Visit Atarimax Store


Free-Net Logo
The Atari SIG Historical Archive
Created and hosted by: atarimax.com
[ HOME | GO ATARI | 8-BIT | ST/TT | PORTFOLIO | LYNX | JAGUAR | LIBRARY ]


 
  |||
  |||  ATARI Lynx "Frequently Asked Questions" File!  Updated: 12/18/94
 / | \
 
         Created by Darius Vaskelis, who saw the need and filled it.
         Maintained by Robert Jung (rjung@netcom.com)
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 This file is not maintained by, overseen by, endorsed, or otherwise associated
 with Atari Corp. or any of its subsidiaries.  It's just a collection of
 questions and answers, with a few news tidbits thrown in.
 
 This file is posted on a monthly basis to rec.games.video.atari,
 alt.games.lynx, news.answers, and rec.answers around the first of the month.
 It  is maintained by Robert Jung at rjung@netcom.com on the Internet.  Send
 corrections, news, updates, comments, questions, or other stuff to that
 address.  All mail is welcome!
 
 Updates since the last publically posted FAQ have a vertical bar in the first
 column.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What is the Atari Lynx?
 
 A. The world's first hand-held color video game system.  Sold by Atari, the
    Lynx offers true multi-player competition, built-in 3D and distortion
    graphic effects, reversible controls, and fast arcade action for under
    $100.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What's the relationship between the Atari Lynx and Epyx?
 
 A. The Lynx was originally conceived by Epyx in 1987.  It was called the
    "Handy" at that time.  Two creators of the system, Dave Needle and R.J.
    Mical, were also members of the Amiga design team.  Atari bought the
    rights, and the rest is history.
  
    Due to a recent lawsuit settlement between Epyx and Atari, Epyx no longer
    has any connection whatsoever with the Lynx.  Atari was required to pay a
    lump sum to offset back royalties owed, cover damages from breach of
    contract, and an additional amount to buy off Epyx royalty rights.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What are the specifications of the Lynx?
 
 A. Physical dimensions:
 
        Size: 9.25" x 4.25" x 2" (10.75" x 4.25" x 1.5" for original Lynx)
      Screen: 3.5" diagonal (3.25" x 1.88" approx.)
     Speaker: 2" diameter
 
     Buttons: Two sets of fire buttons (A and B)
              Two option buttons (OPTION 1 and OPTION 2)
              Pause button
              (OPTION 1 + Pause = Restarts the game
               OPTION 2 + Pause = Flips the screen, which allows the Lynx
               controls to be reversed)
              Power on light (Not on original Lynx; indicates unit is on)
              Power on button
              Power off button
              Backlight button (Not on original Lynx; turns off the screen,
                but does not turn off the game.  This saves electricity use
                when a game is paused)
      Joypad: Eight directional
    Controls: Volume
              Brightness
       Ports: Headphones (mini-DIN 3.5mm stereo; wired for mono on the
                original Lynx)
              ComLynx (multiple unit communications)
              Power (9V DC, 1 A)
              Game card slot
              Battery holder (six AA)
 
   For the technically minded, the Lynx has two basic chips that form a
   cooperative set of co-processing subsystems that maximize the Lynx's
   performance by sharing the work of executing a game program.  These
   chips are called Mikey and Suzy.
 
   Mikey (16-bit custom CMOS chip running at 16MHz)
   - MOS 65C02 processor running at up to 4MHz (~3.6MHz average)
       8-bit CPU, 16-bit address space
   - Sound engine
        4 channel sound
        8-bit DAC for each channel
        (4 channels x 8-bits/channel = 32 bits commonly quoted)
        Atari reports the range is "100Hz to above the range of human
          hearing"; spectrum analysis shows the range may go as low as 32Hz.
        Stereo with panning (mono for original Lynx)
   - Video DMA driver for LCD display
       4096 color (12-bit) palette
       16 simultaneous colors (4 bits) from palette at one time
   - System timers
   - Interrupt controller
   - UART (for ComLynx)
   - 512 bytes of bootstrap and game-card loading ROM
 
   Suzy (16-bit custom CMOS chip running at 16MHz)
   - Blitter (bit-map block transfer) unit
   - Graphics engine
       Hardware drawing support
       Unlimited number of high-speed sprites with collision detection
       Hardware high-speed sprite scaling, distortion, and tilting effects
       Hardware decoding of compressed sprite data
       Hardware clipping and multi-directional scrolling
       Variable frame rate (up to 75 frames/second)
       160 x 102 "triad" standard resolution (16,320 addressable pixels)
       (A triad is three LCD elements: red, green, and blue)
       Capability of 480 x 102 artificially high resolution
   - Math co-processor
       Hardware 16-bit multiply and divide (32-bit answer)
       Parallel processing of single multiply or divide instruction
 
