet.
ú Full font control. Easier control of font families, weighting, and
typographic measurement units (cm's, inches, pixels, percentages, em's, etc)
ú Full white-space control. Allows for setting margins in typographic
units around all edges of elements. This is a critical first step towards
realizing real desktop publishing-style pages.
ú Full background control (non-tiled). Allows the web author to place an
image behind an object, say, a table cell, in a variety of manners. Beyond
the standard full-tile, an image can be tiled vertically, horizontally, or
directly positioned anywhere on the page.
ú Backgrounds. Background colors and image capabilities can be added to
tables, paragraphs, or anywhere else they might enhance a web page.
ú Typographic space control. Allows for setting inter-line and intra-line
spacing (font `leading').
ú Indenting. Easily indent a line or paragraph of text on an HTML page.
ú Negative margins. Very rich control allowing elements to float over
other elements on a page.
ú CSS Layout. An experimental specification from W3C for handling frames,
floating frames, multi-column layout, 2D direct placement of elements,
ordering and overlapping of elements, all in a rich and well-architected HTML
ú HTML Layout Control. Supports and facilitates using new HTML extensions
as pioneered between Microsoft and the W3C.