    The Lynx contains 64K (half a megabit) of 120ns DRAM.  Game-cards
    currently hold 128K (1 megabit) or 256K (2 megabits) of ROM, but there
    is a capability of up to 1 megabyte (8 megabits) on one game-card.  In
    theory, this limit can be exceeded with extra bank-switching hardware in
    the card.  The first few hundred bytes of the game card is encrypted to
    prevent unauthorized developers from writing Lynx software.  This scheme
    was introduced by Epyx as an effort to enforce game quality.
 
    With alkaline batteries, the reasonable average battery life is 5 hours.
    (4 hours with the original Lynx)  The Lynx can run off rechargeable
    Ni-Cad batteries, but average battery life drops drastically to 1.5 hours
    per recharge (1 hour for the original Lynx).  Your mileage may vary.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What are the differences between the original Lynx ("Lynx Classic") and
    the new Lynx ("Lynx II")?
 
 A. The new Lynx is a bit smaller and lighter than the original Lynx.  It has a
    slightly longer battery life, and can also just turn the screen off during
    a game pause to save batteries.  (The original Lynx had a five minute
    auto-power shut-off that would have prevented this from being useful.  It
    is gone in the new Lynx).  A power LED has been added (which also blinks
    when battery power is low), and cartridges are easier to insert.
 
    The only differences in a technical sense is that the new Lynx has a more
    efficient internal design, and the headphone jack supports stereo sound.
    The speaker in new Lynx is also not as loud as the original Lynx, although
    it's more than adequate for all but the noisiest situations.
 
    Also, the new Lynx can experience what is called "blinking pixel syndrome".
    With certain game cards, one pixel on the screen (usually stationary)
    cycles through all the colors very quickly.  It does not affect game play,
    and isn't always noticed unless it's looked for.  It seems to be fixed in
    later Lynxes, making it even less of a factor.
 
 |  The power consumption in the new Lynx is about 15% less than that of the
 |  original Lynx.  Tests by Harry Dodgeson (dodgson@coyote.cs.wmich.edu) show
 |  Classic using 343 mA, versus 296 mA for the Lynx II.  Also, about 
 |  two-thirds of the Lynx power use is for the backlight screen alone, as 
 |  using the Lynx II with the backlight off used only 97 mA.  He concludes, 
 |  "the 'battery life of five hours' claim by Atari is realistic."
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. Is the Lynx an 8-bit or 16-bit system?
 
 A. If 16-bit refers to the main CPU, (such as the Sega Genesis/MegaDrive) then
    the Lynx is an 8-bit system.  If 16-bit refers to the graphics engine,
    (such as the NEC TurboDuo/PC-Engine) then the Lynx is a 16-bit system.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. Why does the Lynx use a 6502 and not a 68000?
 
 A. "Some people believe it's less of a processor than the 68000, for example.
    That series of chip was used in the Amiga, but it wouldn't make our machine
    do things any better.  In fact, it would only make the unit larger and more
    expensive.  It's also harder to write 68000 code, so we definitely made the
    right decision."
                                                 --R.J. Mical
 
    "The real answer for the choice for the 6502 vs. 68000 was price.
    Secondary considerations (that did not really enter into the decision
    making process): 68000 code is very fat compared to 6502 code.  An
    application that takes 1K of 6502 code averages 2.5 to 3K of 68000 code.
    The 6502 is very bus-efficient, the 68000 has lots of dead time on the
    bus.  As for it being harder to write 68000 code, that is probably not
    true, and in any case was not part of the reason the decision was made."
                                                 --Stephen Landrum
 
    Additionally, inside sources at Atari say that one major reason for the
    6502 vs 68000 processor choice was that the 6502 design was available as a
    component that could be plugged into a custom chip design.  This allowed
    engineers to build a chip with a 6502 and other supporting hardware around
    it all in one package.  It is only around 1993-1994 that Motorola offered
    the 68000 as a design component.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What do I get when I buy a Lynx?
 
 A. The Lynx is available in two packages:
 
    The Lynx "Deluxe Package" costs $129.95.  It includes the Lynx unit, a copy
    of the CALIFORNIA GAMES game card, a carrying case, a ComLynx cable, and
    six AA Alkaline batteries.
 
    The Lynx "Base Package" costs $79.95.  It comes with only the Lynx, and
    includes no accessories.
 
    Some stores and retailers are selling a "maximum" Lynx package at $70.  The
    package consists of the Lynx "Base Package" (unit and no accessories), and
    four games (titles vary by store and region).  There is no word on whether
    this is a temporary or a permanent offer.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What accessories exist for the Lynx?
 
 A. The following products can be ordered direct from Atari Corp., at (800) 
    GO-ATARI: 
 
    * ComLynx cable.  Connects multiple Lynxes together for multiplayer games.
 
    * AC adaptor.  Powers the Lynx from any AC wall socket.
 
    * Cigarette lighter adaptor.  Powers the Lynx from any automobile cigarette
        lighter.  Will support one or two Lynxes simultaneously.
 
    * Atari Lynx Sun Shield.  Folds down to protect the Lynx screen, and pops
        open to shade the Lynx screen from sunlight for outdoor play.  (NOTE:
        There are two models; you need the one appropriate for your Lynx)
 
    * D-cell battery pack.  Holds six D-cell batteries, and can be attached
        with a belt clip.  Alkaline batteries provides power for up to 20 hours
        of playing.
 
    * Atari Lynx carrying pouch.  Holds a Lynx, several game cards, and a
        ComLynx cable.  Attaches with a wrist strap/belt loop.
 
    * Atari Lynx Kit Case.  Holds a Lynx, up to 24 game cards, and assorted
        accessories.  Padded interior with Velcro dividers, can be customized.
        Carried with a handle or a shoulder strap.
 
    Naki Products sells several Lynx accessories.  Call (800)-626-NAKI to find
    a Naki dealer near you:
  
    * Atari Lynx power pack.  Mounts on the back of the Lynx II, comes with
        an AC adapter which allows recharging while playing.  Comes in 110v
        (USA), 220v (Europe), or 240v (UK) formats.  Cost is $39.95, or 
        $33.95 for replacement battery packs.
  
    * Eliminator cleaning kit.  Cleans game cards and cartridge slots.  Comes
        with swabs and cleaning solution.  Cost is $7.95.
  
    * AC adaptor.  Powers the Lynx from any 110v outlet.  Cost is $9.99.
  
    * Car Power.  Cigarette lighter DC adaptor.  Cost is $7.95.
  
    * Pro Pouch+.  Holds a Lynx and up to 20 game cartridges.  Nylon with
        adjustable carrying straps.  Comes in Black, purple, or teal blue.
        Cost is $14.99 each.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. Is there a TV tuner option for the Lynx?
 
 A. No.  Atari's official position is that market research shows that a TV
    tuner, while a neat idea, would not be bought by most players.  The
    unofficial word from Stephen Landrum is that the Lynx screen display is not
    capable of handling a broadcast television picture.
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. What can I use to carry my Lynx game cards?
  
 A. A cheap and easy solution is the plastic cases used to hold trading cards.
    They're transparent, sturdy, and lock shut when closed.  Most hobby and
    comic book stores will sell them; a large case costs $0.50 to $1.00, and
    can hold up to 14 Lynx cards.
  
    Another solution are Lynx card wallets.  Sold by Realm, a wallet costs
    $5.95, holds up to 18 cards, padded for protection, and folds flat.  Write
    to Joey Sherman at Realm, 10504 Easum Rd., Louisville KY 40299.  On GEnie,
    send e-mail to REALM.
 
    For Lynx owners who don't care about brand names, a Gameboy plastic
    cartridge case holds two Lynx cards easily.  The cases can be bought from
    Nintendo at 800-255-3700, part number 21648.
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. What does "ComLynx" mean, exactly?
  
 A. Some Lynx games allow multiple players to play together simultaneously.
    This works when each player has a Lynx game machine, and all of the
    machines are connected to each other via cables.  The connection is the
    ComLynx port, and the cables are ComLynx cables.  Games that support this
    mutiplayer simultaneous play are usually identified by the phrase "1 to N
    players Lynx up" on the box, the instruction manual, and/or the game card.
  
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. Do all players "Lynxed up" via the ComLynx need a copy of the game being
    played?
 
 A. Yes.  All players need a copy of the game card.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What's the ComLynx port like?
 
 A. There is limit of 18 players via ComLynx.  In practice it may be possible
    to connect more units together, but to operate within specifications, the
    drivers in the Lynx cannot drive over more than 17 units with pull-ups on
    the serial ports.
 
    ComLynx runs from 300.5 to 62.5K baud.  It works on a "listen and send"
    structure.  Data transmission between Lynxes is done in the background,
    freeing up the CPU to run the game instead of communicating.  It's called
    "RedEye" in-house at Atari, named after an early idea of having Lynxes
    communicate with infra-red transmissions.
 
    It uses a three-wire cable (+5V/Ground/Data) and allows for bi-directional
    serial communications.  The system frames messages in terms of 11-bit words,
    each consisting of a start bit, eight data bits, a parity bit, and a stop
    bit.  The ComLynx port is used solely for communications; it can't be used
    to control other aspects of the Lynx, though in theory it can be used to
    send signals to external devices.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. Sometimes a multiplayer ComLynx game will freeze up.  Why?
 
 A. A ComLynxed game will freeze if communication between the Lynxes is
    interrupted.  If communications can be restored, the game will continue.
    The most common cause of this problem is a fray in one of the ComLynx
    cables, or a loose seating in one of the ComLynx jacks.  Communication is
    broken, and the game "freezes".  Jiggling the cable or reseating the jacks
    may fix the solution temporarily, but the best cure is a new cable.
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. I hear there's a ComLynx port on the Atari Jaguar.  How does that work?
    Can I connect my Lynx to it? Will there be a Lynx adaptor for the Jaguar?
  
 A. The ComLynx port allows communication between Jaguar units and Lynx units.
    In theory, it would be possible to daisy-chain multiple units of either
    machine type for multiplayer games.  At the current time, however, no such
    plans are in the works.  Instead, it is seen as allowing Lynxes to be used
    as peripherals: software can be developed to allow Lynxes to be part of a
    Jaguar game as controllers.
  
    An adaptor to allow the Jaguar to play Lynx games is not currently planned.
  
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. What are the current Lynx games available?
  
 A. The following is a list of Lynx games currently available in the United
    States.  The notation "(x)" means to refer to footnote number x.  All
    multiplayer games use the ComLynx cable unless otherwise indicated:
 
    Title              Players  Publisher      Type
    -----------------  -------  ------------   ---------------------------
    A.P.B.                1     Atari          Arcade
    Awesome Golf         1-4    Atari          Sports
    Baseball Heroes      1-2    Atari          Sports
    Basketbrawl          1-2    Atari          Action/Sports
    Batman Returns        1     Atari          Action/Platform
    BattleWheels         1-6    Beyond Games   Action/Driving
    Block Out             1     Atari          Action/Strategy
    Blue Lightning        1     Atari          Action
    Bill & Ted's         1-2    Atari          Action/Adventure
      Excellent Adventure
    Bubble Trouble        1     Telegames      Action/Adventure
    California Games     1-4(1) Atari          Action/Sports
    Checkered Flag       1-6    Atari          Sports
    Chip's Challenge      1     Atari          Puzzle
    Crystal Mines II      1     Atari          Puzzle
    Desert Strike         1     Telegames      Action/Strategy
    Dinolympics           1     Atari          Puzzle
    Dirty Larry:          1     Atari          Action
      Renegade Cop
    Double Dragon        1-2    Telegames      Arcade/Fighting
    Dracula the Undead    1     Atari          Adventure
    Electrocop            1     Atari          Action/Adventure
    European Soccer      1-2    Telegames      Sports
      Challenge
    Fidelity Ultimate    1-2(2) Telegames      Strategy
      Chess Challenge
    Gates of Zendocon     1     Atari          Action/Shooter
    Gauntlet: The        1-4    Atari          Action/Adventure
      Third Encounter
    Gordo 106             1     Atari          Platform
    Hard Drivin'          1     Atari          Arcade/Driving
    Hockey               1-2    Atari          Sports
    Hydra                 1     Atari          Arcade
    Ishido: The Way of   1-n    Atari          Strategy
      the Stones          (2,3)
    Jimmy Connors Tennis 1-4    Atari          Sports
    Joust                1-2    Shadowsoft     Arcade
    Klax                  1     Atari          Arcade/Strategy
    Kung Food             1     Atari          Action/Fighting
    Lemmings              1     Atari          Strategy
    Lynx Casino          1-2    Atari          Strategy
    Malibu Bikini        1-2    Atari          Sports
      Volleyball
    Ms. Pac-Man           1     Atari          Arcade
    NFL Football         1-2    Atari          Sports
    Ninja Gaiden          1     Atari          Arcade
    Ninja Gaiden III:     1     Atari          Action/Platform
       The Ancient Ship of Doom
    Pac-Land             1-2(2) Atari          Arcade
    Paperboy              1     Atari          Arcade
    Pinball Jam           1     Atari          Arcade/Action
    Pit-Fighter          1-2    Atari          Arcade/Fighting
    Power Factor          1     Atari          Action
    Qix                  1-2(2) Telegames      Arcade
    Rampage              1-4    Atari          Arcade
    Rampart              1-2    Atari          Arcade/Strategy
    RoadBlasters          1     Atari          Arcade/Driving
    Robo-Squash          1-2    Atari          Action/Sports
    Robotron:2084         1     Shadowsoft     Arcade
    Rygar                 1     Atari          Arcade
    Scrapyard Dog         1     Atari          Platform
    Shadow of the Beast   1     Atari          Action/Strategy
    Shanghai             1-2    Atari          Strategy
    Steel Talons          1     Atari          Arcade
    S.T.U.N. Runner       1     Atari          Arcade
    Super Off-Road       1-4    Telegames      Arcade/Driving
    Super Skweek         1-2    Atari          Action/Strategy
    Switchblade II        1     Atari          Platform
    Todd's Adventures    1-8    Atari          Action/Adventure
      in Slime World
    Toki                  1     Atari          Platform
    Tournament           1-4    Atari          Arcade/Sports
      Cyberball 2072
    Turbo Sub            1-2(3) Atari          Action/Shooter
    Viking Child          1     Atari          Action/Adventure
    Warbirds             1-4    Atari          Action/Strategy
    World Class Soccer   1-2    Atari          Sports
    Xenophobe            1-4    Atari          Arcade
    Xybots               1-2    Atari          Arcade
    Zarlor Mercenary     1-4    Atari          Shooter
 
 Footnotes:
    (1) Manual says 1-2 players, 1-4 is possible
    (2) Multiple players on one Lynx, alternating turns.
    (3) Players can compare scores, but not interact directly
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What are some of the upcoming Lynx games?
 
 A. Upcoming Lynx Games List:
 
    Note: This list is hardly definitive.  It's based on many sources, and in
          some cases, it just might be dead wrong.  Games also often change
          from pre-release to production.
 
    Title              Players  Publisher      Type
    -----------------  -------  ------------   ---------------------------
    Aliens v. Predator    1?    Atari          Action
    Battlezone 2000      1-2    Atari          Action/Arcade
    Blood & Guts Hockey  1-2    Atari          Action/Sports
    Cybervirus            1     Beyond Games   Action
    Daemonsgate           1?    Atari          Adventure
    Defender/Stargate/    1?    Atari          Action/Arcade
       Defender II
    Eye of the Beholder   1     Atari          Adventure
    Fat Bobby             1?    Atari          Action/Platform
    Full Court Press     1-2    Atari          Sports
       Basketball
    Heavyweight          1-2    Atari          Sports
       Contender
    Krazy Ace Minature   1-4    Telegames      Action
       Golf
    Mechtiles            1-4    Beyond Games   Action/Strategy
 |  Operation Desert      1     Atari          Strategy?
       Storm
    R.C. Destruction     1-4    Telegames      Action
       Derby
    Relief Pitcher       1-2    Atari          Arcade/Sports
    Raiden               1-2    Atari          Arcade/Shooter
    Road Riot 4WD        1-2    Atari          Arcade/Action/Driving
 |  Spacewar             1-2?   Atari?         Action
    Super Asteroids &     1?    Atari          Arcade/Action
       Missile Command
 |  T-Tris               1-3?   Digi-Soft      Puzzle
    Ultra Star Raiders    1?    Atari          Action/Strategy
    Ultra Vortex         1-2    Beyond Games   Fighting
    Wolfenstein 3D        1?    Atari?         Action
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. Where can I get a review and/or comments about ?
 Q. Where can I find secrets, tips, and hints for ?
  
 A. Peter Hvezda maintains the Usenet Lynx Guide.  It offers the Lynx FAQ,
    every Lynx game review written by Robert Jung, and the Lynx cheats list.
    Send e-mail to phvezda@pnfi.forestry.ca, with one or more of the following
    in the body of the message:
  
      send faq     - A copy of the Lynx FAQ (this file)
      send reviews - A copy of every Lynx review ever written -- over 200K!
      send cheats  - Tricks and cheats for many Lynx games
      send help    - Detailed instructions, including how to get reviews
                       for individual/specific games
 
    Also, Robert Jung has written detailed reviews for every Lynx game ever
    released.  If you want copies of specific reviews, or just general Lynx-
    related questions, you can reach him at rjung@netcom.com on the Internet.
 
    Nick Paiement runs a database that records ratings for Lynx games.  The
    ratings are provided by players, and average/high/low results are 
    calculated by Nick.  The ratings and "ballots" are posted regularly to the
    USENET newsgroup rec.games.video.atari.  Or, send electronic mail to 
    paien00@dmi.usherb.ca with the subject "get_lynx" for full details.
 
    Atari Corp.  has established a game tip hotline, at (900) 737-ATARI (2827).
    The cost is $0.95 per minute; minors should get their parent's permission.
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. Hey! I think I just set a new high score!  How can I brag about it?
  
 A. Jim Leonard is maintaining a running list of high scores achieved on Lynx
    games. This list is posted to the Internet on a semiregular basis.
  
    If you've got a new high score, send it to trixter@mcs.com on the Internet.
    Include all pertinent information, including your name and difficulty
    settings used to set that record.
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. Where can I meet other Lynx enthusiasts?
  
 A. Bobby Tribble maintains the Internet AtariLink Directory, a database of
    Lynx and Jaguar owners and where they live.  This allows fans of 
    multiplayer games to write, to meet, and possibly to get together and 
    play games.  All arrangements are made by the people involved, allowing 
    individual control of the level of privacy.
 
    To get a copy of the list, join it, or update an entry, send e-mail to
    btribble@ocf.berkeley.edu.  At a minimum, please include your e-mail
    address, your name, and the general area where you are.  Other
    information may be given if you desire, but is not mandatory.  Anyone
    capable of sending mail to Bobby is welcome to join.  Folks without
    computer access who want to join are welcome by referral.  Please provide
    an e-mail address where they can be reached and/or a voice phone number
    (with their permission).
 
    If you have Internet access and the "finger" command on your system, you
    can "finger btribble@ocf.berkeley.edu" to see the latest list.
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. My Lynx screen is badly scratched!  How can I fix it, what can I do?
 
 A. Get some "plastic scratch remover" or "plexiglass scratch remover".  You
    can find it in hardware stores, or look in your Yellow Pages under
    "Plastics."
 
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. Agh! My Lynx is broken! How can I fix it?
 
 A. Send your Lynx to:        Lynx Repair Service
                              Atari Computer Corporation
                              390 Caribbean Drive
                              Sunnyvale, CA  94088
  
    Include a letter of explaination indicating the problem you have.
    Depending on available supplies, Atari will repair or replace your Lynx.
    If your Lynx is still under warranty, include a copy of the receipt or
    credit-card bill and it will be performed for free.  Otherwise, you will
    be billed (last known price is $50, but may vary).  Estimated time of 
    replacement/repair is three to four weeks. 
  
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. How do I disassemble my Lynx II (assuming I want to)?
  
 A. The original Lynxes were easy to take apart, for whatever reason you
    needed.  The new Lynx IIs are more puzzling, but not impossible.  The
    following set of (edited) instructions are provided by Ken Small
    (kens@umich.edu):
 
    "It's not hard, but there are a lot of fragile pieces and the electronics
    are sensitive to all the things that electronics are usually sensitive to,
    like static.  PROCEED AT YOUR OWN RISK.
 
    "First, remove the rubber pads from the bottom of the Lynx.  They're glued
    on, but they peel off pretty easily.  Beneath them are screw holes --
    remove them.  Note that it's *very* easy to tell if your lynx has been
    opened, since you leave holes in the glue stuff.  Take off the back of the
    case.
 
    "Remove the screw located inside the battery area.  Be careful when
    replacing this; it can strip easily.  Mine is stripped, but the rest of the
    case holds the battery bay in place.  Remove the battery bay piece.
 
    "You will see a circuit board with a couple of wires and circuit ribbons
    attached to it.  Carefully unplug all of these.  The ribbon in particular
    seems flimsy.  Do not puncture or otherwise damage it.  Remove the circuit
    board.
  
    "Beneath the circuit board is an assembly screwed to the inside of the
    case, which contains the screen, button contacts and buttons.  A warning
    when unscrewing this-- the are LOTS of small pieces in here, and they're
    particular about how they go back in.  In particular, be careful about the
    A/B buttons, which are slightly different sizes, and the rubber mat around
    the LCD screen, which has nothing to hold it in place.  (NOTE: Also, there
    are contacts on the circuit board hooked up to the high-voltage supply for
    the backlight. They won't do any damage, but can give a mild shock.)
  
    "The last thing is the joypad contact itself.  This is a small rubber mat
    held in place by a snap-on piece of plastic.  You can carefully remove the
    plastic to get under the apron, where the contacts can be cleaned.  Clean
    in-between the contacts, being careful not to abrase the contacts
    themselves.  They look like half-circles with a small (half-millimeter or
    less) space between.  Grunge between them can register an intermittent
    false contact, which looks to the player like the joypad is being quickly,
    repeatedly pressed in one direction."
  
 ==============================================================================
  
 Q. How can I reach Atari Corp.?
  
 A. Customer Service:         (800) GO-ATARI
                              9:00am to 5:00pm PST, Monday-Friday
 
    Customer Service can also be reached on GEnie as "Atari," or on the
    Internet as "atari@genie.geis.com".  PLEASE NOTE that this is for Customer
    Service ONLY; do not send electronic mail to that address if it does not
    pertain to service problems.
 
    Mailing Address:          Atari Corp.
                              1196 Borregas Avenue
                              Sunnyvale, CA  94089-1302
 
    Also, Atari Corp. sells Lynx units, games, and accessories by mail.  Their
 |  number is (800) GO-ATARI.
  
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What are other sources for Lynx information?
 
 A. Publications:
 
    - A.P.E. Newsletter               Dedicated Lynx newsletter ("A.P.E."
      2104 N. Kostner                 stands for "Atari Power
      Chicago, IL 60639               Entertainment").  Write to Clinton
      GEnie: C.SMITH89                Smith.  Published five times per
                                      year, cost is $6.00/year.
 
    - Die Hard Game Fan               General video-gaming magazine with some
      5137 Clareton Drive, Suite 210  Lynx coverage.
      Agoura Hills, CA  91301
 
    - Electronic Gaming Monthly       General video-gaming magazine with
      1920 Highland Avenue            some Lynx coverage.  Will often get
      Suite 222                       screen shots and reports of new
      Lombard, IL 60148               games before other publications.
 
    - GamePro                         General video-gaming magazine with
      951 Mariner's Island Blvd.      some Lynx coverage.
      San Mateo, CA 91202
 
    - Portable Atari Gaming System    PAGS is a quarterly newsletter with
      P.O. Box 37692                  reviews, editorials, news & info,
      Raleigh, NC 27627-7692          and gaming tips.  One year costs
      GEnie: E.SCHOFIELD              $12.00.
 
    - Video Games                     General video-gaming and computer-
      9171 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 300  gaming magazine.  Lynx news often in
      Beverly Hills, CA 90210         news articles and reviews.
 
 |  - Wild Cat                        A one-man, home-made Atari video gaming
 |    Phil Patton                     "fanzine."  Subscriptions are $12/year
 |    131 Dake Ave.                   for eight issues, at 12 pages each issue.
 |    Santa Cruz, CA  95062           Covers all Atari consoles and computers.
 
    Internet/USENET newsgroups and services:
 
    - Atari Explorer Online Magazine
  
        A bi-weekly electronic magazine covering news on Atari computers and
        video game systems.  Subscriptions are available through the Internet;
        send electronic mail to stzmagazine-request@virginia.edu.  Also see
        the section on Internet FTP sites.
 
    - rec.games.video.atari
  
        USENET newsgroup.  Contains news of all Atari video-game systems.
 
 
    Internet FTP sites:
 
    - atari.archive.umich.edu or terminator.cc.umich.edu (141.211.164.8):
 
        /pub/atari/portadd  Has back-issues of Portable Addiction, a
                            newsletter about the Atari Lynx, Sega Game
                            Gear, and Atari Portfolio.  Subscribe by
                            sending a note to tjerk@nikhef.nl.
 
        /pub/atari/Lynx     contains assorted Lynx-related files
 
    - ftp.netcom.com
  
        /pub/rj/rjung       Contains the latest version of this FAQ file, and
                            the Lynx Hyperstack (see "Apple Hypercard Stack,"
                            below).
  
        /pub/vi/vidgames/faqs
                            Frequently-asked question files for a variety of
                            home games and consoles, arcade titles, and other
                            video-gaming information.  Includes the latest
                            version of this FAQ file.
 
    - rahul.net
  
        /pub/wilsont/AEO    Includes the latest copies of Atari Explorer 
                            Online Magazine.
 
 
    Internet TELNET site:
 
    - Cleveland Free-Net Atari SIG
 
        freenet-in-{a,b,c}.cwru.edu or 129.22.8.51 or nextsun.INS.CWRU.edu
        Access via modem at (216) 368-3888.
  
        You can log on as visitor to explore the system and apply for a
        Free-Net account online.  At the opening menu, enter "2" to log in as a
        visitor.  At the next menu, enter "2" again to explore the system.  You
        will then read an opening disclaimer and a login bulletin, then be sent
        to the main menu.  Once inside, type "go lynx".  Follow the menus to
        read discussions, reviews, news, and information.  In order to post
        messages and send e-mail, you need a Free-Net account.  Apply for a
        Free-Net account by entering "1" at the second menu instead of "2".
 
 
    Apple HyperCard Stack:
  
        The Lynx HyperStack is a stack for the HyperCard program for the Apple
        Macintosh computer.  This stack contains the Atari Lynx FAQ, all of the
        Lynx game reviews written by Robert Jung, all of the Lynx video-game
        tips and tricks compiled in the USENET Lynx Guide, and other assorted
        news articles and miscellaneous information.  The latest version of the
 |      stack can be retrieved with anonymous FTP, at ftp.netcom.com in the
        /pub/rj/rjung subdirectory.  Instructions are included in the BinHex-
        encoded file.
 
 
    Microsoft Windows Help File:
 |      Jon Reinberg has compiled the Lynx cheats file and the Lynx FAQ into a
 |      Microsoft Windows .HLP (Help) file.  This allows Windows users to use
 |      active hypertext browsing to find game cheats for specific games.  The
 |      Lynx Help File can be retrieved with anonymous FTP, at
 |      atari.archive.umich.edu, in the file atari\lynx\cheathlp.zip. 
 |      Instructions are included.
 
 
    BBS:
 
    - MADNIX BBS
  
        (608) 273-2657, 300/1200/2400 bps
  
        It's located in Madison, Wisconsin (USA) and has a Lynx section.
        Login as "bbs" and create an account.  Once on the BBS enter "go lynx".
        MADNIX has game reviews and hints from the net as well as old message
        threads from UseNet on LYNX related topics.
 
    - Star-Linx BBS
 
        (602) 464-4817, 300/1200/2400 bps
 
        It's located in Mesa, Arizona (USA) and has a Lynx Club.  Be sure to
        have your California Games game-card handy when you call to gain higher
        access.
 
    - Video Game Information Service.
 
        (201) 509-7324, 300/1200/2400/9600/14400 bps. Multiple lines
  
        Located in West Orange, New Jersy (USA).  The BBS is completely
        dedicated to video gaming, and maintains files of cheats and reviews
        for all game systems.  Carries video-game-related conferences from
        other computer networks, including Fidonet, Worldnet, and Globalnet.
 
 
    Online services:
 
    - GEnie
        Atari ST Roundtable BBS, Category 36
 
    - CompuServe
        The ATARIGAMING forum covers all Atari video-game consoles.  Message
        section 16 is devoted to the Lynx.
 
        The Video Games Forum provides support for the Atari Lynx and Atari 
        2600, as well as a dedicated forum for the Jaguar.  To access the Video
        Games Forum, GO VIDGAM.
 
 
    International clubs:
 
     - Germany:     Internationaler Lynx Club
                    Hans-Jorg Sebastian
                    Siegfriedstr. 3
                    3684 Schmitten 3
                    Germany
 
     - Netherlands: International Lynx Club
                    Leon Stolk
                    Vanenburg 2
                    7339 DN Ugchelen
                    The Netherlands
 
     - Austria:     Internationaler Lynx Club
                    Christian Lenikus
                    Obertraun 27
                    4831 Obertraun
                    Austria
 
     - Switzerland: Swiss-Lynx-Info-Club
                    Eugene Rodel
                    Sangeliweg 45
                    4900 Langenthal
                    Switzerland
 
 ==============================================================================
 
 Q. What's the Lynx developer's kit like?
 
 A. Hardware:
    - Commodore Amiga computer: 3M RAM and hard disk.
    - "Howard" board: A parallel-interface module that has the electronics
      of the Lynx, also with debugging tools.  A large PC board inside of
      a metal case with power supply, and connections on the back for
      cable to connect to the Amiga, and to the "Howdy" unit ($5,000).
    - "Howdy" unit: A small PC board in a plastic case with buttons and a
      Lynx display, and a cable that connects to the "Howard" board.
    - "Pinky/Mandy": A discounted "Howard" board setup that allows programs to
      be loaded and executed.  Minimal debugging support ($500).
 
    Software:
    - Handy-Bug: A powerful symbolic debugger, also contains a disassembler.
    - Handicraft: Graphics translator that takes IFF files and turns them
      into coded Lynx sprite definitions.
    - HSFX: Sound editor
    - Macro libraries
    - Example programs
    - Notebook of system documentation ("about 3 1/2 inches thick... we've
      stopped counting pages") plus updates ($60 separately).
 
    A full Lynx Developer's Kit currently costs around $5,000.
 
 ==============================================================================
   
 
 
 


Visit Atarimax Store